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European GNSS Programmes Galileo and EGNOS

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Presentation on theme: "European GNSS Programmes Galileo and EGNOS"— Presentation transcript:

1 European GNSS Programmes Galileo and EGNOS
Edgar Thielmann European Commission June 2009 EUROPEAN COMMISSION


3 Operational Phase (Long Term Operations, Extensions, Replenishments)
EGNOS Timeline Regional Infrastructure & Services Programme EGNOS Phases Operational Phase (Long Term Operations, Extensions, Replenishments) IOP Phase Definition Phase 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 IOP … Initial Operations

4 EGNOS System Architecture
3 GEO Satellites 6 Navigation Land Earth Stations Users & Service Providers 2 Support Facilities 4 Mission Control Centres 34 Ranging & Integrity Monitoring Stations (RIMS) GPS & GLONASS

5 Typical User Communities
EGNOS Services Service Transmission Means Typical User Communities Guarantee of Service Open Service L1 frequency Pedestrian, in-car navigation None Safety of Life Service Aviation, maritime, railway Compliance to ICAO standards (certification) EGNOS Data Access Server (EDAS) Ground network Pedestrian, in-car navigation, research (e.g. atmospheric, tectonics), high-accuracy Compliance to SLA when commercialisation will start SLA … Service Level Agreement, EDAS … EGNOS Data Access Server

6 EGNOS Services – Current Status
Accuracy Service Status Expected Lifetime Open Service Typical vertical and horizontal positioning accuracy in the centre of Europe around 1m (spec: 3m horizontal, 4m vertical) SIS available, declaration of "entry into service" planned for late 2009 20 years Safety of Life Service Same accuracy as Open Service. SoL service levels compliant to ICAO SARPS definition for APV1 Test SIS available, declaration of "entry into service" planned for mid-2010 EGNOS Data Access Server (EDAS) Corrections provided by terrestrial network allow for sub-meter accuracy locally or regionally through additional processing Experimental service available since 2008 SIS … Signal in Space, SARPS … Standards and Recommended Practices, SoL … Safety of Life

7 EGNOS Data Access Service (EDAS)
EGNOS data (real-time): RIMS raw observations SBAS messages End users Value-added service provider Phased approach: Phase 1: prototyping (2008) EDAS data free-of-charge No guarantee/liability 12 months duration minimum Phase 2: commercial exploitation (from 2009) Example of applications : road transport in urban areas User-specific information

8 EGNOS Performance (January 2009)
Source: Service Management Report ESSP for January 2009 APV … Approach with vertical guidance

9 EGNOS Programme Status
EGNOS is already broadcasting signals of excellent quality 2009: Assets have been transferred from ESA to the European Community in April 2009 First EGNOS operator contract as of 1st April 2009 OS declaration of "entry into service" planned for late 2009 EC has finalized the procurement and lease of an EGNOS transponder to replace ARTEMIS as of 2011 Procurement action ongoing for replacement of 2nd EGNOS transponder Geographical service extension is under study 2010: SOL declaration of "entry into service" planned for mid-2010 (after certification milestone) EC intends to launch tests to demonstrate the added value of EGNOS for different market segments GSA web portal for user communities and developers of applications starting early 2010

10 EGNOS Extensions Eastern Europe Middle-East MEDA Depending on the extension area, technical implementation may vary from: Homogeneous extension with deployment of additional RIMS Regional infrastructure including additional processing capabilities

11 Aviation was first to recognise EGNOS benefits (mostly GA and smaller airports)
EGNOS competitive space EGNOS enables a reduction in the decision height General operational benefits Reduction in angle of approach (direct and curved) Better lateral guidance Allows for IFR-like operation in non ILS-equipped airports Increase in airports capacity Increase in safety Increase in flight capability (e.g. helicopters) Expensive land based navaids can be avoided Enables their long term decommissioning => lower terminal charges NPA: Non Precision Approach LNAV: Lateral NAVigation VNAV: Vertical NAVigation LPV: Lateral Precision with Vertical guidance GLS: GNSS Landing System CAT II: Category 2 Precision Approach CAT III: Category 3 Precision Approach Long-term

12 Segment attractiveness
Initial position of identified applications LBS E112 / LBS non regulated High Road eCall Road (RUC / PAYD) Comm. Veh. Telematics Civil Aviation (APV) Farming (Precision Agriculture) Segment attractiveness (size, growth) General Aviation Medium Multimodal Transport (Dangerous goods) Specialist tracking (Livestock, City logistics) A-SMGCS HPP Inland Waterways (Traffic Management Surveillance) Low Rail Freight Rail Fleet Mgt Low Medium High EGNOS added value

13 Segment attractiveness EGNOS ability to compete
EGNOS potential (with appropriate market enablers) LBS E112 / LBS non regulated LBS E112 / LBS non regulated High Road eCall Road eCall Road (RUC / PAYD) Road (RUC / PAYD) Comm. Veh. Telematics Comm. Veh. Telematics Civil Aviation (APV) Civil Aviation (APV) Farming Farming (Precision Agriculture) Segment attractiveness (size, growth) General Aviation General Aviation Medium Multimodal Transport Multimodal Transport (Dangerous goods) Specialist tracking Specialist tracking (Livestock, City logistics) A-SMGCS A-SMGCS HPP HPP Inland Waterways Inland Waterways (Traffic Management Surveillance) Low Rail Freight Rail Freight Rail Fleet Mgt Rail Fleet Mgt Low Medium High EGNOS ability to compete based on technical performance versus other GNSS solutions e.g. GPS, GPS+Galileo, dGPS in the corresponding application. EGNOS ability to compete

