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Unit é 1 Examen Retake Review French II. What is a possessive adjective ? A word that describes a noun by showing who possesses it English example : my.

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Presentation on theme: "Unit é 1 Examen Retake Review French II. What is a possessive adjective ? A word that describes a noun by showing who possesses it English example : my."— Presentation transcript:

1 Unit é 1 Examen Retake Review French II

2 What is a possessive adjective ? A word that describes a noun by showing who possesses it English example : my pen It refers to the subject. I lost my pen. I = subject my = possessive adjective

3 French Possessive Adjectives Just like other French adjectives in French, these must agree with the gender and number of the noun it is describing. French example : mes stylos (my pens) EnglishMasculineFemininePlural mymonmames your (singular)tontates his/hersonsases ournotre nos your (plural)votre vos theirleur leurs

4 Negation/Negative Words Negative WordEnglishAntonym pasnotN/A jamaisnevertoujours (always), souvent (often) plusno longertoujours (still) personneno one, nobodyQuelqu'un (somebody), Tout le monde (everyone) riennothingQuelque chose (something) To change an affirmative sentence to a negative one, place the « ne » behind the subject and the negative word behind the verb. Je parle. Je ne parle pas. If there is an antonym in the affirmative sentence, replace it with the negative word. Ex. Il y a quelqu'un. Il n'y a personne.

5 À and De + Definite Article What is a definite article ? A word that goes in front of the noun when you are speaking about a specific person, place, thing, or idea. English : the French : le, la, les When the prepositions « à » or « de » are used in front of the definite article, sometimes a new word formed to prevent to vowels from being together. Common expressions that use « à » and « de » Parler de = to talk about Aller à = to go to Etre à = to be at

6 À and De + Definite Article CombinationResult À + le Au À + laÀ la À + l'À l' À + lesAux De + leDu De + laDe la De + l'De l' De + lesDes

7 Forming Questions Raising your voice at the end. Ex. Il est médecin ? Putting « Est-ce que » at the front of yes/no questions. Ex. Est-ce qu'il est médecin ? Putting « n'est-ce pas » at the other end of the sentence. N'est-ce pas = isn't it ?/right ? Il est medecin, n'est-ce pas ? Inversion Def : Switching the subject pronoun and the verb Ex. Est-il médecin ?

8 Adjectives What is an adjective ? A word that describes a person, place, thing or idea Most adjectives in French are placed behind the noun Ex. Un T-shirt bleu Adjectives must agree with the gender and amount for the amount that it describes Ex. deux chaises noires There are some adjectives that always go before the noun These are concerning beauty, age, goodness, and size (BAGS) Ex. une petite maison

9 Irregular Adjectives MasculineFeminineExampleEnglish -eux-euseParesseux paresseuselazy -er-èreRegulier regulièreregular -n-nneBon bonnegood -anc-ancheBlanc blanchewhite -ais-aicheFrais fraichefresh -ong-ongueLong longuelong Some adjectives have an irregular form for feminine nouns Ex. les pages blanches

10 More Irregular Adjectives Some adjectives have irregular forms before a masculine noun that starts with a vowel and in front of feminine nouns. Ex. Le Nouvel Observateur MasculineMasculine Vowel FeminineEnglish vieuxvieilvieilleold nouveaunouvelnouvellenew beaubelbellebeautiful

11 Adjectives that don't change Some adjectives do not change in the feminine form Examples : moderne, sympa, super, marron, orange, bon march é Ex. une fille sympa

12 Time To ask what time it is say « Quelle heure est-il ? » To give the time say : « Il est ______ heure(s). » In France, they use a 24 hour system. Il est treize heures = 1 in the afternoon. Once the minutes have passed the 30 the French start counting backwards. Il est vingt heures moins dix = 19h50 or 7:50 p.m. (U.S.)

13 Time Vocabulary Midi = noon Minuit = midnight Demie = half past the hour/ 30 min Il est onze heures et demie = 11h30 Le quart = a quarter of an hour/ 15 minutes Il est onze heures et quart. = 11h15 However the definite article is added if we are counting backwards. Il est onze heures moins le quart. = 10h45

14 Aller (To Go) Aller is an irregular verb. Je vais Tu vas Il/Elle/On va Nous allons Vous allez Ils/Elles vont Common vocabulary with aller : Aller + à + place = to go to

15 Être (To Be) Être is an irregular verb Je suis Tu es Il/Elle/On est Nous sommes Vous êtes Ils/Elles sont

16 Avoir (To Have) Avoir is an irregular verb J'ai Tu as Il/Elle/On a Nous avons Vous avez Ils/Elles ont Common expressions with « avoir » Avoir envie de = to want Avoir faim = to be hungry Avoir soif = to be thirsty Vous avez quel âge ? = How old are you ?

17 Faire (To Do, To Make) Faire is an irregular verb Je fais Tu fais Il/Elle/On fait Nous faisons Vous faites Ils/Elles font Common expressions with faire : Il fait + weather condition Il fait beau. Faire un pique-nique

18 Regular -ER Verbs Drop the -er of the verb What remains is your stem and will not change Add the following endings to your stem depending on the pronoun that it relates to : Je = -e Tu = -es Il/Elle/On – e Nous = -ons Vous = -ez Ils/Elles = -ent

19 Example of Conjugated -ER Verb Tomber (to fall) Je tombe. Tu tombes. Il tombe. Nous tombons. Vous tombez. Ils tombent.

20 Regular -IR Verbs Drop the « r » What remains is your stem and will not change. Add the following endings to your stem depending on the pronoun that it relates to : Je = -s Tu = -s Il/Elle/On = -t Nous = -ssons Vous = -ssez Ils/Elles = -ssent

21 Example of Conjugated -IR Verb Choisir (to choose) Je choisis Tu choisis Il choisit Nous choisissons Vous choisissez Ils choisissent

22 Regular -RE Verbs Drop the « re » What remains is the stem and will not change Add the following endings to your stem depending on the pronoun that it relates to : Je = -s Tu = -s Il/Elle/On = no additional ending/just the stem Nous = -ons Vous = -ez Ils/Elles = -ent

23 Example of Conjugated -RE Verb Vendre (to sell) Je vends Tu vends Il vend Nous vendons Vous vendez Ils vendent


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