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Adath Israel synagogue from the street The first Jews probably arrived to Cuba after the expulsion from Spain in 1492. They were mostly Marranos,

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Presentation on theme: "Adath Israel synagogue from the street The first Jews probably arrived to Cuba after the expulsion from Spain in 1492. They were mostly Marranos,"— Presentation transcript:

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4 Adath Israel synagogue from the street The first Jews probably arrived to Cuba after the expulsion from Spain in They were mostly Marranos, the forced Jewish converts to Catholicism. During the 16th and 17th centuries, Jews immigrated to Cuba from Brazil. In the late 1800's, Jews from the Dutch Antilles settled in Cuba.

5 Adath Israel, the Orthodox synagogue sanctuary

6 Chairs at Adath Israel Orthodox Synagogue

7 The women's section

8 Ashkenazi Jews born in Romania and Eastern Europe came to Cuba to work for U.S.-owned plantations and businesses in the 20ties. Among them was also Ervins grandfather,but he returned to Romania after a few months.

9 In the kitchen at Adath Israel where the members do all the cooking.

10 A large number of Jews immigrated to Cuba from 1910 until 1920, including Sephardic Jews from Turkey. Jews continued to seek asylum in Cuba during the Holocaust. At the beginning of World War II, Ashkenazi Jews from Poland arrived in Santiago fleeing Nazi persecution. At the time of the Revolution in 1959, Cubas Jewish population peaked at 15,000 people.

11 Embroidering kippot at Adath Israel. Hand made dolls are displayed in the background.

12 Centro Sefaradi sanctuary

13 After the Revolution there were restrictions against religious groups.Jewish life suffered in Cuba, but never disappeared. Cuban Jewry faced increased assimilation and its elders were worried about the communitys future. The open ark at Centro Sefarad

14 New Ner Tamid Just after the fall of the Soviet Union in the late 1980s, Castro proclaimed religious freedom for all. The government even provides some financial support for religious organizations. For the Jewish community in Cuba, most money comes from international Jewish organizations from the United States and Europe.

15 Tu BShevat in Havana

16 Camagüey

17 The museum is a house that was built around This is the entrance area.

18 The facade of the museum

19 The Israeli folk dance group from Camagüey is featured to the left.

20 In the museum there are cases showing Jewish culture and religion.

21 The American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC) was instrumental in rebuilding Cubas Jewish population. Since 1992, the JDC has sent rabbis and community organizers to help with education and to perform ceremonies.

22 New Havdalah set brought to Camagüey from Jerusalem

23 Santa Clara

24 The stone is from Kolodno Street in the Warsaw Ghetto. It was donated by the Holocaust Museum in Washington D.C. and carried to the community by Miriam Saul from Atlanta, GA

25 The Holocaust Memorial in Santa Clara is quite complex. The railroad tracks lead to hopes for the future.

26 Virginia

27 Virginia s kitchen

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29 The Patronato, the Jewish community center and Conservative synagogue in Havana. Casa de la Comunidad Hebrea de Cuba El Patronato

30 Purim - Making Hamentaschen for Purim at the Patronato, Havanas largest synagogue.

31 Alberto calls them Hamen's Ears. He is a member of the Youth Group

32 Kitchen staff at the Patronato

33 Medicines in the pharmacy at the Patronato

34 The Purim Queens Contest at the Patronato in Havana

35 The purpose of The Cuba-America Jewish Mission is to help the Jews of Cuba to be able to learn about their religion and heritage, and to live healthy and productive lives both in Cuba and Israel. June Safran, former executive director of the Cuba-America Jewish Mission

36 Guantanam o

37 The Bimah June Safran wrote to me in 2009: I have been involved since There are about 1200 Jews left in Cuba and about 900 in Israel as well as about 300 that have left Israel for the US or Spain either because they missed having family around or could not adjust to the language.

38 Red carpet was laid at the entrance to the sanctuary for the celebration of Guantanamo Jewish Community 80th Anniversary

39 Kiddush cup brought from Israel to the community

40 Friday night blessing the children and loved ones

41 The new challah cover

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44 Succot in Guantånamo

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47 In February 2007 the New York Times estimated that there are about 1,500 known Jews living in Cuba, most of them (about 1,100) living in Havana. The article adds that "This small Jewish presence [in 2007] is in stark contrast to the bustling community that existed before Fidel Castro came to power in In those days, there were 15,000 Jews and five synagogues in Havana alone". Plaque at Entrance to Hatikvah de Santiago de Cuba The Comunidad Hebrea Hatikva de Santiago de Cuba was founded by Sephardic Jews about 1924.

48 The bimah and the ark at Hatikva in Santiago de Cuba

49 February 2, 2012 Info : The Virtual Jewish History Tour - Cuba The Virtual Jewish History Tour Cuba by Rebecca Weiner Photos,comments with the photos and info: CAJM – Photos For more photos and info please visit the following links : Music : Rubén González - Melodía del rio


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