Presentation on theme: "The Single European Sky ATM Research (SESAR) initiative"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Single European Sky ATM Research (SESAR) initiative to achieve increased ATM System performanceTimothy FenoulhetHead of OfficeEuropean Commission, Montreal
2 Air transport is an important element of European growth 220 billion € to European GDP (~2%) -Employs over 3 million people -70 new airlines since creation of the Single MarketDeveloping air transport capacity and infrastructure is essential to European economy The european skies are becoming largerAir transport is an important element of European growth;it contributes to the European gross domestic product for about 220 billion €, and employs over 3 million people.
3 Europe facing development challenges Air Traffic in Europe will more than double within the next 20 yearsOver 17 million flights per year2020201012.5 million2006Projections of the development of air traffic in Europe show that it should more than double in the next 20 years and even triple in certain regions like central Europe.Over 17 million flights are estimated in 2020.The present system is reaching its limits in handling this increase in traffic. As capacity reaches its limits delays become unavoidable and cause problems not only for passengers but also for airlines, who have difficulties in sustaining the resulting costs as well as for airports.Furthermore, it is proven that the cost of the European ATC system is proportional to the increase in traffic: considering that the current cost in Europe is about 7 billion Euro /year, under the present ATM model this cost is likely to rise to 14 to 18 billion in 2020.Safety is also an issue linked to the growth of air traffic. Although flying is one of the safest travel modes, if traffic grows as foreseen, there is a greater risk of accidents due to failures of ATM systems.200510.5 million
4 Europe facing development challenges Air Traffic Control is operatedlike 20 years agoBasic technologiesare obsoleteEuropean airspace cannot befurther dividedThe current Air Traffic Management systems, based on technologies dating from the 1950s, cannot sustain expected traffic growth, nor demanding standards in terms of security, safety and environmental impact.Even if the global performance of the system has improved there has been little change in the equipment and the traffic growth has not been accompanied by a substantial modernisation of he system.The techniques and the systems in use are reaching their limits. They date back from the 70’s and in some case from the 50’s (radio communications, nav aids) and they are not designed to make full use of new technologies (satellite navigation)There is very little automation in ATM leaving controllers with a heavy burden of mentally anticipating all traffic patterns.Traffic increases were dealt with by reducing the size of sectors, but sectors cannot be further reduced
5 An ATM reform is needed ! Traffic growth in Europe cannot be sustained without a substantial technological leapTechnology is not the only challenge:decision making is also a key issueIt is clear, and all stakeholders of the sector agree, that in order to meet the challenges of air traffic growth, a technological reform characterised by a real Technological leap is necessary.But this is not sufficient: decision making is also problematic in our field, and it is therefore essentialAn ATM reform is needed !
6 ATM Institutional reform Single European SkyATM Institutional reformThe Single Sky Legislation reforms the organisation of air navigation service provisionSeparation of regulatory activities from service provision(National Supervisory Authorities, Air navigation service providers)Organisation of cross-border functional airspace blocksCommon standards for service provision (certification, Charging schemes)InteroperabilityEstablishes bodies which manage implementation (SSC, ICB), involving all stakeholders (staff, military,…)Implementing powers to the CommissionThe European Union has undertaken to remedy the situation through the Single European Sky initiative which establishes a new institutional and organisational framework for ATM in EuropeThe principle elements of the SES are :Separation of regulatory activities from service provisionEstablishes bodies which manage the implementation of the SES, namely the SSC and the Industry consultation Body and requires member States to establish national supervisory authorities independent from ANSPOrganisation of cross boarder FABConsists in the reorganisation of the European airspace on the basis of operational traffic flows rather than on national bordersSetting up of common rules and standards in order to ensure interoperability of systems and procedures throught the European ATM networkConfers extensive implementing powers to the Commission through comitology procedure involving the Single Sky Committee.
7 SES AR Technological & industrial complement ATM Technological reformTechnological & industrial complementto the Single Sky Legislationin order to fully implement the SES, it must have an industrial and technological dimension as well.SESAR is the technological and industrial component of the SES. This programme aims at developing a new generation of ATM systems in Europe, which can in turn serve as a model for the world.It will develop the technologies, methods of organisation and the industrial components which can ensure the safety and efficiency of air transport over the next 30 years.SESAR will be able to use the regulatory instruments and new working methods introduced by the SES to implement the technological advances it will develop.Technological advances developed by SESAR will be implemented through EU law
8 One programme for Europe One vision to be shared with the world shared by all the players in the air transport sectorCombines resources and efforts – avoiding fragmentationAddresses environmental issuesOne vision to be shared with the worlda solution to European issueswith a global perspectiveOpen to international partnershipA key factor of this project is that it has generated an unprecedented mobilisation of all the players in the ATM sector including institutional bodies (Eurocontrol, civil aviation authorities and military), operational entities (Air navigation service providers, airports, atc personnel representatives) and the private sector (airlines and manufacturers).SESAR will combine public and private resources under a single project in order to avoid fragmentation of R&D activities making optimal use of knowledge and investments in the sector.On the other hand air transport is by definition international. Therefore, for economic, technical and above all safety reasons, global interoperability is ncessary.SESAR will seek cooperation agreements with third countries who will also be invited to participated in the programme.
