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Ape-men: the Grand Illusion Title 2 Dr. Terry Mortenson

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1 Ape-men: the Grand Illusion Title 2 Dr. Terry Mortenson
This template is intended for talk titles. Although it can be used for significant section titles, its “cover page” feel makes it best used once at the beginning of a presentation. Subtitle can be as its name suggests or the speaker’s name. Presentation Team recommends title text size as 50–72 and subtitle size as 30–48 with optimal sizes already used in this example. This also contains a floating AiG logo that can be repositioned or removed as appropriate for the overhead’s content.

2 Evolution of man progression?

3 TIME cover, 14 March 1994 14 March 1994

4 TIME cover, 23 July 2001 23 July 2001

5 National Geographic cover, August 2002

6 Scientific American cover, August 2003

7 New Faces of the Human Past
Natural History Feb 2007 February 2007 New Faces of the Human Past

8 Evolution tree & creation forest
A hominid is any member of the biological family Hominidae (the "great apes"), including the extinct and extant humans, chimpanzees, gorillas, and orangutans. This classification has been revised several times in the last few decades. These various revisions have led to a varied use of the word "hominid": the original meaning of Hominidae referred only to the modern meaning of Hominina, i.e. only humans and their closest relatives. The meaning of the taxon changed gradually, leading to the modern meaning of "hominid," which includes all great apes. The primatological term hominid is easily confused with a number of very similar words: A hominoid or ape is a member of the superfamily Hominoidea: extant members are the lesser apes (gibbons) and great apes. A hominid is a member of the family Hominidae: all of the great apes. A hominine is a member of the subfamily Homininae: gorillas, chimpanzees, humans (excludes orangutans). A hominin is a member of the tribe Hominini: chimpanzees and humans. A hominan is a member of the sub-tribe Hominina: modern humans and their extinct relatives. A human is a member of Homo sapiens. The word is sometimes also used to refer to any extinct member of the genus Homo or members from other hominan genera. A humanoid is a vaguely human-shaped entity; the term is typically used in science fiction. Certain morphological characteristics are still used conventionally to support the idea that hominid should only denote humans and human ancestors, namely bipedalism (walking on two feet) and large brains. These points of departure between human beings and the other great apes are important, but according to genetically based taxonomic classification, are not enough to divide us into separate families. Genetics, rather than morphology, is more widely accepted as the critical standard. Many scientists, including anthropologists, use the term to mean humans and their direct and near-direct bipedal ancestors. Two charts from Reinhard Junker, Is Man Descended from Adam? (Biblical Creation Society, 2000, translated by Steven Robinson), p

9 Glasses—data and interp
Which view fits the facts? As we look at what the evolutionists say and what the Bible says, we will see that the scientific evidence fits with the Bible but it does not at all confirm the evolutionist story. Adapted from Reinhard Junker, Is Man Descended from Adam? (Biblical Creation Society, 2000, translated by Steven Robinson), p. 6.

10 Template Suite 1-Content 01360
Australopithecus As a content template, this is best suited for standard content such as outlines, quotations, Scriptures, and maybe illustrations or photos. Presentation Team recommends 48–60 pt. font for headings and 28–40 pt. for body text. Because of eye flow and visual psychology, the top line may be a little closer than all other sides. This also contains a floating AiG logo that can be repositioned or removed as appropriate for the overhead’s content.

11 Australopithecines—Kenya map

12 Lucy, partial and full “Lucy,” Ethiopia (1973-74)
Found by Donald Johanson, came back into came and the Beatles song “Lucy in the skys with diamonds” was playing. Research has since shown that Lucy was male not female (David Menton’s video: Lucy: She’s no lady) More australopithecines have been found and the consensus is that they are transitional forms between chimps and humans. But the australopithecine fingers are long and curved like a chimpanzee and the wrist has a locking mechanism like chimpanzees that walk on their knuckles on all fours. The organ of balance is also very chimp-like in the australopithecines. Conclusions can be difficult to draw because these fossils are fragmentary and broken and must be reassembled.

13 Lucy in the flesh--London
Notice! The hands and feet The upright posture The face Truth Knuckle-walker, similar to a pygmy chimp or gorilla PNAS (Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci), vol 104:16 (17 April 2007, pp : research concludes that Lucy most closely resembles a gorilla or at least the robust australopithecines (no longer considered to be ancestral to man). Photo by Ken Ham The fossil evidence shows that Lucy (a specimen of Australopithecus afarensis) had very chimp-like body proportions (only 4 feet tall when upright) with long arms and short legs, wrists designed for knucklewalking, long curved hands and feet (with opposing big toes like in apes, not like in humans) for grasping trees, and hip/pelvic shape that indicates that she spent much time in trees, not walking like humans. See critique of the BBC’s Walking with Cavemen, at <www.biblicalcreation.org> and the video by Dr. David Menton (anatomy professor), called “Lucy: She’s no lady!” available from <www.answersingenesis.org>.

