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Common Buddhist Rituals and Chanting. Rituals and Chanting Rituals : Prostrations Offerings of various items Sharing of Merits Circumambulation Sacred.

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Presentation on theme: "Common Buddhist Rituals and Chanting. Rituals and Chanting Rituals : Prostrations Offerings of various items Sharing of Merits Circumambulation Sacred."— Presentation transcript:

1 Common Buddhist Rituals and Chanting

2 Rituals and Chanting Rituals : Prostrations Offerings of various items Sharing of Merits Circumambulation Sacred Threads Kathina Robe Offerings Hungry Ghost Festival

3 Rituals and Chanting Rituals : Prostrations Offerings Sharing of Merits Circumambulation Sacred Threads Kathina Robe Offerings Hungry Ghost Festival

4 Rituals and Chanting Rituals : Prostrations Offerings of various items Sharing of Merits Circumambulation Sacred Threads Kathina Robe Offerings Hungry Ghost Festival

5 Rituals and Chanting Rituals : Prostrations Offerings of various items Sharing of Merits Circumambulation Sacred Threads Kathina Robe Offerings Hungry Ghost Festival

6 Rituals and Chanting Rituals : Prostrations Offerings of various items Sharing of Merits Circumambulation Sacred Threads Kathina Robe Offerings Hungry Ghost Festival

7 Rituals and Chanting Rituals : Prostrations Offerings of various items Sharing of Merits Circumambulation Sacred Threads Kathina Robe Offerings Hungry Ghost Festival

8 Rituals and Chanting Rituals : Prostrations Offerings of various items Sharing of Merits Circumambulation Sacred Threads Kathina Robe Offerings Hungry Ghost Festival

9 Rituals and Chanting Rituals : Prostrations Offerings of various items Sharing of Merits Circumambulation Sacred Threads Kathina Robe Offerings Hungry Ghost Festival

10 Rituals and Chanting Chanting : Homage to the Buddha Taking Refuge The Five Precepts Recollection of the qualities of the Triple Gem (the Buddha, Dhamma and Sangha)

11 Rituals and Chanting Chanting : Homage to the Buddha Taking Refuge The Five Precepts Recollection of the qualities of the Triple Gem (the Buddha, Dhamma and Sangha)

12 Rituals and Chanting Chanting : Homage to the Buddha Taking Refuge The Five Precepts Recollection of the qualities of the Triple Gem (the Buddha, Dhamma and Sangha)

13 Rituals and Chanting Chanting : Homage to the Buddha Taking Refuge The Five Precepts Recollection of the qualities of the Triple Gem (the Buddha, Dhamma and Sangha)

14 Rituals and Chanting Chanting : Homage to the Buddha Taking Refuge The Five Precepts Recollection of the qualities of the Triple Gem (the Buddha, Dhamma and Sangha)

15 Rituals and Chanting Rituals, chanting, prayers, petitions and worship are usually not considered part of the Noble Eightfold Path as taught by the Buddha. Why do Buddhists resort to these practices? Should Buddhists continue with these practices?

16 The Noble Eightfold Path Right Speech Morality - Sila Right Action Right Livelihood Right Effort Mental Development - Samadhi Right Mindfulness Right Concentration Right UnderstandingWisdom - Panna Right Thought

17 The Noble Eightfold Path Right Speech Morality - Sila Right Action Right Livelihood Right Effort Mental Development - Samadhi Right Mindfulness Right Concentration Right UnderstandingWisdom - Panna Right Thought

18 The Noble Eightfold Path Right Speech Morality - Sila Right Action Right Livelihood Right Effort Mental Development - Samadhi Right Mindfulness Right Concentration Right UnderstandingWisdom - Panna Right Thought

19 The Noble Eightfold Path Right Speech Morality - Sila Right Action Right Livelihood Right Effort Mental Development - Samadhi Right Mindfulness Right Concentration Right UnderstandingWisdom - Panna Right Thought

20 Rituals and Chanting Rituals, chanting, prayers, petitions and worship are usually not considered part of the Noble Eightfold Path as taught by the Buddha. Why do Buddhists resort to these practices? Should Buddhists continue with these practices?

