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Progressive Movement PG. 30 Notes Pg. 31. Vocabulary.

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Presentation on theme: "Progressive Movement PG. 30 Notes Pg. 31. Vocabulary."— Presentation transcript:

1 Progressive Movement PG. 30 Notes Pg. 31. Vocabulary

2 Review to this point

3 Civil War

4 Reconstruction Amendments ( ) 13 th - Outlawed Slavery 14 th - Defines Citizenship (ex-slaves now citizens) Equal protection under the law for states. Bill of rights applied to states. 15 th Voting rights for ex-slaves who are men

5 The Progressive Era & the End of Laissez-Faire America

6 America Industrializes / Gilded Age Technological innovations Bessemer Process Steel Electricity Thomas Edison Factory work at night Railroads Transcendental Growth of West National Markets Corporations – A charted company recognized by law as a person Captions of Industry – Robber Barons Andrew Carnegie – Steel John D. Rockefeller – Oil Vanderbilt – Railroads Monopoly – Trust – A company that has complete control over a product or service

7 I. Muckrakers Expose the Evils of Industrial Capitalism A.Jacob Riis and New Yorks Poor B.Lincoln Steffens Shame of the Cities

8 B. Upton Sinclair and Americas Meat

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10 C. Ida Tarbell and Standard Oil

11 Ida B. Wells Reforms on lynching

12 II. Solution #1: Keep Capitalism, But Protect the People A. Protecting Children and Women Workers: Child Labor Laws & Muller v. Oregon

13 Labor Child Labor Laws Unions – Knights of Labor – American Federation of Labor Samuel Gompers Closed shops – Only union workers – Haymarket Affair Riot Chicago Bomb exploded Labor leaders blamed 7 police men killed

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16 Gospel of Wealth Idea that Captions of industry should give some of there profits to help society Philanthropy – Give away money to help society Libraries Museums Schools

17 Social Gospel Social Reforms Christian Duty to help others – Jane Addams Settlement Houses – W.E.B DuBois NAACP – Booker T. Washington YMCA Anti- Defamation League

18 B. Protecting Consumers: Meat Inspection Act and Pure Food & Drug Act

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20 C. Protecting Small Businesses: The Elkins, Hepburn and Clayton Anti-Trust Acts

21 Laws against Unfair Business Laissez-faire – Belief that the Government should not interfere with business Only to protect and enforce contracts Tariffs to protect trade Interstate Commerce Act (1877) – Congress can regulate commerce between states. Railroads 1 st time US Government stepped in to regulate business Sherman Anti – Act (1890) – Stop monopolies in engaging in unfair practices

22 Progressive Presidents & Trust Roosevelt – Square Deal Revised the use of the Sherman Anti- Trust Act trust buster Good trust – Agree to regulation Bad trust – Not agree to regulation then shut down – Protect the consumer health and prevent false advertising Meat Inspection Act (1906) Pure Food and Drug (1906) Taft – More trust busting Wilson – New Freedom Clayton Anti – Trust (1914) – All trusts are bad. Underwood Tariff (1913) – Lowered Tariff Federal Reserve Act (1913) – Reformed banking system – 12 bankers banks – Regulate money supply Federal Trade Commission (1913) – Regulate against unfair business practice Child Labor Act (1916) National Park Service

23 III. Solution #2: More Democracy, More Power to the People

24 16 th amendment Graduated income tax Redistributes wealth from top income earners (I am fined on April 16 th if I dont get my taxes in on time)

25 B. Direct Election of Senators: 17 th Amendment Original Constitution (1787): The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State, chosen by the Legislature thereof, for six Years; and each Senator shall have one Vote. 17 th Amendment: The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State, elected by the people thereof, for six years…. More people participate in direct democracy. (I can vote for my senator when I am 18…I wish it was 17)

26 18 th amendment Prohibits the sale of alcohol (Back in the day the drinking age was 18 now it is 21) 21 st amendment repealed the 18 th

27 A. Women Win the Right to Vote: The 19 th Amendment (18, 19, 20) I can vote when Im 18 because of the 19 th amendment passed in 1920!

28 C. Voting Privately: The Australian Ballot

29 New York (1900)

30 D. Recalls, Referenda, and Initiatives

31 IV. The Results A. Political: Little Long Term Impact

32 Notes/vocabulary _k7I _k7I

33 Frayer Model Vocabulary Third Parties Muckrakers

34 Individual boxes

35 Presentation

36 Quiz


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