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Progressivism. * ID Progressivisms Goals Progressivism was………. a movement to improve American life by expanding democracy and achieving social and economic.

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Presentation on theme: "Progressivism. * ID Progressivisms Goals Progressivism was………. a movement to improve American life by expanding democracy and achieving social and economic."— Presentation transcript:

1 Progressivism

2 * ID Progressivisms Goals Progressivism was………. a movement to improve American life by expanding democracy and achieving social and economic justice. -optimistic, forward looking -an urban extension of Populism -praised the benefits of urban/industrial growth but sought to correct its evils with political, economic and social reform. 17.1

3 Who were the Progressives? Farmers - Populists Women Urban middle class Labor unions Muckrakers progressive legislators / politicians

4 Progressives attacked: Laissez Faire Social Darwinism

5 *ID Examples of Progressive Political Reforms to expand Democracy State Govt -initiative -referendum -recall -primaries -women voting -Secret ballot - legislation Natl Govt -amendments 16,17,18,19 -legislation

6 Natl & State Legislation to improve economic and social justice in America State regulation of intrastate commerce Consumer protection Child labor Tax reform Minimum wage / max hour Worker compensation / safety Union protection Conservation Business regulation

7 * How did the SC respond to Progressivism? the Brandeis Brief interpretation of the14 th Amendment Muller, Bunting, Lochner

8 17.2 ID Roles of Women in the workforce opportunity for higher education as a part of the Progressive movement - muckrakers - Lobbyists / NAWSA - social housekeeping

9 * ID Leaders of Woman Suffrage Susan B. Anthony Eliz. Cady Stanton - second wave: Alice Paul Carrie Catts

10 * ID the Progressive Presidents TR (R) 1901; Taft (R) WW (D)

11 1876HayesR 1880Garfield/ArthurR 1884ClevelandD 1888HarrisonR 1892ClevelandD 1896McKinleyR 1900McKinley/TRR 1904TRR 1908TaftR 1912WWD 1916WWD

12 ID Elements of The Square Deal The 3 Cs: Control Corporations Consumer Protection Conservation

13 * ID Elements of The Square Deal Business Regulation Trusts –Trust Buster RR ICC (1887) –Elkins Act –Hepburn Act Strikes Environment Parks/ Reserves Newlands Act Public Protection FDA FAILURE IN CIVIL RIGHTS

14 * Who were the Muckrakers Pg 532 Ida Tarbell Upton Sinclair Lincoln Steffens

15 *ID Tafts Issues / Problems - he helps split the Republican party by 1912 Gifford Pinchot - fired him Joe Cannon - supported him TR - no image or charisma Tariff - support of high tariff Trusts - attacked more trusts

16 *Why did the Republican Party split in 1912? TRs response to Tafts policy decisions The Bull Moose party See election results

17 Wilsons New Freedom control and regulate Trusts - big is bad control and regulate Banks - prevent bank failures reduce the impact of Tariffs - replace it with the national income tax

18 *ID Ideas in WWs New Freedom Econ/Soc Sherman Clayton-1914 FTC Fed. Reserve Act Prohibition Income Tax Underwood Tariff Keating-Owen Act Farm-Loan Act Political Income Tax Woman Suffrage Senators –Direct election The Democrats steal progressivism

19 NEW FREEDOM LEGISLATION BANKINGTARIFFSFARMINGLABOR BUSINESS REGULATION

20 *Why did Progressivism end? USA enters 1917 WWI


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