21 Rituals and Chanting Rituals, chanting, prayers, petitions and worship are usually not considered part of the Noble Eightfold Path as taught by the Buddha. Why do Buddhists resort to these practices? Should Buddhists continue with these practices?

22 Rituals and Chanting Rituals, chanting, prayers, petitions and worship are usually not considered part of the Noble Eightfold Path as taught by the Buddha. Why do Buddhists resort to these practices? Should Buddhists continue with these practices?

23 Rituals Prostrations : Made towards a statue which represents the memory of the Buddha, to show our respect and gratitude for his compassion and teachings. Prostrations are also made to cultivate humility and lessen our conceit. Knowledgeable Buddhists do not pray to, worship or ask favours from these statues.

24 Rituals Prostrations : Made towards a statue which represents the memory of the Buddha, to show our respect and gratitude for his compassion and teachings. Prostrations are also made to cultivate humility and lessen our conceit. Knowledgeable Buddhists do not pray to, worship or ask favours from these statues.

25 Rituals Prostrations : Made towards a statue which represents the memory of the Buddha, to show our respect and gratitude for his compassion and teachings. Prostrations are also made to cultivate humility and lessen our conceit. Knowledgeable Buddhists do not pray to, worship or ask favours from these statues.

26 Rituals Prostrations : Made towards a statue which represents the memory of the Buddha, to show our respect and gratitude for his compassion and teachings. Prostrations are also made to cultivate humility and lessen our conceit. Knowledgeable Buddhists do not pray to, worship or ask favours from these statues.

27 Rituals Prostrations : This is usually the first thing that a Buddhist does when he goes to a temple. Three prostrations are made - to the Buddha, the Dhamma and the Sangha. Theravada Buddhists make a five point prostration. Tibetan Buddhists make a full body prostration, which can be a practice by itself when done in large numbers.

28 Rituals Prostrations : This is usually the first thing that a Buddhist does when he goes to a temple. Three prostrations are made - to the Buddha, the Dhamma and the Sangha. Theravada Buddhists make a five point prostration. Tibetan Buddhists make a full body prostration, which can be a practice by itself when done in large numbers.

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32 Rituals Offerings of various items : Candles - the Dhamma dispelling the darkness of our ignorance and delusion. Incense - the fragrance of the Dhamma pervading the world. Flowers - the impermanence of our bodies. Water - to purify our minds. Fruits - we are subject to our own kamma.

33 Rituals Offerings of various items : Candles - the Dhamma dispelling the darkness of our ignorance and delusion. Incense - the fragrance of the Dhamma pervading the world. Flowers - the impermanence of our bodies. Water - to purify our minds. Fruits - we are subject to our own kamma.

34 Rituals Offerings of various items : Candles - the Dhamma dispelling the darkness of our ignorance and delusion. Incense - the fragrance of the Dhamma pervading the world. Flowers - the impermanence of our bodies. Water - to purify our minds. Fruits - we are subject to our own kamma.

35 Rituals Offerings of various items : Candles - the Dhamma dispelling the darkness of our ignorance and delusion. Incense - the fragrance of the Dhamma pervading the world. Flowers - the impermanence of our bodies. Water - to purify our minds. Fruits - we are subject to our own kamma.

36 Rituals Offerings of various items : Candles - the Dhamma dispelling the darkness of our ignorance and delusion. Incense - the fragrance of the Dhamma pervading the world. Flowers - the impermanence of our bodies. Water - to purify our minds. Fruits - we are subject to our own kamma.

37 Rituals Offerings of various items : Candles - the Dhamma dispelling the darkness of our ignorance and delusion. Incense - the fragrance of the Dhamma pervading the world. Flowers - the impermanence of our bodies. Water - to purify our minds. Fruits - we are subject to our own kamma.

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39 Rituals Sharing of Merits : To share the positive kamma that we have accumulated with our departed relatives and all other beings for their happiness. Water (our merits) from a pitcher is slowly poured into a small cup (our departed relatives) which is in a larger bowl. The water overflows signifying our generosity.

40 Rituals Sharing of Merits : To share the positive kamma that we have accumulated with our departed relatives and all other beings for their happiness. Water (our merits) from a pitcher is slowly poured into a small cup (our departed relatives) which is in a larger bowl. The water overflows signifying our generosity.

