Presentation on theme: "THE FLOW OF FOOD: PURCHASING, RECEIVING, and STORAGE"— Presentation transcript:
1THE FLOW OF FOOD: PURCHASING, RECEIVING, and STORAGE SERVSAFE/CHAPTER 6THE FLOW OF FOOD:PURCHASING, RECEIVING,and STORAGE
2FACTSAn approved food supplier is one that has been inspected and meets all applicable local, state, and federal laws.Make sure food suppliers have good food safety practices.Develop a relationship with your suppliers, and get to know their food safety practices.
3AGENCIES USDA: U.S. Department of Agriculture FDA: Food and Drug AdministrationGMP: Good Manufacturing PracticesGAP: Good Agricultural Practices
4RECEIVING and INSPECTING Arrange deliveries so they arrive one at a time and during off-peak hoursDeliveries should be carefully and immediately inspected and put away as quickly as possible.If you must reject an item, set it aside from the items you are accepting.
5Temperature CriteriaReceive cold TCS food at 41 degrees F. or lower, unless otherwise specifiedReceive hot TCS food at 135 degrees F. or higher, unless otherwise specifiedReceive frozen food frozen
6Packaging of FoodReject items with tears, holes, or punctures in their packaging.Reject cans with swollen ends, rust, or dents.Reject items with leaks, dampness, or water stainsReject items with signs of pests or pest damage.Reject items with expired code or use-by dates
7Product QualityPoor food quality can be a sign that the food has been time-temperature abused.Reject food with an abnormal color.Reject meat, fish, or poultry that is slimy, sticky, or dry.Reject food with an abnormal or unpleasant odor.
8SPECIFIC FOOD Inspections EGGSMust be clean and unbrokenShell eggs should be received at an air temperature of 45 degrees F. or lowerLiquid, frozen, and dehydrated egg products must be pasteurized as required by law and have a USDA inspection mark
9SPECIFIC FOOD Inspections MILK AND DAIRY PRODUCTSMust be received at 41 degrees F. or lower unless other specified by law.Must be pasteurized.Must comply with FDA grade A standards.
10SPECIFIC FOOD Inspections SHELLFISHCan be received either shucked or live.Raw: nonreturnable containers; must be labeled with the packer’s name, address, and certification number;Live: must have shellstock identification tags; tags must be kept for 90 days from the date written on themReject shellfish if they are muddy, have broken shells, or are dead.
11SPECIFIC FOOD Inspections PRODUCESliced melons, cut tomatoes, and fresh-cut leafy greens must be received at 41 degrees F. or lower.PREPACKAGED JUICEMust be purchased from a supplier with a HACCP plan.Juice must be pasteurized.
12SPECIFIC FOOD Inspections FISH SERVED RAW OR PARTIALLY COOKEDMust be frozen by the supplier for a specific time to kill parasitesMust keep records of the frozen times and temps. (provided by the supplier) for 90 days from the date you served the fish
13INSPECTION STAMPSMeat and Poultry-must have a USDA or state department of agriculture’s inspection stamp.NOTE: The stamp indicates that the product andthe processing plant have met certain standardsEgg Products-must have inspection stamp indicating that federal regulations have been enforced to maintain quality and reduce contamination
14STORAGE GUIDELINESRotate food in storage to use the oldest inventory first.Label all TCS, ready-to-eat food prepped in-house that you have held for longer than 24 hours.Throw away food that has passed its expiration date.Store refrigerated raw meat, poultry, and seafood separately from ready-to-eat food.If necessary, store ready-to-eat food above raw seafood, meat, and poultry.
15How to “Stack” food in a refrigerator… Ready-to-eat food (TOP)SeafoodWhole cuts of beef and porkGround meat and ground fishWhole and ground poultry (BOTTOM)
16REFRIGERATED AND FROZEN STORAGE Schedule regular maintenanceDefrost freezersSet the temperatures of coolers to keep the internal temp. of TCS food at 41 degrees F.Check cooler temps. at least once during each shiftDo not overload coolers or freezers.Use open shelving (DO NOT line shelves with aluminum foil, sheet pans, or paper…this restricts circulation of cold air in the unit)
17DRY STORAGEThe temperature of dry-storage area should be between 50 and 70 degrees F.Store dry food away from walls and at least six inches off the floor.Make sure dry-storage areas are well ventilated…try to keep temperature and humidity constant throughout the area.
18Chapter ReviewA care of beef roast that carries both a USDA inspection stamp and a USDA choice grade stamp indicates that the meat and processing plant have met USDA standards and the meat quality is acceptable.Scheduling all deliveries at the same time is NOT a general purchasing and receiving principle.Receiving is an important step in the flow of food in a food service establishment because food is examined for the first time.
19Review Cont.If poultry passed inspection by the USDA and was received and stored properly, it is safe to eat as long as it is cooked to 165 degrees F. for 15 seconds.A torn label does NOT indicate that canned products are unsafe.A fresh shipment of pork delivered to a hospital will be pink lean meat with white fat.When choosing a food supplier, it is MOST important that it meets food safety standards.
20Review Cont.Fresh eggs should be received at a temperature of 45 degrees F. (72 degrees C.).Sous Vide packed food that is leaking should be rejected.The term “first in first out” means food supplies should be used in order in which they were received.To hold food at a specific internal temperature, the air in the refrigerator must be kept approximately 2 degrees F. (1 degree C.) or lower.
21Review Cont.Potentially hazardous, ready-to-eat food can be stored in the refrigerator 7 days before it should be discarded.Floor cleaner should NOT be stored in a dry-storage area.Uncovered fresh fish on the bottom shelf is stored in the refrigerator improperly.Storing raw poultry on the bottom shelf of the refrigerator is an incorrect storage practice.
22Review Cont.Dry goods should be stored at a temperature between 50 degrees F. to 70 degrees F. (10 degrees C. to 21 degrees C.).60 degrees F. (16 degrees C.) is an unsafe internal temperature to store ground pork.To prevent pests, food supplies should be stored six inches off the floor and away from the wall.The temperatures of commercial refrigerators and freezers in a kitchen should be checked daily.
23Review Cont.Cooked chicken breats over fresh poultry is stored correctly in the refrigerator.Storing cleaning chemicals above food in dry storage areas can lead to the contamination of food.