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7.3 © and ® 2012 Vista Higher Learning, Inc. 7.3-1 The subjunctive with expressions of doubt and conjunctions; the past subjunctive Il est peu probable.

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Presentation on theme: "7.3 © and ® 2012 Vista Higher Learning, Inc. 7.3-1 The subjunctive with expressions of doubt and conjunctions; the past subjunctive Il est peu probable."— Presentation transcript:

1 7.3 © and ® 2012 Vista Higher Learning, Inc The subjunctive with expressions of doubt and conjunctions; the past subjunctive Il est peu probable que Vanessa veuille rester avec Samuel.

2 7.3 © and ® 2012 Vista Higher Learning, Inc The subjunctive with expressions of doubt and conjunctions Use the subjunctive in subordinate clauses after expressions of doubt or uncertainty. Il est peu probable quil soit astronaute. Its unlikely that hes an astronaut. Il est possible quon atterrisse en avance. Its possible that were landing early. The subjunctive with expressions of doubt and conjunctions; the past subjunctive

3 7.3 © and ® 2012 Vista Higher Learning, Inc These expressions of doubt or uncertainty are typically followed by the subjunctive. douter que... Il est douteux que... Il est impossible que... Il est peu probable que... Il est possible que... to doubt that... Its doubtful that... Its impossible that... Its unlikely that... Its possible that... Il nest pas évident que... Il nest pas sûr que... Il nest pas vrai que... Il semble que... Il se peut que... Its not obvious that... Its not sure that... Its not true that... It seems that... Its possible that... The subjunctive with expressions of doubt and conjunctions; the past subjunctive

4 7.3 © and ® 2012 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Some expressions call for the subjunctive in the negative, but take the indicative in the affirmative. This is because only the negative statements express uncertainty or doubt. IndicativeSubjunctive Je suis sûr quelle vient aujourdhui. Im sure shes coming today. Je ne suis pas sûr quelle vienne demain. Im not sure shes coming tomorrow. The subjunctive with expressions of doubt and conjunctions; the past subjunctive

5 7.3 © and ® 2012 Vista Higher Learning, Inc The verbs croire, espérer, and penser in negative statements or in questions also require the subjunctive in the subordinate clause. In affirmative statements, the verb in the subordinate clause is in the indicative. IndicativeSubjunctive Je crois quelle part. I believe shes leaving. Je ne crois pas quelle parte. I dont believe shes leaving. Croyez-vous quelle parte? Do you believe shes leaving? The subjunctive with expressions of doubt and conjunctions; the past subjunctive

6 7.3 © and ® 2012 Vista Higher Learning, Inc ATTENTION! In a negative question containing penser, croire, or espérer, the subordinate clause takes the indicative. Ne penses-tu pas que cest une découverte capitale? Dont you think its a breakthrough discovery? The subjunctive with expressions of doubt and conjunctions; the past subjunctive

7 7.3 © and ® 2012 Vista Higher Learning, Inc The subjunctive is also required after these conjunctions. à condition que à moins que afin que avant que bien que de peur que on the condition that unless in order that before although for fear that en attendant que jusquà ce que pour que pourvu que quoique sans que waiting for until so that provided that although without The subjunctive with expressions of doubt and conjunctions; the past subjunctive Bien que ses intentions soient bonnes, elle se trompe souvent. Although her intentions are good, she is often mistaken. Ils expliquent leur recherche pour que nous en connaissions les conséquences. They explain their research so that we know the consequences.

8 7.3 © and ® 2012 Vista Higher Learning, Inc ATTENTION! If the subject of the main clause is the same as the subject of the subordinate clause, these conjunctions are followed by the infinitive instead of the subjunctive: à condition de, à moins de, afin de, avant de, de peur de, en attendant de, pour, and sans. Il est entré sans parler. He came in without speaking. On arrivera en retard à moins de prendre le train. Well arrive late unless we take the train. The subjunctive with expressions of doubt and conjunctions; the past subjunctive

9 7.3 © and ® 2012 Vista Higher Learning, Inc The past subjunctive If the verb in a subordinate clause following a subjunctive trigger took place in the past, use the past subjunctive. The subjunctive with expressions of doubt and conjunctions; the past subjunctive

10 7.3 © and ® 2012 Vista Higher Learning, Inc ATTENTION! The expressions à moins que, de peur que, de crainte que, sans que, and avant que are often accompanied by the ne explétif. The word ne is placed before the subjunctive form of the verb; it is not a negation and adds no meaning to the statement. Les élèves arrivent avant que le professeur ne commence son cours. The students arrive before the teacher starts his class. The subjunctive with expressions of doubt and conjunctions; the past subjunctive

11 7.3 © and ® 2012 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Like the passé composé and the plus-que-parfait, the past subjunctive is formed by combining a helping verb (avoir or être) with a past participle. In the past subjunctive, the helping verb is in the present subjunctive. Il se peut quils aient oublié la réunion de neuf heures. Its possible that they forgot the 9 oclock meeting. Nous ne sommes pas certains quelle soit arrivée avant nous. We are not certain that she arrived before us. The subjunctive with expressions of doubt and conjunctions; the past subjunctive

12 7.3 © and ® 2012 Vista Higher Learning, Inc If a verb takes the helping verb avoir in the passé composé or plus-que-parfait, it also takes avoir in the past subjunctive. jai téléchargé tu as téléchargé il/elle a téléchargé nous avons téléchargé vous avez téléchargé ils/elles ont téléchargé que jaie téléchargé que tu aies téléchargé quil/elle ait téléchargé que nous ayons téléchargé que vous ayez téléchargé quils/elles aient téléchargé The subjunctive with expressions of doubt and conjunctions; the past subjunctive

13 7.3 © and ® 2012 Vista Higher Learning, Inc If a verb takes the helping verb être in the passé composé or plus-que-parfait, it also takes être in the past subjunctive. je me suis adapté(e) tu tes adapté(e) il/elle sest adapté(e) nous nous sommes adapté(e)s vous vous êtes adapté(e)(s) ils/elles se sont adapté(e)s que je me sois adapté(e) que tu te sois adapté(e) quil/elle se soit adapté(e) que nous nous soyons adapté(e)s que vous vous soyez adapté(e)(s) quils/elles se soient adapté(e)s The subjunctive with expressions of doubt and conjunctions; the past subjunctive


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