41 Rituals Sharing of Merits : To share the positive kamma that we have accumulated with our departed relatives and all other beings for their happiness. Water (our merits) from a pitcher is slowly poured into a small cup (our departed relatives) which is in a larger bowl. The water overflows signifying our generosity.

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43 Rituals Circumambulation : Walking around an object of veneration such as a stupa, Bodhi tree or Buddha statue. Usually done at least three times in a clockwise direction. This should be done mindfully while contemplating the object of veneration and its meaning and significance. Otherwise it is a meaningless practice.

44 Rituals Circumambulation : Walking around an object of veneration such as a stupa, Bodhi tree or Buddha statue. Usually done at least three times in a clockwise direction. This should be done mindfully while contemplating the object of veneration and its meaning and significance. Otherwise it is a meaningless practice.

45 Rituals Circumambulation : Walking around an object of veneration such as a stupa, Bodhi tree or Buddha statue. Usually done at least three times in a clockwise direction. This should be done mindfully while contemplating the object of veneration and its meaning and significance. Otherwise it is a meaningless practice.

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47 Rituals Sacred Threads : A ball of coloured thread (usually orange or white) is unravelled during special ceremonies and held at the fingertips of the monks, and sometimes the devotees also. It is believed that the chanting will imbue the thread (sometimes connected to bottles of water) with blessings and good luck. It is later cut into small pieces and tied around the wrist.

48 Rituals Sacred Threads : A ball of coloured thread (usually orange or white) is unravelled during special ceremonies and held at the fingertips of the monks, and sometimes the devotees also. It is believed that the chanting will imbue the thread (sometimes connected to bottles of water) with blessings and good luck. It is later cut into small pieces and tied around the wrist.

49 Rituals Sacred Threads : A ball of coloured thread (usually orange or white) is unravelled during special ceremonies and held at the fingertips of the monks, and sometimes the devotees also. It is believed that the chanting will imbue the thread (sometimes connected to bottles of water) with blessings and good luck. It is later cut into small pieces and tied around the wrist.

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54 Rituals Kathina Robe Offerings : This stems from a rule made by the Buddha that monks have to spend 3 months in a year staying in one place, during the rainy season in India. This is called Vassa and the Kathina festival celebrates the end of this period. It is usually held in the new moon day of October where the laity present gifts to the monks, especially robes, in gratitude.

55 Rituals Kathina Robe Offerings : This stems from a rule made by the Buddha that monks have to spend 3 months in a year staying in one place, during the rainy season in India. This is called Vassa and the Kathina festival celebrates the end of this period. It is usually held in the new moon day of October where the laity present gifts to the monks, especially robes, in gratitude.

56 Rituals Kathina Robe Offerings : This stems from a rule made by the Buddha that monks have to spend 3 months in a year staying in one place, during the rainy season in India. This is called Vassa and the Kathina festival celebrates the end of this period. It is usually held in the new moon day of October where the laity present gifts to the monks, especially robes, in gratitude.

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61 Rituals Hungry Ghost Festival : This is celebrated during the 7 th month of the lunar calendar when it believed that the gates of hell are open for the spirits of the deceased to visit the land of the living. Prayers, food, hell money and even paper houses and cars are offered to the spirits of dead relatives to ease their suffering in hell. Concerts are even staged for the spirits, with empty seats reserved for them.

62 Rituals Hungry Ghost Festival : This is celebrated during the 7 th month of the lunar calendar when it believed that the gates of hell are open for the spirits of the deceased to visit the land of the living. Prayers, food, hell money and even paper houses and cars are offered to the spirits of dead relatives to ease their suffering in hell. Concerts are even staged for the spirits, with empty seats reserved for them.

63 Rituals Hungry Ghost Festival : This is celebrated during the 7 th month of the lunar calendar when it believed that the gates of hell are open for the spirits of the deceased to visit the land of the living. Prayers, food, hell money and even paper houses and cars are offered to the spirits of dead relatives to ease their suffering in hell. Concerts are even staged for the spirits, with empty seats reserved for them.

