Presentation on theme: "Ape-men: the Grand Illusion Title 2 Dr. Terry Mortenson"— Presentation transcript:
1Ape-men: the Grand Illusion Title 2 Dr. Terry Mortenson This template is intended for talk titles. Although it can be used for significant section titles, its “cover page” feel makes it best used once at the beginning of a presentation. Subtitle can be as its name suggests or the speaker’s name. Presentation Team recommends title text size as 50–72 and subtitle size as 30–48 with optimal sizes already used in this example. This also contains a floating AiG logo that can be repositioned or removed as appropriate for the overhead’s content.
7New Faces of the Human Past Natural History Feb 2007February 2007New Faces of the Human Past
8Evolution tree & creation forest A hominid is any member of the biological family Hominidae (the "great apes"), including the extinct and extant humans, chimpanzees, gorillas, and orangutans. This classification has been revised several times in the last few decades. These various revisions have led to a varied use of the word "hominid": the original meaning of Hominidae referred only to the modern meaning of Hominina, i.e. only humans and their closest relatives. The meaning of the taxon changed gradually, leading to the modern meaning of "hominid," which includes all great apes.The primatological term hominid is easily confused with a number of very similar words:A hominoid or ape is a member of the superfamily Hominoidea: extant members are the lesser apes (gibbons) and great apes.A hominid is a member of the family Hominidae: all of the great apes.A hominine is a member of the subfamily Homininae: gorillas, chimpanzees, humans (excludes orangutans).A hominin is a member of the tribe Hominini: chimpanzees and humans.A hominan is a member of the sub-tribe Hominina: modern humans and their extinct relatives.A human is a member of Homo sapiens. The word is sometimes also used to refer to any extinct member of the genus Homo or members from other hominan genera.A humanoid is a vaguely human-shaped entity; the term is typically used in science fiction.Certain morphological characteristics are still used conventionally to support the idea that hominid should only denote humans and human ancestors, namely bipedalism (walking on two feet) and large brains. These points of departure between human beings and the other great apes are important, but according to genetically based taxonomic classification, are not enough to divide us into separate families. Genetics, rather than morphology, is more widely accepted as the critical standard. Many scientists, including anthropologists, use the term to mean humans and their direct and near-direct bipedal ancestors.Two charts from Reinhard Junker, Is Man Descended from Adam? (Biblical Creation Society, 2000, translated by Steven Robinson), p
9Glasses—data and interp Which view fits the facts?As we look at what the evolutionists say and what the Bible says, we will see that the scientific evidence fits with the Bible but it does not at all confirm the evolutionist story.Adapted from Reinhard Junker, Is Man Descended from Adam? (Biblical Creation Society, 2000, translated by Steven Robinson), p. 6.
10Template Suite 1-Content 01360 AustralopithecusAs a content template, this is best suited for standard content such as outlines, quotations, Scriptures, and maybe illustrations or photos. Presentation Team recommends 48–60 pt. font for headings and 28–40 pt. for body text. Because of eye flow and visual psychology, the top line may be a little closer than all other sides. This also contains a floating AiG logo that can be repositioned or removed as appropriate for the overhead’s content.
12Lucy, partial and full “Lucy,” Ethiopia (1973-74) Found by Donald Johanson, came back into came and the Beatles song “Lucy in the skys with diamonds” was playing.Research has since shown that Lucy was male not female (David Menton’s video: Lucy: She’s no lady)More australopithecines have been found and the consensus is that they are transitional forms between chimps and humans. But the australopithecine fingers are long and curved like a chimpanzee and the wrist has a locking mechanism like chimpanzees that walk on their knuckles on all fours. The organ of balance is also very chimp-like in the australopithecines. Conclusions can be difficult to draw because these fossils are fragmentary and broken and must be reassembled.
13Lucy in the flesh--London Notice!The hands and feetThe upright postureThe faceTruthKnuckle-walker, similar to a pygmy chimp or gorillaPNAS (Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci), vol 104:16 (17 April 2007, pp : research concludes that Lucy most closely resembles a gorilla or at least the robust australopithecines (no longer considered to be ancestral to man).Photo by Ken HamThe fossil evidence shows that Lucy (a specimen of Australopithecus afarensis) had very chimp-like body proportions (only 4 feet tall when upright) with long arms and short legs, wrists designed for knucklewalking, long curved hands and feet (with opposing big toes like in apes, not like in humans) for grasping trees, and hip/pelvic shape that indicates that she spent much time in trees, not walking like humans. See critique of the BBC’s Walking with Cavemen, at <www.biblicalcreation.org> and the video by Dr. David Menton (anatomy professor), called “Lucy: She’s no lady!” available from <www.answersingenesis.org>.