14 Lovejoy grinding Lucy’s hips
Dr. Owen Lovejoy & Lucy’s Hips Dr. Owen Lovejoy, famous anthropology professor at Kent State University in Ohio From the science TV show NOVA

15 Template Suite 1-Content 01360
Neanderthal Man As a content template, this is best suited for standard content such as outlines, quotations, Scriptures, and maybe illustrations or photos. Presentation Team recommends 48–60 pt. font for headings and 28–40 pt. for body text. Because of eye flow and visual psychology, the top line may be a little closer than all other sides. This also contains a floating AiG logo that can be repositioned or removed as appropriate for the overhead’s content.

16 Neanderthals—then (1856) and now (1983)
1856 is when the first Neanderthal was found in the Neander Valley near Dusseldorf, Germany. Initially thought by scientists to be fully human, a man with rickets 1863 TH Huxley called it ancient human but not direct ancestor to modern man 1864 William King (Irish geologist) declared at meeting of BAAS that it was a different species and named it Homo neanderthalensis 1908 three RC priests excavated a nearly complete skeleton near La Chapelle-aux-Saints, France, and gave it to Marcellin Boule, anatomist at Museum d’Histoire Naturelle in Paris to declared it to be a hairy bestial creature with large brain but little intellect, which became the widely accepted view, even today. The drawing was made by Zdenek Burian, according to Reinhard Junker, Is Man Descended from Adam? (Biblical Creation Society, 2000, translated by Steven Robinson), p. 7, from which the picture was taken. The right picture is from p. 8 of the same book and was done by Haviland in A similar contrast between the early ape-like and recent, modern-human-like (in a suitcoat and tie even) reconstructions is in Rick Gore, “Neandertals,” National Geographic 189:1 (Jan. 1996), pp The picture of the two in NG is taken from the Neanderthal Museum in Erkrath, Germany. According to Neanderthals: Lived 350, ,000 years ago Spread across Europe and as far east as southern Siberia and Uzbekistan Last known refuge in caves in southern Iberia Died off just 10,000 yeas after modern man arrived in Europe Distinct species from modern humans although scientists debate if they interbred Average male stood 5.4 feet tall while females were 5 feet tall but heavily built Skulls had 10 per cent greater capacity than modern humans Most Neanderthals died by the age of 30 years old. 1856

17 Neanderthal man—changing pictures: TIME magazine
Changing Faces of Neanderthal Time, March 1994 Newsweek, Mar. 2007 CNN, 2006 From TIME, 14 March 1994, pp CNN picture: “Neanderthal bone gives DNA clues,” 15 Nov The subtitle of the Newsweek picture said, “Neanderthal: In Europe 200,000 to 30,000 years ago, but not our ancestor.” Sharon Begley, “Beyond Stones and Bones,” Newsweek (19 Mar. 2007), p. 58. Photo 2008: accessed 26 Aug The article said that they made stone tools just as sophisticated as Homo sapiens made—overthrowing an evolutionist belief held to the contrary for over 60 years. ScienceDaily.com August 2008

18 Neanderthal Museum 2010 Top: (public domain picture from Laura Strobl at AiG). Left: (see copyright on file in cabinet under Neander-homo NM 2010a). Right: (public domain picture from Laura Strobl at AiG).. Museum calls the lady: Cro-Magnon Neanderthal

19 Aborigines - Photo

20 Dead Sea Scroll cave Essene caves where the Dead Sea Scrolls were found in 1947.

21 Heb. 11:38 NAS Hebrews 11:38 … men of whom the world was not worthy, wandering in deserts and mountains and caves and holes in the ground. Sarah, Jacob, Lazarus: Buried in a cave Lot, Elijah, David: Lived in a cave:

22 Osama bin Laden Osama ben Laden

23 Neanderthals--archeology
Archaeological evidence that Neanderthals were 100% human Made sophisticated spears, needles & stone tools Used make-up and seashell jewelry Hunted dolphins and seals Had controlled use of fire Built huts from animal skins Made flutes out of bear femurs Cared for their sick & ceremonially buried their dead Possessed the hyoid bone (in the voice-box) “almost identical” to modern humans and had the speech-enabling gene FOXP2 Source of info for above and below: 14 Nov article and Kate Wong “Twilight of the Neandertals,” Scientific American (Aug. 2009), pp (in my file cabinet) CMI article: Neanderthal mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) shows man is different species? Considerable debate in the evolutionary community Issues such as postmortem contamination, small sample size, enormous mtDNA diversity in non-human primates, effects of population bottlenecks, and molecular clock inaccuracies render a solution impossible at this time. In 2006, U.S. and German scientists announced plans to reconstruct a draft of the Neanderthal genome over the next two years. But their interpretations of the data will depend on which areas are accurately sequenced and the worldview assumptions of the scientists. Hyoid bone (has other functions that just speech, as it is found in non-talking animals)—see below for documentation. The larynx is made of cartilage (soft tissue) and has not been found fossilized (as of 2008). language gene (FOXP2) in Neanderthals: accessed 12 April 2008, research published 18 Oct Other information on Neanderthal in Marvin Lubenow, Bones of Contention, 2nd ed. RE. Neanderthal bone flute see: and Arensburg, B., A. M. Tillier, et al. (1989). "A Middle Palaeolithic human hyoid bone." Nature 338(6218): pp      Abstract: “The origin of human language, and in particular the question of whether or not Neanderthal man was capable of language/speech, is of major interest to anthropologists but remains an area of great controversy. Despite palaeoneurological evidence to the contrary, many researchers hold to the view that Neanderthals were incapable of language/speech, basing their arguments largely on studies of laryngeal/basicranial morphology. Studies, however, have been hampered by the absence of unambiguous fossil evidence. We now report the discovery of a well-preserved human hyoid bone from Middle Palaeolithic layers of Kebara Cave, Mount Carmel, Israel, dating from about 60,000 years BP. The bone is almost identical in size and shape to the hyoid of present-day populations, suggesting that there has been little or no change in the visceral skeleton (including the hyoid, middle ear ossicles, and inferentially the larynx) during the past 60,000 years of human evolution. We conclude that the morphological basis for human speech capability appears to have been fully developed during the Middle Palaeolithic.” From Regarding McCarthy’s computer simulation (based on fossil evidence) that Neanderthals could not make the modern English “e” sound, Washington University anthropologist Erik Trinkaus disputes the finding’s significance: “Ultimately what is important is not the anatomy of the mouth but the neuronal control of it,” Trinkaus says, referencing Neanderthals’ large brains. Neanderthals also possessed the FOXP2 gene (the so-called “language gene”) that is unique in humans. Humans missing FOXP2 suffer from language and speech disorders. Ultimately, it is impossible to reproduce with absolute accuracy what Neanderthals would have sounded like, and what vowels they could produce, from mere fossils. Furthermore, even if Neanderthals were unable to produce a particular vowel, that may not be any more of a sign of communication breakdown than the inability of certain modern humans to pronounce the sounds of various foreign languages. For all we know, Neanderthals may have been able to produce many more sounds than modern humans can.

24 Template Suite 1-Content 01360
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25 Purple blank Piltdown Man, 1912 The evidence:
a piece of jaw two molar teeth a piece of skull The confident interpretation: “A discovery of supreme importance … was announced at the Geological Society on … 18 Dec. [1912] … a part … of the most ancient [500,000 years] inhabitant of England, if not of Europe … the remains thus far recovered leave no possible doubt but that they represent, … a man who must be regarded as affording us a link with our remote ancestors, the apes.” Over the next 40 years, more than 500 scientific essays were written about the fossils, according to TIME (http://www.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804, _ _ ,00.html, accessed 27 Oct 2009) Illustrated London News, 28 Dec. 1912

26 1953: Hoax exposed Piltdown Man #2
* Teeth & jaw bone — Orangutan dead for 50 years * Skull bone — Human, C-14 dated at years old * Teeth had been filed down & bones were artificially colored

27 Nebraska Man Nebraska Man 1922: Confident interpretation – ape-man
The evidence – a single tooth Source: Gary Parker, Creation: Facts of Life (Master Books), p or Ian Taylor, In the Minds of Men, source of original picture: ******************************* According to this well researched Muslim site Henry Fairfield Osborn named this tooth “Nebraska Man.” (Hesperophithecus haroldcookii, a form of Pithecanthropus erectus) In 1927 other parts of skeleton were found and reinterpreted as a tooth from an extinct species of pig (in the genus Prosthennops): William K. Gregory, "Hesperopithecus Apparently Not An Ape Nor A Man," Science, vol. 66:1720 (16 Dec. 1927), pp (article in computer file in pdf form) 1928: re-interp. – extinct species of pig