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69 Rituals Hungry Ghost Festival : Both Buddhists and Taoists claim to have originated this festival but it is likely that this is rooted in traditional Chinese folk religion and culture and ancestor worship. In Buddhism, it is called Ullambana taken from a Mahayana Sutra of the same name, written several hundred after the Buddhas passing. It is observed primarily by Mahayana and Tibetan Buddhists.

70 Rituals Hungry Ghost Festival : Both Buddhists and Taoists claim to have originated this festival but it is likely that this is rooted in traditional Chinese folk religion and culture and ancestor worship. In Buddhism, it is called Ullambana taken from a Mahayana Sutra of the same name, written several hundred after the Buddhas passing. It is observed primarily by Mahayana and Tibetan Buddhists.

71 Rituals Hungry Ghost Festival : The Ullambana Sutra describes the experiences of one of the Buddhas chief disciples called Maudgalyāyana (Sanskrit) or Moggallana (Pali) or Mu Lian (Chinese). He discovered that his mother had been reborn as a Hungry Ghost due to her misdeeds. The Buddha instructed him to offer food and robes to the monks and dedicate the merits to his mother.

72 Rituals Hungry Ghost Festival : The Ullambana Sutra describes the experiences of one of the Buddhas chief disciples called Maudgalyāyana (Sanskrit) or Moggallana (Pali) or Mu Lian (Chinese). He discovered that his mother had been reborn as a Hungry Ghost due to her misdeeds. The Buddha instructed him to offer food and robes to the monks and dedicate the merits to his mother.

73 Rituals and Chanting Chanting : Homage to the Buddha Taking Refuge The Five Precepts Recollection of the qualities of the Triple Gem (the Buddha, Dhamma and Sangha)

74 Chanting Homage to the Buddha : Namo tassa, bhagavato, arahato, samma-sambudhassa. Honour To Him, The Blessed One, The Worthy One, The Fully Enlightened One.

75 Chanting Homage to the Buddha : To express our respect and gratitude to the Buddha for his compassion and teachings.

76 Chanting Homage to the Buddha : To express our respect and gratitude to the Buddha for his compassion and teachings.

77 Chanting Homage to the Buddha : Namo tassa, bhagavato, arahato, samma-sambudhassa. Honour To Him, The Blessed One, The Worthy One, The Fully Enlightened One.

78 Chanting Homage to the Buddha : Namo tassa, bhagavato, arahato, samma-sambudhassa. Honour To Him, The Blessed One, The Worthy One, The Fully Enlightened One.

79 Chanting Taking Refuge : To reaffirm our commitment as Buddhists and maintain our kammic link with the Triple Gem for all of our future lives.

80 Chanting Taking Refuge : To reaffirm our commitment as Buddhists and maintain our kammic link with the Triple Gem for all of our future lives.

81 Chanting Taking Refuge : Buddham Saranam Gacchami. To the Buddha for Refuge I go. Dhammam Saranam Gacchami. To the Dhamma for Refuge I go. Sangham Saranam Gacchami. To the Sangha for Refuge I go.

82 Chanting Taking Refuge : Buddham Saranam Gacchami. To the Buddha for Refuge I go. Dhammam Saranam Gacchami. To the Dhamma for Refuge I go. Sangham Saranam Gacchami. To the Sangha for Refuge I go.

83 Chanting Taking Refuge : Buddham Saranam Gacchami. To the Buddha for Refuge I go. Dhammam Saranam Gacchami. To the Dhamma for Refuge I go. Sangham Saranam Gacchami. To the Sangha for Refuge I go.

84 Chanting Taking Refuge : Buddham Saranam Gacchami. To the Buddha for Refuge I go. Dhammam Saranam Gacchami. To the Dhamma for Refuge I go. Sangham Saranam Gacchami. To the Sangha for Refuge I go.

85 Chanting Taking Refuge : Buddham Saranam Gacchami. To the Buddha for Refuge I go. Dhammam Saranam Gacchami. To the Dhamma for Refuge I go. Sangham Saranam Gacchami. To the Sangha for Refuge I go.

86 Chanting Taking Refuge : Buddham Saranam Gacchami. To the Buddha for Refuge I go. Dhammam Saranam Gacchami. To the Dhamma for Refuge I go. Sangham Saranam Gacchami. To the Sangha for Refuge I go.