14Lovejoy grinding Lucy’s hips Dr. Owen Lovejoy & Lucy’s HipsDr. Owen Lovejoy, famous anthropology professor at Kent State University in OhioFrom the science TV show NOVA
15Template Suite 1-Content 01360 Neanderthal ManAs a content template, this is best suited for standard content such as outlines, quotations, Scriptures, and maybe illustrations or photos. Presentation Team recommends 48–60 pt. font for headings and 28–40 pt. for body text. Because of eye flow and visual psychology, the top line may be a little closer than all other sides. This also contains a floating AiG logo that can be repositioned or removed as appropriate for the overhead’s content.
16Neanderthals—then (1856) and now (1983) 1856 is when the first Neanderthal was found in the Neander Valley near Dusseldorf, Germany. Initially thought by scientists to be fully human, a man with rickets1863 TH Huxley called it ancient human but not direct ancestor to modern man1864 William King (Irish geologist) declared at meeting of BAAS that it was a different species and named it Homo neanderthalensis1908 three RC priests excavated a nearly complete skeleton near La Chapelle-aux-Saints, France, and gave it to Marcellin Boule, anatomist at Museum d’Histoire Naturelle in Paris to declared it to be a hairy bestial creature with large brain but little intellect, which became the widely accepted view, even today.The drawing was made by Zdenek Burian, according to Reinhard Junker, Is Man Descended from Adam? (Biblical Creation Society, 2000, translated by Steven Robinson), p. 7, from which the picture was taken. The right picture is from p. 8 of the same book and was done by Haviland in A similar contrast between the early ape-like and recent, modern-human-like (in a suitcoat and tie even) reconstructions is in Rick Gore, “Neandertals,” National Geographic 189:1 (Jan. 1996), pp The picture of the two in NG is taken from the Neanderthal Museum in Erkrath, Germany.According to Neanderthals:Lived 350, ,000 years agoSpread across Europe and as far east as southern Siberia and UzbekistanLast known refuge in caves in southern IberiaDied off just 10,000 yeas after modern man arrived in EuropeDistinct species from modern humans although scientists debate if they interbredAverage male stood 5.4 feet tall while females were 5 feet tall but heavily builtSkulls had 10 per cent greater capacity than modern humansMost Neanderthals died by the age of 30 years old.1856
17Neanderthal man—changing pictures: TIME magazine Changing Faces of NeanderthalTime, March 1994Newsweek, Mar. 2007CNN, 2006From TIME, 14 March 1994, ppCNN picture: “Neanderthal bone gives DNA clues,” 15 NovThe subtitle of the Newsweek picture said, “Neanderthal: In Europe 200,000 to 30,000 years ago, but not our ancestor.” Sharon Begley, “Beyond Stones and Bones,” Newsweek (19 Mar. 2007), p. 58.Photo 2008: accessed 26 Aug The article said that they made stone tools just as sophisticated as Homo sapiens made—overthrowing an evolutionist belief held to the contrary for over 60 years.ScienceDaily.com August 2008
18Neanderthal Museum2010Top: (public domain picture from Laura Strobl at AiG).Left: (see copyright on file in cabinet under Neander-homo NM 2010a).Right: (public domain picture from Laura Strobl at AiG).. Museum calls the lady: Cro-Magnon Neanderthal
20Dead Sea Scroll caveEssene caves where the Dead Sea Scrolls were found in 1947.
