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GC Unit 6 The Age of Exploration. Motivations “Glory, God and Gold” “Glory, God and Gold” Gold: Spices (Marco Polo and Travels) Gold: Spices (Marco Polo.

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Presentation on theme: "GC Unit 6 The Age of Exploration. Motivations “Glory, God and Gold” “Glory, God and Gold” Gold: Spices (Marco Polo and Travels) Gold: Spices (Marco Polo."— Presentation transcript:

1 GC Unit 6 The Age of Exploration

2 Motivations “Glory, God and Gold” “Glory, God and Gold” Gold: Spices (Marco Polo and Travels) Gold: Spices (Marco Polo and Travels) Demand had risen as population recovered Demand had risen as population recovered God: Chance to crusade against heathens and spread Roman Catholic faith God: Chance to crusade against heathens and spread Roman Catholic faith Glory: Renaissance spirit of inquiry Glory: Renaissance spirit of inquiry

3 Innovation and Invention Maps (Cartography) Maps (Cartography) Prince Henry the Navigator Prince Henry the Navigator The Astrolabe (latitude) and Compass The Astrolabe (latitude) and Compass Better vessels called Caravels Better vessels called Caravels triangle sails, fixed rudders, wider hulls triangle sails, fixed rudders, wider hulls Armaments Armaments Better cannons Better cannons

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5 Portuguese are the first Led by Prince Henry Led by Prince Henry Redesigned ships, made maps, trained sailors at school in Sagres Redesigned ships, made maps, trained sailors at school in Sagres Bartholomeu Dias: Southern most tip of Africa (1488) Bartholomeu Dias: Southern most tip of Africa (1488) Vasco da Gama: First to reach India; established trading in India (1498) Vasco da Gama: First to reach India; established trading in India (1498)

6 Christopher Columbus Spain wants in on trade profits Spain wants in on trade profits Sail West to get East Sail West to get East 1492 Ferdinand and Isabella give him 3 ships 1492 Ferdinand and Isabella give him 3 ships Depart Aug 3 rd Depart Aug 3 rd Scurvy, misery Scurvy, misery Arrive at San Salvador October 12 th 1492 Arrive at San Salvador October 12 th 1492

7 The voyages of Columbus

8 Dividing the World Spain and Portugal agree to the Line of Demarcation in 1493 Spain and Portugal agree to the Line of Demarcation in 1493 Portugal gets the East and Spain the West Portugal gets the East and Spain the West The Treaty of Tordesillas in 1494 gave Brazil to Portugal The Treaty of Tordesillas in 1494 gave Brazil to Portugal Pedro Cabral claimed it for Portugal in 1500 Pedro Cabral claimed it for Portugal in 1500

9 Ferdinand Magellan September 1519 set out for a 2 year voyage to circumnavigate September 1519 set out for a 2 year voyage to circumnavigate Portuguese but working for Spain Portuguese but working for Spain 5 ships 285 men 5 ships 285 men November 1520 3 ships enter the Strait of Magellan and sail into the Pacific Ocean November 1520 3 ships enter the Strait of Magellan and sail into the Pacific Ocean March 1521 reach the Philippines March 1521 reach the Philippines Magellan killed Magellan killed September 8 th 1522 18 men and 1 ship return home September 8 th 1522 18 men and 1 ship return home

10 The Northwest Passage 1497 John Cabot sent by Henry VIII to look for a route over N. America to the East 1497 John Cabot sent by Henry VIII to look for a route over N. America to the East Newfoundland (Grand Banks) Newfoundland (Grand Banks) 1535 Jacques Cartier and (France) Samuel De Champlain 1535 Jacques Cartier and (France) Samuel De Champlain Henry Hudson Henry Hudson 1609 had claimed New Amsterdam for the Dutch 1609 had claimed New Amsterdam for the Dutch Hudson Bay Hudson Bay

11 The Spanish Empire Conquistadores Conquistadores 1519 Hernan Cortes defeated the Aztecs and Montezuma (Mexico) 1519 Hernan Cortes defeated the Aztecs and Montezuma (Mexico) 1532 Francisco Pizarro Defeats the Incas and Atahualpa (Peru) 1532 Francisco Pizarro Defeats the Incas and Atahualpa (Peru)

12 The Spanish Model of Colonization Policies Policies Viceroys (royal governors provide tight control) Viceroys (royal governors provide tight control) No women except natives No women except natives Wealth based on exploitation of natives and then Africans (by 1542) Wealth based on exploitation of natives and then Africans (by 1542)

13 Impacts of Spanish colonization Destruction of native language, culture and religion Destruction of native language, culture and religion “Columbian exchange” “Columbian exchange” New social structure New social structure Penninsulare, Penninsulare, Creole Creole Mestizo / Mulattoe Mestizo / Mulattoe Native Indian / African Native Indian / African

14 Columbian Exchange


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