87 Chanting Taking Refuge : Dutiyampi Buddham Saranam Gacchami. For the second time to the Buddha for Refuge I go. Dutiyampi Dhammam Saranam Gacchami. For the second time to the Dhamma for Refuge I go. Dutiyampi Sangham Saranam Gacchami. For the second time to the Sangha for Refuge I go.

88 Chanting Taking Refuge : Dutiyampi Buddham Saranam Gacchami. For the second time to the Buddha for Refuge I go. Dutiyampi Dhammam Saranam Gacchami. For the second time to the Dhamma for Refuge I go. Dutiyampi Sangham Saranam Gacchami. For the second time to the Sangha for Refuge I go.

89 Chanting Taking Refuge : Dutiyampi Buddham Saranam Gacchami. For the second time to the Buddha for Refuge I go. Dutiyampi Dhammam Saranam Gacchami. For the second time to the Dhamma for Refuge I go. Dutiyampi Sangham Saranam Gacchami. For the second time to the Sangha for Refuge I go.

90 Chanting Taking Refuge : Tatiyampi Buddham Saranam Gacchami. For the third time to the Buddha for Refuge I go. Tatiyampi Dhammam Saranam Gacchami. For the third time to the Dhamma for Refuge I go. Tatiyampi Sangham Saranam Gacchami. For the third time to the Sangha for Refuge I go.

91 Chanting Taking Refuge : Tatiyampi Buddham Saranam Gacchami. For the third time to the Buddha for Refuge I go. Tatiyampi Dhammam Saranam Gacchami. For the third time to the Dhamma for Refuge I go. Tatiyampi Sangham Saranam Gacchami. For the third time to the Sangha for Refuge I go.

92 Chanting Taking Refuge : Tatiyampi Buddham Saranam Gacchami. For the third time to the Buddha for Refuge I go. Tatiyampi Dhammam Saranam Gacchami. For the third time to the Dhamma for Refuge I go. Tatiyampi Sangham Saranam Gacchami. For the third time to the Sangha for Refuge I go.

93 Chanting The Five Precepts / Panca Sila : To remind ourselves of these training rules and our commitment to try our best to observe them.

94 Chanting The Five Precepts / Panca Sila : To remind ourselves of these training rules and our commitment to try our best to observe them.

95 Chanting The Five Precepts / Panca Sila : Panatipata veramami sikkhapadam samadiyami. I undertake the training rule to abstain from taking life. Adinnadana veramami sikkhapadam samadiyami. I undertake the training rule to abstain from taking what is not given. Kamesu micchacara veramami sikkhapadam samadiyami. I undertake the training rule to abstain from sexual misconduct.

96 Chanting The Five Precepts / Panca Sila : Panatipata veramami sikkhapadam samadiyami. I undertake the training rule to abstain from taking life. Adinnadana veramami sikkhapadam samadiyami. I undertake the training rule to abstain from taking what is not given. Kamesu micchacara veramami sikkhapadam samadiyami. I undertake the training rule to abstain from sexual misconduct.

97 Chanting The Five Precepts / Panca Sila : Panatipata veramami sikkhapadam samadiyami. I undertake the training rule to abstain from taking life. Adinnadana veramami sikkhapadam samadiyami. I undertake the training rule to abstain from taking what is not given. Kamesu micchacara veramami sikkhapadam samadiyami. I undertake the training rule to abstain from sexual misconduct.

98 Chanting The Five Precepts / Panca Sila : Panatipata veramami sikkhapadam samadiyami. I undertake the training rule to abstain from taking life. Adinnadana veramami sikkhapadam samadiyami. I undertake the training rule to abstain from taking what is not given. Kamesu micchacara veramami sikkhapadam samadiyami. I undertake the training rule to abstain from sexual misconduct.

99 Chanting The Five Precepts / Panca Sila : Panatipata veramami sikkhapadam samadiyami. I undertake the training rule to abstain from taking life. Adinnadana veramami sikkhapadam samadiyami. I undertake the training rule to abstain from taking what is not given. Kamesu micchacara veramami sikkhapadam samadiyami. I undertake the training rule to abstain from sexual misconduct.