21Heb. 11:38 NASHebrews 11:38… men of whom the world was not worthy, wandering in deserts and mountains and caves and holes in the ground.Sarah, Jacob, Lazarus: Buried in a caveLot, Elijah, David: Lived in a cave:
23Neanderthals--archeology Archaeological evidence that Neanderthals were 100% humanMade sophisticated spears, needles & stone toolsUsed make-up and seashell jewelryHunted dolphins and sealsHad controlled use of fireBuilt huts from animal skinsMade flutes out of bear femursCared for their sick & ceremonially buried their deadPossessed the hyoid bone (in the voice-box) “almost identical” to modern humans and had the speech-enabling gene FOXP2Source of info for above and below: 14 Nov article and Kate Wong “Twilight of the Neandertals,” Scientific American (Aug. 2009), pp (in my file cabinet)CMI article: Neanderthal mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) shows man is different species?Considerable debate in the evolutionary community Issues such as postmortem contamination, small sample size, enormous mtDNA diversity in non-human primates, effects of population bottlenecks, and molecular clock inaccuracies render a solution impossible at this time. In 2006, U.S. and German scientists announced plans to reconstruct a draft of the Neanderthal genome over the next two years. But their interpretations of the data will depend on which areas are accurately sequenced and the worldview assumptions of the scientists.Hyoid bone (has other functions that just speech, as it is found in non-talking animals)—see below for documentation. The larynx is made of cartilage (soft tissue) and has not been found fossilized (as of 2008).language gene (FOXP2) in Neanderthals: accessed 12 April 2008, research published 18 OctOther information on Neanderthal in Marvin Lubenow, Bones of Contention, 2nd ed.RE. Neanderthal bone flute see: andArensburg, B., A. M. Tillier, et al. (1989). "A Middle Palaeolithic human hyoid bone." Nature 338(6218): pp Abstract: “The origin of human language, and in particular the question of whether or not Neanderthal man was capable of language/speech, is of major interest to anthropologists but remains an area of great controversy. Despite palaeoneurological evidence to the contrary, many researchers hold to the view that Neanderthals were incapable of language/speech, basing their arguments largely on studies of laryngeal/basicranial morphology. Studies, however, have been hampered by the absence of unambiguous fossil evidence. We now report the discovery of a well-preserved human hyoid bone from Middle Palaeolithic layers of Kebara Cave, Mount Carmel, Israel, dating from about 60,000 years BP. The bone is almost identical in size and shape to the hyoid of present-day populations, suggesting that there has been little or no change in the visceral skeleton (including the hyoid, middle ear ossicles, and inferentially the larynx) during the past 60,000 years of human evolution. We conclude that the morphological basis for human speech capability appears to have been fully developed during the Middle Palaeolithic.”FromRegarding McCarthy’s computer simulation (based on fossil evidence) that Neanderthals could not make the modern English “e” sound, Washington University anthropologist Erik Trinkaus disputes the finding’s significance: “Ultimately what is important is not the anatomy of the mouth but the neuronal control of it,” Trinkaus says, referencing Neanderthals’ large brains.Neanderthals also possessed the FOXP2 gene (the so-called “language gene”) that is unique in humans. Humans missing FOXP2 suffer from language and speech disorders.Ultimately, it is impossible to reproduce with absolute accuracy what Neanderthals would have sounded like, and what vowels they could produce, from mere fossils.Furthermore, even if Neanderthals were unable to produce a particular vowel, that may not be any more of a sign of communication breakdown than the inability of certain modern humans to pronounce the sounds of various foreign languages. For all we know, Neanderthals may have been able to produce many more sounds than modern humans can.
24Template Suite 1-Content 01360 More problematic “missing links”As a content template, this is best suited for standard content such as outlines, quotations, Scriptures, and maybe illustrations or photos. Presentation Team recommends 48–60 pt. font for headings and 28–40 pt. for body text. Because of eye flow and visual psychology, the top line may be a little closer than all other sides. This also contains a floating AiG logo that can be repositioned or removed as appropriate for the overhead’s content.
25Purple blank Piltdown Man, 1912 The evidence: a piece of jawtwo molar teetha piece of skullThe confident interpretation:“A discovery of supreme importance … was announced at the Geological Society on … 18 Dec.  … a part … of the most ancient [500,000 years] inhabitant of England, if not of Europe … the remains thus far recovered leave no possible doubt but that they represent, … a man who must be regarded as affording us a link with our remote ancestors, the apes.”Over the next 40 years, more than 500 scientific essays were written about the fossils, according to TIME (http://www.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804, _ _ ,00.html, accessed 27 Oct 2009)Illustrated London News, 28 Dec. 1912
261953: Hoax exposed Piltdown Man #2 * Teeth & jaw bone — Orangutan dead for 50 years* Skull bone — Human, C-14 dated at years old* Teeth had been filed down & bones were artificially colored
