The Americas had fewer people than Africa, Europe, and Asia - the two land masses were geographically isolated from each other. Developments in the two regions were similar in some ways and different in others.
24 In any case, the Americas were also a region of active human connections.
25 Sciences like astronomy, mathematics and engineering were developed. Mayans developed a writing system and the Aztecs developed a calendar. Trade routes connected regions. Mining, irrigation, and agricultural technologies developed. Crops like potatoes, maize, tomatoes, cotton, and chocolate were grown. Inca Gold Corn & Potatoes Mayan Calendar Mississippian Mica Moche Ceramic
27 It had to happen sooner or later! At the very end of the Middle Ages and the beginning of the next era (the Renaissance), European mariners set out on trans- oceanic voyages to the Americas. Those voyages linked the Americas with Africa, Europe and Asia for the first time since the migrations of people over 13,000 years earlier!
This began when Columbus returned to Spain in 1493
This is the exchange of plants, animals, and people between Europe and the Americas
Sparked the migration of people Spread new European diseases to Native American populations
The exchange of new products and ideas prompted economic growth in Europe
33 Is that why people from Africa, Europe and Asia discovered the Americas, and not the opposite? Stern- rudder Compass Lateen Sail Mapmaking Cultural exchange in Africa, Europe and Asia before 1500 CE made possible the technologies that in turn permitted transoceanic voyages.