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2 Beginning in the year 300, numerous inventions, goods, ideas, and religions were starting to spread from their regions of origin.

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Presentation on theme: "2 Beginning in the year 300, numerous inventions, goods, ideas, and religions were starting to spread from their regions of origin."— Presentation transcript:

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2 2 Beginning in the year 300, numerous inventions, goods, ideas, and religions were starting to spread from their regions of origin.

3 3 … By the end of the 1300s, many of these important ideas and useful things had spread all across Africa, Europe and Asia… …That spread of ideas and things is part of cultural exchange.

4 4 Trade was closely linked to cultural exchange. Empires supported trade in Africa, Europe and Asia. Merchants traveled great distances in search of wealth.

5 A trade route is a path along which goods are transported from one area to another.

6 Medieval Trade Routes

7 7 The number of cities grew, as well as trade networks between them.

8 8 Microsoft®Encarta®Reference Library © Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.

9 Discovered new information about other cultures as the result of trade.

10 Born to wealthy Italian merchants Left Italy in 1271 and traveled for 27 years. When he returned to Italy he brought information about other cultures.

11 The Route of Marco Polo

12 The discoveries of Marco Polo, and others like him, changed the world by making people more interested in other cultures.

13 The Silk Road connected China and Europe It connected these regions from around 100 BC to the 1500s AD.

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15 The following items were traded along the Silk Road:

16 Porcelain, silk, ivory, gold, spices, musical instruments, grain, fruit, cloth, herds of horses, and many other things.

17 17 How did expanding trade networks bring about cultural exchanges in Africa, Europe and Asia?

18 Trade helped spread religions, languages, ideas, and arts.Trade helped spread religions, languages, ideas, and arts. Cities and manufacturing centers grew bigger.Cities and manufacturing centers grew bigger.

19 19 If you had to put the changes in this time into one sentence, what would it be?

20 You might say that by 1500 the world was connected, right?

21 But wait! We still havent said much about the Americas!

22 22 Well…the Americas and Africa, Europe, and Asia were not yet permanently linked together. …not until When Columbus set sail across the Atlantic... Microsoft®Encarta®Reference Library © Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.

23 The Americas had fewer people than Africa, Europe, and Asia - the two land masses were geographically isolated from each other. Developments in the two regions were similar in some ways and different in others.

24 24 In any case, the Americas were also a region of active human connections.

25 25 Sciences like astronomy, mathematics and engineering were developed. Mayans developed a writing system and the Aztecs developed a calendar. Trade routes connected regions. Mining, irrigation, and agricultural technologies developed. Crops like potatoes, maize, tomatoes, cotton, and chocolate were grown. Inca Gold Corn & Potatoes Mayan Calendar Mississippian Mica Moche Ceramic

26 26 Aztec Empire Mayan States Inca Empire States and Empires in the Americas in 1500 Microsoft®Encarta®Reference Library © Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.

27 27 It had to happen sooner or later! At the very end of the Middle Ages and the beginning of the next era (the Renaissance), European mariners set out on trans- oceanic voyages to the Americas. Those voyages linked the Americas with Africa, Europe and Asia for the first time since the migrations of people over 13,000 years earlier!

28 This began when Columbus returned to Spain in 1493

29 This is the exchange of plants, animals, and people between Europe and the Americas

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31 Sparked the migration of people Spread new European diseases to Native American populations

32 The exchange of new products and ideas prompted economic growth in Europe

33 33 Is that why people from Africa, Europe and Asia discovered the Americas, and not the opposite? Stern- rudder Compass Lateen Sail Mapmaking Cultural exchange in Africa, Europe and Asia before 1500 CE made possible the technologies that in turn permitted transoceanic voyages.


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