27Nebraska Man Nebraska Man 1922: Confident interpretation – ape-man The evidence – a single toothSource: Gary Parker, Creation: Facts of Life (Master Books), p or Ian Taylor, In the Minds of Men,source of original picture: *******************************According to this well researched Muslim siteHenry Fairfield Osborn named this tooth “Nebraska Man.” (Hesperophithecus haroldcookii, a form of Pithecanthropus erectus)In 1927 other parts of skeleton were found and reinterpreted as a tooth from an extinct species of pig (in the genus Prosthennops): William K. Gregory, "Hesperopithecus Apparently Not An Ape Nor A Man," Science, vol. 66:1720 (16 Dec. 1927), pp (article in computer file in pdf form)1928: re-interp. – extinct species of pig
28(Homo heidelbergensis) Boxgrove ManBoxgrove Man(Homo heidelbergensis)Evidence ( ):one shin bone—clearly humantwo teeth—clearly human, but not found close enough to be necessarily from the same individualSource of picture and info: The Daily Mail (London), 20 June 1995, p. 15.David Tyler summarizes the research atEvidence found in quarry at Boxgrove, near Chicester in SW England, deposits classed as Middle Pleistocene (creationists would say this is probably post-flood)Shin found May 1994Two teeth found separately in late 1995, the first showing dental diseaseVarious dating methods were used giving dates ranging from 175,000 to 524,000 years. Finally narrowed the dates by using vole evolution data in northern Spain. There is considerable controversy whether this is the oldest European man or not.Primitive stone tools—clearly human artifactsIdentity?100% man, post-Babel“300, ,000 yrs”
29Summary of defunct ape-men Homo sapiens neanderthalensis — humanRamapithecus — extinct type of orangutanEanthropus (Piltdown Man) — hoaxHesperopithecus (Nebraska Man) — pigAustralopithecus africanus — some kind of apeAustralopithecus afarensis — like a chimpanzeeHomo habilis — junk category, never existedHomo erectus — many evolutionists: fully humanPithecanthropus (Java Man , f. 1890s)Sinanthropus (Peking Man, f s)Homo Habilis—some evolutionists have argued that it is a mixture of australopithecine and Homo erectus fossils, so combining bones from two taxons into one taxon. Others have argued that it is just a variant of australopithecines.Peking man evidence was all lost in 1941 during WW2. We only have plaster casts remainingThere is NO clear evidence that man evolved!
30Purple blank “It’s hard to find someone who can draw a realistic- looking early hominid.That’s why theGeographic’sart department conducteda search for new talent.Four artists were pickedto receive casts of two-million-year-old femaleHomo habilis fossils (left).From these bits of evidence they were to sketch—in skeletal and fleshed-out form—the hominid to whom the bones belonged.”“Behind the Scenes,” National Geographic (March 2000)
31Purple blank “‘Each artist had two weeks with the bones before they were sent onto the next persons,’ sayscoordinator Kris Hannah.‘Research was completelyup to the individual.That’s why their worklooks so different.There’s no one way todraw her.’Paleoanthropologists reviewed the results. Intrigued with all four entries, the art department has invited the artists to paint finished versions based on input from the consultants.”
32National Geographic—Behind the scences #1—four women
33Purple blank2001“Until a few years ago, the evolutionary history of our species was thought to be reasonably straight-forward. … But lately, confusion has been sown in the human evolutionary tree. … The confusion now looks set to increase still further.”Lieberman is a professor in the Department of Anthropology, The George Washington University, in Wash. DC.Daniel E. Lieberman, “Another Face in our Family Tree,” Nature, vol. 410 (22 March 2001), p. 420.
34Lucy’s baby—2006 deception “Lucy's Baby, a StunningFossil”Ape-man DeceptionNew ApeNew HumanShoulder blades & neck vertebra—like a gorillaInner ear canals—like African apesLong curved finger—like tree-dwelling apeVoice box—like a chimpanzee’scranial capacity—like a chimpanzeePicture and details from accessed 22 Sept 2006 and on file in computer (see BBC report on file too.Found in 1999 in sandstone layer near Dikika, Ethiopia, about 4 km from where Lucy was dug up inThe scapulae (shoulder blades) were the first ever found for austropithecines.The fossil evidence shows curved fingers, but the art work shows them straight like humans. And there doesn’t appear to be any toe bones, but they ear drawn like humans too, even though we know from other australopithecine bones that the toes are curved like apes too.20 Sept
35How to make an ape-man? How to make an ape-man? A few human bones + imagination = ape-manA few ape (?) bones + imagination = ape-manA few ape bones + a few human bones + imagination = ape-manGrind or file the ape bones + imagination = ape-manA few human bonesA few ape bonesape + human bonesGrind or file the ape bones
36Template Suite 1-Content 01360 What does theBible say?As a content template, this is best suited for standard content such as outlines, quotations, Scriptures, and maybe illustrations or photos. Presentation Team recommends 48–60 pt. font for headings and 28–40 pt. for body text. Because of eye flow and visual psychology, the top line may be a little closer than all other sides. This also contains a floating AiG logo that can be repositioned or removed as appropriate for the overhead’s content.
