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The worlds libraries. Connected. Lone Arrangers and Multiple Composers: Sound Recordings and RDA Indiana Library Federation 2013 Annual Conference Everyday.

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Presentation on theme: "The worlds libraries. Connected. Lone Arrangers and Multiple Composers: Sound Recordings and RDA Indiana Library Federation 2013 Annual Conference Everyday."— Presentation transcript:

1 The worlds libraries. Connected. Lone Arrangers and Multiple Composers: Sound Recordings and RDA Indiana Library Federation 2013 Annual Conference Everyday Superheroes in the Library Indianapolis, Indiana 2013 October 21 Jay Weitz Senior Consulting Database Specialist WorldCat Quality Management Division OCLC 1

2 The worlds libraries. Connected. Music OCLC Users Group (MOUG) Online Audiovisual Catalogers (OLAC) Introduction: First, Some Shameless Plugs 2

3 The worlds libraries. Connected. Introduction: Shameless Plugs, Continued OLACs Cataloging Policy Committee (CAPC) –… to represent the concerns of AV catalogers in matters relating to the formation, interpretation, and implementation of national and international cataloging standards, rules, and related matters. –A/V and Nonprint Glossary ̶ Expands and updates Nancy Olson's 1988 Audiovisual Material Glossary ̶ –DVD/Blu-Ray Disc RDA Guide Task Force –Guide to Cataloging DVD and Blu-ray Discs Using AACR2r and MARC 21, 2008 Update Also includes guidelines on DualDiscs and DVD-Audio discs –Streaming Media RDA Guide Task Force –Best Practices for Cataloging Streaming Media 3

4 The worlds libraries. Connected. Best Practices for Music Cataloging Using RDA and MARC21 **DRAFT** (includes minor corrections) 15 February 2013 Prepared by the RDA Music Implementation Task Force, Bibliographic Control Committee, Music Library Association Historical/BCC2013/RDA_Best_Pra ctices_for_Music_Cataloging.pdf BCC Web Site: Introduction: Shameless Plugs, Continued

5 The worlds libraries. Connected. Not comprehensive Trying to be practical Assumes basic cataloging knowledge of: –AACR2 –MARC 21 –Sound Recordings –Electronic Resources –RDA Introduction: A Few Basics

6 The worlds libraries. Connected. Chapter 1: General Rules for Description Chapter 2: Books, Pamphlets, and Printed Sheets Chapter 3: Cartographic Materials Chapter 4: Manuscripts (Including Manuscript Collections) Chapter 5: Music Chapter 6: Sound Recordings Chapter 7: Motion Pictures and Videorecordings Chapter 8: Graphic Materials Chapter 9: Electronic Resources Chapter 10: Three-Dimensional Artefacts and Realia Chapter 11: Microforms Chapter 12: Continuing Resources Chapter 13: Analysis Section 1: Recording Attributes of Manifestation and Item Section 2: Recording Attributes of Work and Expression Section 3: Recording Attributes of Person, Family, and Corporate Body Section 5: Recording Primary Relationships between Work, Expression, Manifestation, and Item Section 6: Recording Relationships to Persons, Families, and Corporate Bodies Associated with a Resource Section 7: Recording Subject Relationships Section 8: Recording Relationships between Works, Expressions, Manifestations, and Items Section 9: Recording Relationships between Persons, Families, and Corporate Bodies Introduction: AACR2 to RDA

7 The worlds libraries. Connected. AACR2 is to the Library of Congress Rule Interpretations (LCRI) just as RDA is to the Library of Congress- Program for Cooperative Cataloging Policy Statements (LC-PCC PS) Introduction: LCRI to LC-PCC PS

8 The worlds libraries. Connected. Introduction: Brief History of RDA October 1997: International Conference on the Principles & Future Development of AACR (Toronto Conference). May 1998: Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records: Final Report (FRBR). December 2004: Draft of AACR3, Part I. April 2005: Transition to RDA. November 2008: Full Draft of RDA. June 2010: RDA Toolkit published. October-December 2010: RDA Test. June 13, 2011: United States national libraries announce RDA implementation not before January 1, June 14, 2011: Audible sighs of relief in some quarters, widespread panic in others.

