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MACAC Novi, MI March 28, 2014 Dr. Phil Gardner, CERI at MSU

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1 MACAC Novi, MI March 28, 2014 Dr. Phil Gardner, CERI at MSU
Changing Face of Professional Advancement: Skills, T-shaped, Dating & Quiz MACAC Novi, MI March 28, 2014 Dr. Phil Gardner, CERI at MSU

2 The Transition 1950 to 1989 No experience necessary
Tenure in 1st position: 4 to 5 years Companies did most of the training 65% of college hires with Fortune 500 Legacy system for recruiting and accountability

3 The Transition Since Early 1990s
Experienced required Tenure in first position 12 to 24 months Most organizations provide little or no training Skills & expectations have soared (employers) 35% to 40% of college grads hired by Fortune 500 Still rely on legacy practices and accountability measures

4 What’s Changed? Work organized differently: networks
Technology & SMART machines Leaner/faster & chaotic organizations (knowledge becomes negotiable & ambiguous) Skills & competencies & learning trump (often) academic discipline New type of professional (no longer “The Man in the Gray Flannel Suit”)

5 Boundary Spanning Competencies: Review of Several Studies

6 Benchmark: 12 Essentials
Developing professional competencies Communicating effectively Solving Problems Balancing Work and life Embracing Change Working Effectively in a Team Working in a Diverse Environment Managing time and priorities Navigating across boundaries Acquiring knowledge Thinking Critically Performing with integrity

7 A Model for Professional Expertise
Show&Tell Organizational savvy Self-management Perspective Networking Teamwork effectiveness Leadership Followership Taking Initiative Technical Competence Cognitive Abilities Kelley, R. & Caplan.J. (1993). How Bell Labs Creates Star Performers. Harvard Business Review: July 1993

8 Skill Usage: The Funnel
Communicate Orally Think Analytically Acquire Learning Evaluate Alternatives Creative Solutions Teamwork Leadership Utilize technology Grasp Realities Demonstrating Initiative Apply Learning Writing Effectively Teamwork Grasp Realities Workplace Acquire Learning Demonstrating Initiative

9 The Higher Standards Build and sustain professional relationships
Analyze, evaluate and interpret data Engage in continuous learning Communicate through persuasion and justification Plan and manage a project Create new knowledge Seek global understanding Mentor and develop others Build a team Initiative: The Holy Grail Paper is available at

10 What College Experiences Count?
Study Abroad Supervised civic engagement Leadership in a non-professional organization Scholarly research with faculty International Internship Faculty supervised applied res. project with company Leadership in a professional organization Internships

11 Start Right, Start Early Freshman Seminar Abroad
10-14 day study abroad programs only for first-year students Cost ranges from $3000 to $4600 3 credits that count toward a University requirement Develop a professional network with advisors and faculty Develop a social network of friends Gain valuable college skills and prepare for global learning Background For more information: Benefits

12 The T-Shaped Professional

13 Adaptive innovators ME Many Disciplines Many Systems
Boundary Crossing Competencies Teamwork, communication, perspective, networks, critical thinking, global understanding, project management, etc.. Many Disciplines Understanding & communications Deep in at least one discipline Analytic thinking & problem solving Deep in at least one system Many Systems ME Adaptive innovators

14 Knowledge Components Discipline – deep or mastery Cross Disciplinary
Problem solving Analytical literacy Communication literacy Cross Disciplinary Communication & understanding Critical thinking

15 13 Systems © IBM Systems that focus on the flow of things
Transportation & Supply Chain Water & Waste Recycling Food & Products (Nano) Energy & Electric Grid Information/ICT & Cloud (Info) Systems that focus on human activities & development Buildings & Construction Retail & Hospitality/Media & Entertainment (tourism) Banking & Finance/Business & Consulting Healthcare & Family Life/Home (Bio) Education /Campus & Work Life/Jobs & Entrepreneurship (Cogno) Systems that focus on governing City (Government) State/Region (Government) Nation (Government) Higher Ed – T-shaped depth added, cross-disciplinary project teams Professional Life – Adaptive T-shaped life-long-learning & projects 13 Systems © IBM

16 Final Components ME Boundary spanning competencies
Know your inner edges Sense of direction and purpose Values -- rudder Boundary spanning competencies Navigate across functional areas Navigate across organizations Navigate across cultures, social groups, etc.

17 The Basics What do I know!
Whom am I connected to or how do I connect to others Who am I Identity --- academic major is not an identity Purpose --- committed to “something” more meaningful Passion --- needs a foundation, emerges when ready IF you are moving forward along your purpose

18 The Art of Employer Dating

19 Ivy League Lament

20 Finding a job is like dating
Getting to know you Group dates First real date

21 Finding a job is like dating
Serious dating Willing to commit Marriage

22 During the Dating Process and into the Marriage
Being able to carry on an adult conversation Seeking fit: have to know three things Know who you are Know what you are good at Know who you know Understanding their value package

23 Dr. Phil’s Generational Quiz: Meet the Young Adult of Your Life Identify yours from these four possible groups

24 The Clueless Represents 12% of young adults More men
More Asian-Americans Financially dependent on parents Low work identity Moderately superior

25 The Aimless Represents 38% to 41% of young adults More whites
Moderate career concerns Low work identity High superiority High family income Well-educated parents 57% would renege Parental support necessary Social Sciences, Humanities, Sciences

26 The Directionless Represents 23% of young adults High career concerns
High superiority Moderate work identity Family income $60- 80K Business and sciences 59% would renege

27 The Directed Represents 25% of young adults Selective surfers
High career concerns High identity with work Moderate superiority Women More African-Americans and Hispanics Moderately dependent on parents Health, education, family services

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