9 Objectives A consistent, focussed and user-driven project. Ambitious but realistic objectives for the European ATM infrastructure:Triple capacityReduce by 50% ATM costsIncrease safety by a factor of 1010% reduction of environmental impact per flightA European programme with worldwide reachOne the key benefits of SESAR is that it is conceived to be a consistent project focussed on the needs identified by the principal stakeholders for the development of the new systemsIt has ambitious but realistic objectivesTripling capacityCutting ATM costs by halfBut SESAR also addresses needs and concerns of society namely in terms of safety and environmental impact. In fact, it aims to increase ATM safety level by 10 and reduce air traffic environmental impact by 10% thanks to the implementation of new technologies and new systems.The cooperation agreement signed by the Commission and the FAA at the Farnborough airshow will not only make it possible to put in place the mechanisms for coordinating the two programmes but also includes a reciprocity clause that will allow European industry to participate in the American programme and American industry to participate in SESAR.
10 Rationalise efforts into a consistent and ambitious Develop and implement the best performing technologies and operations that will sustain European air transport growthRationalise efforts into a consistent and ambitiousContinental work programmeProvide consistency between R&D and implementation,through EU Legislation.
11 3 phases Definition Development Deployment 2004 2008 2013-16 2020 > Define the different technological steps, programme priorities and operational implementation plans.Develop new equipments, systems or standards, through defined and coherent R&D activities;SESAR is a 3 phase programmeThe definition phase ( )will establish the detailed content of the programme in terms of technology, components, organisation, costs and planning.It will establish the European ATM master Plan.The development phase ( )will produce the new generation systems and components as defined in the definition phase.For this phase the Commission has proposed the creation of a joint undertaking, based on the GALILEO model, who’s mission is to federate public and private funds (Community, Eurocontrol, industry and third countries) and guarantee a single management structure for the project associating all the major actors involved.The deployment phase ( ) will seek to build the new infrastructure and deploy it on a wide scale both in Europe and in partner countries. This will be carried out under the responsibility of the industry without further public funding.Deploy the new system through a large scale production and implementation of the new ATM infrastructure.
12 SESAR Single European Sky Deployment Full interoperability capabilityEASA ATM extensionEASA airport extensionFAB assessmentSESReviewEASA crew/operat extensionNSAs>DefinitionDevelopmentDeploymentEarly deploymentSJU setupSJUClose downATM Master planMid term reviewEnd developmentSESAR
13 Definition phase SESAR is currently in the Work is performed by a consortium ofover 30 companies and EurocontrolConsortium is led by Aircraft OperatorsProject directorate headed by AirbusAssembles wide stakeholders’ expertiseWith international participationThe total cost of € 60 million is equally shared by the Community, under the Trans-European Network programme (€ 30 million) and Eurocontrol (the European Organisation for the Safety of Air Navigation).A major contract was signed in 2005 with a consortium of more than 30 companies. Work will be carried out by this consortium which includes all industrial actors, namely: manufacturers of both systems and aircrafts, airlines, airports and air navigation service providers.An effort of ~200 persons full-time for 2 years
14 European ATM Master plan Definition phaseTotal cost = 60 million €co-funded by EC and EurocontrolThe definition phase will produce theEuropean ATM Master plan
15 The definition phase will produce the European ATM Master plan The ATM Master Plan will provide the schedule and work programme for the development & implementation of new technologies, functions or organisations needed in all regions of Europe.
16 European ATM Master plan It is defined by the principle players of the air transport sectorIt shall be endorsed by the Council and Parliament of the EUIt applies and is consistent with ICAO guidelines, in particular the:Global ATM Operational ConceptGlobal Performance ManualIt will be an input into evolutions of the Global Air Navigation Plan
17 This phase will be managed by the SESAR Joint Undertaking Development phaseThis phase will develop and validate equipments, systems & standards, which will ensure a convergence towards a fully interoperable ATM systemThis phase will be managed by theSESAR Joint UndertakingThe project will combine the long term investment capacity of public authorities with the technological innovation of Industry.Therefore the managing structure will have to be able to receive and manage public and private funds.The Treaty of the European Community under its Article 171, foresees an appropriate instrument that responds to these needs: The Joint undertaking.The JU is a flexible and reactive structure having a legal personality recognised in all Member StatesThe JU guarantees that the project will be managed by a single entity and that it will be coherent with the SES Legislation.2 founding membersOpened to other private and public entities also from third Countries
18 SESAR Joint Undertaking An initiative of the European CommissionEstablished by a EU Council Regulation adopted onAllows to combine public and private resourcesFull involvement of stakeholdersSingle management of R&DCoherence of the projectPolitical control by CommunityThe project will combine the long term investment capacity of public authorities with the technological innovation of Industry.Therefore the managing structure will have to be able to receive and manage public and private funds.The Treaty of the European Community under its Article 171, foresees an appropriate instrument that responds to these needs: The Joint undertaking.The JU is a flexible and reactive structure having a legal personality recognised in all Member StatesThe JU guarantees that the project will be managed by a single entity and that it will be coherent with the SES Legislation.2 founding membersOpened to other private and public entities also from third Countries
19 SESAR Joint Undertaking Single management entityConsistencyand cost effectivenessPerformance-orientedmanagementNo ATM R&D will be funded outside of SESAR
20 International cooperation JU Membership is open to public & private entities from Non EU Countries which have concluded at least one agreement with the European Community in the field of air transportEC and FAA signed a Memorandum of Understanding organising coordination of SESAR and NEXTGENStandardisation through ad hoc bodies (CEN/CENELEC/ETSI, EUROCAE, …)EASA will become increasingly involvedCoordination at ICAO level
21 ConclusionsSESAR is an ambitious project for developing the new European ATM systemCapacity x 3Reduce by 50% ATM costs Increase safety x10Reduce environmental impact per flight by 10%The SESAR Joint Undertaking will manage the development phaseSESAR is conceived as an open programmePublic-private partnershipInternational participationSESAR will be coordinated at an international levelInternational membersInternational agreementsICAO