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1. Churchill MB Shipping and possibilities in Port of Churchill for grain.

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Presentation on theme: "1. Churchill MB Shipping and possibilities in Port of Churchill for grain."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Churchill MB Shipping and possibilities in Port of Churchill for grain.

3 Shipping history and ship types: Vikings were in Canada trading with goods. Damskibsselskabet Norden started 1871 Ship types – Handy size – Handymax – Panamax – Post panamax – Capesize 3

4 Norden Tankers and Bulkers USA Inc. Dampskibsselskabet Norden. Hellerup (Copenhagen) Denmark. Started in 1871 by Mads Christian Holm Today ca 1100 employees and about 300 ships + new building program of 30 ships, 24 for dry cargo and 6 tankers. Norden has 1.85 % of the world fleet of 9813 ships in all sizes 4

5 Handy size ship: Loading capacity metric tons deadweight Ships are normally 170 meters long and 27 meter wide. Dead weight means the weight to ship can hold to its limits Example: Crew and effects (constant) Fuel Water Ballast Cargo Displacement means what the ship takes of space in the water Example: Ships own weight + dead weight. Ships has typically 5 holds 5

6 Handymax/Supramax Loading capacity metric tonnes deadweight Ship size is typically 199 meters long and 32.2 meters wide with 5 holds and 4 cranes Good grain ships due to wide body and thereby better stability and good loading capability Still a smaller ship that is a size where it fits in most handy max terminals. Ship has cranes and typically 21 crewmembers Typical engine power is hp on 6 cylinders. Fuel consumption ca liters a day full speed = 25 liter a minute or 1500 liters pr hour 6

7 Panamax size Loading capacity metric tons dead weight Ships size 225 meters long 32.2 meters wide Max with for Panama Canal there from the name No gear on deck, easy to load, but must be done from shore. 7 holds. Typical hold size is 32 x 21 x 19 meters. This is cub meters. There are some limits to PMX in Churchill being height under the pipes for loading, draught, weather, tug capacity, and others. Most used ship today for bigger bulk cargoes 7

8 Insurance and classification society Classification society Insurance Inspections Trading area and type of ship Crew and requirements Port Warden Local regulations and requirements Shipping routes 8

9 Class society Projecting ships and being present when building a ship Class follows up on inspections and have planned maintenance system for ships. Approves docking and repairs during scheduled dockings and interim occasions. Issues certificates for the ship to be able to certify the standard and the type and trade area for the ship. Flag state and class work closely together. Insurance can be issued when the ship has certificates in order 9

10 Insurance Provided by individual companies not tied into class society. Arranged for ship, hull and machinery Divided into areas Extended insurance for area out of the usual trading area Class of ship Type of ship Speed of ship Capabilities of the crew, number of crewmembers Captain can insure ship for owners account if ship is underinsured or not insured at all. No certificates, no insurance Customized insurance for lay up etc 10

11 Inspections Class 5 yearly inspection Annual inspection for safety and machinery. Flag state yearly inspection Port State Control, yearly Management company/owner Audit on board and in office to see if company also applies to the rules of the class. Captain ½ yearly inspection of cabins etc Port Warden/Coast guard 11

12 Trading area and type of ship Trading area ties in with the type of ship Ice class ships Canadian rules for entering arctic waters APPC Types of ship entering Churchill in for season, pre season and after season Permit to sail from Port Warden Ice advisor Ice breaker assistance Ice charts, weather routing 12

13 Crew and requirements IMO STCW convention Education Certificates Ongoing education Experience Rank Management companies Audit/Port Warden/PSC 13

14 Transport Canada/Port Warden/Local regulations/shipping routes Port Warden represents Transport Canada. Port State Controls Stability calculations Plimsol marks/zones 15 th July to 31 st October Ice condition in Hudson Bay and permit to depart port Requirements for navigation equipment Audit of crew 14

15 Port of Churchill today – Receiving Cleaning Loading Stevedoring Equipment Navigation 15

16 Receiving from the trains Terminal can receive 1100 metric tons /hour Train transport time. 100 train cars in a train = 9000 metric tons Takes over 7 trains to fill a Panamax ship with room for metric tons This will then take 59 hours of efficient time to receive the grain. There to come spotting time for the wagons etc. 16

17 Cleaning of the grain Churchill The grain might have to be cleaned before it can be loaded in the ship. Limit of grain cleaning is 660 metric tons pr hour That will be 98 hours to clean the grain for a panamax if the cargo is to be Wheat or Durum That will be 260 hours if the cargo is to be canola. The storage in the silos is sufficient for 2 ships. 17

18 Loading the ship The terminal loads one ship at the time It is possible to load two ships if it is same product. Changing product requires cleaning of conveyor belt Manual setting of pipes and trimming equipment Maximum draught the hips can be loaded to is meters at the loading dock as requirement from pilot and Transport Canada set the limit. Maximum 9.5 meters draught at the lay by berth 18

19 Stevedoring in Churchill Stevedores in Churchill are good and reliable There is a lot of manual work involved The maximum hours are 16 hours a day the first 2 days then 14 hours after that. Saturday and Sunday depends on the shipper/ agent/shipping line/ port in general. This will be overtime. Stevedores have a limited number of employees Foreman is attentive and good at getting things to function. 19

20 Equipment on the terminal Crane is available and can lift far enough in over the ship. Bulldozer is available for trimming of the cargo. Pipes can be moved in fair weather to accommodate the ships configuration Provision possible from town if ordered up front Inspections from Port Warden like arctic pollution prevention certificate and port State Control. Tug boat with 3000 HP, Wilson Tug boat with 1600 HP, Sepe 20

