Characterisation: Primary Characters The Vengeful Bully The Rational Man The Bigot The man of Integrity
Characterisation: Juror 5 Attacked by Juror 3 Supported by 9 Experiences the prejudice of juror 10 Given Opportunity by 8 (feelings) Dismissed by 1
Characterisation: Character Binaries These binaries give a good summary of the key conflicts within the play
Characterisation: Alignments Lawful GoodNeutral GoodChaotic Good Lawful Neutral True Neutral Chaotic Neutral Lawful EvilNeutral EvilChaotic Evil You oughta have more respect, Mister. You say stuff like that again and Im gonna lay you out. Im not trying to change your mind, its just that we are talking about someones life here. I dont believe I have to be loyal to one side or another, Im simply asking questions. You cant send someone off to die on evidence like that.... Its not easy to stand alone against the ridicule of others. He gambled for support and I gave it to him. Hey, you just take of yourself, you know. I dont care whether Im alone or not, its my right. Frankly, I dont see how you can move for acquittal You know how these people lie, its born in them.
Characterisation: Character quotes: 6. You oughta have more respect, Mister. You say stuff like that again and Im gonna lay you out. 8. Im not trying to change your mind, its just that we are talking about someones life here. 11. I dont believe I have to be loyal to one side or another, Im simply asking questions. 2. You cant send someone off to die on evidence like that Its not easy to stand alone against the ridicule of others. He gambled for support and I gave it to him. 7. Hey, you just take care of yourself, you know. 3. I dont care whether Im alone or not, its my right. 4. Frankly, I dont see how you can move for acquittal. 10.You know how these people lie, its born in them. 5.I used to play in a backyard that was filled with garbage. Maybe it still smells on me. 1. Please, please Um, if no- one else has an idea, I have a cutie, here. I mean I havent put much thought into it....
Characterisation: Character role-traits: Timid, Cowered Ineffectual in Leadership Intimidating, Hurt Bully, vengeful Dispassionate / Rational Disempowered, Knowing Unqualified, Decent Hedonistic, Sports fan Integrity, Empathy Prejudiced, Bigot Enlightened, Keeper of Values Hollow, Vacillating Bypassed Wisdom
Juror no. 1 (Foreman) The Ineffectual Leader Description: A small, petty man who is impressed with the authority he has and handles himself quite formally. Not overly bright, but dogged. He attempts to cut and run when things get difficult. Social Commentary: Ineffectual leadership (laissez faire and conflict avoidant) leaves the space for the potential for injustice. Key Script: Cut and run when it gets too hard.
Juror no. 2 The Intimidated Man Description: A meek, hesitant man. Although he is aware he is easily intimidated and finds it difficult to maintain any opinions of his own. Needs the courage of others if he is to stand up. Social Commentary: Those without courage create the opportunities for injustice, will follow the strong person. Key Script: Avoid getting hurt; go along to get along.
Juror no. 3 The Intimidating Man (Hurt Bully) Description: A very strong, very forceful, extremely opinionated man within whom can be detected a streak of sadism. He is a humourless man (in this context) who is intolerant of opinions other than his own and accustomed to forcing his wishes and views upon others. A Bully. Social Commentary: a) Intimidation is a valid process for getting what you want; b) When everything is personal justice is denied. Key Script: Shout to be heard and to get your own way.
Juror no. 4 The Rational Man Description: Seems to be a man of wealth and position (Stockbroker). He is a practiced speaker who presents himself well at all times. He seems to feel a little bit above the rest of the jurors. His only concern is with the facts in this case, and he is appalled at the behaviour of the others. Social Commentary: Dispassionate Rationalism can be just another cover; does not guarantee justice. Key Script: Head over heart... Thats the way to do life.
Juror no. 5 The Disempowered Man Description: A disempowered, very frightened young man who takes his obligations in this case very seriously; but, who finds it difficult to speak up when those with authority have the floor. He comes from the same disadvantaged background as the defendant. Social Commentary: The voiceless and disempowered are at the mercy of others but are unlikely to get it. Yet they have a legitimate voice and need to be heard. Key Script: No one listens to me so why say anything.
