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International Conference on Quantum Metrology, Poznań, Poland, May 13 th, 2011 Datorzinātnes lietojumi un tās saiknes ar kvantu fiziku Vyacheslavs (Slava)

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Presentation on theme: "International Conference on Quantum Metrology, Poznań, Poland, May 13 th, 2011 Datorzinātnes lietojumi un tās saiknes ar kvantu fiziku Vyacheslavs (Slava)"— Presentation transcript:

1 International Conference on Quantum Metrology, Poznań, Poland, May 13 th, 2011 Datorzinātnes lietojumi un tās saiknes ar kvantu fiziku Vyacheslavs (Slava) Kashcheyevs University of Latvia, Riga, Latvia Collaboration: Bernd Kästner PTB, Braunschweig, Germany

2 Single-gate pumps in metrology context A particular class of quantized pumps Aim at low, predictable error rate Motivated by… o metrology needs o basic physics I V2V2 1 e per cycle I = e f

3 Outline Introduction (phenomenological) Message I: constructive non-adiabaticity Message II: universality of decay cascade Outlook for metrological applications

4 Outline Introduction (phenomenological) Message I: constructive non-adiabaticity Message II: universality of decay cascade Outlook for metrological applications

5 Animation: A. Müller Quantum dot V 1 (t) V2V2 V 1 (t) = V 1 DC + V 1 AC cos t Quantum dot ~ 250 nm V 1 DC mV V2V2 V 1 AC f Data: F. Luckas (U.of Hannover)

6 Outline Introduction (phenomenological) Message I: constructive non-adiabaticity Message II: universality of decay cascade Outlook for metrological applications

7 Double-barrier quantum dot ~ 250 nm Source Quantum dot Current I Drain V2V2 V1V1

8 Charge stability diagram Coulomb blockade for Resonance lines V1V1 V2V Bottom energy 3 Left Right

9 V1V Bottom energy 3 Left Right Adiabatic paradigm for pumps Stay close to equilibrium Well-established SET technology At least two phase-shifted parameters Increasing frequency increases error rate V2V2 LOAD UNLOAD Mapping of charge carrier type: Buitelaar, VK et al, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, (2008) First quantized pump: Pothier et al, Eur.Phys.Lett., 17, 249 (1992) Electron counting capacitance standard, Keller et al, Science 285, 1706 (1999)

10 Adiabatic vs single-gate pumping V1V1 1 0 Bottom energy Left Right V2V2 LOAD UNLOAD V1V1 1 0 V2V2 LOAD UNLOAD Blumenthal et al, Nature Physics 3, 343 (2007) Kaestner, VK et al, Phys. Rev. B 77, (2008) Moskalets-Büttiker (2002) no-go theorem : adiabatic single-parameter modulation cannot produce current

11 Outline Introduction (phenomenological) Message I: constructive non-adiabaticity Message II: universality of decay cascade Outlook for metrological applications

12 Universal limit: decay cascade regime V V (mV) Current (e·f) VK and B.Kaestner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, (2010)

13 decreasing escape rate escape rate to maintain equilibrium essential non-equilibrium for Ifthen the initial condition is forgotten! Happy families are all alike; every unhappy family is unhappy in its own way. Leo Tolstoy, Anna Karenina, Chapter 1, first line Raise faster than decouple!

14 1-step line shape Backtunneling to empty space Survival probability: Escape rate ansatz: Kaestner et al,Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, (2009) Fujiwara et al. Appl.Phys.Lett. 92, (2008) n Γ(t)Γ(t)

15 Universal shape in rescaled coordinates Data: PTB group, unpublished Rescaled voltage

16 Data from B.Kaestner et al, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, (2009) f =50 MHz T=40 mK Single-step fitting I=e f =8 pA Plot on double-log scale Look for straight line

17 Many-step line shape Define (dimensionless): If there is scale separation… …then the solution is

18 Data from B.Kaestner et al,Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, (2009) f =50 MHz T=40 mK Two-step fitting I=e f =8 pA Fitting parameters!

19 Universality of the decay cascade VK and B.Kaestner, arXiv (2009); PRL (2010) Device fingerprint αV/ δ a.Si nanowire dots, pulsed, T=20K Fujiwara et al. APL (2008) b.GaAs/AlGaAs etched, B=3 T Kaestner et al APL (2009) c.Surface-acoustic-wave-driven Janssen & Hartland (2001) d.Classical simulation, Robinson & Barnes, PRB (2001) δ2δ2 δ3δ3 δ4δ4 δ5δ5 Theory prediction: δ 2 is the figure of merit

20 Outline Introduction (phenomenological) Message I: constructive non-adiabaticity Message II: universality of decay cascade Outlook for metrological applications

21 S.Giblin et al., New J. Phys (2010) f =340 MHz Traceable measurement (NPL) 2 =15.2 (Fit A1) 2 =17.1 (Fit A2 )

22 Outlook for metrological applications Advantages: o Optimal frequencies in 100 MHz ÷ 1 GHz range o Stability against voltage bias negligible leakage o Single ac driving signal parallelization o Robustness one gate per pump to tune Optimization directions: o barrier selectivity optimization o serial operation with error detection and correction (Wulf & Zorin, arXiv: ) L.Fricke et al., PRB (2011)

23 Thank you!


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