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An Overview of Service-Learning May 1, 2003. Presentation Agenda What is Service-Learning?What is Service-Learning? HistoryHistory Distinguishing elementsDistinguishing.

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Presentation on theme: "An Overview of Service-Learning May 1, 2003. Presentation Agenda What is Service-Learning?What is Service-Learning? HistoryHistory Distinguishing elementsDistinguishing."— Presentation transcript:

1 An Overview of Service-Learning May 1, 2003

2 Presentation Agenda What is Service-Learning?What is Service-Learning? HistoryHistory Distinguishing elementsDistinguishing elements ExamplesExamples Overview of SyllabiOverview of Syllabi Models in Higher EdModels in Higher Ed

3 History 1980s: National service efforts were launched at the grassroots level, including the Campus Outreach Opportunity League and Campus Compact, which help mobilize service and service-learning programs in higher education.1980s: National service efforts were launched at the grassroots level, including the Campus Outreach Opportunity League and Campus Compact, which help mobilize service and service-learning programs in higher education : The National & Community Service Act: Congress passed the National and Community Service Act of The legislation authorizes grants to schools to support service- learning and demonstration grants for national service programs to youth corps, nonprofits, and colleges and universities : The National & Community Service Act: Congress passed the National and Community Service Act of The legislation authorizes grants to schools to support service- learning and demonstration grants for national service programs to youth corps, nonprofits, and colleges and universities.

4 What is Service-Learning? Are integrated into the academic curriculumAre integrated into the academic curriculum Meet the needs of a communityMeet the needs of a community Provide structured time for reflectionProvide structured time for reflection Help foster civic responsibilityHelp foster civic responsibility Adapted from the National and Community Service Trust Act, 1993 It is a teaching method whereby students learn and develop through active participation in organized service experiences that:

5 Program Characteristics Academic ExperienceAcademic Experience Links the learning in the classroom to the activity in the community…and vice versaLinks the learning in the classroom to the activity in the community…and vice versa Reinforces what is learned in the classroomReinforces what is learned in the classroom Designed with clear academic goalsDesigned with clear academic goals Characteristics excerpted from Eyler, Janet and Giles, Wheres the Learning in Service-Learning? San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1999.

6 Community ProjectCommunity Project Connects the student to the community in activities that are mutually beneficialConnects the student to the community in activities that are mutually beneficial Projects take place at the community levelProjects take place at the community level Ideally, students and community leaders participate in planning the projectIdeally, students and community leaders participate in planning the project

7 Reflection RequirementReflection Requirement Built-in opportunities to reflect on the experienceBuilt-in opportunities to reflect on the experience Creates a deeper understanding and better application of subject matterCreates a deeper understanding and better application of subject matter Increases appreciation of problem and encourages solution analysisIncreases appreciation of problem and encourages solution analysis

8 Civic Role and AppreciationCivic Role and Appreciation Experiences have a higher purpose that emphasizes the reward and value in serviceExperiences have a higher purpose that emphasizes the reward and value in service Increases civic engagement of the UniversityIncreases civic engagement of the University Gives the student a better understanding of their individual role in societyGives the student a better understanding of their individual role in society

9 Service-Learning is… Cleaning up a river bank is just service.Cleaning up a river bank is just service. Looking at water samples under a microscope is just learning.Looking at water samples under a microscope is just learning. Biology majors meeting state standards by taking samples from local streams, analyzing the samples and then presenting the information to a pollution control agency is service-learning.Biology majors meeting state standards by taking samples from local streams, analyzing the samples and then presenting the information to a pollution control agency is service-learning.

10 Service-Learning is NOT… Community ServiceCommunity Service VolunteeringVolunteering These are Service Experiential LearningExperiential Learning Hands-On LearningHands-On Learning InternshipsInternships These are Learning

11 Service Learning Syllabi Alma CollegeAlma College University of UtahUniversity of Utah Notre Dame UniversityNotre Dame University Retrieved from Campus Compact (www.compact.org/syllabi)

12 Alma College Discipline: Environmental Studies, Public Policy, HealthDiscipline: Environmental Studies, Public Policy, Health Course: Comparative Public Health and Environmental PolicyCourse: Comparative Public Health and Environmental Policy The course reviews Mexican and US history and government, followed by study of selected health and environmental problems along the US/Mexico border. Students travel to the border to observe conditions and design a project related to environmental-health issues.The course reviews Mexican and US history and government, followed by study of selected health and environmental problems along the US/Mexico border. Students travel to the border to observe conditions and design a project related to environmental-health issues.

