Presentation on theme: "The Gilded Age 1869-1889 or 1870-1890 Mark Twain Charles Dudley Warner The Gilded Age. Mark Twain and Charles Dudley Warner were the men who wrote a book."— Presentation transcript:
The Gilded Age 1869-1889 or 1870-1890 Mark Twain Charles Dudley Warner The Gilded Age. Mark Twain and Charles Dudley Warner were the men who wrote a book The Gilded Age. Nicknames for the Gilded Age : Era of Good Stealings Great Barbecue
Most popular figure to emerge from Civil War. Appeared non- political. Voters tired of typical politicians! Election of 1868 Republican Nominee--Grant Republican Platform: Continued Military Reconstruction Democratic Nominee--Horatio Seymore Democratic Platform: Denounced Military Reconstruction
1.Jim Fisk and Jay Gould 2.Tweed Ring 3.Credit Mobilier Scandal 4.Whiskey Ring
Located in New York City Led by William Boss Tweed Political machine called Tammany Hall Exposed by NY Times and cartoonist Thomas Nast
Liberal Republican Party formed in response to Grants corrupt presidency Turn the Rascals Out Republican Party endorsed Grant…Grant us another term! Democrats endorse Horace Greeley
Caused by 1.Overproduction of railroads, mines, factories, and farm products 2.Bankers made too risky loans Greenbacks 3.Value of Greenbacks went down
Democrats in Congress wanted to print more money to stimulate the economy. Republicans feared rise in inflation SPECIE RESUMPTION ACT OF 1875 SPECIE RESUMPTION ACT OF 1875 - Greenbacks out of circulation; payments in gold!
Formed seeing more soft money Elected 14 members to Congress Died when the currency issue was resolved!!!
80% voted in the Gilded Age. Straight ticket- when you vote for everyone of the same party. Ticket splitting- when you vote for candidates on both parties. This was very rare during the Gilded Age. Voting patterns during the Gilded Age GOP- Grand Old Party …….Republicans GAR- Grand Army of the Republic…veterans Generally all Republicans
Patronage spoils system Patronage is the new word that means basically the spoils system. Used heavily by both parties during the Gilded Age. Stalwarts Republicans were divided into 2 factions over the Spoils System: Stalwarts and Half- Breeds. Stalwarts- Stalwarts- supported the use of the spoils system. Roscoe Conkling was the leader of the Stalwarts Half-Breeds- Half-Breeds- wanted to reform the spoils system. James G. Blaine was the leader of the Half-Breeds.
Disputed election. Samuel Tilden got 184 electoral votes but needed just one more to become president. Hayes needed 20 and there were 20 electoral votes in dispute. Election of 1876 Samuel Tilden- Democrat Rutherford B. Hayes- Republican Which states were in dispute? Why?
Decided the winner of the Election of 1876 Electoral Count Act Congress passed the Electoral Count Act. David Davis 5 Senators, 5 House members and 5 from the Supreme Court… one independent Supreme Court justice, David Davis. 771 (7 Republicans, 7 Democrats, and 1 independent) Tell the story! Would this happen today? Result: 8 Republicans to 7 Democrats COMPROMISE OF 1877
1. Rutherford B. Hayes becomes president. 2 Hayes must withdraw all federal troops out of the South thus officially ending Reconstruction. 3. Hayes had to give some Democrats government jobs through the spoils system. Compromise of 1877 Last major compromise in American history REVIEW ALLREVIEW ALL
Lemonade Lucy- his wife, got nickname b/c she didnt allowing drinking in White House. Rutherford B. Hayes Rutherfraud Old 8-to-7 His Fraudulency The Cold Water administration
This was the last Civil Rights Act past by the Republicans to protect blacks during Reconstruction. Supposedly guaranteed equal accommodations in public places & prohibited racial discrimination in jury selection. (basically the Civil Rights Act of1964) This act was toothless and stayed that way for almost a century. Civil Rights Act of 1875
The 3 methods that Southern Democrats used against blacks to keep them from exercising their civil rights: Poll taxes Literacy tests Barefaced intimidation Grandfather clause Grandfather clause was passed by many states. This stipulated that if your grandfather had voted in the election of 1860…you were exempt from poll taxes & literacy tests.
The Jim Crow laws were a series of laws passed in South in 1890s. These segregated blacks and whites in public places. These were declared legal and constitutional in Plessy v. Fergerson Plessy v. Fergerson stated,that separate but equal is O.K. This legalized segregation! 1896
coolies Many Chinese coolies were coming into California. IrishBlacks They competed with the Irish and Blacks for jobs! Denis Kearney Denis Kearney was the Irishman who organized the abuse of the Chinese. The Chinaman sometimes wore a pigtail called a queues
Chinese Exclusion Act Chinese Exclusion Act-- slammed the door on Chinese immigrants. They were prohibited from immigrating to the United States. 1882
President- James Garfield Republican- Half-Breed Vice Pres.- Chester Arthur Republican- Stalwart Election of 1880 What is there in this place that a man should ever want to get into? James A. Garfield What was a Stalwart? What was a Half-Breed? What was a Stalwart? What was a Half-Breed?
I am a stalwart, Chester Arthur is now president of the U.S.!… -Charles Guiteau Charles Guiteau The Assassination of James Garfield Charles Guiteau Charles Guiteau shot Garfield. He was a disappointed and deranged office-seeker.
For the vice-presidency, I was indebt to Mr. Conkling, but for the Presidency of the U.S. my debt is to the Almighty. -Chester Arthur What did he mean by this quote?
Passed because of the assassination of James Garfield. Reformed the Spoils System. Set up a merit system based on aptitude, instead of who you were or knew. Set a system of competitive examinations Passed because of the assassination of James Garfield. Reformed the Spoils System. Set up a merit system based on aptitude, instead of who you were or knew. Set a system of competitive examinations The Pendleton Civil Service Act 1883
James G. Blaine- Republican Grover Cleveland- Democrat Election of 1884 Mulligan Letters- group of letters written by Blaine that showed he was involved in some corrupt deals. At the bottom it read, burn this letter! Democrats used it as a slogan Burn, burn, burn this letter! Mugwamps - group of Republicans who refused to vote for Blaine. Grover Cleveland- bachelor at the time of his election. Had an affair with a widow, child was born and he took responsibility. Republican slogan was Ma ma wheres my pa? Grover Cleveland- bachelor at the time of his election. Had an affair with a widow, child was born and he took responsibility. Republican slogan was Ma ma wheres my pa?
Election was close, came down mainly to New York. Slogan said by one of Blaines followers that helped his defeat was Rum, Romanism, and Rebellion Insulted Irish in NY, and along with Mulligan Letters, cost him the election. Election of 1884
Laissez-Faire- Hands off, let be Govt. should not intervene with private business. Pork- barrel- things not necessary or useful. Spending money not meant to be spent.
Though the people should support the government, the government should not support the people. -Grover Cleveland Whats the point in being elected or re-elected unless you stand for something? -Grover Cleveland Public office is a public trust. -Grover Cleveland Quotes
The Forgettable Presidents U. S. Grant Rutherford B. Hayes James A. Garfield Chester Arthur Ben Harrison ***Grover Cleveland U. S. Grant Rutherford B. Hayes James A. Garfield Chester Arthur Ben Harrison ***Grover Cleveland
Grover Cleveland- Democrat Benjamin Harrison- Republican Young Tippecanoe Grover Cleveland- Democrat Benjamin Harrison- Republican Young Tippecanoe Election of 1888 Grandson of William Henry Harrison