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Engineering Fundamentals and Problem Solving, 6e Chapter 1 The Engineering Profession.

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Presentation on theme: "Engineering Fundamentals and Problem Solving, 6e Chapter 1 The Engineering Profession."— Presentation transcript:

1 Engineering Fundamentals and Problem Solving, 6e Chapter 1 The Engineering Profession

2 Engineering: Fundamentals and Problem Solving, 6e Eide  Jenison  Northup  Mickelson Copyright © 2012 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Chapter Objectives Understand the role of engineering in the world Understand how to prepare for a meaningful engineering career Understand the role of an engineer in the engineering workplace Describe the responsibilities and roles of the most common engineering disciplines 2

3 Engineering: Fundamentals and Problem Solving, 6e Eide  Jenison  Northup  Mickelson Copyright © 2012 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. An Engineering Career Questions to consider: What is engineering? What are the career opportunities for engineers? What are the engineering disciplines? Where does the engineer fit into the technical spectrum? How are engineers educated? 3

4 Engineering: Fundamentals and Problem Solving, 6e Eide  Jenison  Northup  Mickelson Copyright © 2012 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. 4 An Engineering Career cont’d More questions to consider: What is professionalism and engineering ethics? What have engineers done in the past? What are engineers doing now? What will engineers do in the future? What workplace competencies are needed to be a successful engineer?

5 Engineering: Fundamentals and Problem Solving, 6e Eide  Jenison  Northup  Mickelson Copyright © 2012 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. The Technology Team Scientist Engineer Technologist and Technician Skilled Tradespersons/Craftspersons 5

6 Engineering: Fundamentals and Problem Solving, 6e Eide  Jenison  Northup  Mickelson Copyright © 2012 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Scientist Scientists conduct research in seeking new knowledge. The systematic research steps (or scientific method) are: 1. Formulate a hypothesis to explain phenomenon. 2. Conduct experiments to test the hypothesis. 3. Analyze test results and state conclusions. 4. Generalize the hypothesis into a law or theory. 5. Publish the new knowledge. 6

7 Engineering: Fundamentals and Problem Solving, 6e Eide  Jenison  Northup  Mickelson Copyright © 2012 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Engineer Engineers: Apply knowledge of math and science Conduct design and analysis Solve problems Develop − devices − processes − structures − systems 7

8 Engineering: Fundamentals and Problem Solving, 6e Eide  Jenison  Northup  Mickelson Copyright © 2012 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Engineering Design Process The design process includes: 1. Define the problem. 2. Acquire pertinent data. 3. Identify constraints. 4. Develop alternative solutions. 5. Select a solution based on analysis of alternatives. 6. Communicate the results. 8

9 Engineering: Fundamentals and Problem Solving, 6e Eide  Jenison  Northup  Mickelson Copyright © 2012 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Technologist and Technician Technologists − Apply their education and experience − Modify designs as needed Technicians − Perform computations and experiments − Prepare design drawings − Perform tasks as requested by engineers and scientists 9

10 Engineering: Fundamentals and Problem Solving, 6e Eide  Jenison  Northup  Mickelson Copyright © 2012 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Skilled Tradespersons/Craftspersons Do not need in-depth knowledge of science and engineering Often trained on the job Often serve apprenticeships Learn to build and operate specialized equipment 10

11 Engineering: Fundamentals and Problem Solving, 6e Eide  Jenison  Northup  Mickelson Copyright © 2012 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Engineering Profession Initiative Professionalism Engineering knowledge Teamwork Innovation Communication Cultural adaptability Safety awareness 11 Engineers must demonstrate: Customer focus General knowledge Continuous learning Planning Analysis and judgment Quality orientation Integrity

12 Engineering: Fundamentals and Problem Solving, 6e Eide  Jenison  Northup  Mickelson Copyright © 2012 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. The Engineering Functions Research Development Design Production and Testing Construction Operations Sales Management Consulting Teaching 12

13 Engineering: Fundamentals and Problem Solving, 6e Eide  Jenison  Northup  Mickelson Copyright © 2012 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Engineering Disciplines Aerospace Agricultural Biosystems/Biological Chemical Civil Computer Electrical Environmental Industrial Mechanical Metallurgical Petroleum Others? 13

14 Engineering: Fundamentals and Problem Solving, 6e Eide  Jenison  Northup  Mickelson Copyright © 2012 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Engineering Degrees by Discipline engineering degrees were awarded in (data from ASEE Profiles in Engineering and Technology Colleges, 2008 Edition.)

15 Engineering: Fundamentals and Problem Solving, 6e Eide  Jenison  Northup  Mickelson Copyright © 2012 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Engineering Challenges Energy Infrastructure Clean Water Food supply Global design Others? 15


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