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Now, listen & watch carefully ladies & gentlemen!

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Presentation on theme: "Now, listen & watch carefully ladies & gentlemen!"— Presentation transcript:

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2 Now, listen & watch carefully ladies & gentlemen!

3 We are going to talk about... Het meervoud

4 The PLURAL is the form of a verb, pronoun or noun, used when talking or writing about something of which there is MORE THAN 1

5 This presentation is about The PLURAL-form of the NOUN

6 Study these examples: 1 carrot… 2 carrot s 1 bean... 1 grape... 2 apple s 1 apple… 2 bean s 2 grape s

7 What will be the rule? Try to find this out yourselves and... find more examples!

8 Main Rule enkelvoud + s = meervoud So: Bean +s = Beans

9 Study these examples: 1 glass… 2 glass ES 1 box... 1 church... 2 bus ES 1 bus… 2 box ES 2 church ES

10 What will be the rule? Try to find this out yourselves and... find more examples!

11 Rule 2 Woord eindigt op sisklank? So: bus +es = buses +es in het meervoud!

12 Study these examples: 1 cherr Y … 2 cherr IES 1 raspberr Y... 2 raspberr IES 1 bab Y … 2 bab IES

13 What will be the rule? Try to find this out yourselves and... find more examples!

14 Rule 3a Woord eindigt op Y? So: cherry  cherries -y wordt -ies in het meervoud!

15 BUT... 1 bo Y … 2 boy S 1 monke Y... 2 monkey S

16 What will be the rule here? Try to find this out yourselves and... find more examples!

17 Rule 3b Woord eindigt op KLINKER + Y? So: boy + s  boys +s in het meervoud!

18 You haven’t fallen asleep have you!?

19 Study these examples: 1 potato… 2 potat OES 1 negro... 2 negr OES 1 tomato... 2 tomat OES

20 What will be the rule? Try to find this out yourselves and... find more examples!

21 Rule 4a Woord eindigt op O? So: potato  potatoes +es in het meervoud!

22 BUT... 1 radio… 2 radio S 1 studio… 2 studio S

23 Rule 4b Woord eindigt op KLINKER + O? So: radio + s  radios +s in het meervoud!

24 Exceptions... 1 mosquito… 2 mosquito S 1 piano… 2 piano S 1 disco… 2 disco S Learn these by heart!

25 Study these examples: 1 knife… 2 knives 1 wolf... 2 wolves 1 thief... 2 thieves

26 Rule 5 Woord eindigt op -f of -fe? So: wolf  wolves -f/-fe wordt –ves in het meervoud!

27 Study these examples: 1 cactus… 2 cacti 1 nucleus... 2 nuclei 1 focus... 2 foci

28 Rule 6 Woord eindigt op -us? So: cactus  cacti -us wordt -i in het meervoud!

29 Study these examples: 1 analysis… 2 analyses 1 crisis... 2 crises 1 thesis... 2 theses

30 Rule 7 Woord eindigt op -is? So: crisis  crises -is wordt -es in het meervoud!

31 Study these examples: 1 phenomenon… 2 phenomena 1 criterion... 2 criteria

32 Rule 8 Woord eindigt op -on? So: criterion  criteria -on wordt -a in het meervoud!

33 Special cases 1 man / 2 men 1 woman / 2 women 1 child / 2 children 1 Learn these by heart!

34 1 goose / 2 geese 1 foot / 2 feet 1 tooth / 2 teeth 2 Learn these by heart! Special cases

35 1 louse / 2 lice 1 mouse / 2 mice But: 1 house / 2 houses 3 Learn these by heart! Special cases

36 1 sheep / 2 sheep 1 deer / 2 deer 1 salmon / 2 salmon 4 Any rule here? Special cases

37 police water oil 5 Any rule here? Special cases money time cattle people

38 Sommige woorden staan al in het meervoud: Jeans, tights, shorts, trousers, goggles, etc. 6a Het werkwoord dat bij deze vorm hoort heeft ook de meervoudsvorm ! Example: Her jeans are too long. Special cases

39 Na een telwoord gebruik je pair(s) of bij: Jeans, tights, shorts, trousers, goggles, etc. 6b Example: I have a pair of new jeans. I have two pairs of new jeans. Special cases

40 Sommige zelfstandige naamwoorden eindigen met –ics maar zijn geen meervoud: gymnastics, athletics, politics, physics, etc. 7 Example: Gymnastics is my favourite sport. Special cases

41 News is geen meervoud! 8 Example: What time is the news on television? Special cases

42 Sommige zelfstandige naamwoorden eindigen op een –s maar kunnen enkelvoud of meervoud zijn: A means of transport A television series a species of birds 9 Example: I know 200 species of birds. Special cases

43 Als het gaat om meer dan 1 persoon of ding wordt in het Engels altijd meervoud gebruikt. Examples: - It happened ten years ago. - His two sons are farmers. 10 Let op! In het Nederlands gebruik je dan vaak het enkelvoud. Special cases

44 Did you really learn something? Or are PLURALS still a mystery to you? If so...

45 Check these sites: http://www.digischool.nl/en/http://www.digischool.nl/en/ (oefenen/grammatica/zelfstandige nmw) http://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/elc/studyzone/330/grammar/ http://webster.commnet.edu/grammar/plurals.htm (with additional information on special cases!) http://english-zone.com/spelling/nouns1.htmlhttp://english-zone.com/spelling/nouns1.html (with many exercises)

46 Plural Poem One little crocodile swimming in the pond, Then he sees two little _______ Hopping all around. Flying high up in the sky, go three flapping ______, Then they dive and land upon three ______________. Four little ___________ Drinking all the water. Will they notice five big ____________ Oh, I think they ought to! Six slimy __________ Slithering on the shore, Will they catch their tea today? Seven _________________. Eight climbing ____________ Whizzing up the tree, chasing their best friends, Nine ___________. Night is falling quickly, time to say goodbye, Ten shining __________ Sparkle in the sky.

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