21 Navigation in the area Transport Canada Port Warden can give permit to sail with current conditions like ice/weather/escort Pilot available in day light only Pilot required Tugs are available in fair weather Navigational Markers are maintained by the tugboat. Ice Advisor needed after regulations to pass end date of normal navigation but must be arranged in advance. This is again weather /ice dependent in the general area the ship is navigating. 21

22 Outlook for the Port of Churchill 22 Hours of operation Preparation for the season Loading 2 ships at the time Tugboats/icebreaker Helicopter assistance for inspections Ice Adviser availability Management of grain shipments Speed of trains transferring grain

23 Hours of operation for elevator and stevedores and navigation Elevator must be able to work 24/7 as we have a short season. Stevedores must be able to work 24 hours a day every day Navigation aids must be safe for anytime operation Pilot service must be available 24/7 Train service must be available 24/7 Cleaning of grain must be expanded and available 24/7 23

24 Preparation for the season The elevator must always be full before the season to have grain for 2 ships Shipments must be lined up and this must coordinate with what grain gets shipped to Churchill Navigation aids must be in place Conveyors must be tested and functioning Pipes must be mounted and sufficient for any ship size at any pier All equipment must be prepared for the season Management must be in place to be able to give prompt answers to upcoming situations and take action. 24

25 Loading two ships at the time The port must be able to load 2 ships at the same time with different products. Maybe one product from the storage and one from trains/cleaning. Management on the pier who has contact with the terminal. Management must be in Churchill as there is not time for mistakes and relocation of ships and trains. Stevedores must be able to have people to run the loading 24/7 Navigational possibilities to dock ships in almost any weather 25

26 Tugboats/Icebreakers 2 sufficient tugs with ice class Reliable service 24/7 for tourist activity accidents as well Stand By/Rescue possibilities for at least one tug that can go out in any weather Crane on tug to pick things and people up from the water Pollution limitation, help to sail boom and skimmers out if spill of any kind. Environmental friendly tugs with newest equipment and azimuth props as space is limited in the port 26

27 Helicopter service for inspections and pilot boarding Have all ships inspected at anchor before entry of the port so the ship can load immediately at arrival after customs clearance. Holds must be inspected by agriculture and stability calculation must be approved by Port Warden. We spend often 6 hours if things are going well before we can load. Tugboat ride is not always available currently as weather and availability is limiting the possibility to pre inspect the ships to save time along side. Helicopter ride is 10 minutes and all ships have heliplatform on deck on one of the hatches 27

28 Ice Advisor availability Canadian regulations for ice navigation Class of ship for Hudson Bay up to 31 st of October Ice Advisor from Hudson Bay if required typically to Gibraltar or discharge port. Ice breaker assistance Insurance discounts Captains capability Ships ice class 28

29 Management of grain ships There must be absolute synchronization of what is ordered of type and quantity of grain and what arrives in Churchill. Ships line up must be advised to all parties and coordination meetings must be held every day to agree on schedule and info sent to all agents/shippers/ships/shipping companies/ tugs/stevedore foreman/other involved parties. Plan the season as much as possible and have one major shipping line to provide the ships or one company to have the majority of shipments to speed up and smooth the operation of the ships 29

30 Train transport to Churchill Train cars used for storage Increase transport of grain for getting more stock in house for next ship. Quicker train transport after improvement of tracks Empty trains 24/7 at the elevator 30

31 Churchill in numbers. In 2013 the Port of Churchill exported about metric tons of grain. Gain by 24/7 operation of terminal will give: 38 % more time loading = mt. Helicopter/tug boarding saves 5 days along side with no work performed = mt. 2 belts working all the time = est mt. This will for very small improvements give an potential export of mt. This is without extending the season ! Extending the season will improve mt. a week including 2 weather days. Realistic you can extend 2 weeks so export will then be mt. = 100 % + improvement. 31

32 What can Norden Tankers and Bulkers USA Inc do for Churchill. Norden is founded in 1871 = 143 years ago Norden has the ships you will need Norden has the experience from similar project Norden has the backbone to deliver Norden has a very young fleet of ships Norden is exporting several hundred grain shipment a year from Canada already 1 ship of every 50 bulk carriers in the world is a Norden ship Norden has 2% of the world fleet Norden is currently building 30 new ships where of 24 are bulk carriers Norden has offices in Denmark, USA, India, Singapore, China and Brazil. Norden has world wide operation with a Port Captain network to over see any project Norden had 1000 port calls in North America last year Norden has about 300 ship in operation today Norden has about 1150 employees Norden is a public company and thereby transparent for everyone to see the results Norden arranging a package deal and manage it. This will include 1 Canadian icebreaker tugboat with Canadian crew. Use of Wilson tugboat already In Churchill with existing crew. Ships are clean and ready to load at arrival without any problems Very new fleet of ships so we get minimal mechanical breakdown. Diversity of ships for the right size for right cargo and amount carried to discharge port. Ice class ships if needed in end of season Ice Advisor availability Experience from similar project Good solid shipping line with solid efficient back up and experienced operators to do daily update and arrangements for the ship line up. Port Captain to over see the project and be Nordens Port Manager and be part of the Churchill management team. Flexible possibilities in all aspects with more ships and quick commando way to get changes arranged. 32

33 Questions ?? 33


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