9 The worlds libraries. Connected. JSC CC:DA MARBI/MAC LC Bibliographic Framework Transition Initiative Introduction: Taming RDA, Transforming MARC

10 The worlds libraries. Connected. Differences that Justify a New Record Different sound recording format, size, speed: –CD versus LP versus cassette. –7 inch versus 10 inch versus 12 inch. –33 1/3 rpm versus 78 rpm. Stereo versus Mono. Analytical entry versus comprehensive entry. Specific differences in Music Publisher Number (028). Different dates of publication. Sound Recordings: When to Input a New Record

11 The worlds libraries. Connected. RDA : Preferred Source of Information. Other Resources For a resource other than one covered under , use as the preferred source of information, as applicable: either a) a label bearing a title that is permanently printed on or affixed to the resource, excluding accompanying textual material or a container (e.g., a label on an audio CD or a model) or b) embedded metadata in textual form that contains a title (e.g., metadata embedded in an MP3 audio file). If the resource does not contain a source of information falling into either category a) or b) above, use as the preferred source of information another source forming part of the resource itself, giving preference to sources in which the information is formally presented. Sound Recordings: Sources of Information

12 The worlds libraries. Connected. RDA : Preferred Source of Information. General Guidelines When choosing a preferred source of information, treat as part of the resource itself: a) the storage medium (e.g., paper, tape, film) and b) any housing that is an integral part of the resource (e.g., a cassette, a cartridge). When describing the resource as a whole using a comprehensive description, treat accompanying material as part of the resource itself. … Treat a container issued with the resource (e.g., a box in which a game or kit is issued, a clamshell box containing compact discs in individual jewel cases or cardboard sleeves) as part of the resource itself. … Sound Recordings: Sources of Information AACR2 6.0B1: Chief Source of Information If information is not available from the chief source, take it from the following sources (in this order of preference): – accompanying textual material. – container (e.g., sleeve, box). – other sources.

13 The worlds libraries. Connected. Label (AACR2): Any permanently affixed paper, plastic, etc., label, as opposed to the container itself, which may have data embossed or printed on it. Sound Recordings: Sources of Information

14 The worlds libraries. Connected. Title on Container AACR2 LCRI 6.0B1: For compact discs and cassettes, consider information which can be read through the closed container (including information on the front cover of a booklet inserted in the container) to be on the container. Sound Recordings: Sources of Information

15 The worlds libraries. Connected. Different Date Sources: –Sound recording label –Container –Accompanying material Different Bibliographic Events: –Original capture –Release as a recording –Release in a new recording medium –Copyrights of design or accompanying material Sound Recordings: Dates

16 The worlds libraries. Connected. = Phonogram Copyright Symbol Copyright date of the recorded sound © = Copyright Symbol LCRI 6.4F1: Do not regard as a copyright date for the recording.... This symbol can apply only to the printed text. However, it can be used as evidence for supplying a date of publication according to 1.4F7 when neither a date of publication nor a p date appears on the item. RDA LC-PCC PS : Supply a date of publication that corresponds to the copyright date, in square brackets, if it seems reasonable to assume that date is a likely publication date. Sound Recordings: Dates

17 The worlds libraries. Connected. Dates of first commercial availability (publication) of some of the major audio media: –LP discs: 1948 –Pre-recorded reel-to-reel audio tapes: 1954 –Pre-recorded audio cassettes: 1965 –Audio compact discs: 1982 –Streaming audio: 1999 –DVD-Audio discs: 2000 –Playaway devices: 2005 Sound Recordings: Dates

18 The worlds libraries. Connected. Dates earlier than those on the previous slide cannot be a proper date of publication for that audio medium. Earlier dates may represent such bibliographic events as date of sound capture, release date in a different audio medium, etc. Sound Recordings: Dates

19 The worlds libraries. Connected. Sound Recordings: Titles Be aware of differences in title: –Label –Container –Spine –Back of Container –Accompanying Material

20 The worlds libraries. Connected. Sound Recordings: Titles AACR2: 6.0B1. Chief source of information. … If there are two or more chief sources of information as defined … (e.g., two labels on a disc), treat these as a single chief source. RDA doesnt explicitly say the same thing about successive disc labels or the like, but until we know better, treat them the same.

21 The worlds libraries. Connected. Sound Recordings: Titles AACR2: 6.0B1. Chief source of information. … Treat accompanying textual material or a container as the chief source of information if it furnishes a collective title and the parts themselves and their labels do not. In this case, make a note (see 6.7B3) indicating the source of information. 6.7B3 If information is not available from the chief source, take it from the following sources (in this order of preference): accompanying textual material container (e.g., sleeve, box) other sources RDA : If a source of information only lists the titles of the individual contents and another source forming part of the resource has a formally-presented collective title, use as the preferred source of information the first applicable source with a formally-presented collective title.

