Cues, Questions and Advanced Organizers Chapter 4 Overview Using Technology with Classroom Instruction that Works Spring 2011.
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Cues, Questions and Advanced Organizers Chapter 4 Overview Using Technology with Classroom Instruction that Works Spring 2011
Please read Chapter 4 in “Using Technology with Classroom Instruction that Works” pages 73 to 85 before going through this training
Focus of this chapter is to enhance students’ ability to retrieve, use, and organize information about a topic
CUES – explicit reminders or hints about what students are about to experience QUESTIONS – perform the same function as cues by triggering students’ memories and helping the to access prior knowledge ADVANCED ORGANIZERS – structures that teachers provide to students before a learning activity to help them classify and make sense of the content they’ll encounter
Marzano’s Research Review Effective Instructional Practices Identifying Similarities and Differences45 point Percentile Gain Summarizing and note taking34 point Percentile Gain Reinforcing effort and providing recognition29 point Percentile Gain Homework and Practice28 point Percentile Gain Nonlinguistic representation27 point Percentile Gain Cooperative Learning27 point Percentile Gain Setting Objectives and Providing Feedback23 point Percentile Gain Generating and testing hypothesis23 point Percentile Gain Cues, Questions, and Advanced Organizers22 point Percentile Gain
Cues, Questions and Advanced Organizers Recommendations 1.Use expository advanced organizers 2.Use narrative advanced organizers 3.Teach students skimming as a form of advanced organizers 4.Teach students how to use graphic advanced organizers 5.Use explicit cues 6.Ask questions that elicit inferences 7.Ask analytic questions
Cues, Questions and Advanced Organizers Should focus on what is important in the lesson NOT what is unusual Higher level questions produce deeper learning Wait time increases depth of all learning
Asking Higher Level or Essential Questions essential questions require that students spend time pondering the meaning and importance of information Its more than “Trivial Pursuit” All the other questions and questioning skills serve the purpose of "casting light upon" or illuminating essential questions. Examples using Bloom’s Taxonomy (click underline to explore the link)Examples using Bloom’s Taxonomy
Review of Advanced Organizers Click the link below to a presentation on Advanced Organizers (once you have it open, click your mouse to advance the slides) READ ME
Word Processing Tool Expository Advanced Organizers Brochures, Definitions, Rubrics, Programs Narrative Advanced Organizers Stories, Articles, Artistic Works Graphic Advanced Organizers Tables, Charts, Artistic Works These form compelling introductory materials that help students focus on the essential concepts and themes that will prepare them to learn Click Below for examples of many of these! Example page 1 Example page 2
Key is that these are ADVANCED organizers – the purpose is to set up the learning prior to the lesson This helps students organize their thoughts around the essential information and gets them thinking about what they know about the topic even before the teacher has fully begun the lesson
Spreadsheet Software for Cues, Questions and Advanced Organizers Rubrics – use before lesson to help focus what the students will learn Online Rubric creator – RubistarRubistar Create rubric with Excel – directions on page 77 of book
Organizing and Brainstorming Software Explicit cues should be straightforward and provide a preview of the learning – direct approach is most effective Look for opportunities to activate students’ background knowledge Inspiration example – ( click on the Character Change hyperlink below and then on that webpage click “CCB Character Change” to see the example) Character Change Weblink examples
Multimedia for Cues, Questions and Advanced Organizers Helps activate prior knowledge and develops a mental model to help them understand new information Studies show that students who are given a visual advanced organizer to help articulate a lesson retain more information than those who do not
Multimedia Resources Video Resources Yahoo.com Click video and search discoveryeducation.com Username & password Search by topic or standard http://a9.com Searches e-commerce Google.com Click video and search iPad brainpop.com brainpopjr.com In using any of these resources, remember the purpose is to focus the learning before the lesson
Assignment to Complete Chapter Create a lesson plan based on Cues, Questions and Advanced Organizers Remember that these strategies are the “set up” for learning and should be done prior to the lesson. This help students focus on the specific learning. Options that have been presented include word processing documents including brochures, definitions, rubrics, tables, charts, stories, inspiration webs, video segments (discovery ed., etc.), multimedia resources.
Use the lesson plan form in this Wiki Please print or email this form to me by May 1 st along with any supporting documents. Thanks!