28 (Homo heidelbergensis)
Boxgrove Man Boxgrove Man (Homo heidelbergensis) Evidence ( ): one shin bone—clearly human two teeth—clearly human, but not found close enough to be necessarily from the same individual Source of picture and info: The Daily Mail (London), 20 June 1995, p. 15. David Tyler summarizes the research at Evidence found in quarry at Boxgrove, near Chicester in SW England, deposits classed as Middle Pleistocene (creationists would say this is probably post-flood) Shin found May 1994 Two teeth found separately in late 1995, the first showing dental disease Various dating methods were used giving dates ranging from 175,000 to 524,000 years. Finally narrowed the dates by using vole evolution data in northern Spain. There is considerable controversy whether this is the oldest European man or not. Primitive stone tools—clearly human artifacts Identity? 100% man, post-Babel “300, ,000 yrs”

29 Summary of defunct ape-men
Homo sapiens neanderthalensis — human Ramapithecus — extinct type of orangutan Eanthropus (Piltdown Man) — hoax Hesperopithecus (Nebraska Man) — pig Australopithecus africanus — some kind of ape Australopithecus afarensis — like a chimpanzee Homo habilis — junk category, never existed Homo erectus — many evolutionists: fully human Pithecanthropus (Java Man , f. 1890s) Sinanthropus (Peking Man, f s) Homo Habilis—some evolutionists have argued that it is a mixture of australopithecine and Homo erectus fossils, so combining bones from two taxons into one taxon. Others have argued that it is just a variant of australopithecines. Peking man evidence was all lost in 1941 during WW2. We only have plaster casts remaining There is NO clear evidence that man evolved!

30 Purple blank “It’s hard to find someone who can draw a realistic-
looking early hominid. That’s why the Geographic’s art department conducted a search for new talent. Four artists were picked to receive casts of two- million-year-old female Homo habilis fossils (left). From these bits of evidence they were to sketch—in skeletal and fleshed-out form—the hominid to whom the bones belonged.” “Behind the Scenes,” National Geographic (March 2000)

31 Purple blank “‘Each artist had two weeks with the bones
before they were sent on to the next persons,’ says coordinator Kris Hannah. ‘Research was completely up to the individual. That’s why their work looks so different. There’s no one way to draw her.’ Paleoanthropologists reviewed the results. Intrigued with all four entries, the art department has invited the artists to paint finished versions based on input from the consultants.”

32 National Geographic—Behind the scences #1—four women

33 Purple blank 2001 “Until a few years ago, the evolutionary history of our species was thought to be reasonably straight-forward. … But lately, confusion has been sown in the human evolutionary tree. … The confusion now looks set to increase still further.” Lieberman is a professor in the Department of Anthropology, The George Washington University, in Wash. DC. Daniel E. Lieberman, “Another Face in our Family Tree,” Nature, vol. 410 (22 March 2001), p. 420.

34 Lucy’s baby—2006 deception
“Lucy's Baby, a Stunning Fossil” Ape-man Deception New Ape New Human Shoulder blades & neck vertebra—like a gorilla Inner ear canals—like African apes Long curved finger—like tree-dwelling ape Voice box—like a chimpanzee’s cranial capacity—like a chimpanzee Picture and details from accessed 22 Sept 2006 and on file in computer (see BBC report on file too. Found in 1999 in sandstone layer near Dikika, Ethiopia, about 4 km from where Lucy was dug up in The scapulae (shoulder blades) were the first ever found for austropithecines. The fossil evidence shows curved fingers, but the art work shows them straight like humans. And there doesn’t appear to be any toe bones, but they ear drawn like humans too, even though we know from other australopithecine bones that the toes are curved like apes too. 20 Sept

35 How to make an ape-man? How to make an ape-man?
A few human bones + imagination = ape-man A few ape (?) bones + imagination = ape-man A few ape bones + a few human bones + imagination = ape-man Grind or file the ape bones + imagination = ape-man A few human bones A few ape bones ape + human bones Grind or file the ape bones

36 Template Suite 1-Content 01360
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37 Man—supernatural & unique
Man was created supernaturally and is unique from all other creatures.

38 Stott 1981—pre-Adamites 1 “It seems perfectly possible to reconcile the historicity of Adam with at least some (theistic) evolutionary theory. Many biblical Christians in fact do so, believing them to be not entirely incompatible. To assert the historicity of an original pair who sinned through disobedience is one thing;” John Stott, quoted in Colin Chapman, The Case for Christianity (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1981), p. 130.

39 Stott 1981—pre-Adamites 1 “it is quite another to deny all evolution and assert the separate and special creation of everything, including both subhuman creatures and Adam’s body.” Picture from downloaded 15 April 2005 John Stott, quoted in Colin Chapman, The Case for Christianity (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1981), p. 130.