22 The worlds libraries. Connected. Type j: Musical Sound Recording Type i: Nonmusical Sound Recording –Sound effects –Birdcalls and animal sounds –Physical exercise recordings (instructions over musical accompaniment) –Stories read over incidental music –Plays with incidental music Sound Recordings: Type Code

23 The worlds libraries. Connected. Musical instruction recordings (how to play the...): ̶ Choose by predominance of music (Type j) or spoken instruction (Type i). Filmstrips or slides with accompanying sound: –Catalog as Projected Graphics (Type g). Read-along materials: –Catalog as Nonmusical Sound Recording (Type i) with accompanying text. Recorded theses: –Catalog as Sound Recording (Type i or j, as appropriate). Sound Recordings: Type Code

24 The worlds libraries. Connected. Serial Sound Recordings Use Sound Recordings format (Type i or j, as appropriate). Bibliographic Level (BLvl) s. Optional 006 for serial aspect: Highly recommended. Nonprint serials no longer permitted on Serials format as allowable duplicates. Sound Recordings: Type Code

25 The worlds libraries. Connected Content Type The form of communication through which a work is expressed Media Type A categorization reflecting the general type of intermediation device required to view, play, run, etc., the content of a resource Carrier Type A categorization reflecting the format of the storage medium and housing of a carrier in combination with the type of intermediation device required to view, play, run, etc., the content of a resource. Sound Recordings: RDA Content, Media, Carrier 336 text $b txt $2 rdacontent 337 unmediated $b n $2 rdamedia 338 volume $b nc $2 rdacarrier

26 The worlds libraries. Connected. RDA Carrier Terms 338 Subfield $a MARC Codes for RDA Terms 338 Subfield $b MARC Audio Carrier Codes 007/01 (Subfield $b) audio cartridge sg g - 007/01 (Sound Recording) audio cylinder se e - 007/01 (Sound Recording) audio disc sd d - 007/01 (Sound Recording) sound track reel si i - 007/01 (Sound Recording) audio roll sq q - 007/01 (Sound Recording) audiocassette ss s - 007/01 (Sound Recording) audiotape reel st t - 007/01 (Sound Recording) other sz z - 007/01 (Sound Recording) Sound Recordings: RDA Carrier 26

27 The worlds libraries. Connected. Musical Disc (Type j) 336 performed music $b prm $2 rdacontent 337 audio $b s $2 rdamedia 338 audio disc $b sd $2 rdacarrier Non-Musical Disc (Type i) 336 spoken word $b spw $2 rdacontent OR 336 sounds $b snd $2 rdacontent 337 audio $b s $2 rdamedia 338 audio disc $b sd $2 rdacarrier Sound Recordings: RDA Content, Media, Carrier

28 The worlds libraries. Connected. AACR2 300: Physical description –$a: SMD sound disc(s) OR Term in Common Usage –$b: Other physical details: analog/digital, mono./stereo. –$c: Dimensions: 4 3/4 in. RDA 300: Extent –$a: Number of units and type of carrier audio disc(s) OR Term in Common Usage –$c: Dimensions of Carrier: 4 3/4 in. 344: Sound Characteristics –$a: Type of Recording: analog/digital –$g: Configuration of Playback Channels: mono/stereo Sound Recordings: Physical Description Versus Extent

29 The worlds libraries. Connected. 007/00 (Subfield $a): Category of material s = Sound recording 007/01 (Subfield $b): Specific material designation d = Sound disc s = Sound cassette t = Sound-tape reel u = Unspecified z = Other 007/03 (Subfield $d): Speed b = 33 1/3 rpm (LP discs) c = 45 rpm (discs) d = 78 rpm (discs) f = 1.4 m. per second (CDs) u = Unknown z = Other 007/04 (Subfield $e): Configuration of playback channels m = Monaural q = Quadraphonic s = Stereophonic u = Unknown z = Other 007/05 (Subfield $f): Groove width/groove pitch m = Microgroove/fine n = Not applicable s = Coarse/standard u = Unknown z = Other 007/06 (Subfield $g): Dimensions e = 12 in. diameter g = 4 3/4 in. or 12 cm. diameter j = 3 7/8 x 2 1/2 in. n = Not applicable u = Unknown z = Other 007/09 (Subfield $j): Kind of disc, cylinder, or tape m = Mass-produced 007/10 (Subfield $k): Kind of material m = Plastic with metal p = Plastic u = Unknown z = Other 007/12 (Subfield $m): Special playback characteristics e = Digital recording n = Not applicable u = Unknown z = Other 007/13 (Subfield $n): Capture and storage technique a = Acoustical capture, direct storage b = Direct storage, not acoustical d = Digital storage e = Analog electrical storage u = Unknown z = Other Sound Recordings: 007 Coding

