Presentation on theme: "Making Meaning from Experiential Education: Reflection and Service-Learning Jan Shoemaker Director, Louisiana State University Service-Learning Program."— Presentation transcript:
Making Meaning from Experiential Education: Reflection and Service-Learning Jan Shoemaker Director, Louisiana State University Service-Learning Program Jshoema@lsu.edu
What is your experience with the community? Your interaction with community? What did you learn from that? Hint: You just did some reflection.
Key Question How can we design reflective activities that most effectively accomplish the learning goals of our course?
Goals To learn what reflection is and is not To understand its importance to Service- Learning To examine the principles of effective reflection To learn some effective reflection activities and strategies To understand how reflection and assessment overlap
Reflection Is Not…… Not just sitting on a log and meditating Not just something done privately Not just at end of project or course Not just for students
What is Reflection? Examination and interpretation of experience Process by which students think critically about experience Analyzing concepts, evaluating experience, postulating theory Putting facts, ideas, experiences together to derive new meaning
Reflection: Essential Part of Service-Learning Definition “A course-based credit bearing educational experience in which students …. (a)participate in an organized service activity that meets identified community needs and (b)reflect on the service activity in such a way as to gain further understanding of course content, a broader appreciation of the discipline, and an enhanced sense of civic responsibility.” Bringle and Hatcher 99
Reflection Connects Civic and Academic Goals Service Learning Pure ServicePure Learning
Reflection Can Accomplish Academic and Civic Goals Course-specific skills and knowledge Critical thinking skills Problem Solving skills Learning how to learn ( active learning, application, collaboration,etc.) Citizenship and social responsibility Respect for diversity Leadership skills Understanding root causes of social problems Ethical issues connected with discipline Howard 01
Effective reflection will: Bringle and Hatcher 99 1. Clearly link the service experiences to the course content and learning objectives.
Effective reflection will: 2. Be structured in terms of description, expectations, and the criteria for assessing the activity.
Effective reflection will: 3. Occur regularly during the semester so that students can practice reflection and develop the capacity to engage in deeper and broader reflection.
Effective reflection will: 4. Provide feedback from the instructor about at least some of the reflection activities so that students learn how to improve their critical analysis and develop from reflective practice.
Effective reflection will: 5. Include the opportunity for students to explore, clarify, and alter their values.
Reflection Activities and Strategies Eyler, et.al. 96 Written Exercises Literature and Reading Assignments Projects and Activities Oral and Electronic Exercises and Discussions
Written Exercises: LSU Example Drama class journal entry: What does your experience say about the role of drama in community? Does the play you wrote and produced for the school children shape the audience or does audience shape the play?
Literature and Reading Assignments: LSU Example Biological Engineering: Students read Barbara Kingsolver essays on human effects on environment and related them to similar issues connected with playgrounds they designed and built.
Oral Exercises and Discussions: LSU Example Technical Writing: Students presented their grant proposal to representatives of their agency and a potential funding foundation. The proposal won a $50, 000 grant to build a playground for the Children’s Development Center.
Projects and Activities: LSU Example Architecture students get feedback from community members after creating a development plan and a web site for community organizations to facilitate community development and communication.
Tips for Using Reflection as Assessment Establish benchmarks. Provide for formative; not just summative assessment. Provide credit for learning; not just for service. Link reflection to learning goals in syllabus. Clearly articulate criteria (rubrics). Provide students opportunities to assess their own personal goals. Assess the project (community needs and partnership). Assess the course (learning goals). Assess collaborative learning. Include all the stakeholders.
Other Important Issues for Reflection Preparation for service Diversity and Culture Risk management Closure
How can I learn more? Bringle, Robert G. and Julie A. Hatcher. “Reflection in Service- Learning: Making Meaning of Experience.” Educational Horizons. Summer 1999. 179-185. Campus Compact. www.cas.lsu.edu Click “Resources”www.cas.lsu.edu Eyler, Janet et.al. A Practitioner’s Guide to Reflection in Service- Learning. Nashville: Vanderbilt, 1996. Howard, Jeffery. Ed. Service-learning Course Design Workbook. U. of Michigan: OCSL Press, 2001. LSU Service-Learning Program. www.cas.lsu.edu Click “Service- Learning” and “Faculty Resources” for Faculty Manual and links. www.cas.lsu.edu
Let’s Reflect/Assess Now What have you realized during this process? What reflective processes do you plan to use? What was most helpful? What was least helpful? What would you like to know more about? (contact email@example.com)firstname.lastname@example.org