Juror no. 6 The Unqualified Man Description: An everyday honest working man but somewhat dull-witted. He comes to his decisions slowly and often guided by others. A man who finds it difficult to create positive opinions, and therefore listens to, digests and accepts those opinions offered by others which appeal to him most; especially, those who have authority over him. However, he is a moral man and can stand up for those being treated badly. Social Commentary: a) That fear-based decision-making has negative ramifications; b) Those that leave critical thinking to others are part of the problem – they fail the democratic process and the pursuit of justice. Key Script: Im not qualified – leave it to others who are better at it.
Juror no. 7 The Hedonistic Man Description: A loud, brash salesman type who has more important things to do than to sit on a jury. He is quick to show temper, quick to form opinions on things about which he knows nothing. Is a bully and, of course, a coward. He is also about his own pleasures and convenience; moral virtue does not take precedence. Social Commentary: Those that place self-interest above their responsibility and civic duty are given to expediency and cannot be relied on for justice. Key Script: Dont inconvenience me; my pleasure/convenience comes first.
Juror no. 8 The Man of Integrity Description: A quiet, thoughtful, gentle man. A man who sees all sides of every question and constantly seeks the truth. A man of strength tempered with compassion. Above all, he is a man who wants justice to be done and will strive to see that it is. Takes responsibility! Social Commentary: If they are to remain alive, Democracy and Justice are an individuals responsibility and must be deliberately and consciously engaged (sometimes courageously). Key Script: Take responsibility seriously. Care about others.
Juror no. 9 The Wise Man Description: A mild gentle old man long since defeated by time. A man who recognises himself for what he is and mourns the days when it would have been possible to be courageous without shielding himself behind his many years. However, he is also a wise man who has lived life sufficiently to know that other voices are worth hearing, especially those with the courage of their convictions. Social Commentary: Justice requires us to at least listen to the dissenter. Objectivity and compassion are two of the keys to the proper function of justice and democracy. Key Script: It doesnt hurt to listen.
Juror no. 10 The Bigoted Man Description: An angry, bitter man. He is a man who antagonises almost at sight. A bigot, who places no value on any human life save his own, a man who has been nowhere and is going nowhere and knows it deep within himself. Social Commentary: Through this character is described the potential danger of allowing racism and bigotry to go unchecked; xenophobia guarantees injustice will prevail. Bigotry can subvert the rights of individuals in a democratic society. Key Script: Everyone has to be like me.
Juror no. 11 The Enlightened Man Description: A refugee from Europe who has come to this country in A man who speaks with an accent and who is self-conscious, humble, almost subservient to the people around him, but who will honestly seek justice because he has suffered through so much injustice. Social Commentary: If democracy and justice are to work they must be thoughtfully valued and rationally and logically defended at every opportunity. Key Script: Dont let it happen to others.
Juror no. 12 The Hollow Man Description: A slick, bright advertising man who thinks of human beings in terms of percentages, graphs and polls and has no real understanding of them. He is superficial, trying to be all things to all men, but wants to be thought of better than he is. He is not very intelligent. Social Commentary: His lack of defined point of view reflects Americas post-war materialism; hollow and vacillating – no sense of social responsibility, responsible thought or behaviour. Key Script: Ive got nothing; that is, unless you like it.
A Look Around the Table Opinion Shapers Opinion Facilitators Opinion Followers
The Timid The Ineffectual Leader The Aggressiveness Bully The Dispassionately Rational The Disempowered The Unqualified The Hedonistic The Carrier of Integrity The Bigot The Enlightened The Hollow The Bypassed Wise Opinion Shapers Opinion Facilitators Opinion Followers
The Timid The Ineffectual Leader The Aggressive Bully The Dispassionately Rational The Disempowered The Unqualified The Hedonistic The Carrier of Integrity The Bigot The Enlightened The Hollow The Bypassed Wise Opinion Shapers
The Timid The Ineffectual Leader The Aggressive Bully The Dispassionately Rational The Disempowered The Unqualified The Hedonistic The Carrier of Integrity The Bigot The Enlightened The Hollow Bypassed Wisdom Opinion Facilitators
The Timid The Ineffectual Leader The Aggressiveness Bully The Dispassionately Rational The Disempowered The Unqualified The Hedonistic The Carrier of Integrity The Bigot The Enlightened The Hollow The Bypassed Wise Opinion Followers