30 The worlds libraries. Connected. 340: Physical Medium $b: Dimensions –4 3/4 in. 344: Sound Characteristics $a: Type of recording –analog, digital $c: Playing speed $d: Groove characteristic $f: Tape configuration $g: Configuration of playback channels –mono, stereo $h: Special playback characteristics –dbx encoded, Dolby-C encoded 347: Digital File Characteristics $a: File type –audio file $b: Encoding format –DVD-Audio Sound Recordings: Entity Attributes

31 The worlds libraries. Connected. No standards for publishers numbers: –Any format. –Any length. 028 tries to satisfy two often contradictory roles: –Indexable access point. –Note and/or added entry generator. Notes can be explicitly input: –Indexing must take precedence. Sound Recordings: 028 Field

32 The worlds libraries. Connected. AACR2 LCRI 6.7B19: When a publisher's number appears in variant forms on a sound recording, its container, accompanying material, etc., transcribe only the form on the recording itself (e.g., the labels of a disc). –In cooperative setting, this is disservice and leads to more unnecessary duplicates. –Better to account for variant numbers in 028 and in notes. –Alerts next cataloger that items are the same. When two or more distinct publisher's numbers appear on a sound recording, its container, accompanying material, etc., transcribe each in a separate note. Follow each number other than the first by an indication of its location, if appropriate. Pape: FSM Pape: POPR (on container). RDA : Recording Identifiers for Manifestations If there is no specified display format for the identifier, record it as it appears on the source. Precede the identifier with a trade name or the name of the agency, etc., responsible for assigning the identifier, if readily ascertainable. Warner Bros.: K56151 Tamla Motown: STMA 8007 Island: ILPS 9281 Nimbus: NI 5114-NI 5148 Sound Recordings: 028 Field

33 The worlds libraries. Connected. Multi-Disc Sets: When item has set number and numbers for individual items, give only set number unless it doesnt appear on individual items. –In that case, give set number followed by individual item numbers in parentheses. When an item consists of two or more individual units … do not transcribe numbers that represent in a truncated form the numbers of the individual units. Sound Recordings: 028 Field

34 The worlds libraries. Connected. Matrix Number Unique numeric or alphanumeric sequence assigned by sound recording publisher or manufacturer to the matrix or mold used to reproduce a disc. In pre-CD media, usually appear etched into the sound recording surface between the inner grooves and the label. For CDs, they appear in the inner ring. Also sometimes printed on the label itself, often in conjunction with the publisher number (often in parentheses) or as the only identification. Sound Recordings: 028 Field

35 The worlds libraries. Connected. Matrix Numbers (028 First Indicator = 1) Give matrix numbers only when they are the only numbers on item. Follow each matrix number by the word matrix in parentheses. –Otherwise, treat similarly to regular numbers. Sound Recordings: 028 Field

36 The worlds libraries. Connected. 028 subfield $b should contain publisher name Usually corresponds to name in 260 subfield $b. Exception: For a reissue, 028 coded for original label and number. – SC 6234 $b Sundazed – ST-T-1001 $b Together Records Sound Recordings: 028 Field

37 The worlds libraries. Connected. General guidelines on input of 028s and related notes: Avoid inputting same data twice when possible. Account for numbers that belong to identifiably different publishers/distributors in separate notes. Put a range of numbers or a series of individual numbers in a single note. –But if numbers are not numerically consecutive, code in separate 028s. Be flexible and clear, presenting information as usefully as possible in 500 note $b Deutsche Grammophon $b Deutsche Grammophon $b Deutsche Grammophon 500 Deutsche Grammophon: ( ). Sound Recordings: 028 Field

38 The worlds libraries. Connected. 024: Other Standard Identifier First Indicator: Type of Standard Number or Code. 0: International Standard Recording Code (ISRC). 1: Universal Product Code (UPC). 3: International Article Number (EAN). 7: Source specified in subfield $2. 8: Unspecified type of standard number or code. Sound Recordings: 024 Field

39 The worlds libraries. Connected. International Standard Recording Code (ISRC): First Indicator 0 for ISRC (12 alphanumeric characters preceded by ISRC). –Omit ISRC designation and hyphens Sound Recordings: 024 Field

40 The worlds libraries. Connected. Universal Product Code (UPC): First indicator 1 for UPC (12 digits). –Includes as the first digit, Number System Character, (NSC), which appears outside and to the left of the bar code symbol. –Includes as the final (twelfth) character, the check digit, which appears at the bottom right outside the bar code symbol. Sound Recordings: 024 Field