37Man—supernatural & unique Man was createdsupernaturallyand isuniquefrom all other creatures.
38Stott 1981—pre-Adamites 1“It seems perfectly possible to reconcile the historicity of Adam with at least some (theistic) evolutionary theory. Many biblical Christians in fact do so, believing them to be not entirely incompatible.To assert the historicity of an original pair who sinned through disobedience is one thing;”John Stott, quoted in Colin Chapman, The Case for Christianity (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1981), p. 130.
39Stott 1981—pre-Adamites 1“it is quite another to deny all evolution and assert the separate and special creation of everything, including both subhuman creatures and Adam’s body.”Picture from downloaded 15 April 2005John Stott, quoted in Colin Chapman, The Case for Christianity (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1981), p. 130.
40Stott 1981—pre-Adamites 2“The suggestion (for it is no more than this) does not seem to me to be against Scripture and therefore impossible that when God made man in His own image, what He did was to stamp His own likeness on one of the many ‘hominids’ which appear to have been living at the time.”Stott (1981), p. 130.
41Stott 1981—pre-Adamites 2“Speaking hesitatingly as a non-scientist,” Stott goes on to indicate that he leans toward the idea of pre-Adamite hominids who were anatomically indistinguishable from modern man but who did not bear the image of God.Stott (1981), p. 130.
42Gen. 2:7 NASGenesis 2:7Then the LORD God formed man from the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living being.KJV “living soul”NKJV “living being”
43The Bible Theistic Evolution Genesis 2:7 diagrams NASThe Bibleman + Divine breath = living creaturenephesh chayyah (also Gen. 1:20-21, 24; 9:10)1 Corinthians 15:45a“the first man, Adam, became a living soul”Theistic EvolutionXliving creature + Divine breath = mannephesh chayyah
44Gen. 3:19 NASGenesis 3:19By the sweat of your face You will eat bread, till you return to the ground, because from it you were taken; for you are dust, and to dust you shall return.I’ve got news for your folks, when you die you are not going to become some sub-human living creature. You are literally going to become dust.
45Gen. 2:22 NASGenesis 2:22The LORD God fashioned into a woman the rib which He had taken from the man, and brought her to the man.
46Genesis 4 Gen. 4 Cain built a city. Six generations later – * Some people were tent-dwelling herdsmen.* Others were gifted musicians, miners and metal-workers.
48Dembski 2009, p. 154-155—humans vs animals #1 “Regardless of how we explain human origins (whether through special creation or through an evolutionary process), the reading of Genesis 1-3 that I’m proposing here requires that whatever makes humans distinctly human (thereby separating them from the rest of the animals and infilling them with God’s image) must happen at the precise point when they enter the Garden.”Dembski is Professor of Philosophy at Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary, Fort Worth, TXDembski, The End of Christianity (2009), p. 154.
49Dembski 2009, p. 154-155—humans vs animals #2 “For if the world outside the Garden of Eden exhibits the effects of the Fall (which, chronologically speaking, has yet to happen), then as fully God-conscious humans, they would be experiencing the punishing effects of the Fall while they were still, literally, innocent. And this eventuality is precisely what the theodicy developed here attempts to forestall.”Dembski, The End of Christianity (2009), p
50Dembski 2009, p. 154-155—humans vs animals #3 “Any evils humans experience outside the Garden before God breathes into them the breath of life would be experienced as natural evils in the same way that other animals experience them. The pain would be real, but it would not be experienced as divine justice in response to willful rebellion.”Dembski is Professor of Philosophy at Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary, Fort Worth, TXDembski, The End of Christianity, p. 155.
51Dembski 2009, p. 154-155—humans vs animals #4 “Moreover, once God breathes the breath of life into them, we may assume that the first humans experienced an amnesia of their former animal life: Operating [sic] on a higher plane of consciousness once infused with the breath of life, they would transcend the lower plane of animal consciousness on which they had previously operated—though after the Fall, they might be tempted to resort to that lower consciousness”“[sic]” is there because “Operating” should not be capitalized in the middle of the sentence or else the colon should be a period.Dembski, The End of Christianity, p. 155.
52Dembski 2009, p. 154-155—humans vs animals #5 “… According to Paul Brand [a physician], humans are initially created as animals but then further created to be much more than animals. Humans therefore enter the Garden created in God’s image; they leave the Garden still in God’s image but now also as sinners in need of redemption.”William A. Dembski, The End of Christianity: Finding a Good God in an Evil World (Nashville, TN: B&H Publ., 2009), p. 155.