13 University of Utah Discipline: MusicDiscipline: Music Course: The Pianist and the Community: Career Development and VolunteerismCourse: The Pianist and the Community: Career Development and Volunteerism The course emphasizes that community service is a vital aspect of any musical career. Students teach piano to at-risk students and participate in recitals.The course emphasizes that community service is a vital aspect of any musical career. Students teach piano to at-risk students and participate in recitals.

14 Notre Dame University Discipline: ChemistryDiscipline: Chemistry Course: Chemistry in Service of the CommunityCourse: Chemistry in Service of the Community Students join with community partners in helping to identify neighborhood homes that have unsafe levels of lead contamination.Students join with community partners in helping to identify neighborhood homes that have unsafe levels of lead contamination.

15 Six Models for Service-Learning Pure Service-LearningPure Service-Learning Intellectual core in the idea of service, not necessarily in a particular disciplineIntellectual core in the idea of service, not necessarily in a particular discipline Example: Berea CollegeExample: Berea College As a first-year seminar, students are introduced to the interdisciplinary study of community, focusing on a variety of topics, fostering leadership skills, and introducing them to possible non-profit sector careers and field experience in their majors.As a first-year seminar, students are introduced to the interdisciplinary study of community, focusing on a variety of topics, fostering leadership skills, and introducing them to possible non-profit sector careers and field experience in their majors. Six Models excerpted from Heffernan Fundamentals of Service-Learning Course Construction, RI Campus Compact, 2001.

16 Discipline-Based Service-LearningDiscipline-Based Service-Learning Spending a semester in the community with ongoing reflection of their experienceSpending a semester in the community with ongoing reflection of their experience Previous Example: University of UtahPrevious Example: University of Utah Music course teaches that community service is a vital aspect of any musical career. Activities are based on the music discipline.Music course teaches that community service is a vital aspect of any musical career. Activities are based on the music discipline.

17 Problem-Based Service-LearningProblem-Based Service-Learning Students serve as consultants to the community working on a particular problem or needStudents serve as consultants to the community working on a particular problem or need Develop solutions to the problemDevelop solutions to the problem Assumes a particular knowledge baseAssumes a particular knowledge base Previous Example: Notre Dame UniversityPrevious Example: Notre Dame University Chemistry students join with community partners in helping to identify neighborhood homes that have unsafe levels of lead contamination.Chemistry students join with community partners in helping to identify neighborhood homes that have unsafe levels of lead contamination.

18 Capstone CoursesCapstone Courses Designed for a particular disciplineDesigned for a particular discipline Draws upon knowledge from throughout courseworkDraws upon knowledge from throughout coursework Transition from world of theory to world of practiceTransition from world of theory to world of practice Example: Portland State UniversityExample: Portland State University Senior students participate in an applied research project where they work with the Community Justice Dept. to evaluate the alcohol and drug counseling services.Senior students participate in an applied research project where they work with the Community Justice Dept. to evaluate the alcohol and drug counseling services.

19 Service InternshipsService Internships Intensive experience in a community settingIntensive experience in a community setting Regular and ongoing reflective opportunitiesRegular and ongoing reflective opportunities Focus on reciprocity – benefit to both student and communityFocus on reciprocity – benefit to both student and community Example: University of PennsylvaniaExample: University of Pennsylvania The Public Service Internship Program is a 12-week summer program that immerses 20 undergraduates in real-world problem solving in the West Philadelphia-Penn community.The Public Service Internship Program is a 12-week summer program that immerses 20 undergraduates in real-world problem solving in the West Philadelphia-Penn community.

20 Undergraduate Community- Based Action ResearchUndergraduate Community- Based Action Research Popular, independent study optionPopular, independent study option Students work with faculty to learn research methodology while serving as community advocatesStudents work with faculty to learn research methodology while serving as community advocates Example: Allegheny CollegeExample: Allegheny College Creek Connections is a partnership between Allegheny College and regional K-12 schools where AC staff and students provide the framework and assistance for school-based investigative research in local watersheds.Creek Connections is a partnership between Allegheny College and regional K-12 schools where AC staff and students provide the framework and assistance for school-based investigative research in local watersheds.

