2Thursday, April 7th : “A” Day Friday, April 8th: “A” Day Agenda Finish Section 7.1: “Avogadro’s Number & Molar Conversions”In-Class:Practice pg. 231: #1-4Practice pg. 232: #1-3Concept Review: “Avogadro’s Number & Molar Conversions”: #6-10Section 7.1 quiz next time…
3Finish 7.1: “Avogadro’s Number and Molar Conversions” 6.022 X 1023 atoms1 mole
4Molar Mass Relates Moles to Grams Molar mass: the mass in grams of one mole of an element or compound.Molar mass is numerically equal to the atomic mass of elements (Fe, Al, etc.) and the formula mass of compounds (H2O, CH4, etc. ) and diatomic elements. (O2, F2, etc.)The units for molar mass are gramsmole
5Molar mass of water = 18.02 g H2O Molar Mass Example #1What is the molar mass of water, H2O?To determine the molar mass, look up the atomic mass of each element present in the compound and add them up. This is the molar mass.H = 1.01 g/molO = 16.0 g/molMolar mass of water = g H2O1 mole
6Molar Mass Example #2What is the molar mass of sulfuric acid, H2SO4? H = 1.01 g/mol S = g/mol O = 16.0 g/mol Molar mass of sulfuric acid = g H2SO4 1 mole
7So, why do we need to know the molar mass… Molar mass can be used as a conversion factor in problems converting between mass and amount!!!
8Converting Number of Particles to Mass To convert from number of particles to mass, you must use a two-step process:First, convert number of particles to amount in moles using Avogadro’s number.Second, convert amount in moles to mass in grams using the molar mass.Two different conversion factors must be used!
9Converting Between Mass, Amount, and Number of Particles
10Sample Problem C, pg. 231 Converting Number of Particles to Mass Find the mass in grams of 2.44 X 1024 atoms of carbon, whose molar mass is g/mol.Known: X 1024 atoms of carbonUnknown: Mass in grams of carbonTwo conversion factors:1 mole C AND g C6.022 X 1023 atoms C mole C
11Sample Problem C, continued Converting Number of Particles to Mass Step 1: Convert # of particles amount in moles:2.44 X 1024 C atoms X mole C6.022 X 1023 atoms C= moles CStep 2: Convert amount in moles mass (in grams)4.05 moles C X g C1 mole C= g C
12Additional PracticeFind the mass in grams of 6.12 X 1014 formula units of rhenium dioxide, ReO2, g/mol.Known: X 1014 formula units ReO2Unknown: Mass in grams of ReO2Two conversion Factors:1 mole ReO AND g ReO26.022 X 1023 form unit ReO mole ReO2
13= 2.23 X 10 -7 g ReO2 Additional Practice Step 1: Convert # of particles amount in moles:6.12 X 1014 form. unit X _1 mol_ReO2__6.022 X 1023 form. unit ReO2= 1.02 X mole ReO2Step 2: Convert amount in moles mass (in grams)1.02 X mole ReO2 X g ReO21 mole ReO2= 2.23 X g ReO2
14Converting Mass to Number of Particles Converting from mass to number of particles is simply the opposite of the previous problems.To convert from mass to number of particles, you must use a two-step process:First, convert mass in grams to amount in moles using molar mass.Second, convert amount in moles to number of particles using Avogadro’s number.Two different conversion factors must be used!
15Sample Problem D, pg. 232 Converting Mass to Number of Particles Find the number of molecules present in 47.5 g of glycerol, C3H8O3. The molar mass of glycerol is g/mol.Known: g glycerol, C3H8O3Unknown: # of molecules presentTwo conversion factors:1 mole C3H8O3 AND X 1023 molecules C3H8O392.11 g C3H8O mole C3H8O3
16Sample Problem D, cont. Converting Mass to Number of Particles Step 1: Convert mass (in grams) amount in moles:47.5 g C3H8O3 X 1 mole C3H8O3 = mol C3H8O392.11 g C3H8O3Step 2: Convert amount in moles # of molecules:0.516 mol C3H8O3 X X 1023 molecules C3H8O31 mole C3H8O3= 3.11 X 1023 molecules C3H8O3
17Additional PracticeDetermine the number of atoms present in54.3 grams of cobalt, Co.Known: g of cobalt, Co.Unknown: # of atomsTwo conversion Factors:1 mole Co AND X 1023 atoms Co58.93 g Co mole Co
18= 5.55 X 1023 atoms Co Additional Practice Step 1: Convert mass (in grams) amount in moles:54.3 g Co X 1 mol Co = mol Co58.93 g CoStep 2: Convert amount in moles # of atoms:0.921 moles Co X X 1023 atoms Co1 mole Co= X 1023 atoms Co
19In-Class Assignments/Homework You Must SHOW WORK! Practice pg. 231: #1-4Practice pg. 232: #1-3Concept Review: “Avogadro’s Number & Molar Conversions”: #6-10Section 7.1 quiz next time…