40 Stott 1981—pre-Adamites 2 “The suggestion (for it is no more than this) does not seem to me to be against Scripture and therefore impossible that when God made man in His own image, what He did was to stamp His own likeness on one of the many ‘hominids’ which appear to have been living at the time.” Stott (1981), p. 130.

41 Stott 1981—pre-Adamites 2 “Speaking hesitatingly as a non-scientist,” Stott goes on to indicate that he leans toward the idea of pre-Adamite hominids who were anatomically indistinguishable from modern man but who did not bear the image of God. Stott (1981), p. 130.

42 Gen. 2:7 NAS Genesis 2:7 Then the LORD God formed man from the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living being. KJV “living soul” NKJV “living being”

43 The Bible Theistic Evolution
Genesis 2:7 diagrams NAS The Bible man + Divine breath = living creature nephesh chayyah (also Gen. 1:20-21, 24; 9:10) 1 Corinthians 15:45a “the first man, Adam, became a living soul” Theistic Evolution X living creature + Divine breath = man nephesh chayyah

44 Gen. 3:19 NAS Genesis 3:19 By the sweat of your face You will eat bread, till you return to the ground, because from it you were taken; for you are dust, and to dust you shall return. I’ve got news for your folks, when you die you are not going to become some sub-human living creature. You are literally going to become dust.

45 Gen. 2:22 NAS Genesis 2:22 The LORD God fashioned into a woman the rib which He had taken from the man, and brought her to the man.

46 Genesis 4 Gen. 4 Cain built a city. Six generations later –
* Some people were tent-dwelling herdsmen. * Others were gifted musicians, miners and metal-workers.

47 William Dembski 2009

48 Dembski 2009, p. 154-155—humans vs animals #1
“Regardless of how we explain human origins (whether through special creation or through an evolutionary process), the reading of Genesis 1-3 that I’m proposing here requires that whatever makes humans distinctly human (thereby separating them from the rest of the animals and infilling them with God’s image) must happen at the precise point when they enter the Garden.” Dembski is Professor of Philosophy at Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary, Fort Worth, TX Dembski, The End of Christianity (2009), p. 154.

49 Dembski 2009, p. 154-155—humans vs animals #2
“For if the world outside the Garden of Eden exhibits the effects of the Fall (which, chronologically speaking, has yet to happen), then as fully God-conscious humans, they would be experiencing the punishing effects of the Fall while they were still, literally, innocent. And this eventuality is precisely what the theodicy developed here attempts to forestall.” Dembski, The End of Christianity (2009), p

50 Dembski 2009, p. 154-155—humans vs animals #3
“Any evils humans experience outside the Garden before God breathes into them the breath of life would be experienced as natural evils in the same way that other animals experience them. The pain would be real, but it would not be experienced as divine justice in response to willful rebellion.” Dembski is Professor of Philosophy at Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary, Fort Worth, TX Dembski, The End of Christianity, p. 155.

51 Dembski 2009, p. 154-155—humans vs animals #4
“Moreover, once God breathes the breath of life into them, we may assume that the first humans experienced an amnesia of their former animal life: Operating [sic] on a higher plane of consciousness once infused with the breath of life, they would transcend the lower plane of animal consciousness on which they had previously operated—though after the Fall, they might be tempted to resort to that lower consciousness” “[sic]” is there because “Operating” should not be capitalized in the middle of the sentence or else the colon should be a period. Dembski, The End of Christianity, p. 155.

52 Dembski 2009, p. 154-155—humans vs animals #5
“… According to Paul Brand [a physician], humans are initially created as animals but then further created to be much more than animals. Humans therefore enter the Garden created in God’s image; they leave the Garden still in God’s image but now also as sinners in need of redemption.” William A. Dembski, The End of Christianity: Finding a Good God in an Evil World (Nashville, TN: B&H Publ., 2009), p. 155.

53 Dembski 2009, p. 158-159—human evolution #1
“What were humans doing before they received the divine image and entered the Garden of Eden? Creationists and theistic evolutionists answer this question differently. For creationists (whether young-earth or old-earth), humans bearing the divine image were created from scratch in the Garden of Eden.” William A. Dembski, The End of Christianity: Finding a Good God in an Evil World (Nashville, TN: B&H Publ., 2009), p. 158.

54 Dembski 2009, p. 158-159—human evolution #2
“On this view, hominids with fully human bodies but lacking the divine image never existed. For theistic evolutionists, by contrast, primate ancestors evolved over several million years into hominids with fully human bodies. What happened next?” William A. Dembski, The End of Christianity: Finding a Good God in an Evil World (Nashville, TN: B&H Publ., 2009), p. 158.