14 Galileo

15 Galileo Implementation Plan
Full Operational Capability 27 (+3) Galileo satellites 2013 In-Orbit Validation 4 IOV satellites plus ground segment 2010 Galileo System Testbed v2 2 initial test satellites 2005 Galileo System Testbed v1 Validation of critical algorithms GSTB V1 objectives GPS measurements collected world-wide by a network of stations and processed off-line to verify GALILEO Timing, Navigation and Integrity concepts Successful completion in December 2004 with the provision of validated prototype algorithms and models to the Ground Mission Segment IOV Phase CDE1 Contract GSTB V2 objectives Experimental GALILEO Satellite programme Precursor of the IOV Phase Securing GALILEO filings and validating on-board technology in the MEO radiation environment IOV Objectives Verification of all space, ground and user components, including their interfaces, prior to full system deployment Analysis of system performance with the view to refine the FOC system prior to full system deployment Verification of the adequacy of the siting requirements Verification of Navigation Processing Verification of integrity processing regarding the establishment of SISA and IF confidence levels, characterisation of feared events and TTA analysis UERE budget characterisation Deployment risk reduction Verification of operational procedures FOC 2003

16 Galileo – 5 Services Open Service
Free to air; Mass market; Simple positioning Commercial Service Encrypted; High accuracy; Guaranteed service Safety of Life Service Open Service + Integrity and Authentication of signal Encrypted; Integrity; Continuous availability Public Regulated Service Search and Rescue Service Near real-time; Precise; Return link feasible

17 Galileo Performance Standards (Dual Frequency)
Service Horizontal Accuracy (95%) (incl. system margins) Vertical Accuracy (95%) Availability* Integrity Open Service 4 m 8 m > 99.5% NO Commercial Service Detailed performance requirements under elaboration Safety of Life Service YES (LPV200) Public Regulated Service YES Please note: Currently the HLD still specifies for the PRS a horiz. accuracy of 6 m and a vertical accuracy of 12 m. However, this will be corrected to 4 and 8 respectively once the document is updated. * Availability figures for global average

18 Road Market : Road Tolling
Galileo / Egnos can bring : Better accuracy Better availability of the signal Authentication to avoid spoofing Service guarantee to operators All receivers will use two or more constellations for better performance : Galileo + GPS Galileo + Compass Galileo + Glonass Standardization process to be achieved in the interoperability Directive

19 Road Transport : Dangerous Goods
Proposal for an EC directive for real time tracking of dangerous materials Aiming first at improving road safety and civil security Should however benefit to hauliers as well as it will help smoothering traffic restrictions Nuclear material as primary target all other kinds of dangerous ggods concerned Explosives, gases, flammable and combustible liquids, flammable solids, oxydising substances, toxic and infectious substances, radioactive material, corrosive, miscellaneous hazardous International and European elements: Int’l regulation on carraige of dangerous goods by road (ADR), by river (ADNR), Int’l maritime dangerous goods (IMDG), etc. For nuclear/radioactive material, additional rules: Satellite navigation tracking: position, date and time, speed, course, respect of pre-defined path, excluded zones, faster emergency operations, etc.

20 Road Transport : Monitoring of coaches
New EC directive proposal based on real-time satellite tracking to avoid this : Monitoring of the itinerary Real time Access control Monitoring the driving conditions Real time info service + automatic eCall for emergency situations

21 ADAS (advanced driver assistance systems)
Safety critical application Needs total reliability and very high accuracy (up to 10 cm) Galileo required with service guarantee Certification process to be implemented : which agreed body to do it ? To be on the market around 2020

22 PRS applications : Justice & home affairs, civil protection
Offenders & Asylum seekers Electronic devices attached to offenders Alerts when allowed perimeters are broken Cut prison overcrowding Emergency Services Help emergency team operations Provide route guidance in difficult terrains Civil protection Define and apply keep-away zones Identify location to drop material Police forces Police fleet monitoring Fight against piracy Vehicule and individual traking and tracing No numbers so far: but this is coming, as our candidates to the concession highlight the importance of these markets.

23 Conclusions EGNOS will soon enter into its operational phase
EGNOS Open Service in 2009 EGNOS Safety of Life Service in 2010 Galileo is at the handover between the development (IOV) and deployment (FOC) phases GIOVE-A, GIOVE-B missions on-going FOC procurement started in July 2008 4 IOV satellites in 2010 Full Operational Capability in 2013 International coordination is an important feature Ensure compatibility as a minimum Achieve interoperability when desired Europe has demonstrated its technical capability to develop operational navigation systems: • EGNOS is ready to enter into operations • GALILEO is moving ahead steadily • The future is prepared Europe is now to show its ability to overcome the management and organisational challenges by supporting an appropriate way of developing/ deploying GALILEO infrastructure

24 Thank you for your attention.

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