41 The worlds libraries. Connected. International Article Number (EAN): First indicator 3 for EAN (13 digits). –Includes left-hand digit, often outside of bar code symbol. Other 13-digit standard numbers are unlikely to appear on Sound Recordings: –ISBN-13s begin with the digits 978 or 9791 through –New-style ISMNs begin with 9790, but should appear only on notated music publications. Sound Recordings: 024 Field

42 The worlds libraries. Connected. First Indicator 7 when source is specified in subfield $2: doi: Digital Object Identifier. gtin-14: Global Trade Identification Number 14. iswc: International Standard Musical Work Code. Standard Identifier Source Codes (http://www.loc.gov/standards/sou rcelist/standard-identifier.html) Sound Recordings: 024 Field

43 The worlds libraries. Connected. Any supplemental codes are placed in subfield $d. All numbers in field 024 are entered without hyphens or spaces $d Sound Recordings: 024 Field

44 The worlds libraries. Connected. AACR2 6.1F1 Popular idiom, where participation goes beyond performance, execution, interpretation: –Performer(s) can go in 245 subfield $c. Serious idiom, where participation does not go beyond performance, execution, interpretation: –Performer(s) should go in note area. LCRI 6.1F1: The rule allows performers who do more than perform to be named in the statement of responsibility. Accept only the most obvious cases as qualifying for the statement of responsibility. Sound Recordings: Statements of Responsibility

45 The worlds libraries. Connected. AACR2: Principal Performers Those given prominence (by wording or layout) in the chief source of information of the item being cataloged (21.23A1, footnote 5) –If two or more named in chief source, consider to be principal performers those given greatest prominence. If two or more are given equal prominence, consider all to be principal performers. –When only one performer named in chief source, consider it principal performer. –When no performers named in chief source, consider that there are no principal performers. Sound Recordings: Statements of Responsibility

46 The worlds libraries. Connected. Creator RDA : A creator is a person, family, or corporate body responsible for the creation of a work. Contributor RDA : A contributor is a person, family, or corporate body contributing to the realization of a work through an expression. Contributors include editors, translators, arrangers of music, performers, etc. Sound Recordings: Statements of Responsibility

47 The worlds libraries. Connected. RDA : Corporate Bodies Considered to Be Creators: Corporate bodies are considered to be creators when they are responsible for originating, issuing, or causing to be issued, works that fall into one or more of the following categories: … e.) works that result from the collective activity of a performing group as a whole where the responsibility of the group goes beyond that of mere performance, execution, etc. LC-PCC PS Category E: This category emphasizes that the responsibility of a performing group must go beyond "mere performance, execution, etc. This means that the group must be responsible to a major degree for the artistic content of the work being performed. A typical example is an acting group that performs by means of improvisation. The group collectively "plans" the drama, that is, determines the broad outline of the plot, the nature of the characters, etc., in the absence of a written dialogue. The development of the drama proceeds entirely on the basis of improvised dialogue. The performance is recorded, and it is the recording that is being cataloged. Sound Recordings: Statements of Responsibility

48 The worlds libraries. Connected. Performers can go in 511 note. –Prescribed punctuation may be useful for sake of clarity. RDA : Recording Performers, Narrators, and/or Presenters. –Record the names of performers, narrators, and/or presenters, if they are considered to be important for identification, access, or selection. For performers of music, indicate the medium in which each performs Craig Duncan, hammered dulcimer, fiddle, mandolin ; Terry Smith, bass ; David Talbot, banjo ; Pete Hulinger, Bryan Sutton, guitars ; Robert Bowlin, mandolin Pamela Dellal, mezzo-soprano (1st, 3rd works) ; Donald Berman, piano (1st work) ; Sarah Brady, flute (2nd work) ; Mark Margolies, clarinet (2nd-3rd works) ; Heidi Braun-Hill, violin (2nd work) ; Rafael Popper- Keizer, violoncello (2nd-3rd works) ; Mary Ruth Ray, viola (3rd work) ; Lydian String Quartet (4th work). Sound Recordings: Statements of Responsibility

