Presentation on theme: "An – ER, -IR, & -RE verb assembly kit"— Presentation transcript:
1An – ER, -IR, & -RE verb assembly kit Putting It TogetherAn – ER, -IR, & -RE verb assembly kitAdapted from: Karin White – French teacher, C&I 401 – Fall 2005 Dr. Cheri Toledo, Curriculum Web- Middle School French
2La Conjugaison des Verbes Verb ConjugationSo what is conjugation? What does “conjugate” mean?In grammatical terms, it’s…Taking the regular form of the verb (such as: to have, to eat, to dance, to speak, etc) and changing it to agree with the subject of the verb (the person/object performing the action)Lost? Don’t you worry. We conjugate verbs in English every day! How???
3La Conjugaison des Verbes Verb ConjugationWatch carefully as our verb repair specialty crew conjugates an English verb in the present tense.to beI am We areYou are You (pl) areHe/She is They are
4La Conjugaison des Verbes Verb ConjugationDon’t they do excellent work? Here are some other familiar projects:to eatto danceI dance We danceYou dance You (pl) danceHe/She dances They danceI eat We eatYou eat You (pl) eatHe/She eats They eatSo…We change “to dance” to “dance” or “dances” depending on who we’re talking about (I, You, They). Therefore, the “general” rule is to drop the FIRST 2 letters and add an ending if needed.
5La Conjugaison des Verbes Verb ConjugationHere are a few verbs try. Remember to use the present tense!to watchto workI watch We watchYou watch You (pl) watchHe/She watches They watchI work We workYou work You (pl) workHe/She works They workC’est facile, n’est-ce pas?
6La Conjugaison des Verbes Verb ConjugationWould you say…I is?You be?He are?She work?They watches?I to be?You to work?Oops! Of course not! Conjugated verbs are not interchangeable! It sounds ridiculous! It’s the same way with the French language.Now that you are experts, let’s check out the nuts and bolts of conjugating French verbs.
7La Conjugaison des Verbes Parts and AccessoriesIn order to be a successful verb conjugator, you will need to know the following 4 terms:Subject-The person or thing doing the action (je, vous, la télé)Infinitive-The verb by itself: danser, parler, inviter, regarderWhat others can you name?travaillerhabiterorganiserécouterchanterStem-The verb without the er/ir/re: dans, parl, invit, regard
8La Conjugaison des Verbes Parts and AccessoriesAnd most importantly:Ending-The combination of letters that we put in place of the “er” that we dropped earlier. Each pronoun has its own ending to be used.Below is a chart that gives these endings-ER EndingsJee [—]Nousons [ohn]Tues [—]Vousez [eh]Il/ ElleIls/Ellesent [—]
9La Conjugaison des Verbes Parts and AccessoriesOr think of it this way:SubjectInfinitiveStemEndingThe worker:The drill packaging:The drill: (packaging removed)The drill bits:ere, es, e, ons, ez, entJe, Tu, Nous, la fille, Ilsaimer, danser, chanter, parleraim, dans, chant, parlThe worker chooses the bit for each drill!!!
10La Conjugaison des Verbes Parts and AccessoriesOk, here’s the drill : Try to conjugate these French verbs by following the 4 simple steps:1. Take note of the worker (sujet)2. Choose your drill package (groupe de verbe)3. Remove ALL er packaging from the drill (how else are you going to use it?)Select the correct bit for the worker given*Notice, there are 6 workers for each verb!*parlerJeNousTuVousIl/ElleIls/Elles
11La Conjugaison des Verbes Parts and AccessoriesparlerjouerJeNousJeNousTuVousTuVousIl/ElleIls/EllesIl/ElleIls/ElleshabiteraimerJeNousJeNousTuVousTuVousIl/ElleIls/EllesIl/ElleIls/EllesGo to the next page to see how you did!
12La Conjugaison des Verbes Parts and AccessoriesparlerjouerJe parleNous parlonsJe joueNous jouonsTu parlesVous parlezTu jouesVous jouezIl/Elle parleIls/Elles parlentIl/Elle joueIls/Elles jouenthabiteraimerJ’habiteNous habitonsJ’aimeNous aimonsTu habitesVous habitezTu aimesVous aimezIl/Elle habiteIls/Elles habitentIl/Elle aimeIls/Elles aimentHow did you do? Ready for a new twist?
