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Railcar 101 The Basics of Railcars: Car Types, Components and Rules How the Railroad Works Carol Scarborough.

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Presentation on theme: "Railcar 101 The Basics of Railcars: Car Types, Components and Rules How the Railroad Works Carol Scarborough."— Presentation transcript:

1 Railcar 101 The Basics of Railcars: Car Types, Components and Rules How the Railroad Works Carol Scarborough

2 May 21, 2008 DTE Rail Services, Inc. Maintenance Management Seminar 2 Railroad Operations Data Flow Train Operations Overview Terminals Network Operations Interchanges

3 May 21, 2008 DTE Rail Services, Inc. Maintenance Management Seminar 3 It all starts with a bill of lading Railroad Operations Data Flow BOL Railroad Customer Service Center Movement Waybill Railroad Rating System Freight Bill Instructions to pull car

4 May 21, 2008 DTE Rail Services, Inc. Maintenance Management Seminar 4 Railroad Operations Data Flow Origin Switch List Train Consist Inbound Switch List Delivery Instructions

5 May 21, 2008 DTE Rail Services, Inc. Maintenance Management Seminar 5 Railroad Operations Train Operations Overview Pull car from plant Local Yard Road Train Intermediate Classification Yard Road Train Local Yard Place car at Consignee

6 May 21, 2008 DTE Rail Services, Inc. Maintenance Management Seminar 6 Railroad Operations Terminals Work Order to Pull Car Industry Crew Pulls Car Return to Local Serving Yard Origin Terminal

7 May 21, 2008 DTE Rail Services, Inc. Maintenance Management Seminar 7 Railroad Operations Terminals Local Crew Yards Train Based on waybills, switch list is produced Train is inspected, bad orders marked for shop Origin Terminal

8 May 21, 2008 DTE Rail Services, Inc. Maintenance Management Seminar 8 Railroad Operations Terminals

9 May 21, 2008 DTE Rail Services, Inc. Maintenance Management Seminar 9 Railroad Operations Terminals Yard Crews Make up Outbound Train Train Inspected Yard Crews switch inbound local Origin Terminal

10 May 21, 2008 DTE Rail Services, Inc. Maintenance Management Seminar 10 Railroad Operations Terminals Road Power and Crew Ordered Train Departs With Permission from Dispatcher Bad Order Cars Repaired or Switched Out Origin Terminal

11 May 21, 2008 DTE Rail Services, Inc. Maintenance Management Seminar 11 Railroad Operations Terminals A No Bill car is handled differently Pull car Arrive local yard Switched to Hold track Billing Received Hold track switched Car gets switched to outbound track and back in normal service

12 May 21, 2008 DTE Rail Services, Inc. Maintenance Management Seminar 12 Railroad Operations Terminals A Bad Order car is also handled differently Pull car Arrive local yard On inbound inspection car is bad ordered Switched to shop for repair Yard crew spots cars in shop or Riptrack

13 May 21, 2008 DTE Rail Services, Inc. Maintenance Management Seminar 13 Railroad Operations Terminals A Bad Order car is also handled differently Car is repaired and released by shop Yard crew pulls cars from shop Car gets switched to outbound track and back in normal service

14 May 21, 2008 DTE Rail Services, Inc. Maintenance Management Seminar 14 Railroad Operations Terminals Destination Terminal Train Arrives Destination Yard Arrival Track Switch List is Prepared From Inbound Consist Yard Crew Switches Inbound Train

15 May 21, 2008 DTE Rail Services, Inc. Maintenance Management Seminar 15 Railroad Operations Terminals Destination Terminal Yard Crew Makes Up Industry Local Industry Local Switches Plant Spots Load

16 May 21, 2008 DTE Rail Services, Inc. Maintenance Management Seminar 16 Railroad Operations Network Operations Terminals are generally scheduled operation Arrivals and departures at major yards are coordinated so inbound cars can be switched and depart on outbound trains in 8 -20 hours Most blocks will depart once/day

17 May 21, 2008 DTE Rail Services, Inc. Maintenance Management Seminar 17 All mainline tracks are under control of dispatcher Arranges train meets and issues instructions and permission for trains to occupy tracks in their assigned territory Corridor manager, chief dispatcher or director of operations controls overall flow of traffic and makes decision on priorities Railroad Operations Network Operations

18 May 21, 2008 DTE Rail Services, Inc. Maintenance Management Seminar 18 Road trains generally have an engineer and conductor Both must be qualifiedon the territory they operate over Crews usually change at 100 mile or 200 mile intervals Road trains receive inspection every 1,000 miles Unit trains file a waiver for inspection every 1,500 miles Railroad Operations Network Operations

