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Putting It Together An – ER, -IR, & -RE verb assembly kit Adapted from: Karin White – French teacher, C&I 401 – Fall 2005 Dr. Cheri Toledo, Curriculum.

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Presentation on theme: "Putting It Together An – ER, -IR, & -RE verb assembly kit Adapted from: Karin White – French teacher, C&I 401 – Fall 2005 Dr. Cheri Toledo, Curriculum."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Putting It Together An – ER, -IR, & -RE verb assembly kit Adapted from: Karin White – French teacher, C&I 401 – Fall 2005 Dr. Cheri Toledo, Curriculum Web- Middle School French

3 La Conjugaison des Verbes Verb Conjugation So what is conjugation? What does conjugate mean? In grammatical terms, its… Taking the regular form of the verb (such as: to have, to eat, to dance, to speak, etc) and changing it to agree with the subject of the verb (the person/object performing the action) Lost? Dont you worry. We conjugate verbs in English every day! How???

4 La Conjugaison des Verbes Verb Conjugation Watch carefully as our verb repair specialty crew conjugates an English verb in the present tense. to be I am We are You are You (pl) are He/She is They are

5 La Conjugaison des Verbes Verb Conjugation Dont they do excellent work? Here are some other familiar projects: to dance to eat I dance We dance You dance You (pl) dance He/She dances They dance I eat We eat You eat You (pl) eat He/She eats They eat So…We change to dance to dance or dances depending on who were talking about (I, You, They). Therefore, the general rule is to drop the FIRST 2 letters and add an ending if needed.

6 La Conjugaison des Verbes Verb Conjugation Here are a few verbs try. Remember to use the present tense! to watch I watch We watch You watch You (pl) watch He/She watches They watch to work I work We work You work You (pl) work He/She works They work Cest facile, nest-ce pas?

7 Now that you are experts, lets check out the nuts and bolts of conjugating French verbs. La Conjugaison des Verbes Verb Conjugation Would you say… I is?You be?He are?She work? They watches?I to be? You to work? Oops! Of course not! Conjugated verbs are not interchangeable! It sounds ridiculous! Its the same way with the French language.

8 La Conjugaison des Verbes Parts and Accessories In order to be a successful verb conjugator, you will need to know the following 4 terms: Stem- Infinitive-The verb by itself: danser, parler, inviter, regarder What others can you name? The verb without the er/ir/re: dans, parl, invit, regard Subject- The person or thing doing the action (je, vous, la télé) travaillerhabiterorganiserécouterchanter

9 Ending- La Conjugaison des Verbes Parts and Accessories And most importantly: The combination of letters that we put in place of the er that we dropped earlier. Each pronoun has its own ending to be used. Below is a chart that gives these endings -ER Endings Je e []Nousons [ohn] Tues []Vousez [eh] Il/ Elle e [] Ils/ Elles ent []

10 La Conjugaison des Verbes Parts and Accessories SubjectInfinitiveStemEnding The worker:The drill packaging: The drill: (packaging removed) The drill bits: Or think of it this way: aimer, danser, chanter, parler er Je, Tu, Nous, la fille, Ils aim, dans, chant, parl e, es, e, ons, ez, ent The worker chooses the bit for each drill!!!

11 La Conjugaison des Verbes Parts and Accessories Ok, heres the drill : Try to conjugate these French verbs by following the 4 simple steps: 1. Take note of the worker (sujet) 2. Choose your drill package (groupe de verbe) 3. Remove ALL er packaging from the drill (how else are you going to use it?) 4.Select the correct bit for the worker given *Notice, there are 6 workers for each verb!* Je Tu Il/Elle parler Nous Vous Ils/Elles

12 Je Tu Il/Elle parler Nous Vous Ils/Elles Je Tu Il/Elle jouer Nous Vous Ils/Elles Je Tu Il/Elle habiter Nous Vous Ils/Elles Je Tu Il/Elle aimer Nous Vous Ils/Elles La Conjugaison des Verbes Parts and Accessories Go to the next page to see how you did!

13 Je parle Tu parles Il/Elle parle parler Nous parlons Vous parlez Ils/Elles parlent Je joue Tu joues Il/Elle joue jouer Nous jouons Vous jouez Ils/Elles jouent Jhabite Tu habites Il/Elle habite habiter Nous habitons Vous habitez Ils/Elles habitent Jaime Tu aimes Il/Elle aime aimer Nous aimons Vous aimez Ils/Elles aiment La Conjugaison des Verbes Parts and Accessories How did you do? Ready for a new twist?