21 Model Programs University of PennsylvaniaUniversity of Pennsylvania Ranked in top 3 schools for service-learning programs by U.S. News and World Report (2003)Ranked in top 3 schools for service-learning programs by U.S. News and World Report (2003) (retrieved 4/29/03) University of MarylandUniversity of Maryland Ranked 24 th in U.S. News and World Report for service-learning (2003)Ranked 24 th in U.S. News and World Report for service-learning (2003) (retrieved: 4/29/03) Rutgers UniversityRutgers University In 1993, President Clinton publicized the service- learning program as a model for colleges and universities across the country.In 1993, President Clinton publicized the service- learning program as a model for colleges and universities across the country.

22 University of Pennsylvania Founded in 1992, the Center for Community Partnerships is Penn's primary vehicle for bringing together knowledge needed to solve the problems so that the University, the city, and society benefit.Founded in 1992, the Center for Community Partnerships is Penn's primary vehicle for bringing together knowledge needed to solve the problems so that the University, the city, and society benefit. ActivitiesActivities Academically-based community serviceAcademically-based community service Provide technical assistance to facultyProvide technical assistance to faculty Direct traditional community serviceDirect traditional community service Community DevelopmentCommunity Development

23 Member of Campus CompactMember of Campus Compact 1200 students participated in one or more of 140 courses; courses offered in any one academic year.1200 students participated in one or more of 140 courses; courses offered in any one academic year. Some SL courses exist outside of the CenterSome SL courses exist outside of the Center SupportSupport Staff: 30 full/part-time staff include University or grant-funded positions and AmeriCorps* VISTA members.Staff: 30 full/part-time staff include University or grant-funded positions and AmeriCorps* VISTA members. Funding: University support, grant support, and endowment funds.Funding: University support, grant support, and endowment funds. Governed: Director reports to the Office of the Vice President for Government, Community and Public Affairs and to the Provost.Governed: Director reports to the Office of the Vice President for Government, Community and Public Affairs and to the Provost.

24 University of Maryland Founded in 1992, the Community Service Office is housed within the office of Commuter Affairs and Community Service.Founded in 1992, the Community Service Office is housed within the office of Commuter Affairs and Community Service. ActivitiesActivities Curriculum-based service-learningCurriculum-based service-learning Provide technical assistance to faculty in course developmentProvide technical assistance to faculty in course development Co-curricular community service activitiesCo-curricular community service activities

25 Member of Campus CompactMember of Campus Compact 1500 students every year enroll in approximately 50 SL courses taught by about 30 faculty members.1500 students every year enroll in approximately 50 SL courses taught by about 30 faculty members. About 200 total SL courses offered.About 200 total SL courses offered. Some colleges require some level of experiential learning, of which SL is a choiceSome colleges require some level of experiential learning, of which SL is a choice SupportSupport Staff: Four full/part-time staff working with SLStaff: Four full/part-time staff working with SL Funding: University support, mini-grants for specific coursesFunding: University support, mini-grants for specific courses Governed: Director reports to the Vice President of Student Affairs Office.Governed: Director reports to the Vice President of Student Affairs Office.

26 Rutgers University Citizenship and Service Education (CASE) was formed in 1988 to improve and consolidate the relationship between the University and the broader New Brunswick community.Citizenship and Service Education (CASE) was formed in 1988 to improve and consolidate the relationship between the University and the broader New Brunswick community. ActivitiesActivities Academic-based service learningAcademic-based service learning Provide technical assistance to faculty in course developmentProvide technical assistance to faculty in course development Co-curricular community service programmingCo-curricular community service programming

27 Primary resource: In 2000, CASE put a community database resource on the web known as the "Redbook Online".Primary resource: In 2000, CASE put a community database resource on the web known as the "Redbook Online". Faculty use Redbook Online as a search engine to identify suitable placement sitesFaculty use Redbook Online as a search engine to identify suitable placement sites Community based agencies use it to advertise their organizations to the student community at RutgersCommunity based agencies use it to advertise their organizations to the student community at Rutgers All SL courses go through CASE.All SL courses go through CASE students enroll in almost 50 service- learning courses each year students enroll in almost 50 service- learning courses each year. Some departments have SL requirements including the honors program.Some departments have SL requirements including the honors program.

28 Member of Campus CompactMember of Campus Compact SupportSupport Staff: Two full-time, one part-time, two grad studentsStaff: Two full-time, one part-time, two grad students Funding: University funds, occasional grant supportFunding: University funds, occasional grant support Governed: Director reports to the Office of the Vice President of Undergraduate StudiesGoverned: Director reports to the Office of the Vice President of Undergraduate Studies

29 Visit the Programs University of PennsylvaniaUniversity of Pennsylvania University of MarylandUniversity of Maryland Rutgers UniversityRutgers University


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