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Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004 Development Through the Lifespan Chapter 12 Emotional and Social Development in Adolescence This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law. The following are prohibited by law: Any public performance or display, including transmission of any image over a network; Preparation of any derivative work, including the extraction, in whole or in part, of any images; Any rental, lease, or lending of the program.
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004 Eriksons Theory: Identity vs. Identity Confusion Identity Defining who you are, what you value and direction in life. Commitments to vocation, personal relationships, sexual orientation, ethnic group, ideals. Resolution of identity crisis or exploration Identity Confusion Lack of direction and definition of self. Restricted exploration in adolescence Earlier psychosocial conflicts not resolved Society restricts choices Unprepared for stages of adulthood
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004 Self-Understanding in Adolescence Self-Concept Unify separate traits into larger, abstract ones May describe contradictory traits; social situations Gradually combine traits into organized system Self-Esteem Continues to differentiate Generally rises Individual differences
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004 Identity Statuses Level of Exploration Level of Commitment HighLow High Identity Achievement Moratorium Low Identity Foreclosure Identity Diffusion
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004 Factors that Affect Identity Development Personality Flexible, open-minded Child-rearing practices Authoritative, attached Peers, friends Schools Communities Larger context Culture Historical time period
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004 Piagets Theory of Moral Development Heteronomous Morality View rules as handed down by authorities, permanent, unchangeable, require strict obedience. Judge wrongness by outcomes, not intentions Autonomous Morality Rules as socially- agreed on, changeable Standard of ideal reciprocity Judge on outcomes and intentions
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004 Kohlbergs Stages of Moral Development Preconventional Level Stage 1: Punishment and Obedience Stage 2: Instrumental Purpose Conventional Level Stage 3: Good boy-good girl (Morality of interpersonal cooperation) Stage 4: Social Order Maintaining Postconventional or Principled Level Stage 5: Social Contract Stage 6 Universal Ethical Principle
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004 Sex Differences in Moral Reasoning? Kohlberg: Rights and justice orientation Gilligan: Caring for others orientation Ethic of Care Both sexes use both orientations, but females may stress care more Greater experience as caregivers
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004 Environmental Influences on Moral Reasoning Child-Rearing Practices Caring, supportive Discuss moral concerns Schooling Peer Interactions Culture
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004 Gender Intensification in Adolescence Increased gender stereotyping of attitudes and behavior Biological, social, cognitive factors More in early adolescence, declines mid to late adolescence
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004 Parent-Child Relationships in Adolescence Autonomy De-idealize parents Shift from parents to selves and peers for guidance Authoritative Parenting Balances autonomy with monitoring as needed Extra challenging during adolescence
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004 Friendships in Adolescence Fewer best friends More intimacy, loyalty Closeness, trust, Self-disclosure - get to know friends personality Friends are similar or get more similar Identity status, aspirations, politics, deviant behavior Gender differences Girls – emotional closeness Boys – activities, status
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004 Self-Disclosure in Relationships
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004 Benefits of Adolescent Friendships Opportunities to explore self Form deep understanding of another Foundation for future intimate relationships Help deal with life stress Can improve attitude and school involvement
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004 Cliques and Crowds Clique Small group – 5–7 Good friends Identified by interests, social status popular and unpopular Crowd Larger – several cliques Membership based on reputation, stereotype
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004 Dating in Adolescence Emerges from mixed-sex cliques Cliques hang out Several couples form and do things together Individual couples Changes throughout adolescence Early: recreation, group activities, shallow intimacy Gradually look for more intimacy Too early dating related to legal, academic problems
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004 Peer Conformity Pressures to conform to: Dress, grooming, social activities Proadult behavior Misconduct Rises in early adolescence, but low overall More conformity in early adolescence Authoritative parenting helps resist pressures
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004 Depression in Adolescence Most common psychological problem of adolescence – 15–20% Twice as many girls as boys Early-maturing girls Factors influencing depression: Genetics Child-rearing practices Learned helplessness
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004 Adolescent Suicide A leading cause of youth death 4-5 times as many boys as girls Girls more attempts Greatest risk: White males; African American males; gay, lesbian, bisexual Highly intelligent & socially withdrawn, or antisocial youth at risk
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004 Two Routes to Adolescent Delinquency Early-Onset – behavior begins in middle childhood Biological risk factors and child-rearing practices combine Late-Onset – behavior begins around puberty Peer influences
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2007 The Developing Person Through the Life Span 8e by Kathleen Stassen Berger Chapter 16 – Adolescence: Psychosocial Development.
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Copyright © 2007 Allyn & Bacon Mayer’s Personality: A Systems Approach PART 4: PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENTCHAPTER 11: PERSONALITY DEV… Personality Development.
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Emotional & Social Development Adolescence. Erikson’s Psychosocial Theory of Personality Development 0-18mo 18m-3y Most.
CH 12 Lecture Prepared By Dr. M. Sawhney. Discussion Topics The Self, Identity and Religious/Spiritual Development Self esteem Identity Families Parental.
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Adolescence Review Chapters 11 & 12. Physical Development Conceptions of Adolescence 1)True of False: Adolescence, as an intervening phase between childhood.
Review & Preview Ch. 11 Ch. 10: Emotional & Social Development in Middle Childhood Erikson’s Theory: Industry vs. Inferiority Self development: self concept.
Gender Typing. Gender Intensification: increased stereotyping of attitudes and behavior Stronger for girls Puberty appearance self-thought
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ADOLESCENCE The Period Between Childhood and Adulthood.
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Development Areas Emotional Moral Physical Social Cognitive Chronological Ages
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Unit 5: Development Chapter 11: Adolescence. Warm Up 11/19 Have you changed since middle school? How?
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Emotional Development More extreme emotions Emotions more changeable, fleeting –Moodiness is normal Decrease in overall happiness –Risk of depression What.
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CHAPTER 3 Social, emotional and moral development.
Slavin, 2003 Theories of Moral Development Piaget & Kohlberg EDU 6303 Edwin D. Bell.
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WHS AP Psychology Unit 9: Developmental Psychology Essential Task 9-7: Compare and contrast Kohlberg and Gilligan’s models of moral development.
Lifespan Development Social and Personality Development in Adolescence Chapter 12.
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The Self: Development During Adolescence Culture and the Self The Self Concept Self Esteem The Emotional Self Identity The Alone Self.
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