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Starter: Write down what you think this picture is telling you. Homework: Produce a handwritten account of 50-100 words that tells me who Compeyson was,

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Presentation on theme: "Starter: Write down what you think this picture is telling you. Homework: Produce a handwritten account of 50-100 words that tells me who Compeyson was,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Starter: Write down what you think this picture is telling you. Homework: Produce a handwritten account of words that tells me who Compeyson was, what his profession was and what happened to him? Havisham - Carol Ann Duffy V

2 Learning Objectives: As we study this poem you will learn about: The story of the poem The meaning of the title The source for the poem The poems themes Dialogue poems How the poem uses, Symbolism & Metaphor: Enjambment: Tone: Imagery & Sensual Imagery: Oxymoron. You will also complete some summaries of slides, some mini tasks, a quiz and an assignment on the poem. With thanks to: Mr Ws English blog : Havisham - Carol Ann Duffy 2

3 Beloved sweetheart bastard. Not a day since then I haven't wished him dead. Prayed for it so hard I've dark green pebbles for eyes, ropes on the back of my hands I could strangle with. Spinster. I stink and remember. Whole days in bed cawing Nooooo at the wall; the dress yellowing, trembling if I open the wardrobe; the slewed mirror, full-length, her, myself, who did this to me? Puce curses that are sounds not words. Some nights better, the lost body over me, my fluent tongue in its mouth in its ear then down till suddenly bite awake. Love's hate behind a white veil; a red balloon bursting in my face. Bang. I stabbed at a wedding cake. Give me a male corpse for a long slow honeymoon. Don't think it's only the heart that b-b-b-breaks. Havisham - Carol Ann Duffy 3

4 Background Miss Havisham is a central character from Charles Dickens novel Great Expectations (1861). Before the story in the novel starts, Miss Havisham was jilted on her wedding day and has remained in her house wearing her wedding dress from that day onward. He dining room is still set with the wedding breakfast as it was on her wedding day, nothing has been eaten (except by rats) or removed! She has sworn revenge on the male sex and has brought up a beautiful orphaned girl, Estelle who she uses to entrap men into falling in love with her. Estelle then suddenly ends the relationship with the man and breaks their hearts. This poem imagines Miss Havisham speaking her feelings in a modern way and is an outpouring of her bitterness and resentment. Jilted: To deceive or drop a lover suddenly or callously, especially by abandoning them on their wedding day. Callous: Emotionally hardened; unfeeling: indifferent to the suffering of others. 4

5 Mini Task 1 Look at the poem again and from what you have just read about the background to the poem, identify two phrases from each stanza that help to create an effective or accurate portrait of Miss Havisham. Havisham - Carol Ann Duffy Havisham Beloved sweetheart bastard. Not a day since then I haven't wished him dead. Prayed for it so hard I've dark green pebbles for eyes, ropes on the back of my hands I could strangle with. Spinster. I stink and remember. Whole days in bed cawing Nooooo at the wall; the dress yellowing, trembling if I open the wardrobe; the slewed mirror, full-length, her, myself, who did this to me? Puce curses that are sounds not words. Some nights better, the lost body over me, my fluent tongue in its mouth in its ear then down till suddenly bite awake. Love's hate behind a white veil; a red balloon bursting in my face. Bang. I stabbed at a wedding cake. Give me a male corpse for a long slow honeymoon. Don't think it's only the heart that b-b-b-breaks. 5

6 Mini Task 1 The poem concentrates on the nature of the Miss Havisham's feelings and the character's psychological/sexual nature. The absence of the formal title Miss also makes the poem focus on her loss and spinster state. So the lines for me which effectively communicate this are: Stanza 1 Beloved sweetheart bastard : wished him dead : strangle with Stanza 2 Spinster : Stink and remember : Nooooo Stanza 3 Puce curses : the lost body over me Loves….hate : Stanza 4 Give me a male corpse : I stabbed at a wedding cake : heart that b-b-b-breaks Havisham - Carol Ann Duffy 6

7 Havisham Beloved sweetheart bastard. Not a day since then I haven't wished him dead. Prayed for it so hard I've dark green pebbles for eyes, ropes on the back of my hands I could strangle with. Spinster. I stink and remember. Whole days in bed cawing Nooooo at the wall; the dress yellowing, trembling if I open the wardrobe; the slewed mirror, full-length, her, myself, who did this to me? Puce curses that are sounds not words. Some nights better, the lost body over me, my fluent tongue in its mouth in its ear then down till suddenly bite awake. Love's hate behind a white veil; a red balloon bursting in my face. Bang. I stabbed at a wedding cake. Give me a male corpse for a long slow honeymoon. Don't think it's only the heart that b-b-b-breaks. Havisham - Carol Ann Duffy Mini Task 2: Write down what you think is the story of the poem. (Be careful not to write the story of the story!) 7

