# Aluminum and Steel Recycling: Lesson 16. Aluminum and Steel Recycling.

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Aluminum and Steel Recycling: Lesson 16

Aluminum and Steel Recycling

Objectives Students will be able to identify aluminum and steel cans. Students will be able to identify aluminum and steel cans. Students will know how to recycle cans in Nevada. Students will know how to recycle cans in Nevada. Students will know the history of cans. Students will know the history of cans. Students will be able to calculate aluminum conservation efforts. Students will be able to calculate aluminum conservation efforts.

Standards E.12.C.4 Students know processes of obtaining, using, and recycling of renewable and nonrenewable sources. E/S E.12.C.4 Students know processes of obtaining, using, and recycling of renewable and nonrenewable sources. E/S N.12.B.4 Students know scientific knowledge builds on previous information. E/S N.12.B.4 Students know scientific knowledge builds on previous information. E/S

Vocabulary Recycling rate: according to the EPA the formula for determining the recycling rate = (MSW recycled / MSW generated) * 100 Recycling rate: according to the EPA the formula for determining the recycling rate = (MSW recycled / MSW generated) * 100 Magnet: according to Merriam-Webster a magnet is a body having the property of attracting iron and producing a magnetic field external to itself; specifically : a mass of iron, steel, or alloy that has this property artificially imparted. Magnet: according to Merriam-Webster a magnet is a body having the property of attracting iron and producing a magnetic field external to itself; specifically : a mass of iron, steel, or alloy that has this property artificially imparted.magnetic Alloy: a mixture of metals. Alloy: a mixture of metals.

Independent Reading The History of Can Making The History of Can Making Questions to follow Questions to follow

Aluminum vs. Tin

Aluminum Aluminum –What are some qualities of aluminum? Tin Tin –What are some qualities of tin?

Aluminum vs. Tin Aluminum Aluminum –Not magnetic –Bottom does not have rim –Brushed, polished appearance –Body is shiny, silver, and smooth –No seams on body Tin Tin –Magnetic –Bottom has rim –Shiny, silver appearance –Body has rings or ribbing –Always has seam on body

Aluminum vs. Tin Aluminum –Label usually sprayed on –Lighter in weight –Curbside pickup –Transfer station drop off Tin –Label is usually paper, glued on –Heavier in weight –Curbside pickup –Transfer station drop off

The History of Cans Describe what the French Directoire did in 1795. Describe what the French Directoire did in 1795. Explain what Nicholas Appert did. Explain what Nicholas Appert did. What did Peter Durand do? What did Peter Durand do? What did Thomas Kensett do? What did Thomas Kensett do? Summarize what sped up the canning production. Summarize what sped up the canning production. Compare the pre-war and postwar canning output. Compare the pre-war and postwar canning output. Identify when new methods of production of cans increase to about 250 per minute. Identify when new methods of production of cans increase to about 250 per minute.

The History of Cans When were beverage cans made from aluminum introduced? When were beverage cans made from aluminum introduced? When did the recycling of aluminum cans become popular? Why? When did the recycling of aluminum cans become popular? Why? Identify how much recycled aluminum goes into a recycled can. Identify how much recycled aluminum goes into a recycled can.

The History of Cans In 1995, the amount of energy saved by using recycled cans equated to? In 1995, the amount of energy saved by using recycled cans equated to? Calculate about how many soft drink cans do you and your family use each week. Calculate about how many soft drink cans do you and your family use each week. Describe what do you do with the cans when you are finished with them. Describe what do you do with the cans when you are finished with them. Do you think one persons actions can help the environment? Summarize your thoughts. Do you think one persons actions can help the environment? Summarize your thoughts.

Equivalents 1 aluminum can = the energy of 1 cup of gas 1 aluminum can = the energy of 1 cup of gas 16 cups of gas =1 gallon 16 cups of gas =1 gallon 1 gallon of gas = 5 miles of distance traveled by a car (depending on type of car) 1 gallon of gas = 5 miles of distance traveled by a car (depending on type of car) 32 aluminum cans = 1 pound 32 aluminum cans = 1 pound 1 pound of cans = \$.25 (estimate depending on market) 1 pound of cans = \$.25 (estimate depending on market)

Calculations If each student in the class uses one aluminum can per day, how many cups of gas would this class use each week? If each student in the class uses one aluminum can per day, how many cups of gas would this class use each week? How many cups of gas would this class use in a year? How many cups of gas would this class use in a year? How many gallons of gas would this class use in a year? How many gallons of gas would this class use in a year? How many pounds does 3,200 aluminum cans weigh? How many pounds does 3,200 aluminum cans weigh? How many cans would it take to get \$1.00? How many cans would it take to get \$1.00? What is the difference between aluminum and tin? What is the difference between aluminum and tin? Where can I recycle aluminum/ tin in Nevada? Where can I recycle aluminum/ tin in Nevada?

Additional Links The ABCs of Environmental Education; The Hisotry of Can Making The ABCs of Environmental Education; The Hisotry of Can Making –http://www.cancentral.com/canc/abc.htm http://www.cancentral.com/canc/abc.htm HowStuffWorks Show: Episode 6 Recycling Aluminum HowStuffWorks Show: Episode 6 Recycling Aluminum –http://videos.howstuffworks.com/discovery/35483- howstuffworks-show-episode-6-recycling-aluminum- video.htm http://videos.howstuffworks.com/discovery/35483- howstuffworks-show-episode-6-recycling-aluminum- video.htmhttp://videos.howstuffworks.com/discovery/35483- howstuffworks-show-episode-6-recycling-aluminum- video.htm HowStuffWorks Show: Episode 6 Mining for Aluminum HowStuffWorks Show: Episode 6 Mining for Aluminum –http://videos.howstuffworks.com/discovery/35493- howstuffworks-show-episode-6-mining-for-aluminum- video.htm http://videos.howstuffworks.com/discovery/35493- howstuffworks-show-episode-6-mining-for-aluminum- video.htmhttp://videos.howstuffworks.com/discovery/35493- howstuffworks-show-episode-6-mining-for-aluminum- video.htm Recycling a Can- Can Change the World Recycling a Can- Can Change the World –http://www.5min.com/Video/Recycling-A-Can----Can- Change-The-World-84372074 http://www.5min.com/Video/Recycling-A-Can----Can- Change-The-World-84372074http://www.5min.com/Video/Recycling-A-Can----Can- Change-The-World-84372074

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