19 May 21, 2008 DTE Rail Services, Inc. Maintenance Management Seminar 19 Railroad Operations Network Operations

20 May 21, 2008 DTE Rail Services, Inc. Maintenance Management Seminar 20 Railroad Operations Network Operations 2 El Paso Train Symbol HOWCM 3 W. Colton 1 San Antonio BLOCKING DEPARTING HOUSTON – ENGLEWOOD YARD

21 May 21, 2008 DTE Rail Services, Inc. Maintenance Management Seminar 21 Railroad Operations Network Operations Time Day Dep. Houston-Englewood19000 Ar. San Antonio04001 Set out 1 Pick up 2, 3 in block Dep. San Antonio08001 Ar. El Paso05002 Set out 2 Pick up 3 Dep. El Paso10002 Ar. W. Colton13003 First connection WCEUM 2100

22 May 21, 2008 DTE Rail Services, Inc. Maintenance Management Seminar 22 Classes of road trains Intermodal Automotive High Priority Manifest Unit Trains (coal, grain, etc.) Manifest Local Railroad Operations Network Operations

23 May 21, 2008 DTE Rail Services, Inc. Maintenance Management Seminar 23 Railroad Operations Network Operations Intermediate Terminals Hump yards or large classification yards Make blocks for other yards in system and interchange connections Make up trains from various blocks

24 May 21, 2008 DTE Rail Services, Inc. Maintenance Management Seminar 24 Railroad Operations Network Operations

25 May 21, 2008 DTE Rail Services, Inc. Maintenance Management Seminar 25 Railroad Operations Network Operations Train arrives in arrival yard Carman, bleeds air, inspects cars General yardmaster schedules train for humping Intermediate Terminals

26 May 21, 2008 DTE Rail Services, Inc. Maintenance Management Seminar 26 Railroad Operations Network Operations Hump engines pull train out of arrival yard and push over hump At cutoff time, general yardmaster instructs Trim engine crew to set blocks to departure yard Carmen lace air hoses, connect to air supply and inspect train Intermediate Terminals

27 May 21, 2008 DTE Rail Services, Inc. Maintenance Management Seminar 27 Railroad Operations Network Operations Road power and End of Train Device connected Crew departs with train at appropriate time Intermediate Terminals

28 May 21, 2008 DTE Rail Services, Inc. Maintenance Management Seminar 28

29 May 21, 2008 DTE Rail Services, Inc. Maintenance Management Seminar 29 Hump Yards The world's largest classification yard is a hump yard Bailey Yard in North Platte, Nebraska Other large hump yards are: Kansas City- Argentine - 2nd largest (BNSF) Chicago - Clearing (BRC) Houston- Englewood (UP)

30 May 21, 2008 DTE Rail Services, Inc. Maintenance Management Seminar 30 Hump Yards The gigantic Bailey Yard covers a total expanse of 2,850 acres and is over 8 miles in length and 2 miles wide. The yard is made up of 315 miles of track, including 18 receiving and 16 departure tracks. Bailey Yard handles over 10,000 cars every day. Approximately 3,000 cars are sorted daily in the yards two humps.

31 May 21, 2008 DTE Rail Services, Inc. Maintenance Management Seminar 31 Hump Yards Using a mound cresting 34 feet for eastbound trains and 20.1 for those heading west, these two hump yards allow four cars a minute to roll gently into any of 114 "bowl" tracks where they become part of trains headed for dozens of destinations. Together these two yards have 18 receiving and 16 departure tracks.

32 May 21, 2008 DTE Rail Services, Inc. Maintenance Management Seminar 32 Data Flow Local transfers Run-through train operations Railroad Operations Interchanges

33 May 21, 2008 DTE Rail Services, Inc. Maintenance Management Seminar 33 Railroad Operations Interchanges Data Flow RR 1 Waybill RR 2 Waybill EDI Transfer

34 May 21, 2008 DTE Rail Services, Inc. Maintenance Management Seminar 34 Railroad Operations Interchanges Local Transfers RR 1 Local train places cars on interchange track ----------------------------------- RR 2 Local train pulls cars from interchange track RR 1 Interchange Yard RR 2 Interchange Yard

35 May 21, 2008 DTE Rail Services, Inc. Maintenance Management Seminar 35 Railroad Operations Interchanges Run-Through Train Operations Houston Indianapolis St. Louis ALS St. Elmo UP CSX UP CSX

36 May 21, 2008 DTE Rail Services, Inc. Maintenance Management Seminar 36


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