13La Conjugaison des Verbes Parts and AccessoriesLet’s try it with adorer, in a chart:Subject(worker)+Stem(drill)Ending(bit)ResultJ’adoreadoreTuesadoresIl/ElleNousonsadoronsVousezadorezIls/Ellesentadorent
14Les verbes du “G” special Special G verbsnagerJe nageNous nageonsTu nagesVous nagezIl/Elle nageIls/Elles nagentFor these “special G” verbs, the “Nous” form is different. What changes?Why? (think pronunciation)voyagerJe voyageNous voyageonsTu voyagesVous voyagezIl/Elle voyageIls/Elles voyagentmangerJe mangeNous mangeonsTu mangesVous mangezIl/Elle mangeIls/Elles mangentSomething about the spelling has changed…
15And the French would say… Les verbes du “G” specialSpecial G verbsSo what changes?-We’ve added an “e” between the “g” and “ons”-Why?-So we can keep the [zsh] sound in all the verb forms (je, tu, nous, vous, etc) consistently.And if we didn’t?-We’d have: nagons [nah – gohn]voyagons [voy –a-gohn]mangon [mah –gohn]And the French would say…
16TROIS Sens Three Meanings Each conjugated form of a verb in the present tense has THREE meanings.3
17TROIS Sens Three Meanings For example, let’s conjugate: voyager Je voyage Nous voyageonsTu voyages Vous voyagezIl/Elle voyage Ils/Elles voyagent“Je voyage” has three meanings: I travel, I am traveling, I do travel“Ils/Elles voyagent” has three meanings: They travel, they are traveling, and they do travel
18TROIS Sens Three Meanings Need a few more examples? We play We are playingWe do playNous jouonsThey borrowThey are borrowingThey do borrowElles empruntentI winI am winningI do winJe gagne
19What about the ‘IR’ verbs? They follow the same rules, they just have different drill bits -IR EndingsJeis [ee]Nousissons[ee-sohn]TuVousissez[ee-seh]Il/ Elleit [ee]Ils/ Ellesissent[iss-]
20Veux-tu le voir en action? Let’s use the verb CHOISIR (to choose)Subject(worker)+Stem(drill)Ending(bit)ResultJechoisischoisisTuIl/ElleitchoisitNousissonschoisissonsVousissezchoisissezIls/Ellesissentchoisissent
21And ‘RE’ verbs? -RE Endings Je s [-] Nous ons [ohn] Tu Vous ez [eh] Again, same rules, they just have different drill bits -RE EndingsJes [-]Nousons [ohn]TuVousez [eh]Il/ Elle- [-]Ils/Ellesent [-]
22Veux-tu le voir en action? Let’s use the verb ENTENDRE (to hear)Subject(worker)+Stem(drill)Ending(bit)ResultJ’entendsentendsTuIl/Elle-NousonsentendonsVousezentendezIls/Ellesententendent
24Les Questions Fréquentes Frequently Asked QuestionsTechnical Questions:Instead of dropping the “er” when conjugating a verb, can’t I just drop the “r”?What you’re really asking:Can’t I leave some of the packaging and still use the drill without any problems?Answer:NO! It may seem like it doesn’t make a difference, but it is a bad habit to start! Some verbs have fancier endings and cannot be conjugated by just dropping the “r”. Conjugation will not turn out properly… nor will your project if you leave the packaging on the drill!
25Les Questions Fréquentes Frequently Asked QuestionsTechnical Questions:Why is the “e” missing in “Je” when I conjugate verbs like: aimer, habiter, écouter, adorer, obéir entendre, etc.What you’re really asking:Is the “Je” worker picky about certain drills?Answer:Yes, the “Je” worker is picky. If the drill it wants to use begins with a vowel or an ‘h’ (which is silent in French). it likes to eliminate the “e” in “Je” and put an apostrophe in it’s place. For example: J’habite, J’aime, J’invite, J’obéis.
26Les Questions Fréquentes Frequently Asked QuestionsTechnical Questions:Will “je suis parle” or “je suis parler” work instead of saying “je parle” to mean “I am speaking”?What you’re really asking:Can’t a worker use two drills at the same time with or without the correct bit?Answer:NO! It’s dangerous and makes no sense! “Je parle” already means “I am speaking.” “Je suis parle” translates to “I am am speaking.” “Je suis parler” means “I am to speak.” Do not put any form of être (suis, es, est, sommes, êtes, sont) in front of any verb!!! (you’d be using two drills… être and another verb)