Presentation on theme: "Taming Your TEST ANXIETY"— Presentation transcript:
1Taming Your TEST ANXIETY Western Washington UniversityCounseling Center
2PDF handouts to accompany this powerpoint: Taming Your Test AnxietyTest and Study StrategiesRelaxation Strategies
3Do you have test anxiety? Does your anxiety interfere with your performance?When you take a test, are you distracted with worry or with physical symptoms?Does your mind go blank when you are taking tests?Does your anxiety seem out of proportion to the testing situation?Differentiating between anxiety caused by being poorly prepared, lack of sleep, or too much caffeine vs. panicky anxiety that makes it hard to access the information you have learned.
4Some anxiety (or emotional arousal) actually improves performance. The middle area of this chart is what athletes call “The Zone”.Even a small decrease in test anxiety can help improve performance.
5What can I do about Test Anxiety? You can optimize your learning and test-taking skills.You can learn cognitive strategies to get yourself into the “zone” for optimal performance.You can train your body to relax so that your mind can focus.
7Efficient Memory Strategies PREVIEW the reading before class.GO TO CLASS. NON-NEGOTIABLE!REVIEW after class.Unless lecture notes are reviewed, most people forget up to 80% of the lecture within 24 hours. As soon as possible, review your notes.Actively process information. Anticipate possible test questions.Overlearn. Use your thinking brain to analyze the information. Study often and in many ways—to form stronger neuron connections with different parts of the brain. The expectation in college is an average of 2 hours of study per CREDIT a week.Review once a day for minutes. Review weekly—20-30 minutes per class.
8Active Learning Uses the Whole Brain Engage the Whole Brain withVisual memoryAuditory memoryKinesthetic memoryConceptual memory
9THE TUTORING CENTER: Wilson Library 280 Where can you find…Tips for Time ManagementFree Tutoring for Study Skills and MathInformation on Learning StylesNote-taking StrategiesTest-taking ToolsTHE TUTORING CENTER: Wilson Library 280The Tutorial Center offers workshops on study strategies and time management strategies. It also has a number of website resources. They also offer free tutoring in some of the Math and Science classes, and have a list of tutors available for private hire in other classes.SQ5R: Survey, Question, Read, Respond, Record, Recite, Review
10The Physical Zone Keep your body and brain healthy and fit with Adequate SleepProper DietAvoiding caffeine, alcohol, & recreational drugsExerciseUse a regular RELAXATION strategy to release daily stress and tension.Relaxation strategies have to be practiced regularly, like exercise. Only using relaxation techniques when you experience a surge of anxiety is not going to be very effective.
11The Mental ZoneOur internal thoughts and perspectives also affect emotions and stress levels.When you take a test, is your FOCUS on yourself and your anxiety, or on the job at hand?
12Anxiety is like a fire alarm… Easy to trigger, hard to ignore. The Fight, Flight or Freeze response is the brain’s response to danger. Something triggers the fire alarm and we respond with a survival response. The problem with test anxiety is that our worry sets off the fire alarm, and our brain and body respond as if the test was trying to kill you …
13The Fight or Flight Response Fight or flight response: Adrenaline: heart beats faster, breathing rate increasing we take in more oxygen, blood flows away from the digestive system (diarhea, stomach aches), away from the extremities (numb fingers), and away from the upper cortext of the brain (mind going blank).Blood flows to major muscle groups so you can fight, run away or hide.
14The Fight or Flight Response Takes Over When The Brain Receives a “Danger Signal” The body responds with increased heart rate and breathing, the blood flows away from the brain, the digestive system, and the extremities to pour energy into the major muscles in our arms and legs so we can react quickly.Very adaptive if a bear is charging or the room is on fire, but not very adaptive if the brain and body are acting as if the TEST is trying to kill you.If you have DANGER thoughts while you are taking the test, the fire alarm goes on and the fight or flight response is activated.
15DANGER THOUGHTSWhat if I flunk the test? I can’t remember anything! I’m so stupid.I don’t know this! What if I flunk the class? I didn’t study enough!This isn’t fair! I don’t have enough time! I’m going to do terrible!My parents will be mad if I get a bad grade! It’s hopeless! Just give up!What’s wrong with me? What will my professor think? I’m a failure.I hate this! I should know this! Everyone else is doing better.What if I flunk out of school? I can’t do it! This will ruin my life!What if I flunk the test?What if I flunk the class?I can’t remember anything!I’m so stupid.I don’t know this!I didn’t study enough!This isn’t fair!I don’t have enough time!I’m going to do terrible!My parents will be mad if I get a bad grade!It’s hopeless!I can’t do it! Just give up!What’s wrong with me?What will my professor think?I’m a failure.I hate this!I should know this!Everyone else is doing better.What if I flunk out of school?This will ruin my life!
