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1 Educational Methodology for Fire Corps Members.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Educational Methodology for Fire Corps Members."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Educational Methodology for Fire Corps Members

2 Fire & Life Safety Presentation Topics Parts of a Fire & Life Safety Presentation Helpful Tips and Handouts 2

3 3 Fire Prevention Fire Mitigation Fire Detection Escaping a Fire Burn Prevention Fall Prevention Presentation Skills FIRE & LIFE SAFETY PRESENTATION TOPICS FIRE & LIFE SAFETY PRESENTATION TOPICS

4 Planning and Preparation Presentation Documentation/Evaluation 4

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6 Portable heating units Safe use and maintenance of wood stoves or fireplaces General housekeeping practices Smoke detectors Flammable liquids Furnaces, hot water heaters, and vent pipes Shop or work rooms Appliances Electrical panel, wiring and equipment 6

7 7 Electrical Wiring Unscreened Chimney Fireplace Electrical Appliances Furnace Flammable/ Combustible Liquids Electric Blanket Smoking Materials Cooking Home Heating

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11 11 Dry Chemical Air Pressurized Water Carbon Dioxide Class K

12 Wet Agent (UL 300) for Class B cooking fires. It is intended to be used on cooking oils and grease Commonly found in restaurants and other commercial cooking facilities Became mandatory in these facilities in

13 Installing both smoke alarms and a fire sprinkler system reduces the risk of death in a home by fire by 82%, relative to having neither. 13

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15 Only the sprinkler closest to the fire will activate, spraying water directly on the fire. 90% of fires are contained by the operation of just one sprinkler. 15

16 Nationally, on average, cost in new construction is between 1 and 1.5% of the total building cost. 16

17 Can be mounted flush with walls or ceilings. 17

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20 IONIZATION ALARMS respond slightly faster to flaming fires. PHOTO-ELECTRIC ALARMS respond slightly faster to smoldering fires. Since you can not predict the type of fire that will occur, the United States Fire Administration strongly suggests that you have both types in your home. 20

21 Mount on Wall at least 4 inches (102 mm) from ceiling No Closer than 4 inches (102 mm) From Side Wall Best in Center of Ceiling No more than 12 inches (305 mm) from ceiling Best Location Acceptable Location

22 Never disable detectors because of nuisance alarms. Maintain and test smoke detectors according to manufacturer s instructions. Follow the manufacturer s smoke-test procedure; test buttons on some detectors may check the device s horn circuit only 22

23 23 ESCAPING A FIRE

24 Keep doors to bedrooms closed during sleeping hours. Have two (or more) escape exits from every room. Ensure that windows can be easily opened. Train and practice using fire escape ladders. Alert other family members. Roll out of bed onto the floor. 24

25 Stay low and crawl to door. Feel door; if it is warm, use window for escape. Establish a meeting place outside the home. Never go back inside the house once outside. Call the fire department from a cell phone or a neighbor s house. 25

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27 Stop. drop, and roll. If your clothing catches on fire: stop (dont run), drop gently to the ground, cover your face with your hands, and roll over and over to smother the flames. If you cannot perform the technique, keep a blanket handy to smother flames. 27 and roll over & over stopstopdropdrop

28 Provide smokers with large, deep ashtrays. Wet cigarette butts and ashes before emptying ashtrays into a wastebasket. Dont walk away from a lit cigarette. Never smoke when you are lying down, drowsy, or in bed. 28

29 Give space heaters space. Keep them at least three feet (one meter) away from anything that can burn – including you. Unplug heaters when you shut them off, leave your home, or go to bed. 29

30 Be Kitchen Wise. Use oven mitts to handle hot pans. If a pan of food catches fire, slide a lid over it and turn off burner. 30

31 31 BURNS!

32 DO NOT pop blisters – It is part of the bodys natural defense reaction. Popping a blister does not speed up the healing process – in fact, it actually makes you more susceptible to infection. DO NOT peel away dead skin – To do so may cause permanent scarring of the affected area and expose the skin underneath it to infection and further damage. 32

33 DO NOT use greasy ointments – This includes greasy antiseptic creams, ointments, and the folk remedy, butter. They will not do any good and have several negative side effects. Applying these ointments can actually hurt the bodys ability to heal and fight infection. They can also trap heat underneath the skin, allowing the burn to cause even more damage. 33

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36 1. Exercise regularly 2. Take your time 3. Clear the way 4. Look out for yourself 5. Slippery when wet 6. Throw rugs can throw you 7. Tread carefully 8. Best foot forward 36

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38 Dont show a slide until youre ready to use it. Explain a charts layout before explaining data. Direct the audiences eyes using the TOUCH, TURN, TALK technique. 38

39 Give your hands something to do or theyll figure out something to do on their own. Make gestures have a purpose, or dont do it at all. emphatic gestures illustrative gestures neutral position Posture: Keep your weight equally distributed on both feet and keep your feet directly under your hips. Avoid shifting your weight from one foot to another. 39

40 Look at your audience! Avoid spending too much time looking at the screen, above peoples heads, etc. Avoid darting your eyes trying to look at too many people and also the opposite. Use the start and finish your thought with the same person technique. 40

41 Avoid being a statue. Avoid constant movement. Stand still for a few sentences. Show you are making a transition to the next topic by physically moving from one side of the room to another. Come close to the audience during your introduction and conclusion. 41

42 Emotional tone Confidence Speed Clarity Emphasis 42

43 43 QUESTIONS?

44 National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) U.S. Fire Administration International Fire Service Training Association (IFSTA) BullEx Fire Extinguisher Training System Williams, Kherkher, Treating Burn Injuries – the Don'ts Home Fire Sprinkler Coalition Winston, Janelle, Presentation Skills: Building Positive Connections with Your Audience 44


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