49 The worlds libraries. Connected. AACR2: Performers can also be incorporated into contents note 505. –In parentheses following title or statement of responsibility. RDA 25.1: Related Work. –Stay tuned for best practices Music for orchestra / Jay Schwartz (Hessian Symphony Orchestra ; Diego Masson, conductor) (13:42) -- The art of home entertainment / Hannes Seidl (Ensemble Intégrales) (8:24) -- Blinder Fleck / Markus Hechtle (NewEars.ensemble ; Jonathan Stockhammer, conductor) (6:59) -- Knochen. I / Enno Poppe (Klangforum Wien ; Stefan Asbury, conductor) (9:02) -- Freie Stu ̈ cke / Jo ̈ rg Widmann (Ensemble Modern ; Dominique My, conductor) (6:37) -- Ausser Atem / Moritz Eggert (Julia Whybrow, recorders) (6:42) -- Spiegel Bilder. II / Isabel Mundry (Ernesto Molinari, clarinet ; Teodoro Anzellotti, accordion) (5:21) erfu ̈ llte Augenblicke. Excerpt / Mathias Spahlinger (Dietburg Spohr, soprano ; Walter Seyfarth, clarinet ; Ulrich Heinen, violoncello) (4:41) -- Labyrinth der Lieder / Johannes Kalitzke (Collegium Vocale Ko ̈ ln ; Saarbru ̈ cken Radio Symphony Orchestra ; Johannes Kalitzke, conductor) (4:37) -- Diaphainon / Peter Michael Hamel (Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra ; Hans Zender, conductor) (12:45). Sound Recordings: Statements of Responsibility

50 The worlds libraries. Connected. Contents note (505) may include statements of responsibility, durations, indications of sequence such as volume numbers: –Titles sharing same statement of responsibility separated by space-semicolon- space. –Titles and statements of responsibility separated from others by space-hyphen- hyphen-space. –Titles alone separated by space-hyphen- hyphen-space. –For multipart works, separate larger designation (volume number, opera title, etc.) from individual titles with period-space. –For multivolume items, separate volumes with space-hyphen-hyphen-space Sonate K 386 / Scarlatti (Clara Haskil, piano) (2:24) -- La flu ̂ te enchantée : dein Bildnis ist bezauberdn scho ̈ n / Mozart (Anton Dermota, tenor ; Karl Bo ̈ hm, conductor) (4:15) -- Toccata et fugue BWV 565 / Bach (Kei Koito, organ) (9:10) -- Sonate en ré mineur (extraits) / Meister (Musica Antiqua Ko ̈ ln) (5:10) -- Suite pour violoncello no 3. Sarabande / Bach (Ophélie Gaillard, violoncello) (3:37) -- Ich ruf zu dir, herr Jesu Christ / Bach (Mare Nostrum) (2:37) -- Sonnet de Pétrarque 104 (Noel Mewton-Wood, piano) (5:55) ; Le roi des aulnes (Vladmir Sofronitzki, piano) (4:51) ; Mephisto-valse no 1 (Orchestre du Gewandhaus de Leipzig ; Kurt Masur, conductor) (10:57) ; U ̈ ber allen Gipfeln ist Ruh (Margaret Price, soprano ; Cyprien Katsaris, piano) (4:10) ; La ronde des lutins (Simon Barere, piano) (2:21) ; Saint Franc ̧ ois de Paule marchant sur les flots (Wilhelm Kempff, piano) (8:46) ; Tristis est anima mea (Orchestre d'état hongrois ; Antal Dorati, conductor) (14:35) / Liszt. Sound Recordings: Statements of Responsibility

51 The worlds libraries. Connected. Enhanced contents note (505): Optional. Second Indicator: 0. Designed for greater access to contents information: –g: Miscellaneous information. Place in the same subfield $g adjacent miscellaneous information. –r: Statement of responsibility. Place in the same subfield $r adjacent statements of responsibility. –t: Title. Place in a separate subfield $t each adjacent title $t Fei ge = $t Flying song / $r Tang Jianping $g (19:04) -- $t Flute moon / $r Bright Sheng $g (18:57) -- $t Bamboo flute concerto / $r Ma Shui-long $g (18:23) -- $t The ancient Chinese beauty / $r Chen Yi $g (14:58). Sound Recordings: Statements of Responsibility

52 The worlds libraries. Connected. DVD-Audio intended to replace CD-Audio as the primary carrier of prerecorded music, but so far has not gained much market share: –Can contain seven times as much content as CDs. –Higher fidelity than CDs. –Potential for additional channels allowing spatial sound reproduction (surround). –Potential for visual features. Tangible medium for sound recordings: –Grooveless. –Laser-read (red laser). –4 3/4 inch (12 cm) diameter. –Look exactly like audio CDs, CD-ROMs, DVD-Video. DVD-Audio: History

53 The worlds libraries. Connected. DVD-Audio: History Extension of DVD-Video, developed by Panasonic in 1999, with first commercial discs on the market in No DVD-Audio can have a publication date earlier than Rival of Super Audio CD (SACD).

