Presentation on theme: "History of the filmology movement Oct. 1943. Founding of the Institut des Hautes Etudes Cinématographique (IDHEC) 1946. Gilbert Cohen-Séat publishes Essai."— Presentation transcript:
History of the filmology movement Oct. 1943. Founding of the Institut des Hautes Etudes Cinématographique (IDHEC) 1946. Gilbert Cohen-Séat publishes Essai sur les principes d'une philosophie du cinéma Sept. 1946. Cohen-Séat founds the Association Française pour la Recherche Filmologique July 1947. First number of Revue Internationale de Filmologie 15-21 Sept. 1947. First International Congress of Filmology Sept. 1948. Institut de Filmologie placed at the Sorbonne 1953. Soriau, Etienne, ed. l'Universe filmique. 19-23 Feb. 1955. Second International Congress of Filmology 1962. Editorship of the Revue moves to Milan. Journal renamed Ikon and still publishes today
Gilbert Cohen-Séat Essai sur les principes d'une philosophie du cinéma (1946) to argue for a serious and systematic study of cinema to provide a framework for the comprehensive analysis of cinema the power and crisis of cinema filmic fact and cinematic facts
Institut de Filmologie Psychological Studies (Henri Wallon) film and child psychology youth and education physiological and experimental psychology medicine collective and social psychology Technical Studies (Gilbert Cohen-Séat) historiography of cinema Georges Sadoul, Léon Moussinac
Institut de Filmologie General Filmology and Philosophy (Raymond Bayer) General Morphology (linguistic approaches) General Aesthetics of Effects Filmic Anthropology Ethics and Ideology Pierre Francastel, Maurice Merleau-Ponty, Cohen- Séat, Etienne Souriau, [Roland Barthes] Comparative Studies (Mario Rocques) comparative aesthetics Souriau, Sadoul
Gilbert Cohen-Séat The power and crisis of cinema quality and quantity of humanity cinemas power as a collective consciousness the invention of film and the invention of cinema Filmic and cinematic facts Filmic facts includes questions of film signification and film language. Approach is essentially aesthetic and humanistic. Cinematic facts derive from the study of cinema as a social phenomenon. Approach is essentially sociological and empirical.
Etienne Souriau Instauration The filmic universe The two degrees of filmic form Seven kinds of filmic reality
The Structure of the Filmic Universe and the Vocabulary of Filmology afilmic. The real and ordinary world independent of the film. profilmic. The space photographed by the film camera. filmographic. The film as a physical, material, chemical object; the celluloid strip. screenic (filmophanic). The film as projected on the screen. diegesis. The imaginary world created by the film spectatorial. All the subjective phenomena brought into play by the perceptual, mental, and psychological activities of film viewer. creatorial. The implied activity of the creator(s) of the film.