55 Dembski 2009, p. 158-159—human evolution #3
“In the theodicy I am proposing, these hominids initially lacked the cognitive and moral capacities required to bear the image of God. Then, at the moment they entered the Garden, they received God’s image and became fully human.” William A. Dembski, The End of Christianity: Finding a Good God in an Evil World (Nashville, TN: B&H Publ., 2009), p. 158.

56 Dembski 2009, p. 158-159—human evolution #4
“Which of these options, the creationist or the evolutionist, is preferable? It’s not my purpose here to argue for the superiority of one over the other. My concern, rather, is to show what form evolution must take, if the theodicy developed in this book is to apply.” William A. Dembski, The End of Christianity: Finding a Good God in an Evil World (Nashville, TN: B&H Publ., 2009), p. 158.

57 Dembski 2009, p. 158-159—human evolution #5
“Also, I want to show why the evolutionist option does not make the task of theodicy any easier than the creationist option ...” William A. Dembski, The End of Christianity: Finding a Good God in an Evil World (Nashville, TN: B&H Publ., 2009), p. 158.

58 Dembski 2009, p. 158-159—human evolution #6
“For the theodicy I am proposing to be compatible with evolution, God must not merely introduce existing human-like beings from outside the Garden. In addition, when they enter the Garden, God must transform their consciousness so that they become rational moral agents made in God’s image.” William A. Dembski, The End of Christianity: Finding a Good God in an Evil World (Nashville, TN: B&H Publ., 2009), p. 159.

59 Dembski 2009, p. 158-159—human evolution #7
“On the assumption that humans evolved, this transformation of human consciousness by God when they enter the Garden is essential to the kairological reading of Genesis outlined in the previous chapter.” William A. Dembski, The End of Christianity: Finding a Good God in an Evil World (Nashville, TN: B&H Publ., 2009), p. 159.

60 Summary of Dembski’s view
Two humans outside the Garden before the Fall, but without the image of God . Just before entering the Garden, God breathes into them His breath and image. Outside the Garden pre-Fall, they suffered natural evil, but without a sense of divine justice for their as-yet future rebellion. After the Fall they might resort to their pre-fall animal consciousness.

61 AiG web site #1 “Mortenson Dembski” “Mortenson Dembski”
“Mortenson Dembski”

62 Nettles Review of Dembski 2009
Dr. Tom Nettles’ review of Dr. Dembski’s book: Southern Baptist Journal of Theology 13:4 (Winter, 2009), pp , on-line at Dr. Nettles’ response to Dr. David Allen, “Nettles reply to Allen Mar 2010” at posted 23 March 2010. Tom Nettles’ very helpful critique of Dembski’s theodicy: Dr. Nettles is Professor of Historical Theology at SBTS. David Allen’s critical review (with a foreword by Paige Patterson, President of Southwestern) of Nettles’ review published Feb Dr. Allen is a theology professor and dean at SWBTS. Nettles’ response to Allen: posted 23 March 2010, with an introduction by Tom Ascol, Executive Director of Founders Ministries. The blog comments after Nettles’ response are enlightening.

63 Man—supernatural & unique
Dr. Tremper Longman (prof. of OT at Westmont College and formerly at Westminster Theological Seminary, Philadelphia) give his thoughts on Adam and Genesis 1-2:  accessed Dr. Tremper Longman Westmont College

64 Gen. 1:26 NAS Genesis 1:26 Then God said, “Let Us make man [adam] in Our image, according to Our likeness; and let them rule over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the sky and over the cattle and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth.” All flesh is not the same flesh, but there is one flesh of men, and another flesh of beasts, and another flesh of birds, and another of fish.

65 Gen. 1:27 NAS Genesis 1:27 God created man [ha’adam] in His own image, in the image of God He created him; male and female He created them. All flesh is not the same flesh, but there is one flesh of men, and another flesh of beasts, and another flesh of birds, and another of fish.

66 Gen. 2:7 NAS Genesis 2:7 Then the LORD God formed man [ha’adam] from the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living being. KJV “living soul” NKJV “living being”

67 Gen. 2:8 NAS Genesis 2:8 The LORD God planted a garden toward the east, in Eden; and there He placed the man [ha’adam] whom He had formed. All flesh is not the same flesh, but there is one flesh of men, and another flesh of beasts, and another flesh of birds, and another of fish.

68 Gen. 2:22-23 NAS Genesis 2:22-23 22. The LORD God fashioned into a woman the rib which He had taken from the man [ha’adam], and brought her to the man [ha’adam]. 23. The man [ha’adam] said, “This is now bone of my bones, and flesh of my flesh; she shall be called Woman [ishah], Because she was taken out of Man [ish].” All flesh is not the same flesh, but there is one flesh of men, and another flesh of beasts, and another flesh of birds, and another of fish.