54 The worlds libraries. Connected. AACR2 300: Physical description Option 1, using traditional SMD: sound disc : $b digital, 5.1 channels, stereo. ; $c 4 3/4 in. 500 DVD-Audio. Option 2, using Term in Common Usage: DVD-Audio : $b digital, 5.1 channels, stereo. ; $c 4 3/4 in. Option 3, using traditional SMD with LC variation: 3001 sound disc : $b digital, DVD ; $c 4 3/4 in. LC New Sound Recording Formats (http://loc.gov/catdir/cpso/soundrec.pdf)http://loc.gov/catdir/cpso/soundrec.pdf RDA 300: Extent –$a: Number of units and type of carrier audio disc(s) OR Term in Common Usage –$c: Dimensions of Carrier: 4 3/4 in. 344: Sound Characteristics –$a: Type of Recording: analog/digital –$g: Configuration of Playback Channels: mono/stereo DVD-Audio: Physical Description Versus Extent

55 The worlds libraries. Connected. Internet data transfer technique that allows the user immediately to hear audio files, and to hear and see video files, without lengthy download times before playback. The host or source "streams" small packets of information over the Internet to the user, who can access the content as it is received. Those temporary files are gone once the playback is complete. Streaming Media: History

56 The worlds libraries. Connected. Streaming Media: History Streaming technology developed during the mid-1990s but initially had extremely limited availability: –RealPlayer (RealAudio Player) introduced in April 1995 supported streaming media. –Predecessor of Windows Media Player first supported streaming technology in May –Apples QuickTime 4.0, released in June 1999, was the first version to support streaming technology. –iTunes player, released in January 2001, supported streaming technology. For most practical purposes, what we know today as streaming media became available to the general market in It would be extremely rare for any streaming audio file or streaming video file to have a publication date earlier than

57 The worlds libraries. Connected. Streaming files should not be confused with steaming files, which would be hot to the touch. Hence, the practice of burning CDs. Streaming Media: What Its Not

58 The worlds libraries. Connected. Streaming Media: What Its Not Streaming media will never be on a tangible medium (such as disc, cassette, etc.). To distinguish different types of remotely-accessed resources, non-streaming files are generally those downloaded from the Internet to reside on a local hard drive. Some characteristics of non-streaming media: File is downloaded in its entirety. Playback cannot begin until complete file is downloaded to local system or device. Playback is not in real time. Playback does not require a persistent connection to a remote server. User has access to downloaded content after its initial playback. User will often have ability to manipulate or edit content, burn it onto a tangible medium, etc. 58

59 The worlds libraries. Connected. AACR2 Provider-Neutral E-Monograph MARC Record Guide –http://www.loc.gov/aba/pcc/bibco/docum ents/PN-Guide.pdfhttp://www.loc.gov/aba/pcc/bibco/docum ents/PN-Guide.pdf BIBCO Standard Record Metadata Application Profiles (BSR MAPs) –http://www.loc.gov/aba/pcc/bibco/bsr- maps.htmlhttp://www.loc.gov/aba/pcc/bibco/bsr- maps.html BIBCO Standard Record (BSR) Supplemental Requirements for Remote & Direct Access Electronic Monographic Resources –http://www.loc.gov/aba/pcc/bibco/docum ents/BSR_ER_SUPP pdfhttp://www.loc.gov/aba/pcc/bibco/docum ents/BSR_ER_SUPP pdf RDA Provider-Neutral E-Resource MARC Record Guide: P-N/RDA version –http://www.loc.gov/aba/pcc/scs/docu ments/PN-RDA-Combined.docxhttp://www.loc.gov/aba/pcc/scs/docu ments/PN-RDA-Combined.docx PCC RDA BIBCO Standard Record (BSR) Metadata Application Profile –http://www.loc.gov/aba/pcc/scs/docu ments/PCC-RDA-BSR.pdfhttp://www.loc.gov/aba/pcc/scs/docu ments/PCC-RDA-BSR.pdf PCC RDA BSR MAP Supplemental Requirements for the Digital Aspects of Formats –Included as part of PCC RDA BSR MAP document, above Streaming Media: Following the PCC 59

60 The worlds libraries. Connected. AACR online resource (1 sound file) : $b digital, mono., stereo. … $3 1 streaming sound file (mono.) $u $3 1 streaming sound file (stereo.) $u … RDA online resource (1 audio file) 344 digital $g mono $g stereo $2 rda … $3 1 streaming audio file (mono) $u $3 1 streaming audio file (stereo) $u … Streaming Media: Following the PCC

61 The worlds libraries. Connected. Type (Type of Record: Leader/06; REC 006/00): –i: Nonmusical Sound Recording –j: Musical Sound Recording Computer File 006: –006/00 Form of material (Type): m: Computer file/Electronic resource –006/06 Form of item (Form): o: Online –006/09 Type of computer file (File): h : Sound Streaming Audio: Fixed Field Coding

