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Trans –Atlantic Travel and Exploration World History.

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Presentation on theme: "Trans –Atlantic Travel and Exploration World History."— Presentation transcript:

1 Trans –Atlantic Travel and Exploration World History

2 Columbus 1492 Vasco da Gama 1498 Magellan 1519 After 1415, European mariners made voyages across the seas toward east and west. By 1519, Spanish ships had circumnavigated the globe. Others set out in search of wealth and adventure. Slide 11

3 Main Big Ideas for Trans Atlantic Exploration Sea Travel Improvements African Successes Gunpowder Empires The Columbus Breakthrough

4 Sea Travel Improvements ******** Astrolabe Compass Knots

5 Technologies from Afroeurasia led to new European ship designs in the 15 th century. Chinese sternpost rudder Arab lateen sail Chinese compass Muslim portolan charts and maps

6 Maritime technologies continued to improve after Mapping world wind patterns and oceanic currents. Ships were fully rigged with sails for speed and handling. Ships grew larger & stronger (500 tons in 1450 to 2000 tons by 1590). The sextant greatly improved navigation at sea. Cannons and ammunition improved. Ideas & Inventions

7 African Successes Expeditions Around the horn, then around the cape

8 Gunpowder empires Ottoman empire

9 Large bureaucratic states in Afroeurasia used gunpowder and artillery to expand trade and win territory in several parts of Afroeurasia. Big Era Six was the first age of global empires. States & Empires Slide 30

10 Gunpowder empires Ottoman empire

11 Persian, Indian, Turkish, Chinese, Japanese, and European artisans experimented with steel production for weapons. Land and maritime empires battled over control of trade, resources, and territory. Gunpowder empires in Asia, Africa, and Europe honed skills in production of artillery and handguns. States & Empires Slide 31

12 States and Empires in 1519 CE States & Empires Slide 32

13 States and Empires in 1600 CE States & Empires Slide 33

14 States and Empires in 1714 CE States & Empires Slide 34

15 States and Empires in 1804 CE States & Empires Slide 35

16 The Columbian Exchange Plants, animals, and micro-organisms of Afroeurasia were exchanged with those of the Americas across the oceans. Population & Environment Slide 17

17 Aztec Empire Mayan States Inca Empire Spanish conquistadors ended Aztec and Inca rule and claimed their lands in Mesoamerica and Andean South America. In 1492, two major empires in the Americas, the Aztecs and the Inca, ruled many people.

18 The Columbian Exchange New crops like potatoes and beans spread and improved nutrition worldwide. Luxury products like coffee, chocolate, tea, tobacco, and spices meant new cultural habits for those with money to spend. Population & Environment

19 Slide 16

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