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Click to edit Master title style BUDAPEST Airport Attention! FOD... Transportation Safety Bureau Meeting Siófok, October 7, 2008
Introduction FODDFODForeign Object Debris/Damage (further referred as FOD ) at the airport can cause damage that costs airlines, airports, and airport tenants millions of HUF (or equivalent currency) every year. FOD is any object that does not belong to, or near the airplanes and, as a result, can injure airport or airline personnel and/or damage aircraft.
Introduction FOD at airports: includes any object found on an inappropriate location that -- as a result of being there -- can damage equipment or injure airplane and/or airport personnel. Worldwide, the estimated cost of FODs for the aviation industry is in order of 4 billion USD a year. Airports, airlines, and airport tenants can reduce this cost by taking steps to prevent airport FOD. FOD is all around terminal gates, cargo aprons, taxiways, runways, and run-up pads. It causes damage through direct contact with airplanes, such as by cutting airplane tires or being ingested into engines, or as a result of being thrown by jet blast and damaging airplanes or injuring people.
What is FOD? Foreign Object Debris Foreign Object Damage
Foreign Object Debris A substance, debris or article alien to a vehicle or system which would potentially cause damage.
Foreign Object Damage Any damage attributed to a foreign object that can be expressed in physical or economic terms which may or may not downgrade the products safety or performance characteristics.
ICAO requirement The ICAO Annex 14 (Chapter 10, paragraph ) prescribes that "The surface of pavements (runways, taxiways, aprons and adjacent areas) shall be kept clear of any loose stones or other objects that might cause damage to aircraft structures or engines, or impair the operation of aircraft systems." (RMK: it became standard in November 24th, 2005 Fourth Edition, Amendment 7) and additional information can be found in the ICAO Doc 9157 Aerodrome Design Manual, Part 2.)
FOD occurrence FOD occurrence: Airport infrastructure The deterioration, maintenance, and construction of the airport infrastructure can contribute to FOD. For example, pieces of concrete can break loose from holes in pavement or from fatigue corner cracks, and building materials can fall from construction vehicles or be blown from gate areas onto aircraft maneuvering area. Normal airplane operations Refueling, catering, cabin cleaning, and baggage and cargo handling can produce broken materials. Baggage pieces, including bag tags and wheels, can break off luggage and either fall onto the apron or collect in the door sill. Items collected in the door sill can damage the door or prevent it from fully sealing. Personal belongings Pens, coins, identification badges, hats, soda cans, paperwork, and any other object that airport or airline personnel carry can become FOD if inadvertently left in an inappropriate location.
FOD-prevention program A FOD-prevention program can minimize FOD and its effects. According to experience, a program to control airport FOD is most effective when it addresses four main areas: Training, Inspection by airline, airport, and airplane handling agency personnel. Maintenance Co-operation and co-ordination.
FOD prevention FOD prevention: FOD bins Cleaning, sweeping FOD campaign for prevention
FOD inspection and collection campaign Late February the Budapest Airport decided to carry out an immediate FOD inspection and collection campaign on part of the maneuvering area. The result is impressing: 314 sacks of FOD (including garbage) were collected which is around 60 m 3 of waste.
FOD incident at LHBP (1) Incident at LHBP in relation to FOD October 8, 2004 Tyre damage of a Malév CRJ-200 due to broken piece of concrete.
FOD incident at LHBP (2) Incident at LHBP in relation to FOD March 4, 2005 The Malev Maintenance Duty noticed tyre damage on two Malev aircraft (HA-LON, HA-LOB). Involvement in occurence or location of BA is not provable.
FOD incident at LHBP (3) Incident at LHBP in relation to FOD November 5, 2006 A plastic foil was sucked into engine N°1 of a Malev Boeing The foil was carried by the baggage dolly. The picture is for illustration purposes only.
FOD incident at LHBP (4) Incident at LHBP in relation to FOD September 11, 2007 The active runway had to be closed due to an oil can left on the RWY.
BA SMS Manual, Section S10 FOD Extract!
FOD campaign at Budapest Airport
Final conclusion We should be well aware that this FOD concern will never be solved. but…….: conscious education consequent supervision/monitoringWe will only be able to reduce risk of appearance of FOD based on very conscious education of people and very consequent supervision/monitoring of our area of responsibility on the Airside. efforts are requiredCommon efforts are required from each parties of aviation to deal with the issue properly! (RMK: and in addition to that, we always will have vis maior situations /like extra strong winds/ which will always make our life more complicated than we wanted to.)
REMEMBER!!! July 25, 2000, Paris, CDG lives The corpus delicti The remains The accident