100 Chanting The Five Precepts / Panca Sila : Panatipata veramami sikkhapadam samadiyami. I undertake the training rule to abstain from taking life. Adinnadana veramami sikkhapadam samadiyami. I undertake the training rule to abstain from taking what is not given. Kamesu micchacara veramami sikkhapadam samadiyami. I undertake the training rule to abstain from sexual misconduct.

101 Chanting The Five Precepts / Panca Sila : Musavada veramami sikkhapadam samadiyami. I undertake the training rule to abstain from false speech. Sura-meraya-majja-pamadathana veramami sikkhapadam samadiyami. I undertake the training rule to abstain from intoxicants and drugs that causes heedlessness.

102 Chanting The Five Precepts / Panca Sila : Musavada veramami sikkhapadam samadiyami. I undertake the training rule to abstain from false speech. Sura-meraya-majja-pamadathana veramami sikkhapadam samadiyami. I undertake the training rule to abstain from intoxicants and drugs that causes heedlessness.

103 Chanting The Five Precepts / Panca Sila : Musavada veramami sikkhapadam samadiyami. I undertake the training rule to abstain from false speech. Sura-meraya-majja-pamadathana veramami sikkhapadam samadiyami. I undertake the training rule to abstain from intoxicants and drugs that causes heedlessness.

104 Chanting The Five Precepts / Panca Sila : Musavada veramami sikkhapadam samadiyami. I undertake the training rule to abstain from false speech. Sura-meraya-majja-pamadathana veramami sikkhapadam samadiyami. I undertake the training rule to abstain from intoxicants and drugs that causes heedlessness.

105 Chanting Recollection of the Qualities of the Triple Gem : To recollect, contemplate and remind ourselves of the qualities of the Buddha, the Dhamma and the Sangha.

106 Chanting Recollection of the Qualities of the Triple Gem : To recollect, contemplate and remind ourselves of the qualities of the Buddha, the Dhamma and the Sangha.

107 Chanting Recollection of the Qualities of the Triple Gem : The Buddha The Blessed One is an Arahant, perfectly enlightened, accomplished in true knowledge and conduct, fortunate, knower of the world, unsurpassed leader of persons to be tamed, teacher of devas and humans, the Enlightened One, the Blessed One.

108 Chanting Recollection of the Qualities of the Triple Gem : The Dhamma The Dhamma is well expounded by the Blessed One, can be directly experienced, with immediate results, to be approached to be seen, capable of being attained, to be comprehended by the wise for himself.

109 Chanting Recollection of the Qualities of the Triple Gem : The Sangha The Sangha of the Blessed One's disciples is good, upright, wise and dutiful. That is, the four pairs of persons, the eight types of individuals. This Sangha is worthy of gifts, hospitality, offerings, reverence, and is the unsurpassed field of merit for the world.

110 Rituals and Chanting Why do Buddhists resort to these practices? Respect and humility Remind and recollect Reinforce good habits Psychological support Exercise generosity Therapeutic effects Prelude to other practices Social activity

111 Rituals and Chanting Why do Buddhists resort to these practices? Respect and humility Remind and recollect Reinforce good habits Psychological support Exercise generosity Therapeutic effects Prelude to other practices Social activity

112 Rituals and Chanting Why do Buddhists resort to these practices? Respect and humility Remind and recollect Reinforce good habits Psychological support Exercise generosity Therapeutic effects Prelude to other practices Social activity

113 Rituals and Chanting Why do Buddhists resort to these practices? Respect and humility Remind and recollect Reinforce good habits Psychological support Exercise generosity Therapeutic effects Prelude to other practices Social activity

114 Rituals and Chanting Why do Buddhists resort to these practices? Respect and humility Remind and recollect Reinforce good habits Psychological support Exercise generosity Therapeutic effects Prelude to other practices Social activity

115 Rituals and Chanting Why do Buddhists resort to these practices? Respect and humility Remind and recollect Reinforce good habits Psychological support Exercise generosity Therapeutic effects Prelude to other practices Social activity

116 Rituals and Chanting Why do Buddhists resort to these practices? Respect and humility Remind and recollect Reinforce good habits Psychological support Exercise generosity Therapeutic effects Prelude to other practices Social activity