53Dembski 2009, p. 158-159—human evolution #1 “What were humans doing before they received the divine image and entered the Garden of Eden? Creationists and theistic evolutionists answer this question differently. For creationists (whether young-earth or old-earth), humans bearing the divine image were created from scratch in the Garden of Eden.”William A. Dembski, The End of Christianity: Finding a Good God in an Evil World (Nashville, TN: B&H Publ., 2009), p. 158.
54Dembski 2009, p. 158-159—human evolution #2 “On this view, hominids with fully human bodies but lacking the divine image never existed. For theistic evolutionists, by contrast, primate ancestors evolved over several million years into hominids with fully human bodies. What happened next?”William A. Dembski, The End of Christianity: Finding a Good God in an Evil World (Nashville, TN: B&H Publ., 2009), p. 158.
55Dembski 2009, p. 158-159—human evolution #3 “In the theodicy I am proposing, these hominids initially lacked the cognitive and moral capacities required to bear the image of God. Then, at the moment they entered the Garden, they received God’s image and became fully human.”William A. Dembski, The End of Christianity: Finding a Good God in an Evil World (Nashville, TN: B&H Publ., 2009), p. 158.
56Dembski 2009, p. 158-159—human evolution #4 “Which of these options, the creationist or the evolutionist, is preferable? It’s not my purpose here to argue for the superiority of one over the other. My concern, rather, is to show what form evolution must take, if the theodicy developed in this book is to apply.”William A. Dembski, The End of Christianity: Finding a Good God in an Evil World (Nashville, TN: B&H Publ., 2009), p. 158.
57Dembski 2009, p. 158-159—human evolution #5 “Also, I want to show why the evolutionist option does not make the task of theodicy any easier than the creationist option ...”William A. Dembski, The End of Christianity: Finding a Good God in an Evil World (Nashville, TN: B&H Publ., 2009), p. 158.
58Dembski 2009, p. 158-159—human evolution #6 “For the theodicy I am proposing to be compatible with evolution, God must not merely introduce existing human-like beings from outside the Garden. In addition, when they enter the Garden, God must transform their consciousness so that they become rational moral agents made in God’s image.”William A. Dembski, The End of Christianity: Finding a Good God in an Evil World (Nashville, TN: B&H Publ., 2009), p. 159.
59Dembski 2009, p. 158-159—human evolution #7 “On the assumption that humans evolved, this transformation of human consciousness by God when they enter the Garden is essential to the kairological reading of Genesis outlined in the previous chapter.”William A. Dembski, The End of Christianity: Finding a Good God in an Evil World (Nashville, TN: B&H Publ., 2009), p. 159.
60Summary of Dembski’s view Two humans outside the Garden before the Fall, but without the image of God .Just before entering the Garden, God breathes into them His breath and image.Outside the Garden pre-Fall, they suffered natural evil, but without a sense of divine justice for their as-yet future rebellion.After the Fall they might resort to their pre-fall animal consciousness.
61AiG web site #1 “Mortenson Dembski” “Mortenson Dembski” “Mortenson Dembski”
62Nettles Review of Dembski 2009 Dr. Tom Nettles’ review of Dr. Dembski’s book:Southern Baptist Journal of Theology 13:4 (Winter, 2009), pp , on-line atDr. Nettles’ response to Dr. David Allen, “Nettles reply to Allen Mar 2010” at posted 23 March 2010.Tom Nettles’ very helpful critique of Dembski’s theodicy: Dr. Nettles is Professor of Historical Theology at SBTS.David Allen’s critical review (with a foreword by Paige Patterson, President of Southwestern) of Nettles’ reviewpublished FebDr. Allen is a theology professor and dean at SWBTS.Nettles’ response to Allen: posted 23 March 2010, with an introduction by Tom Ascol, Executive Director of Founders Ministries. The blog comments after Nettles’ response are enlightening.
63Man—supernatural & unique Dr. Tremper Longman (prof. of OT at Westmont College and formerly at Westminster Theological Seminary, Philadelphia) give his thoughts on Adam and Genesis 1-2: accessedDr. Tremper LongmanWestmont College
64Gen. 1:26 NASGenesis 1:26Then God said, “Let Us make man [adam] in Our image, according to Our likeness; and let them rule over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the sky and over the cattle and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth.”All flesh is not the same flesh, but there is one flesh of men, and another flesh of beasts, and another flesh of birds, and another of fish.