69 Gen. 2:25 NAS Genesis 2:25 And the man [ha’adam] and his wife were both naked and were not ashamed. Ch. 2: 15, 16, 18, 19, 20, 21 Ch. 3: 9, 10, 12, 22, 24 Ch. 4:1 All flesh is not the same flesh, but there is one flesh of men, and another flesh of beasts, and another flesh of birds, and another of fish.

70 Rom. 5:12 NAS Romans 5:12, 14 Therefore, just as through one man sin entered into the world, and death through sin, and so death spread to all men, because all sinned. … Nevertheless death reigned from Adam until Moses…

71 1 Corinthians 15:45 I Cor. 15:21-22, 45 NAS
So also it is written, "The first MAN, Adam, BECAME A LIVING SOUL." The last Adam became a life-giving spirit.

72 Skin Tones Line-up 03051

73 Races – Australoid to Caucasoid
Imaginary

74 certainly exterminate and replace the savage races throughout the
“At some future period, not very distant as measured by centuries, the civilized races of man will almost certainly exterminate and replace the savage races throughout the world. At the same time the anthropomorphous apes … will no doubt be exterminated.” Charles Darwin, The Descent of Man (New York: A.L. Burt, 1874, 2nd ed.), p. 178.

75 allies will then be wider, for it will intervene between man in a more
“The break between man and his nearest allies will then be wider, for it will intervene between man in a more civilized state, as we may hope, even than the Caucasian, and some ape as low as a baboon, instead of as now between the negro or Australian [aborigine] and the gorilla.” Charles Darwin, The Descent of Man (New York: A.L. Burt, 1874, 2nd ed.), p. 178.

76 Purple blank “Biological arguments for racism may have been common before 1850, but they increased by orders of magnitude following the acceptance of evolutionary theory.” Stephen Jay Gould, Ontogeny and Phylogeny (Belknap-Harvard Press, 1977), p QC 674

77 Discovery Channel web site, 11 Dec. 2007
article dated 11 Dec. 2007, accessed 27 July 2008 Notice the arm length and subtly racist skin color change. Discovery Channel web site, 11 Dec. 2007

78 Nat. Geog., 1985 Time-Life Books, 1971
Top chart: Kenneth F. Weaver “The Search for our Ancestors,” National Geographic (Nov. 1985), pp Notice the feet, hands, arm length, subtly racist skin color. Bottom chart: William Howells (Prof. of Anthrop., Harvard), Early Man (New York: Time-Life Books, 1971), pp Time-Life Books, 1971

79 Acts 17:24-26 NAS Acts 17:24, 26 24. The God who made the world and all things in it, since He is Lord of heaven and earth, does not dwell in temples made with hands; … 26. and He made from one man every nation of mankind to live on all the face of the earth, having determined their appointed times and the boundaries of their habitation.

80 Acts 17:24-26 KJV Acts 17:24, 26 24. God that made the world and all things therein, seeing that he is Lord of heaven and earth, dwelleth not in temples made with hands; … 26. And hath made of one blood all nations of men for to dwell on all the face of the earth, and hath determined the times before appointed, and the bounds of their habitation;

81 One Race 02279 Revised: September 2005.

82 Skin Tones Line-up 03051

83 Eye Shape Variations 00635

84 DNA picture and letters
DNA is organized into chromosomes (people have 46) upon which many thousands of genes (units of heredity, comprised of nucleotide bases called T, G, C and A) are found. A chromosome is made up of 1 DNA molecule and associated proteins. DNA is a sequence of genes. UK evolutionist, Richard Dawkins, says that the amount of information in the DNA molecule of every cell of the human body is equivalent to about 3-4 sets of the 20 volumes of Encyclopedia Britannica. For comparison, the amount of information that could be stored in a pinhead’s volume of DNA is equal to a pile of paperback books (each different in content) 500 times as high as the distance from the earth to the moon. Or, a pinhead of DNA could hold 100 million times more information than a 40 gigabyte hard drive. Source: Jonathan Sarfati, “DNA: marvellous messages or mostly mess?,” Creation, 25:2 (March-May 2003), pp

85 DNA - Help

86 Variation—human skin color

87 A&E genetic variation

88 2008: Mother is from Ghana, father from Germany, babies born in Berlin.
“Ryan came first, and everything was as usual, said the hospital’s doctor, Birgit Weber. But when Leo [black baby] was born, I COULDN'T BELIEVE MY EYES.“ … “The doctor said she had been present at some 10,000 births over almost 20 years and had never seen anything quite like this, it has been reported.” “Two in a Million: Twins Born - One Black, One White,” 17 July 2008, accessed 18 July 2008.

