Presentation on theme: "Object Pronouns Me, te, les nos, os, les. Two Types of Object Pronouns There are two types of object pronouns: Direct and indirect Direct Object Pronouns."— Presentation transcript:
Two Types of Object Pronouns There are two types of object pronouns: Direct and indirect Direct Object Pronouns (DOPs) answer the question Who or what is receiving the action of the verb? Indirect Object Pronouns (IOPs) answer the question "To whom?" or "For whom?" the action of the verb is performed. It tells us where the DOP is going.
Example The doctor writes me a prescription. Subject verb What does he write? Direct object For whom does he write the prescription? Where is the prescription going? Me To Me Indirect object In Spanish this sentence would be: El medico me escribe una receta
Indirect Object Pronouns answer the question "To whom?" or "For whom?" (to/ for) me = me (pronounced may) (to/ for) you = te (to/ for) him, her, it, you formal = le (to/ for) us = nos (to/ for) them, you all = les Look familiar?
You have already used them! Me gustan los deportes Literally this sentence means: The sports are pleasing to me. Subject verb IOP
You have already used them! Le duele la garganta Literally this sentence means: The throat hurts (give pain to) him Subject verb IOP
Lets use them! Here are some examples: Bolivar le mira – Bolivar watches him. Mike le da el libro– He gives the book to her. –How do we know the le is a her? –Often, a Spanish sentence will have a clarifier. Mike le da el libro a ella. Mike le da el libro a Ana.
Lets use them! Here are some examples: La profesora nos ensena la leccion. – The teacher teaches the lesson to us. He cooks food for me. – Él me cocina la comida. She tells you a story. – Ella te dice una historia. (Literally, shes telling a story to you) We need to read her a book. – Le necesitamos leer un libro. –Notice when there are 2 verbs, its always in front of the conjugated one!
Now you try! The teacher teaches us Spanish. We need to give Jorge the book. I talk to you. We talk to Bob. I want to give you a book. You need to teach us.
Direct Object Pronouns Who or what is receiving the action of the verb? me = me (pronounced may) you = te him, her, it, you formal = lo, la us = nos them, you all = los, las We will only use me, te, and nos in this chapter.
Examples Los medicos nos examinan. The doctors examine us. Subject verb Who or what do they examine?us Us or nos is the direct object pronoun. DOPN
Examples -Papi, te adoro. Daddy, I adore you. Subject verb Who or what do I adore?you You or te is the direct object pronoun. DOPN
Did you notice? Both the DOPNs and IDOPNs come before the noun. Me, Te, and nos are the same for both sets of object pronouns The verb matches the subject NOT the objects.
Look again El medico me escribe una receta The verb matches the Subject The IOP come before the verb
Practicamos ¿____ duele el estómago? Sí, me duele el estómago. ¿Me escribes una carta? Sí, ____ escribo. ¿Por qué te da una receta el médico? Porque____ duele la garganta. Mi profesor de español ______ explica la lección porque no comprendo la lección. TE ME