62 The worlds libraries. Connected. Musical Streaming Audio 336 performed music $b prm $2 rdacontent 337computer $b c $2 rdamedia 337 audio $b s $2 rdamedia 338 online resource $b cr $2 rdacarrier Non-Musical Streaming Audio 336 spoken word $b spw $2 rdacontent OR 336 sounds $b snd $2 rdacontent 337computer $b c $2 rdamedia 337 audio $b s $2 rdamedia 338 online resource $b cr $2 rdacarrier Streaming Audio: RDA Content, Media, Carrier

63 The worlds libraries. Connected. 007/00 (Subfield $a): Category of material s = Sound recording 007/01 (subfield $b): Specific material designation z = Other 007/03 (Subfield $d): Speed z = Other 007/04 (Subfield $e): Configuration of playback channels m = Monaural q = Quadraphonic s = Stereophonic u = Unknown (not stated) z = Other 007/05 (Subfield $f): Groove width/groove pitch n = Not applicable 007/06 (Subfield $g): Dimensions n = Not applicable 007/07 (Subfield $h): Tape width n = Not applicable 007/08 (Subfield $i): Tape Configuration n = Not applicable 007/12 (subfield $m): Special playback characteristics e = Digital recording 007/13 (subfield $n): Capture and storage technique a = Acoustical capture, direct storage b = Direct storage, not acoustical d = Digital storage e = Analog electrical storage u = Unknown z = Other Streaming Audio: Sound Recording 007 Field

64 The worlds libraries. Connected. 007/00 (Subfield $a): Category of material c = Electronic resource 007/01 (subfield $b): Specific material designation r = Remote 007/03 (Subfield $d): Color n = Not applicable 007/04 (Subfield $e): Dimensions n = Not applicable 007/05 (Subfield $f): Sound a = Sound Streaming Audio: Electronic Resource 007 Field

65 The worlds libraries. Connected. Playaway: self-playing digital audio book containing a pre- loaded audio file in a proprietary format called ACELP. Playaway devices were developed in 2005 by Findaway World. The device requires one AAA battery and a set of earphones for playback and listening. Most are spoken word recordings, but some musical content is available. These materials include aspects of both Sound Recordings (AACR2 Chapter 6) and Electronic Resources (AACR2 Chapter 9). Playaways: History

66 The worlds libraries. Connected. Playaway Cataloging Joint Task Force –Founded February 2007 jointly by: Online Audiovisual Catalogers, Cataloging Policy Committee. Music Library Association, Subcommittee on Descriptive Cataloging. Guide to Cataloging Playaway Devices Based on AACR2 Chapters 6 and 9 (August 2008): Playaways and RDA: Summary of Relevant Sections from RDA Chapters 3, 6, and 7 Playaways: History

67 The worlds libraries. Connected. Leader/06: Type i or j as appropriate. Form (Sound Recording 008/23): q for direct electronic. 006: Computer File –006/00 Type: m. –006/06 Form: q for direct electronic. –006/09 File: h for sound. 007: Electronic Resource c $b z $d n $e z $f a 007: Sound Recording s $b z $d z $e u $f n $g z $h n $i n $j n $k z $l n $m e $n d Playaways: Coding

68 The worlds libraries. Connected. AACR2 245 GMD = $h [electronic resource] sound media player : $b digital ; $c 3 3/8 x 2 1/8 in. RDA audio media player (1 audio file): $b digital ; $c 9 x 6 cm or … $c 3 3/8 x 2 1/8 in. Non-Musical Playaway (Type i) 336 spoken word $b spw $2 rdacontent Musical Playaway (Type j) 336 performed music $b prm $2 rdacontent All Playaways 337 audio $b s $2 rdamedia 337 computer $b c $2 rdamedia 338 other $b cz $2 rdacarrier 338 other $b sz $2 rdacarrier Playaways: AACR2 Versus RDA

69 The worlds libraries. Connected. Playaways first commercially available in 2005: –No Playaway can have publication date earlier than Dates coded much like other Sound Recordings (apply DtSt hierarchy): –No prior release: DtSt s. –Previously released: DtSt r. –Publication differs from phonogram copyright: DtSt t. Playaways: Dates

70 The worlds libraries. Connected. 500 Title from Playaway label. 511 Statement of responsibility (narrator). 500 Edition/History (previous releases). 500 Accompanying material (ear buds, battery). 500 Quoted identifying note for Playaway. Playaways: Notes

71 The worlds libraries. Connected. Thanks for your kind attention. Jay Weitz Lone Arrangers and Multiple Composers: Sound Recordings and RDA


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