89 Multi-color twins close-up
2006: Both parents have black fathers and white mothers Lucy Laing, “Twin Sisters—One Black, One White—Turn Heads in England,” JET, vol. 109:12 (27 March 2006), p. 36. Multi-color twins close-up

90 “Black parents …white baby”
“Blue-eyed blonde Nmachi, whose name means ‘Beauty of God’ in the Nigerian couple's homeland, has baffled genetics experts because neither Ben nor wife Angela have ANY mixed-race family history.” Doctors say it is not an albino and the baby is perfectly healthy. The couple was stunned, as were the doctors. Prof Bryan Sykes, head of Human Genetics at Oxford University and Britain’s leading expert, thinks that since albinoism is ruled out, it is probably due to some unknown mutation. All skin and eye color are controlled by the pigment melanin and there about a dozen genes controlling the amount and type of melanin. Read more: Virgina Wheeler, “Black parents … white baby,” 20 July 2010, accessed 1 Nov 2010. Copyright 2008 News Group Newspapers Ltd and/or it licensors. No use without permission. Contact

91 The Human family

92 Human variation since Noah
Negroid From Reinhard Junker, Is Man Descended from Adam? (Biblical Creation Society, 2000, translated by Steven Robinson), p. 37. Neanderthal, Homo erectus and Cro Magnon have the same range of brain size and the same inner ear structure (key for determining that they habitually walked upright) as modern man has. They buried their dead and did artwork like modern man does, too. Good article (dated 2000) on Homo erectus being equal to modern man is: John Woodmorrape, “How different is the cranial-vault thickness of Homo erectus from modern man?”, <www.answersingenesis.org/home/area/magazines/tj/docs/v14n1_cranium.asp>

93 Map—post-flood dispersion
Babel Dispersion

94 Glasses—data and interp
Adapted from Reinhard Junker, Is Man Descended from Adam? (Biblical Creation Society, 2000, translated by Steven Robinson), p. 6.

95 Template Suite 1-Content 01360
So what?

96 Purple blank Picture and quote: Assoc. Press, “Crowds go ape over ‘humans’ zoo exhibit,” 26 Aug. 2005, still on line on 2009 Jan 25. London Zoo spokeswoman Polly Wills says, “Seeing people in a different environment, among other animals ... teaches members of the public that the human is just another primate.”

97

98 Ape in Your Past 01128

99 Scientist & Bible—ape-men w/ S, L & Dembski
Longman Stott

100 Pocket Guide Apemen Pocket Guide $599

101 Bones of Contention 04012 Bones of Contention by Marvin L. Lubenow A thorough refutation of the supposed evidence for human evolution. Dr. Lubenow has done over 25 years of research and has debated evolutionary paleoanthropologists.

102 One Blood, One Race by Ken Ham & Charles Ware
general books One Blood, One Race by Ken Ham & Charles Ware The Biblical Answer to Racism

103 Only One Race The Biblical answer to racism with Ken Ham
Only One Race DVD 04633 Only One Race with Ken Ham The Biblical answer to racism © 2008 Answers in Genesis-USA

104 Lucy-She’s No Lady DVD 04370 Lucy: She’s No Lady! with Dr. David Menton Austrolopithecines were NOT our “missing link” ancestors! Assoc. Prof. of anatomy at Washington University School of Medicine for 34 years. PhD in Cell biology from Brown University.

105 Fearfully and Wonderfully Made DVD 04352
Fearfully & Wonderfully Made with Dr. David Menton Amazing evidence of creation—sensitively presented truth against abortion

106 Cloning, Stem Cells, and the Value of Life
Cloning Stem Cells DVD 04590 Cloning, Stem Cells, and the Value of Life with Mike Riddle A powerful dose of truth on a vital controversy!

107 Wood 2002—human evolution is illusion
“There is a popular image of human evolution that you’ll find all over the place … On the left of the picture there’s an ape … On the right, a man … Between the two is a succession of figures that become ever more like humans … Our progress from ape to human looks so smooth, so tidy. It’s such a beguiling image that even the experts are loath to let it go. But it is an illusion.” Bernard Wood (prof. of human origins, George Washington Univ.), “Who are we?” New Scientist, 2366 (26 Oct. 2002), p. 44.

108 Evolution of man—progression: Illusion!

109 Darwin’s Plantation The origin of the “races”, evolution and racism
by Ken Ham and Charles Ware The origin of the “races”, evolution and racism

110 AiG web site #1


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