65Gen. 1:27 NASGenesis 1:27God created man [ha’adam] in His own image, in the image of God He created him; male and female He created them.All flesh is not the same flesh, but there is one flesh of men, and another flesh of beasts, and another flesh of birds, and another of fish.
66Gen. 2:7 NASGenesis 2:7Then the LORD God formed man [ha’adam] from the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living being.KJV “living soul”NKJV “living being”
67Gen. 2:8 NASGenesis 2:8The LORD God planted a garden toward the east, in Eden; and there He placed the man [ha’adam] whom He had formed.All flesh is not the same flesh, but there is one flesh of men, and another flesh of beasts, and another flesh of birds, and another of fish.
68Gen. 2:22-23 NASGenesis 2:22-2322. The LORD God fashioned into a woman the rib which He had taken from the man [ha’adam], and brought her to the man [ha’adam].23. The man [ha’adam] said, “This is now bone of my bones, and flesh of my flesh; she shall be called Woman [ishah], Because she was taken out of Man [ish].”All flesh is not the same flesh, but there is one flesh of men, and another flesh of beasts, and another flesh of birds, and another of fish.
69Gen. 2:25 NASGenesis 2:25And the man [ha’adam] and his wife were both naked and were not ashamed.Ch. 2: 15, 16, 18, 19, 20, 21Ch. 3: 9, 10, 12, 22, 24Ch. 4:1All flesh is not the same flesh, but there is one flesh of men, and another flesh of beasts, and another flesh of birds, and another of fish.
70Rom. 5:12 NASRomans 5:12, 14Therefore, just as through one man sin entered into the world, and death through sin, and so death spread to all men, because all sinned. … Nevertheless death reigned from Adam until Moses…
711 Corinthians 15:45 I Cor. 15:21-22, 45 NAS So also it is written, "The first MAN, Adam, BECAME A LIVING SOUL." The last Adam became a life-giving spirit.
74certainly exterminate and replace the savage races throughout the “At some future period,not very distant asmeasured by centuries,the civilized races ofman will almostcertainly exterminateand replace the savageraces throughout theworld. At the same timethe anthropomorphous apes … will no doubt be exterminated.”Charles Darwin, The Descent of Man (New York: A.L. Burt, 1874, 2nd ed.), p. 178.
75allies will then be wider, for it will intervene between man in a more “The break betweenman and his nearestallies will then be wider,for it will intervenebetween man in a morecivilized state, as wemay hope, even thanthe Caucasian, andsome ape as low as ababoon, instead of as now between the negro or Australian [aborigine] and the gorilla.”Charles Darwin, The Descent of Man (New York: A.L. Burt, 1874, 2nd ed.), p. 178.
76Purple blank“Biological arguments for racism may have been common before 1850, but they increased by orders of magnitude following the acceptance of evolutionary theory.”Stephen Jay Gould, Ontogeny and Phylogeny (Belknap-Harvard Press, 1977), pQC 674
77Discovery Channel web site, 11 Dec. 2007 article dated 11 Dec. 2007, accessed 27 July 2008Notice the arm length and subtly racist skin color change.Discovery Channel web site, 11 Dec. 2007
78Nat. Geog., 1985 Time-Life Books, 1971 Top chart: Kenneth F. Weaver “The Search for our Ancestors,” National Geographic (Nov. 1985), pp Notice the feet, hands, arm length, subtly racist skin color.Bottom chart: William Howells (Prof. of Anthrop., Harvard), Early Man (New York: Time-Life Books, 1971), ppTime-Life Books, 1971
79Acts 17:24-26 NASActs 17:24, 2624. The God who made the world and all things in it, since He is Lord of heaven and earth, does not dwell in temples made with hands; …26. and He made from one man every nation of mankind to live on all the face of the earth, having determined their appointed times and the boundaries of their habitation.
