Presentation on theme: "Fad-Diets Presented October 21, 2004 IVCC Chemistry Club National Chemistry Week 2004 Julie Sherbeyn – Health & Wellness Instructor."— Presentation transcript:
Fad-Diets Presented October 21, 2004 IVCC Chemistry Club National Chemistry Week 2004 Julie Sherbeyn – Health & Wellness Instructor
Some History… early mid 1830 1890 1938 1972 1978 1979 1981 1990s 1990s 2002 A. Agatston: South Beach Diet G. Harrop: Liquid Diet (skim milk & bananas) H. Tarnower: Scarsdale Diet (high protein, low calorie) J. Mazel: Beverly Hills Diet (all fruit) B.Sears: The Zone Diet (40, 30, 30) H. Fletcher: The Great Masicator Low meat High carbs & veggies R. Atkins: Atkins Diet (high protein, low carb) N. Pritikin: Pritikin Diet (low fat) D. Ornish: Vegetarian and extremely low fat S. Graham: Vegetarian No: alcohol, tea, or coffee Yes: crackers http://www.channel4.com/science/microsites/B/bodystory/fat_diets.html
2000 Dietary Guidelines A im for fitness Aim for a healthy weight. Be physicall active each day. B uild a healthy base Let the Pyramid guide your food choices. Eat a variety of grains daily, especially whole grains. Eat a variety of fruits and vegetables daily. Keep foods safe to eat. C hoose sensibly Choose a diet that is low in saturated fat and cholesterol and moderate in total fat. Choose beverages and foods to moderate your intake of sugars. Choose and prepare foods with less salt. If you drink alcoholic beverages, do so in moderation.
Biochemistry… Energy Sources Carbohydrate Fat Protein Fat metabolism Ketosis Catabolism Positive and Negative nitrogen balance
How much? Carbohydrate 55-60% Fat 30% Saturated < 10% Protein 10-15% Most adults - 0.8g/kg BW Nonvegetarian endurance athletes – 1.2 to 1.4g/kg BW Nonvegetarian strength athletes – 1.6 to 1.7g/kg BW Vegetarian endurance athletes – 1.3 to 1.5g/kg BW Vegetarian strength athletes – 1.7 to 1.8g/kg BW (Body Weight in pounds / 2.2 = kg BW)
Energy Balance… Input is energy consumed as calories from food. Output is energy expended at rest, eating, and in activity. energy in = energy out: weight change energy in > energy out: weight energy in < energy out: weight
The answer… Eat less. Exercise more. Lose weight. So UnAmerican!
References: Johnson, R., Kennedy, E. The 2000 Dietary Guidelines for Americans: What are the changes and why were they made? Annual Editions: Nutrition 04/05, 16 th ed. Dubuque, IA: McGraw- Hill/Dushkin, 2004. Hales, D. An Invitation to Health, 11 th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Thomson Learning, 2003. Thompson, J. and Manore, M. Nutrition: An Applied Approach, San Francisco, CA: Pearson Education Benjamin Cummings, 2005. McArdle, W., Katch, F., and Katch, V. Exercise Physiology: Energy, Nutrition, and Human Performance, 3 rd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lea & Febiger, 1991.