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Thermoelectric and thermal rectification properties of quantum dot junctions David M T Kuo 1 and Yia-Chung Chang 2 1:Department of Electrical Engineering,

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Presentation on theme: "Thermoelectric and thermal rectification properties of quantum dot junctions David M T Kuo 1 and Yia-Chung Chang 2 1:Department of Electrical Engineering,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Thermoelectric and thermal rectification properties of quantum dot junctions David M T Kuo 1 and Yia-Chung Chang 2 1:Department of Electrical Engineering, National Central University, Taiwan 2:Research Center for Applied Science, Academic Sinica, Taiwan The detail can be found in PRB 81, (2010)

2 Urbana-2003-July

3 References [1]A. J. Minnich, M. S. Dresselhaus, Z. F. Ren and G. Chen, Energy Environ Science, 2, 466 (2009) [2]G. Mahan, B. Sales and J. Sharp, Physics Today,50, 42 (1997). [3]R. Venkatasubramanian, E. Siivola,T. Colpitts,B. O'Quinn, Nature 413,597 (2001).”BiTe/SbTe quantum well superlattice” [4]A. I. Boukai, Y. Bunimovich, J. Tahir-Kheli, J. K.Yu, W. A. Goddard III and J. R. Heath, Nature, 451, 168(2008).”Silicon quantum wire” [5]T. C. Harman, P. J. Taylor, M. P. Walsh, B. E.LaForge, Science 297, 2229 (2002).”PbSeTe Quantum dot superlattice “ [6]K. F. Hsu,S. Loo,F. Guo,W. Chen,J. S. Dyck,C. Uher, T. Hogan,E. K. Polychroniadis,M. G. Kanatzidis, Science 303, 818(2004).[7]A. Majumdar, Science 303, 777 (2004). [8]G. Chen, M. S. Dresselhaus, G. Dresselhaus, J. P.Fleurial and T. Caillat, International Materials Reviews,48, 45 (2003) [9]Y. M. Lin and M. S. Dresselhaus, Phys. Rev. B 68, (2003).

4 1:System Amorphous insulator Large intradot and interdot Coulomb interactions

5 1-0:Fabrication

6 1-1:Hamiltonian (Anderson model) The key effects included are the intradot and interdot Coulomb interactions and the coupling between the QDs with the metallic leads There is one energy level within each QD

7 1-2:Nonequilibrium Green’s function technique Ref[1]D. M. T. Kuo and Y. C. Chang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99,086803(2007) Ref[2]Y. C. Chang and D. M. T Kuo, Phys. Rev. B 77, (2008)

8 2:Linear response ZT as a function of T for different detuning energies. Solid and dash lines correspond, respectively, without and with intradot Coulomb interactions. EFEF EgEg Homogenous QD size, dilute QD density Ref[3]P. Murphy, S. Mukerjee, J. Morre, Phys. Rev. B 78, (2008).

9 2-1:Interdot Coulomb interactions (a)(b) (c) (d) Side view Top view High QD density (a) (b) (c ) (d)

10 2-2: ZT detuned by E g Noninteraction case EgEg EFEF High QD density

11 2-3: Inelastic scattering effect on ZT QD size fluctuations, defects between metallic electrodes and insulators and electron-phonon interactions,

12 2-4: Electrical conductance, thermal power and thermal conductance These curves correspond to Fig.3. The temperature-dependence of ZT is similar to that of the electrical conductivity.

13 2-5: G e, S and K e as a function of gate voltage G e : Coulomb oscillation S: Sawtooth-like shape K e : Sensitive to T

14 2-6:Midway between the good and poor conductors

15 2.7 Without vacuum layer

16 2.8 Different dot sizes 2nm

17 2.9 Thickness of SiO 2

18 3-1:Thermal rectification effect TLTL TRTR TLTL TRTR Two dot case

19 3-2: Thermal rectification efficiency (2 dots) TLTL TRTR TLTL TRTR Ref[4] R. Scheiber et al, New. J. Phys. 10, (2008)

20 3-3: Thermal rectification (three QDs) Dot A

21 3-4:The shift of QD energy levels caused by electrochemical potential THTH TLTL THTH TLTL VHVH VLVL VHVH VLVL Solid curves including Dashed curves excluding

22 3-5: Interdot Coulomb interactions Solid line U AC =15k B T 0 Dashed line U AC =10k B T 0 Dotted line U AC =5k B T 0 Dot-Dashed line U AC =0

23 3-6: Thermal rectification efficiency 2 dots3 dots

24 4:Conclusion (A) Figure of merit, ZT [1]The optimization of ZT depends not only on the temperature but also on the detuning energy [2]Inelastic scattering effect of electron-phonon interactions, QD size fluctuations, and defects lead to a considerable reduction to the ZT values (B)Thermal rectification [1] Very strong asymmetrical coupling between the dots and the electrodes. [2] Large energy level separation between dots [3]Strong interdot Coulomb interactions

25 4. Thermal rectification

26 4.1 Tunneling rates THTH TLTL THTH TLTL

27 4.2 Tuning energy level

28 4.3 Three-dots with uniform size The dot-dashed line indicates the junction system without asymmetrical heat current, when dots are identical.

29 4.4: Different sizes

30 4.5 :Gate voltage

31 4.6: Interdot Coulomb interactions

32 4.7:Energy level shifted by electrochemical potential

33 5:A single molecular QD (a)Hard to scaling up the thermal devices. (b)Hard to integrate with silicon based electronics. [1]P. Murphy, S.Mukerjee and J. Morre, Phys. Rev. B 78, (2008).

34 5.1:

35 5.2:Detuning energy

36 5.3:

37 5.4

38 5.5

39 5.6:

40 5.7: S to resolve high order phonon assisted tunneling


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