17DANGER thoughts with SAFETY thoughts. Turn off the Fire Alarmby replacingDANGER thoughts with SAFETY thoughts.
18It is helping my brain focus. SAFETY THOUGHTSI’ll start with something I know.It’s just one test.I know this material.Even if I feel shaky, I can still do my best.One step at a time. Keep going.Focus on here and now.I’ll do the best I can.Let’s figure this out.I’ve already studied and it is what it is.Just focus on now and do the test.Whatever happens, I’ll deal with it.I’m anxious but I can manage.I can do this.I accept that I feel anxious and my heart is pounding—it’s just adrenaline.It is helping my brain focus.
19Write Your Own Safety Thoughts Help students brainstorm “safety thoughts” on their handout. Talk about pairing their “safety thoughts” with studying and with a relaxation technique, visualizing themselves taking the test and having positive self-talk.Practice your safety thoughts by using mental imagery to imagine yourself in a testing situation.
20Brain PowerWipe out anxious worries when you study—don’t connect them with the material you are learning!Set aside a separate time to problem-solve your academic worries and focus on things which are under your control.
21The “DUMP” Strategy Shortly before the exam, New research suggests that expressive writing just before an exam appears to decrease the effects of test anxiety on test performance.Why does this work? Authors speculate that writing things down before an exam prevents intrusive worry during the test. It only works for people who actually HAVE test anxiety—other people don’t show any performance improvement!Shortly before the exam,write non-stop for ten minutes about all your thoughts and feelings regarding the test. Students with test anxiety did better when they dumped their worries by writing!Writing About Testing Worries Boosts Exam Performance in the ClassroomGerardo Ramirez and Sian L. Beilock article in SCIENCE magazine, January 14, 2011
23Test-Taking Strategies Take a long deep breath, and focus on the TEST.Work on the easier parts first.Read directions twice.Tune out distractions—don’t watch the clock and don’t watch other students.Expect to see questions you don’t know or don’t recognize.If you have danger thoughts or get distracted by worry, imagine a “mental squeegee” that clears them out.Remember your “safety thoughts” for positive self-talk.Use patterned breathing (in 4 counts, hold 4 counts, out 8 counts) to release physical stress.The next few slides discuss test-taking strategies.
24Multiple Choice and True-False -Read the question carefully. Read all responses andeliminate the most obvious wrong answers.-When in doubt, go with your first impression.-Mark questions you don’t know and go on.-If you guess, look for two answers which are similar andpick one.True-False-Read carefully but don’t invest a lot of time on a 2 pointquestion.-Look for qualifiers (“Always” and “never” generally indicate a false statement. Qualifiers like “sometimes”, “often” or “generally” are more likely to be true.)-Circle or underline the negatives.-Remember-if any part of a sentence is false, the wholesentence is false.
25Problem-Solving Tests Math or Science problems-Start with something familiar to build confidence.-Look for familiar patterns.-When studying, use flashcards to help recognize types ofproblems and steps to their solution.-Mix up flashcards and problem sets to test yourself.-Circle or highlight negative signs.-For word problems, draw pictures, identify the relevantformula, and make sure you know what is asked for in theproblem.-When possible, double check your calculations.
26Essay and Short Answer Tests -Read the question carefully and look for key words like “compare”, “contrast” or “define”.-Make a quick outline.-Get to the point. Start with a summary statement.-Write legibly in pen.Short Answer-Study off summary sheets or flash cards packed withinformation.-Answer every required question—try a common-senseguess using what you know.-Write simple, information-packed responses.
27Is it More than Test Anxiety? Do you experience persistent fear or panic in a number of social or performance situations?Have you been plagued for months by excessive worry, restlessness, irritability, tension, intrusive thoughts, difficulty concentrating, or insomnia?Do you experience depression or mood fluctuations which interfere with day-to-day functioning in and out of school?Have you struggled for most of your life with concentration difficulties, distractibility, forgetfulness & disorganization?Counseling might help—call for an initial appointment!If you experience these problems, or other personal issues which impact your ability to function in school, you should consider scheduling an appointment with one of our counselors to find out how counseling might be helpful.
28Congratulations! You are on your way! Summarizing Your GoalsEstablish effective and consistent study habits.Use a variety of learning modalities.Mentally practice self-supporting thoughts.Keep your focus on the test, not on your performance.Practice a relaxation technique.Maintain healthy habits to minimize effects of daily stress.Dump your worries before the test.Use each test as a learning opportunity.Congratulations! You are on your way!
29Western Washington University Counseling CenterLead students through a short, relaxed breathing exercise. Plug the relaxation group.Relaxation and Mindfulness Groups are offered regularly—check our website for more information.