14 Lets try it with adorer, in a chart: Subject (worker) + Stem (drill) + Ending (bit) Result J+ador+eadore Tu+ador+esadores Il/Elle+ador+eadore Nous+ador+onsadorons Vous+ador+ezadorez Ils/Elles+ador+entadorent La Conjugaison des Verbes Parts and Accessories

15 Les verbes du G special Special G verbs voyager Je voyage Nous voyageons Tu voyagesVous voyagez Il/Elle voyage Ils/Elles voyagent nager Je nageNous nageons Tu nagesVous nagez Il/Elle nage Ils/Elles nagent manger Je mangeNous mangeons Tu mangesVous mangez Il/Elle mangeIls/Elles mangent For these special G verbs, the Nous form is different. What changes? Why? (think pronunciation) Something about the spelling has changed…

16 Les verbes du G special Special G verbs -Weve added an e between the g and ons -Why? -So we can keep the [zsh] sound in all the verb forms (je, tu, nous, vous, etc) consistently. And if we didnt? -Wed have: nagons [nah – gohn] voyagons [voy –a-gohn] mangon [mah –gohn] And the French would say… So what changes?

17 TROIS Sens Three Meanings 3 Each conjugated form of a verb in the present tense has THREE meanings.

18 TROIS Sens Three Meanings For example, lets conjugate: voyager Je voyage Nous voyageons Tu voyages Vous voyagez Il/Elle voyage Ils/Elles voyagent Je voyage has three meanings: I travel, I am traveling, I do travel Ils/Elles voyagent has three meanings: They travel, they are traveling, and they do travel

19 TROIS Sens Three Meanings Need a few more examples? Nous jouons We play We are playing We do play Elles empruntent They borrow They are borrowing They do borrow Je gagne I win I am winning I do win

20 What about the IR verbs? They follow the same rules, they just have different drill bits -IR Endings Je is [ee] Nous issons [ee-sohn] Tuis [ee]Vousissez [ee-seh] Il/ Elle it [ee] Ils/ Elles issent [iss-]

21 Veux-tu le voir en action? Subject (worker) + Stem (drill) + Ending (bit) Result Je+chois+ischoisis Tu+chois+ischoisis Il/Elle+chois+itchoisit Nous+chois+issonschoisissons Vous+chois+issezchoisissez Ils/Elles+chois+issentchoisissent Lets use the verb CHOISIR (to choose)

22 And RE verbs? -RE Endings Je s [-]Nousons [ohn] Tus [-]Vousez [eh] Il/ Elle - [-] Ils/Elles ent [-] Again, same rules, they just have different drill bits

23 Veux-tu le voir en action? Lets use the verb ENTENDRE (to hear) Subject (worker) + Stem (drill) + Ending (bit) Result J+entend+sentends Tu+entend+sentends Il/Elle+entend+- Nous+entend+onsentendons Vous+entend+ezentendez Ils/Elles+entend+ententendent

24 FAQs

25 Les Questions Fréquentes Frequently Asked Questions Technical Questions: Instead of dropping the er when conjugating a verb, cant I just drop the r? What youre really asking: Cant I leave some of the packaging and still use the drill without any problems? Answer: NO! It may seem like it doesnt make a difference, but it is a bad habit to start! Some verbs have fancier endings and cannot be conjugated by just dropping the r. Conjugation will not turn out properly… nor will your project if you leave the packaging on the drill!

26 Les Questions Fréquentes Frequently Asked Questions Technical Questions: Why is the e missing in Je when I conjugate verbs like: aimer, habiter, écouter, adorer, obéir entendre, etc. What youre really asking: Is the Je worker picky about certain drills? Answer: Yes, the Je worker is picky. If the drill it wants to use begins with a vowel or an h (which is silent in French). it likes to eliminate the e in Je and put an apostrophe in its place. For example: Jhabite, Jaime, Jinvite, Jobéis.

27 Les Questions Fréquentes Frequently Asked Questions Technical Questions: Will je suis parle or je suis parler work instead of saying je parle to mean I am speaking? What youre really asking: Cant a worker use two drills at the same time with or without the correct bit? Answer: NO! Its dangerous and makes no sense! Je parle already means I am speaking. Je suis parle translates to I am am speaking. Je suis parler means I am to speak. Do not put any form of être (suis, es, est, sommes, êtes, sont) in front of any verb!!! (youd be using two drills… être and another verb)


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