8 Mini Task 2 : The Story of The poem (only summarise this) This poem is a monologue spoken by Miss Havisham (a character in Dickens' Great Expectations.) In the poem her legal title Miss is omitted. She begins by telling the reader the cause of her trouble, a man who she describes as beloved sweetheart bastard which s a contradiction in terms, an oxymoron. She tells us that she has prayed so hard, with eyes closed and hands pressed together possibly clutching the ropes of Rosary beads which she could strangle with. Her eyes have shrunk to hard green stones which implies jealousy and adds another motive to her murderous wish for revenge. The second stanza starts with the word Spinster which defines her unmarried state and gives a clue as to why her beloved sweetheart is a bastard. She then describes her physical and emotional state; she stinks from having worn her wedding dress for years without taking it off and her days in bed screaming Nooooo show how emotionally damaged she is a result of being jilted. The stanza finishes with her questioning who did this. Havisham - Carol Ann Duffy 8

9 Mini Task 2 : The Story of The poem 2 (only summarise this) The question from Stanza 2 continues in to Stanza 3. It is not answered as she has done this to herself. Her fiancé might have been the cause of her unhappiness, but she has chosen to continue her life wallowing in self pity. She then talks about the anger she feels at the way she has been betrayed. This ironically leads on to the fantasies she still has about her fiancé which show that though she hates him for the humiliation he has caused her, she still love him. This is demonstrated by the oxymoronic enjambment that bridges the two stanzas Loves…hate. And in Stanza three the anger turn violent as she describes stabbing the wedding cake, a symbolic stabbing of her fiancé who she now imagines as a corpse. The poem ends implying that her mind/spirt as well as her heart has been broken. Oxymoron: two words used together which have, or seem to have, opposite meanings. Havisham - Carol Ann Duffy 9

10 The poem in detail 1.On your copy of the poem, highlight/underline one key words or phrases in from each line in Stanza 1. 2.What do you notice about the words you have underlined? Beloved sweetheart bastard. Not a day since then I haven't wished him dead. Prayed for it so hard I've dark green pebbles for eyes, ropes on the back of my hands I could strangle with. Mini Task 3 Havisham - Carol Ann Duffy 10

11 The poem in detail On your copy of the poem, highlight/underline what you think are the Key Words/phrases in Stanza 1. 1) For me these are: Beloved sweetheart bastard. Not a day since then I haven't wished him dead. Prayed for it so hard I've dark green pebbles for eyes, ropes on the back of my hands I could strangle with. 2) They are words of hatred or violence. Mini Task 4 What tone is established then at the start of the poem? Mini Task 3 Havisham - Carol Ann Duffy 11

12 The poem in detail Mini Task 4 What tone is established then at the start of the poem? One of violence, anger and hatred. Havisham - Carol Ann Duffy 12

13 Havisham - Carol Ann Duffy The poem in detail This is an angry poem and this anger is established in the very first line through the oxymoron sweetheart bastard which is a combination of 'love' (beloved sweetheart) and hatred (bastard). And in case you have not got the message form the opening line we are then told that not a day has passed since she was jilted that she has not wished her fiancé dead. In writing this poem, Duffy assumes the reader possesses some knowledge of Dickens's character as she does not reference or explain anything about the circumstance that have lead up to this point in Miss Havishams life. What would seem to interest Duffy is Miss Havisham simultaneously loving and hating her fiancée'; two opposing emotions which are at constantly at war with each other within her. Mini Task 5: Summarise this slide. Beloved sweetheart bastard. Not a day since then I haven't wished him dead. Prayed for it so hard I've dark green pebbles for eyes, ropes on the back of my hands I could strangle with. 13

14 Havisham - Carol Ann Duffy The poem in detail Beloved sweetheart bastard. Not a day since then I haven't wished him dead. Prayed for it so hard I've dark green pebbles for eyes, ropes on the back of my hands I could strangle with. Mini Task 6 Identify the metaphor that is used in this stanza. 14

15 Havisham - Carol Ann Duffy The poem in detail Beloved sweetheart bastard. Not a day since then I haven't wished him dead. Prayed for it so hard I've dark green pebbles for eyes, ropes on the back of my hands I could strangle with. Mini Task 6 Explain the metaphor that is used here? 15

