The Basics Smoke Alarms Escape Plans Practice Preparation Knowledge
Smoke Alarms Early detection and evacuation are key to surviving a fire Most people in a fire die from inhalation of smoke or deadly gases not from burns Smoke alarms work around the clock 2/3 of home fire deaths occurred in homes where smoke alarms were either not working or absent
Smoke Alarms Place one on each level of the home & inside bedrooms Place them on the ceiling or on a wall 6-12 inches from the ceiling Replace batteries when the time changes Test the batteries every month Do not place alarms too close to kitchen appliances, fire places, heating appliances, bathrooms, windows or ceiling fans Replace alarms that are more than 10 years old
Smoke alarms An ionization sensor responds faster to flaming fires with smaller combustion particles Photoelectric sensors respond more quickly to a smoldering fire Some smoke alarms have dual sensors which would optimize the best of both types of sensors
Smoke Alarms Battery powered Hard wired Single station alarms Interconnected alarms
Escape Plans Plan two ways out of every room Leave immediately when a fire occurs Never open doors that are hot to the touch Have a designated meeting place outside Once you are out stay out Don’t try to take anything with you Practice your escape plan monthly
Practice Escape plans monthly? Will Windows open? Can you get the screens out? Are there security bars on the windows? What floor are you on? Do you have a ladder to get out of upper floor windows? Can you find what you need without being able to see it?
Fire Extinguishers Use the PASS system when fighting fires Remove extinguisher from mounting Pull pin – this allows you to activate the extinguisher Aim – hold hose and point at the base of the fire Squeeze –the trigger mechanism to release the extinguishing agent Sweep –back and forth at the base of the fire
Fire Extinguishers Class A – Ordinary combustibles (paper, wood, rags, etc.) Class B –Flammable Liquids Class C – Electrical Equipment Class D –Combustible Metals Combination Types – ABC and BC
Fire Extinguishers Rule for Fires –Fires are very dangerous. Be certain that you will not endanger yourself or others when attempting to put out a fire. –Pull the Fire Alarm –Call 911 –Assist anyone danger 1. Never fight a fire if you don't know what is burning –If you don't know what is burning, you don't know what type of extinguisher to use. Even if you have an ABC extinguisher, there may be something in the fire that could to explode or produce highly toxic smoke. 2. Never fight a fire if the fire is spreading rapidly beyond the spot where it started –The time to use an extinguisher is in the incipient, or beginning, stages of a fire. If the fire is already spreading quickly, it is best to simply evacuate the building, closing doors and windows behind you as you leave. 3. Never fight a fire if you don't have adequate or appropriate equipment –If you don't have the correct type or large enough extinguisher, it is best not to try to fight the fire.
Fire Extinguishers 4. Never fight a fire if you might inhale toxic smoke –If the fire is producing large amounts of smoke that you would have to breathe in order to fight it, it is best not to try. –Gases from man made materials can be fatal in very small amounts. 5. Never fight a fire if your instincts tell you not to. –If you are uncomfortable with the situation for any reason, just let the fire department do their job. 6. The final rule is to always position yourself with an exit or means of escape at your back before you attempt to use an extinguisher to put out a fire. –In case the extinguisher malfunctions, or something unexpected happens, you need to be able to get out quickly, and you don't want to become trapped. Just remember, always keep an exit at your back.