Presentation on theme: "Survey of graduates from 5 U.S. colleges: Respondents asked to rank the speech skills most important to their jobs: Informative speaking was rated number."— Presentation transcript:
Survey of graduates from 5 U.S. colleges: Respondents asked to rank the speech skills most important to their jobs: Informative speaking was rated number one. Another survey: 62 percent of respondents said they used informative speaking almost constantly in their job
Informative speeches are non-controversial The purpose is to convey knowledge and understanding, not to advocate a cause or persuade In good informative speeches, Information is communicated accurately Information is communicated clearly Information is made meaningful and interesting to the audience
The four types of informative speeches are Speeches about objects Speeches about processes Speeches about events Speeches about concepts
Objects include anything that is visible, tangible, and stable in form. Could include places, structures, animals, and even people. Examples: the Grand Canyon the human eye seaweed comic strips stock market Ella Fitzgerald GPS navigation devices U.S. Army
Of course, you must choose a specific purpose centered on one aspect of a subject. Good specific purpose statements: To inform my audience about the geological features of the Grand Canyon To inform my audience about the role of Ella Fitzgerald in establishing the American jazz aesthetic To inform my audience what to look for when buying a GPS navigation device
Too broad: To inform my audience about Pablo Picasso Sufficiently narrow To inform my audience about the major contributions of Pablo Picasso to modern art
Specific Purpose: To inform my audience about the major achievements of Frederick Douglass Central Idea: Although born in slavery, Frederick Douglass became one of the greatest figures in American history. Main Points: I. Douglass spent the first 20 years of his life as a slave in Maryland. II. After escaping to the North, Douglass became a leader in the abolitionist movement to end slavery. III. During the Civil War, Douglass helped establish black regiments in the Union Army.
Specific Purpose: To inform my audience about the four major elements of a Japanese garden Central Idea: The four major elements of a Japanese garden are stones, sand, water, and plants. Main Points: I. The first element of a Japanese garden is stones, which symbolize mountains and islands. II. The second element of a Japanese garden is sand, which symbolizes the sea or other vast areas. III. The third element of a Japanese garden is water, which symbolizes purity and life. IV. The fourth element of a Japanese garden is plants, which symbolize life and the changing seasons.
Explain how something is made, how something is done, or how something works. Good specific purpose statements: To inform my audience how hurricanes develop To inform my audience how to write an effective job resume To inform my audience how to choose a study-abroad program To inform my audience how U.S. currency is made
There are two kinds of informative speeches about processes: 1. Goal of understanding 2. Goal of performing
Specific Purpose: To inform my audience about the major rituals of a traditional Bengali wedding in India. Central Idea: A traditional Bengali wedding consists of a series of rituals that take place before, during, and after the wedding ceremony. Main Points: I. Pre-wedding rituals include giving gifts to the bride and groom and dressing the bride in traditional fashion. II. Rituals during the wedding ceremony include an exchange of garlands between the bride and groom, the chanting of mantras, and the giving away of the bride by her uncle. III. Post-wedding rituals include a celebration at the home of the brides family, a reception at the home of the grooms family, and the formal exit of the bride and groom.
Events refer to anything that happens or is regarded as happening. Examples of subjects for speeches about events: the Holocaust the civil rights movement Cinco de Mayo attention deficit disorder mountain climbing job interviews tsunamis Battle of Little Big Horn
Good specific purpose statements: To inform my audience of the festivities at Mexicos Cinco de Mayo celebration To inform my audience about the major events of the Battle of Little Big Horn To inform my audience about the major types of therapeutic massage
Specific Purpose: To inform my audience about the history of the Paralympics Central Idea: Olympic-style games for athletes with physical disabilities have made great strides since the first competition more than 60 years ago. Main Points: I. What would eventually become the Paralympics began in 1948 with a sports competition in Great Britain involving World War II veterans with spinal cord injuries. II. In 1952 the event expanded when athletes from the Netherlands took part. III. The first official Paralympic Games for international athletes took place in Rome in 1960. IV. In 2001 an agreement was signed officially holding the Paralympic Games alongside the summer and winter Olympic Games.
Beliefs, theories, ideas, principles More abstract than objects, processes, or events Examples of subjects for speeches about concepts: Confucianism philosophies of education human rights string theory principles of feminism nonviolent resistance
Examples of sufficiently narrow purpose statements: To inform my audience about the basic principles of Confucianism To inform my audience about the doctrine of original intent in constitutional interpretation. To inform my audience about the difference between philosophies of education in Europe and the United States
Specific Purpose: To inform my audience about the basic principles of nonviolent resistance Central Idea: The basic principles of nonviolent resistance stress using moral means to achieve social change, refusing to inflict violence on ones enemies, and using suffering as a social force. Main Points: I. The first major principle of nonviolent resistance is that social change must be achieved by moral means. II. The second major of nonviolent resistance is that one should not inflict violence on ones enemies. III. The third major principle of nonviolent resistance is that suffering can be a powerful social force.
Speeches about concepts are often more complex and difficult to understand. If you speak about a concept, avoid technical language unless you define terms. Also, use examples and comparisons to illustrate the concepts.
Some subjects could fit into more than one category, depending on how you develop the speech. Decide how you want to handle your subject, and go from there.