80Acts 17:24-26 KJVActs 17:24, 2624. God that made the world and all things therein, seeing that he is Lord of heaven and earth, dwelleth not in temples made with hands; …26. And hath made of one blood all nations of men for to dwell on all the face of the earth, and hath determined the times before appointed, and the bounds of their habitation;
84DNA picture and letters DNA is organized into chromosomes (people have 46) upon which many thousands of genes (units of heredity, comprised of nucleotide bases called T, G, C and A) are found. A chromosome is made up of 1 DNA molecule and associated proteins. DNA is a sequence of genes.UK evolutionist, Richard Dawkins, says that the amount of information in the DNA molecule of every cell of the human body is equivalent to about 3-4 sets of the 20 volumes of Encyclopedia Britannica.For comparison, the amount of information that could be stored in a pinhead’s volume of DNA is equal to a pile of paperback books (each different in content) 500 times as high as the distance from the earth to the moon. Or, a pinhead of DNA could hold 100 million times more information than a 40 gigabyte hard drive.Source: Jonathan Sarfati, “DNA: marvellous messages or mostly mess?,” Creation, 25:2 (March-May 2003), pp
882008: Mother is from Ghana, father from Germany, babies born in Berlin. “Ryan came first, and everything was as usual, said the hospital’s doctor, Birgit Weber. But when Leo [black baby] was born, I COULDN'T BELIEVE MY EYES.“ … “The doctor said she had been present at some 10,000 births over almost 20 years and had never seen anything quite like this, it has been reported.”“Two in a Million: Twins Born - One Black, One White,” 17 July 2008, accessed 18 July 2008.
89Multi-color twins close-up 2006: Both parents have black fathers and white mothersLucy Laing, “Twin Sisters—One Black, One White—Turn Heads in England,” JET, vol. 109:12 (27 March 2006), p. 36.Multi-color twins close-up
90“Black parents …white baby” “Blue-eyed blonde Nmachi, whose name means ‘Beauty of God’ in the Nigerian couple's homeland, has baffled genetics experts because neither Ben nor wife Angela have ANY mixed-race family history.”Doctors say it is not an albino and the baby is perfectly healthy. The couple was stunned, as were the doctors. Prof Bryan Sykes, head of Human Genetics at Oxford University and Britain’s leading expert, thinks that since albinoism is ruled out, it is probably due to some unknown mutation. All skin and eye color are controlled by the pigment melanin and there about a dozen genes controlling the amount and type of melanin. Read more: Virgina Wheeler, “Black parents … white baby,” 20 July 2010, accessed 1 Nov 2010.Copyright 2008 News Group Newspapers Ltd and/or it licensors. No use without permission. Contact
92Human variation since Noah NegroidFrom Reinhard Junker, Is Man Descended from Adam? (Biblical Creation Society, 2000, translated by Steven Robinson), p. 37.Neanderthal, Homo erectus and Cro Magnon have the same range of brain size and the same inner ear structure (key for determining that they habitually walked upright) as modern man has. They buried their dead and did artwork like modern man does, too.Good article (dated 2000) on Homo erectus being equal to modern man is: John Woodmorrape, “How different is the cranial-vault thickness of Homo erectus from modern man?”, <www.answersingenesis.org/home/area/magazines/tj/docs/v14n1_cranium.asp>
96Purple blankPicture and quote: Assoc. Press, “Crowds go ape over ‘humans’ zoo exhibit,” 26 Aug. 2005, still on line on 2009 Jan 25.London Zoo spokeswoman Polly Wills says, “Seeing people in a different environment, among other animals ... teaches members of the public that the human is just another primate.”
101Bones of Contention 04012Bones of Contentionby Marvin L. LubenowA thorough refutation of the supposed evidence for human evolution.Dr. Lubenow has done over 25 years of research and has debated evolutionary paleoanthropologists.
102One Blood, One Race by Ken Ham & Charles Ware general booksOne Blood, One Race by Ken Ham & Charles WareThe Biblical Answer to Racism
104Lucy-She’s No Lady DVD 04370Lucy: She’s No Lady!with Dr. David MentonAustrolopithecines were NOT our “missing link” ancestors!Assoc. Prof. of anatomy at Washington University School of Medicine for 34 years.PhD in Cell biology from Brown University.
105Fearfully and Wonderfully Made DVD 04352 Fearfully & Wonderfully Madewith Dr. David MentonAmazing evidence of creation—sensitively presented truth against abortion
106Cloning, Stem Cells, and the Value of Life Cloning Stem Cells DVD 04590Cloning, Stem Cells, and the Value of Lifewith Mike RiddleA powerful dose of truth on a vital controversy!
107Wood 2002—human evolution is illusion “There is a popular image of human evolution that you’ll find all over the place … On the left of the picture there’s an ape … On the right, a man … Between the two is a succession of figures that become ever more like humans … Our progress from ape to human looks so smooth, so tidy. It’s such a beguiling image that even the experts are loath to let it go. But it is an illusion.”Bernard Wood (prof. of human origins, George Washington Univ.), “Who are we?” New Scientist, 2366 (26 Oct. 2002), p. 44.