4 EGNOS System Architecture 3 GEO Satellites6 Navigation Land Earth StationsUsers & Service Providers2 SupportFacilities4 Mission Control Centres34 Ranging & Integrity Monitoring Stations (RIMS)GPS & GLONASS
5 Typical User Communities EGNOS ServicesServiceTransmission MeansTypical User CommunitiesGuarantee of ServiceOpen ServiceL1 frequencyPedestrian, in-car navigationNoneSafety of Life ServiceAviation, maritime, railwayCompliance to ICAO standards (certification)EGNOS Data Access Server (EDAS)Ground networkPedestrian, in-car navigation, research (e.g. atmospheric, tectonics), high-accuracyCompliance to SLA when commercialisation will startSLA … Service Level Agreement, EDAS … EGNOS Data Access Server
6 EGNOS Services – Current Status AccuracyService StatusExpected LifetimeOpen ServiceTypical vertical and horizontal positioning accuracy in the centre of Europe around 1m(spec: 3m horizontal, 4m vertical)SIS available, declaration of "entry into service" planned for late 200920 yearsSafety of Life ServiceSame accuracy as Open Service. SoL service levels compliant to ICAO SARPS definition for APV1Test SIS available, declaration of "entry into service" planned for mid-2010EGNOS Data Access Server (EDAS)Corrections provided by terrestrial network allow for sub-meter accuracy locally or regionally through additional processingExperimental service available since 2008SIS … Signal in Space, SARPS … Standards and Recommended Practices, SoL … Safety of Life
7 EGNOS Data Access Service (EDAS) EGNOS data (real-time):RIMS raw observationsSBAS messagesEnd usersValue-addedservice providerPhased approach:Phase 1: prototyping (2008)EDAS data free-of-chargeNo guarantee/liability12 months duration minimumPhase 2: commercial exploitation (from 2009)Example of applications : road transport in urban areasUser-specificinformation
8 EGNOS Performance (January 2009) Source: Service Management Report ESSP for January 2009APV … Approach with vertical guidance
9 EGNOS Programme Status EGNOS is already broadcasting signals of excellent quality2009:Assets have been transferred from ESA to the European Community in April 2009First EGNOS operator contract as of 1st April 2009OS declaration of "entry into service" planned for late 2009EC has finalized the procurement and lease of an EGNOS transponder to replace ARTEMIS as of 2011Procurement action ongoing for replacement of 2nd EGNOS transponderGeographical service extension is under study2010:SOL declaration of "entry into service" planned for mid-2010 (after certification milestone)EC intends to launch tests to demonstrate the added value of EGNOS for different market segmentsGSA web portal for user communities and developers of applications starting early 2010
10 EGNOS ExtensionsEastern EuropeMiddle-EastMEDADepending on the extension area, technical implementation may vary from:Homogeneous extension with deployment of additional RIMSRegional infrastructure including additional processing capabilities
11 Aviation was first to recognise EGNOS benefits (mostly GA and smaller airports) EGNOS competitive spaceEGNOS enables a reduction in the decision heightGeneral operational benefitsReduction in angle of approach (direct and curved)Better lateral guidanceAllows for IFR-like operation in non ILS-equipped airportsIncrease in airports capacityIncrease in safetyIncrease in flight capability (e.g. helicopters)Expensive land based navaids can be avoidedEnables their long term decommissioning => lower terminal chargesNPA: Non Precision ApproachLNAV: Lateral NAVigationVNAV: Vertical NAVigationLPV: Lateral Precision with Vertical guidanceGLS: GNSS Landing SystemCAT II: Category 2 Precision ApproachCAT III: Category 3 Precision ApproachLong-term
12 Segment attractiveness Initial position of identified applicationsLBS E112 / LBS non regulatedHighRoad eCallRoad (RUC / PAYD)Comm. Veh. TelematicsCivil Aviation (APV)Farming (Precision Agriculture)Segment attractiveness(size, growth)General AviationMediumMultimodal Transport (Dangerous goods)Specialist tracking (Livestock, City logistics)A-SMGCSHPPInland Waterways (Traffic Management Surveillance)LowRail FreightRail Fleet MgtLowMediumHighEGNOS added value
13 Segment attractiveness EGNOS ability to compete EGNOS potential (with appropriate market enablers)LBS E112 / LBS non regulatedLBS E112 / LBS non regulatedHighRoad eCallRoad eCallRoad (RUC / PAYD)Road (RUC / PAYD)Comm. Veh. TelematicsComm. Veh. TelematicsCivil Aviation (APV)Civil Aviation (APV)FarmingFarming (Precision Agriculture)Segment attractiveness(size, growth)General AviationGeneral AviationMediumMultimodal TransportMultimodal Transport (Dangerous goods)Specialist trackingSpecialist tracking (Livestock, City logistics)A-SMGCSA-SMGCSHPPHPPInland WaterwaysInland Waterways (Traffic Management Surveillance)LowRail FreightRail FreightRail Fleet MgtRail Fleet MgtLowMediumHighEGNOS ability to compete based on technical performance versus other GNSS solutions e.g. GPS, GPS+Galileo, dGPS in the corresponding application.EGNOS ability to compete
