Presentation on theme: "Integrating Marzano’s Essential 9 Teaching Strategies with Technology"— Presentation transcript:
1 Integrating Marzano’s Essential 9 Teaching Strategies with Technology
2 ResearchRobert Marzano, Debra Pickering, Jane Pollock, Classroom Instruction That WorksIdentified nine instructional strategies that are most likely to improve student achievement across all content areas and across all grade levels
3 1. Identifying Similarities and Differences -Comparingsimilarities and differences-Classifyinggrouping things that are alike-Metaphorscomparing two unlike things-Analogiesidentifying relationships between pairs of conceptsThe ability to break a concept into its similar and dissimilar characteristics allows students to understand (and often solve) complex problems by analyzing them in a more simple way.RecommendationsFor Classroom PracticeGive students a model for the process.Use familiar content to teach steps.Give students graphic organizers.Guide students as needed
5 2. Summarizing & Note-taking Note taking and summarizing are closely related. Bothrequire students to identify what is most important aboutthe knowledge they are learning and then state thatknowledge in their own words.Note taking and summarizing are closely related. Both require students to identify what is most important about the knowledge they are learning and then state that knowledge in their own words.High leverage strategies because they:- encourage powerful learning- lead to deeper understanding- endure long-term recallVerbatim note taking is the leasteffective way to take notes.Word Processing Software (i.e. Microsoft Word): Can be used to create summary frames. Word processing tools such as bold, underline, highlighting can make note taking easier for students. Speech to text features can actually read entire passages to your students helping them to better understand the content of the text. Word also has a built in summary feature that can assist your students in refining this process.Inspiration: Has a built in outline feature. Students can brainstorm ideas and take notes for writing projects in the diagram view and then switch to the outline view to begin the writing process.AVID strategies for taking Cornell Notes and summarizing your thoughts in 2 -3 good sentences.
6 Examples Word processing software for note-taking Blogging and sharing notes and ideasInspiration, Kidspiration or KidPix to create outline templatesCornell note templates (AVID)
7 3. Reinforcing Effort and Providing Recognition Students who were taught about the relationshipbetween effort and achievement increased theirachievement more than students who were taughttechniques for time management andcomprehension of new material.Students who were taught about the relationship between effort and achievement increased their achievement more than students who were taught techniques for time management and comprehension of new material. Van Overwalle & De Metsenaere, Implication is that teachers should explain and exemplify the “effort belief” to students.Have students chart their effort and achievement. Give solid examples.Teachers can send quick notes to parents or students giving feedback and providing recognition. This asynchronous form of communication has taken the place of notes pinned to student clothing or shoved inside of backpacks.Teacher Webpages and Content Management Systems: Each teacher in our district has access to their own teacher webpage. You can post student work (with written permission) on these pages. Students will work harder to create quality content when provided with a wider audience.Microsoft Word or Apple Pages: Can be used to create awards and certificates.
8 ExamplesTeachers can send positive notes to parents and studentsTeacher Webpages for posting student workWord processing software to create awards and certificates
9 4. Homework and Practice Both homework and practice give students opportunities to deepen their understanding and proficiency with the content they are learning.Teacher Webpages: Teachers can and should use their webpages to post homework policies, assignments, test dates, class notes and practice activities. They can provide links to outside web resources to facilitate research and provide practice opportunities.Online Resources: Webpages can provide educational links to support instruction, give students help with homework and provide practice for specific skills such as the ones listed here:Interactive Games: There are many websites with free online interactive games such as this one from Sadlie-Oxford:These games provide students with practice on important skills.Presentation Software (i.e. PowerPoint, Promethean Flip Charts, Smart Notebook): Students and teachers can create interactive notebooks, and games to reinforce skills and provide practice.
10 ExamplesTeacher Webpages (SchoolWorld) for posting homework assignmentsPresentation Software (PPT, and Flipcharts) to present concepts and provide practiceOnline Resources: Educational links to support instruction, Online Assessment
11 5. Non-linguistic Representations Teachers typically present new information to students verbally. Engaging students in creating visual representations stimulates and increases activity in the brain.Teachers typically present newknowledge to students linguistically.-Engaging students in the creation ofnonlinguistic representation actuallystimulates and increases activity inthe brainInteractive White Boards: Graphics are built into the software assist students by providing them with non-linguistic representations. Flip Charts can be created, which tie graphics to text to improve comprehension and create background information.Kidspiration: This program develops thinking, literacy and numeracy skills using proven visual learning principles. In reading and writing, Kidspiration strengthens word recognition, vocabulary, comprehension and written expression. With new visual math tools, students build reasoning and problem solving skills.Inspiration: Students can use Inspiration templates to plan, research and complete projects successfully. In Diagram View, students use nonlinguistic representations to create graphic organizers (a core element of visual learning) to analyze, compare and evaluate information. They can also create word webs, sequencing charts and word analysis charts.
12 Interactive White Boards ExamplesGraphic OrganizersKidspirationInspirationInteractive White Boards
13 6. Cooperative LearningOrganizing students into cooperative groups yields a positive effect on overall learning if approach is systematic and consistent.RecommendationsFor Classroom UseTeach students the elements of cooperative learningVary grouping criteria(informal, formal and base)Manage group size(3-5 students)
14 Examples Online collaboration resources: Google Docs/Spreadsheets GliffyBernie Dodge’s WebQuest PageGoogle: type in online educational collaboration projects
15 7. Setting Objectives and Providing Feedback Students learn more efficiently when they know the goals and objectives of a specific lesson or learning activity.Word Processing Software (i.e. Microsoft Word): Can be used to create rubrics to provide feedback, set goals and objectives, and create documents to reinforce effort and provide student recognition. You can also use these applications to create reading logs, and student contracts to support setting objectives and providing feedback.Online Resources: Online web sites such as Rubistar help teachers and students to create rubrics to provide feedback.Student Response Tools: Tools such as ActiveVotes can provide immediate feedback, reinforce effort and provide recognition to your students.
16 ExamplesStudent response tools such as ActiveVotes to provide immediate feedbackWord processing software can be used to create rubricsOnline resources such as Rubistar to create rubrics
17 8. Generating and Testing Hypotheses Generating and testing hypotheses involves the application of knowledge, which enhances learningInspiration and Kidspiration: Graphic organizers can be used to brainstorm ideas and generate hypotheses.Online Resources: Can be used for research to test hypotheses
18 ExamplesOnline Games, Video GamesInspiration/Kidspiration
19 9. Cues, Questions, & Advanced Organizers Cues: Explicit reminders about what a student is about t experience Questions: Help students analyze what they already know Advance Organizers: Help students retrieve what they know about a topic and focus on the new informationQuestions, Cues, & Advanced Organizers (chapter 10)Strategy to help students construct meaning/make sense of it, activating prior knowledgeOnline Resources: Online resources such as this website to support questions and answers:Spreadsheet Software (i.e. Excel): To create templates and spreadsheets.
20 Examples KWL Charts Inspiration Templates Advanced Organizers Using Microsoft Office
22 ReferencesRobert Marzano, Debra Pickering, Jane Pollock,Classroom Instruction That WorksHoward Pitler, Elizabeth Hubbell, Matt Kuhn, Kim Malenoski, Using Technology With Classroom Instruction That WorksSherri Hiller, Putting the Pieces Together,