Presentation on theme: "EGNOS: a satellite navigation system for Europe, and an opportunity for Africa! Michel Bosco Head, Galileo and EGNOS Applications and International Cooperation."— Presentation transcript:
1 EGNOS: a satellite navigation system for Europe, and an opportunity for Africa! Michel Bosco Head, Galileo and EGNOS Applications and International Cooperation European Commission
2 EGNOS System Architecture EGNOS is an SBAS that “augments” the signal ofsatellite positioning systems e.g. GPS, GALILEO, GLONASS3 GEO Satellites6 Navigation Land Earth StationsUsers & Service Providers2 SupportFacilities4 Mission Control CentresGPS signals(in the future: GALILEO signals)34 Ranging & Integrity Monitoring Stations (RIMS)
3 EGNOS Service AreaINMARSAT AOR-E (15.5°W), ARTEMIS (21.3°E), INMARSAT IOR-W (25°E)EGNOS Service AreaEGNOS SatelliteFootprintsEGNOS is delivering a free open service over Europe since October It will deliver its services for at least > 20 years EGNOS satellites footprint cover also Africa.
4 Towards a worldwide SBAS coverage WAASEGNOSSatellite coverage areaEGNOS Service AreaSDCMGAGANMSASSource: Stanford University
5 Technical feasibility and users’ interest A demonstration of the use of EGNOS for advanced rail traffic management, on low-density rail lines, Gauteng, South Africa 2005Temporary EGNOS reference stations installed in several African countries: Chad, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo, Ethiopia, Kenya, Zambia, Namibia and South AfricaEGNOS trials have been carried out for in Senegal and Kenya for aviation, in vessel traffic management in the Suez canal, for train control supervision in South AfricaIn flight testing took place during a East-to-West flight from Dakar to Mombasa on May 2005_______A demonstration of the use of EGNOS for advanced rail traffic management, especially on low-density rail linesTook place in Gauteng, South Africa on 24 November 2005Undertaken with collaboration of Spoornet, South AfricaTemporary EGNOS reference stations installed in several African countries: Chad, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo, Ethiopia, Kenya, Zambia, Namibia and South Africa; flight testing took place during a East-to-West flight from Dakar to Mombasa on May 2005
6 EGNOS benefits in aviation General operational benefitsReduction in angle of approach (direct and curved)Better lateral guidanceEGNOS enables a reduction in the decision heightAllows for IFR-like operation in non ILS-equipped airportsIncrease in airports capacityIncrease in safetyIncrease in flight capability (e.g. helicopters)Expensive land based navaids can be avoidedEnables their long term decommissioning => lower terminal chargesNPA: Non Precision ApproachLNAV: Lateral NAVigationVNAV: Vertical NAVigationLPV: Lateral Precision with Vertical guidanceGLS: GNSS Landing SystemCAT II: Category 2 Precision ApproachCAT III: Category 3 Precision Approach
7 Impact on Economic development and integration EGNOSpotential37 % from Africa is 250km from an ILS equipped airport87 % from Africa is 250km from a main or regional airport
8 Use of EGNOS for land management Hydrographic surveyCrustal deformation monitoringLandslides, flooding, volcanic crustal dynamics, etcImprovement of National Geodetic NetworkCartography, cadastre and GIS data collectionUpdate of regional technical map, standardised cadastral surveying, georeferencing orthoimages satellite images, etc.Structure monitoringBridges, dams, buildingsCivil EngineeringSupport to meteorological analysis and forecasts
9 EGNOS benefits in Africa Economic opening-up of isolated regions, reduction of access costs to regional centresImproving transport infrastructure at once by making regional airports accessible to nationally and internationallyReducing maintenance costs, safety and security of railwaysImproving dramatically air and maritime transport safetyImpacting positively agriculture, mining, energy, and land managementReduction of costs, increased safety and greater reactivity for humanitarian interventionsBuilding African capacity at managing large projectsEstablishing pan-African infrastructureTraining of African users and operatorsReinforcement of African academic institutions
10 Results of a Cost-benefits analysis The use of SABS for Africa can bring benefits for various economic sectorsTotal benefits surpass 500€m over the (30 years) periodMillions of Euro311Total discounted net benefits(Discount rate of 8%)~ 520€m
11 Programme implementation steps …201020112012Preliminary studiesCost Benefit AnalysisProgramming (implementation and management plan)Governance schemePolitical supportFundingDetailed system designDeployment of EGNOS across AfricaService provision and operationMain issues being tackled with the African Union Commission:Rationale and benefitsTechnical alternativesLiability policyCertification policyIndustrial issuesTraining needs and capacity buildingExploitationCostsGovernance structureFunding optionsProject management structure
12 Thank you for your attention Further information:
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