Presentation on theme: "Evaluation of Needle Remover Devices Program for Appropriate Technology in Health Balcan, UK."— Presentation transcript:
Evaluation of Needle Remover Devices Program for Appropriate Technology in Health Balcan, UK
Needle Removers Concept Advantages Disadvantages Contamination Study Design Tradeoffs SIGNOctober 2002 Balcan, UK
Needle remover collects needles in a secure container Syringe bodies are put in a safety box Needles are dumped from the container into a protected pit Concept Safely remove used needles from syringes SIGNOctober 2002
Advantages Decrease waste volume Decrease/contain sharps waste Lower cost of handling/transport Fewer safety boxes Help prevent reuse SIGNOctober 2002
Disadvantages offset by... Additional cost Supply needs Possible splatter contamination –Reusable containers –Bundling? –90% less sharps waste –Fewer safety boxes –Lower transport cost –Long life of device –Conduct study SIGNOctober 2002 Increased handling –Fewer sharps downstream
Study Background Literature shows risk of infection –Pathogens spread by hands –Splash to the eye Lauer JL, VanDrunen NA, Washburn JW, Balfour HH Jr. Transmission of hepatitis B virus in clinical laboratory areas. J Infect Dis 1979;140: Follett EA, Sleigh JD. Hepatitis B as a hazard to laboratory staff: a re-appraisal. J Clin Pathol 1980;33: Levy BS, Harris JC, Smith JL, Washburn JW, Mature J, Davis A, Crosson JT, Polesky H, Hanson M. Hepatitis B in ward and clinical laboratory employees of a general hospital. Am J Epidemiol 1977;106: Sartori M, Terra GL, Aglietta M, Manzin A, Navino C, Verzetti G. Transmission of hepatitis C via blood splash into conjunctiva. Custom 1: DCOM LR ;25: Ippolito G, Puro V, Petrosillo N, De Carli G, Micheloni G, Magliano E. Simultaneous infection with HIV and hepatitis C virus following occupational conjunctival blood exposure. JAMA 1998;280:28.