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Dr. Romeyn The Bullis School. The Gilded Age What led to the massive wealth and economic growth that characterized this time period? Who was left out.

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Presentation on theme: "Dr. Romeyn The Bullis School. The Gilded Age What led to the massive wealth and economic growth that characterized this time period? Who was left out."— Presentation transcript:

1 Dr. Romeyn The Bullis School

2 The Gilded Age What led to the massive wealth and economic growth that characterized this time period? Who was left out financially? Who had the POWER in society in the Gilded Age? Why were there so many examples of corruption? What forces countered that corruption?

3 Election of 1868

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5 What was the impact of the Freedmens vote on the election?

6 The Power of Big Business: Corruption

7 Breaking up the Tweed Ring Thomas NastBoss Tweed

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9 Whiskey Ring

10 One Bright Spot: Sec. of State Fish

11 Election of 1872 Horace GreeleyUS Grant

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13 Panic of 1873

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16 Silver and Gold

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18 The Greenback: The answer to debt?

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20 What Makes a President Unforgettable?

21 A Two-Party Stalemate

22 Two Party balance

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24 Laissez-Faire Government From Govt. did very little domestically. Main duties of the federal govt.: Deliver the mail. Maintain a national military. Collect taxes & tariffs. Conduct a foreign policy. Exception administer the annual Civil War veterans pension.

25 Democrats vs. Republicans White southerners (preservation of white supremacy) Catholics Recent immigrants (esp. Jews) Urban working poor (pro-labor) Most farmers Northern whites (pro-business) African Americans Northern Protestants Old WASPs (support for anti-immigrant laws) Most of the middle class

26 The Symbolic and Weak Presidency Party bosses ruled. Presidents should avoid offending any factions within their own party. The President just doled out federal jobs ,000 people worked for the federal govt ,000

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28 Republican Factions Stalwarts: Roscoe Conkling Half-Breeds: James Blaine

29 Election of 1876

30 Hayes wins the day

31 Impact of the Compromise?

32 Election of 1880

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34 Chester Arthur: The Great Reformer?

35 Pendleton Civil Service Act

36 Results of the Act Civil Service Act. The Magna Carta of civil service reform ,000 out of 117,000 federal govt. jobs became civil service exam positions ,000 out of 200,000 civil service federal govt. jobs.

37 What is a Mugwump? Reformers who wouldnt re-nominate Chester A. Arthur. Reform to them create a disinterested, impartial govt. run by an educated elite like themselves. Social Darwinists. Laissez faire government to them: Favoritism & the spoils system seen as govt. intervention in society. Their target was political corruption, not social or economic reform!

38 Election of 1884

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40 Ma, Ma, wheres my Pa?

41 James G. Blaine

42 Blaine in 1884: Little Lost Mugwump

43 Cleveland: Only Democratic President in the Gilded Age

44 Grover A. Cleveland

45 Cleveland as President The Veto Governor from New York. First Democratic elected since A public office is a public trust! His laissez-faire presidency: Opposed bills to assist the poor as well as the rich. Vetoed over 200 special pension bills for Civil War veterans!

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47 The Tariff Issue After the Civil War, Congress raised tariffs to protect new US industries. Big business wanted to continue this; consumers did not tariffs earned the US $100 mil. in surplus! Mugwumps opposed it WHY??? President Clevelands view on tariffs???? Tariffs became a major issue in the 1888 presidential election.

48 Election of 1888

49 Benjamin Harrison

50 Johnstown Flood of 1889

51 Spending the Surplus

52 John Sherman


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