117 Rituals and Chanting Why do Buddhists resort to these practices? Respect and humility Remind and recollect Reinforce good habits Psychological support Exercise generosity Therapeutic effects Prelude to other practices Social activity

118 Rituals and Chanting Why do Buddhists resort to these practices? Respect and humility Remind and recollect Reinforce good habits Psychological support Exercise generosity Therapeutic effects Prelude to other practices Social activity

119 Rituals and Chanting Why do Buddhists resort to these practices? Ignorance Wrong views Attachment to tradition Excessive faith and devotion Over dependence Easy way out Greed and desire Hatred and aversion

120 Rituals and Chanting Why do Buddhists resort to these practices? Ignorance Wrong views Attachment to tradition Excessive faith and devotion Over dependence Easy way out Greed and desire Hatred and aversion

121 Rituals and Chanting Why do Buddhists resort to these practices? Ignorance Wrong views Attachment to tradition Excessive faith and devotion Over dependence Easy way out Greed and desire Hatred and aversion

122 Rituals and Chanting Why do Buddhists resort to these practices? Ignorance Wrong views Attachment to tradition Excessive faith and devotion Over dependence Easy way out Greed and desire Hatred and aversion

123 Rituals and Chanting Why do Buddhists resort to these practices? Ignorance Wrong views Attachment to tradition Excessive faith and devotion Over dependence Easy way out Greed and desire Hatred and aversion

124 Rituals and Chanting Why do Buddhists resort to these practices? Ignorance Wrong views Attachment to tradition Excessive faith and devotion Over dependence Easy way out Greed and desire Hatred and aversion

125 Rituals and Chanting Why do Buddhists resort to these practices? Ignorance Wrong views Attachment to tradition Excessive faith and devotion Over dependence Easy way out Greed and desire Hatred and aversion

126 Rituals and Chanting Why do Buddhists resort to these practices? Ignorance Wrong views Attachment to tradition Excessive faith and devotion Over dependence Easy way out Greed and desire Hatred and aversion

127 Rituals and Chanting Why do Buddhists resort to these practices? Ignorance Wrong views Attachment to tradition Excessive faith and devotion Over dependence Easy way out Greed and desire Hatred and aversion

128 Rituals and Chanting Why do Buddhists resort to these practices? These practices may be done in ignorance or for the other wrong reasons. However, these may be stepping stones for people who are not knowledgeable, or who are not ready to commence on the proper practice of Buddhism. Thus, we should always be mindful of our own reasons for doing these practices.

129 Rituals and Chanting Why do Buddhists resort to these practices? These practices may be done in ignorance or for the other wrong reasons. However, these may be stepping stones for people who are not knowledgeable, or who are not ready to commence on the proper practice of Buddhism. Thus, we should always be mindful of our own reasons for doing these practices.

130 Rituals and Chanting Why do Buddhists resort to these practices? These practices may be done in ignorance or for the other wrong reasons. However, these may be stepping stones for people who are not knowledgeable, or who are not ready to commence on the proper practice of Buddhism. Thus, we should always be mindful of our own reasons for doing these practices.

131 Rituals and Chanting Should Buddhists continue with these practices? No-if it hinders our progress. Yes-if it assists our progress. No-if it increases our greed, hatred and delusion. Yes-if it increases our generosity, compassion and wisdom.

132 Rituals and Chanting Should Buddhists continue with these practices? No-if it hinders our progress. Yes-if it assists our progress. No-if it increases our greed, hatred and delusion. Yes-if it increases our generosity, compassion and wisdom.

133 Rituals and Chanting Should Buddhists continue with these practices? No-if it hinders our progress. Yes-if it assists our progress. No-if it increases our greed, hatred and delusion. Yes-if it increases our generosity, compassion and wisdom.

134 Rituals and Chanting Should Buddhists continue with these practices? No-if it hinders our progress. Yes-if it assists our progress. No-if it increases our greed, hatred and delusion. Yes-if it increases our generosity, compassion and wisdom.

135 Rituals and Chanting Should Buddhists continue with these practices? No-if it hinders our progress. Yes-if it assists our progress. No-if it increases our greed, hatred and delusion. Yes-if it increases our generosity, compassion and wisdom.

136 Prepared by T Y Lee


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