15 Galileo Implementation Plan Full Operational Capability27 (+3) Galileo satellites2013In-Orbit Validation4 IOV satellites plus ground segment2010Galileo System Testbed v22 initial test satellites2005Galileo System Testbed v1Validation of critical algorithmsGSTB V1 objectivesGPS measurements collected world-wide by a network of stations and processed off-line to verify GALILEO Timing, Navigation and Integrity conceptsSuccessful completion in December 2004 with the provision of validated prototype algorithms and models to the Ground Mission Segment IOV Phase CDE1 ContractGSTB V2 objectivesExperimental GALILEO Satellite programmePrecursor of the IOV PhaseSecuring GALILEO filings and validating on-board technology in the MEO radiation environmentIOV ObjectivesVerification of all space, ground and user components, including their interfaces, prior to full system deploymentAnalysis of system performance with the view to refine the FOC system prior to full system deploymentVerification of the adequacy of the siting requirementsVerification of Navigation ProcessingVerification of integrity processing regarding the establishment of SISA and IF confidence levels, characterisation of feared events and TTA analysisUERE budget characterisationDeployment risk reductionVerification of operational proceduresFOC2003
16 Galileo – 5 Services Open Service Free to air; Mass market; Simple positioningCommercial ServiceEncrypted; High accuracy; Guaranteed serviceSafety of Life ServiceOpen Service + Integrity and Authentication of signalEncrypted; Integrity; Continuous availabilityPublic Regulated ServiceSearch and Rescue ServiceNear real-time; Precise; Return link feasible
17 Galileo Performance Standards (Dual Frequency) ServiceHorizontal Accuracy (95%)(incl. system margins)Vertical Accuracy (95%)Availability*IntegrityOpen Service4 m8 m> 99.5%NOCommercial ServiceDetailed performance requirements under elaborationSafety of Life ServiceYES (LPV200)Public Regulated ServiceYESPlease note: Currently the HLD still specifies for the PRS a horiz. accuracy of 6 m and a vertical accuracy of 12 m. However, this will be corrected to 4 and 8 respectively once the document is updated.* Availability figures for global average
18 Road Market : Road Tolling Galileo / Egnos can bring :Better accuracyBetter availability of the signalAuthentication to avoid spoofingService guarantee to operatorsAll receivers will use two or more constellations for better performance :Galileo + GPSGalileo + CompassGalileo + GlonassStandardization process to be achieved in the interoperability Directive
19 Road Transport : Dangerous Goods Proposal for an EC directive for real time tracking of dangerous materialsAiming first at improving road safety and civil securityShould however benefit to hauliers as well as it will help smoothering traffic restrictionsNuclear material as primary targetall other kinds of dangerous ggods concernedExplosives, gases, flammable and combustible liquids, flammable solids, oxydising substances, toxic and infectious substances, radioactive material, corrosive, miscellaneous hazardousInternational and European elements: Int’l regulation on carraige of dangerous goods by road (ADR), by river (ADNR), Int’l maritime dangerous goods (IMDG), etc.For nuclear/radioactive material, additional rules:Satellite navigation tracking:position, date and time, speed, course, respect of pre-defined path, excluded zones, faster emergency operations, etc.
20 Road Transport : Monitoring of coaches New EC directive proposal based on real-time satellite tracking to avoid this :Monitoring of the itineraryReal time Access controlMonitoring the driving conditionsReal time info service+ automatic eCall for emergency situations
21 ADAS (advanced driver assistance systems) Safety critical applicationNeeds total reliability and very high accuracy (up to 10 cm)Galileo required with service guaranteeCertification process to be implemented : which agreed body to do it ?To be on the market around 2020
22 PRS applications : Justice & home affairs, civil protection Offenders & Asylum seekersElectronic devices attached to offendersAlerts when allowed perimeters are brokenCut prison overcrowdingEmergency ServicesHelp emergency team operationsProvide route guidance in difficult terrainsCivil protectionDefine and apply keep-away zonesIdentify location to drop materialPolice forcesPolice fleet monitoringFight against piracyVehicule and individual traking and tracingNo numbers so far: but this is coming, as our candidates to the concession highlight the importance of these markets.
23 Conclusions EGNOS will soon enter into its operational phase EGNOS Open Service in 2009EGNOS Safety of Life Service in 2010Galileo is at the handover between the development (IOV) and deployment (FOC) phasesGIOVE-A, GIOVE-B missions on-goingFOC procurement started in July 20084 IOV satellites in 2010Full Operational Capability in 2013International coordination is an important featureEnsure compatibility as a minimumAchieve interoperability when desiredEurope has demonstrated its technical capability to develop operational navigation systems:• EGNOS is ready to enter into operations• GALILEO is moving ahead steadily• The future is preparedEurope is now to show its ability to overcome the management and organisational challenges by supporting an appropriate way of developing/ deploying GALILEO infrastructure
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