3DefinitionAutomaton -- Something which has the power of spontaneous motion or self-movement. (OED)pl. automata or automatons
4Golem MythFirst from Jewish mysticism around the 10th century, where a Rabbi could create a servant to do their bidding.Most famous was from 16th century Prague, created from river clay and wood to protect the poor of the Jewish sector.The golem could be controlled by verbal or written commands placed in his mouth.The golem went out of control when his position went to his head and had to be destroyed.
5Mechanical Automata Henri-Louis Jaquet-Droz -- swiss watch maker Jacques de Vaucanson -- french inventorWolfgang von Kempelen -- Austro- Hugarian civil servant to the court of empress Maria Theresa
6Jaquet-Droz’s Creations Created the writer, the draftsman, a harpsichord player.Used “cams” that could be interchanged to determine functionalityCams could be removed, thus was reprogrammable.
10Vaucanson Built the most intricate automaton Tried to imitate biology Was hired in 1741 to modernize the french weaving industry, workers rioted at the though of becoming “human parts in a huge automaton”.
11Android Clarinetist 1838,Cornelis Jacobus van Oeckelen(insired by Vaucanson’s flute player)
12The Duck could flap its wings, eat, and digest grain. Each wing had about 400 moving parts.The Duck (1738)
20This run has three vehicles, each of a different type, and two lamps This run has three vehicles, each of a different type, and two lamps. Green is the obsessive one. Blue has more self-control and more intelligence. She likes to find a cozy spot near a lamp and settle down, but she will flee if a predator comes too close. Red is the predator; Light doesn't interest her, only the movement of possible prey.
21This run has two of the simple light-seeking vehicles that made their debut in the previous simulation. It also includes three lamps. What makes things interesting here is that the lamps have some awareness of their surroundings: when they detect nearby movement, they dim themselves.