16 Havisham - Carol Ann Duffy The poem in detail Beloved sweetheart bastard. Not a day since then I haven't wished him dead. Prayed for it so hard I've dark green pebbles for eyes, ropes on the back of my hands I could strangle with. Her anger/hatred is so great that she has even asked for divine assistance to help her wreak her revenge….. …..And her eyes have metaphorically become hard stones. If eyes are the window to the soul then her soul has hardened too, enabling love to turn to hate. Mini Task 7: If you havent explained the metaphor then summarise this slide. 16

17 Havisham - Carol Ann Duffy The poem in detail Beloved sweetheart bastard. Not a day since then I haven't wished him dead. Prayed for it so hard I've dark green pebbles for eyes, ropes on the back of my hands I could strangle with. This is a Catholic reference to Rosary Beads, which Roman Catholics use as an aid to counting prayers (and Carol Ann Duffy was brought up a Catholic.) As this image leads on from prayers, the rope is literal and not metaphorical and creates an image of beads wrapped around her hand so tightly they look like age swollen veins on the back of her hands. And, of course, she would be quite capable of strangling someone with them, even if only in her imagination! [Note: Most analysis of the poem sees the ropes as a metaphor for swollen veins on the back of her hands.] 17 Mini Task 8: Summarise this slide.

18 Havisham - Carol Ann Duffy The poem in detail Spinster. I stink and remember. Whole days in bed cawing Nooooo at the wall; the dress yellowing, trembling if I open the wardrobe; the slewed mirror, full-length, her, myself, who did this. Mini Task 9 1.What tone is created by the first few words in this stanza? 2.How can you tell the first word is significant? 3.What is significant about her, myself? 4.What is significant about trembling if? 5.Write down what the key images are in this stanza. 6.What is significant about the end of this stanza? 18

19 Havisham - Carol Ann Duffy The poem in detail Spinster. I stink and remember. Whole days in bed cawing Nooooo at the wall; the dress yellowing, trembling if I open the wardrobe; the slewed mirror, full-length, her, myself, who did this. Mini Task 9 1.What tone is created by the first few words in this stanza. The tone is angry. Spinster feels like it is spat out in hatred. Being followed by I stink helps emphasise the anger (and sense of self-hatred) created by the first word. 2.How can you tell the first word is significant? It is a one word sentence, which always draws our attention to the word. 3.What is significant about her, myself? She does not immediately see the reflection in the mirror as herself, but a different person her. Calling the reflection her implies that what she sees is a person she hates, in other words she hates herself! 19

20 Havisham - Carol Ann Duffy Spinster. I stink and remember. Whole days in bed cawing Nooooo at the wall; the dress yellowing, trembling if I open the wardrobe; the slewed mirror, full-length, her, myself, who did this 4.Write down what the key images are in this stanza. I stink : Sensual (smell) imagery. After years of living in her wedding clothes. in bed cawing Nooooo : A clear visual image of her crying in bed. the dress yellowing : The dress should be white, but it has yellowed which shows how long she has worn it. trembling : in fear mirror, full-length, her : Looking at herself in the mirror and hating the woman she has become…..her not me. 20

21 Havisham - Carol Ann Duffy Spinster. I stink and remember. Whole days in bed cawing Nooooo at the wall; the dress yellowing, trembling if I open the wardrobe; the slewed mirror, full-length, her, myself, who did this 5.What is significant about trembling if? if she opens the wardrobe, not when she opens it. As she does not wear any other clothes than her wedding dress she does not nee to look in her wardrobe very often, but when she does she approaches the wardrobe trembling in fear of seeing her reflection; and when she does see her reflection she hates herself and asks who did this to her….the answer is of course, herself (though she does try to blame her fiancé.) 6.What is significant about the end of this stanza? Enjambment which asks the question she knows the answer to, but doesn't want to admit. She has done this to herself and no one made her stay a jilted bride, not even her fiancé who she blames for her spinsterhood. 20

22 Havisham - Carol Ann Duffy The poem in detail to me? Puce curses that are sounds not words. Some nights better, the lost body over me, my fluent tongue in its mouth in its ear then down till suddenly bite awake. Loves Mini Task 10 1.What is the main form of imagery in this stanza? 2.Why puce curses Puce : a dark or brownish purple. 21

23 Havisham - Carol Ann Duffy The poem in detail to me? Puce curses that are sounds not words. Some nights better, the lost body over me, my fluent tongue in its mouth in its ear then down till suddenly bite awake. Loves Mini Task 10 1.What is the dominant form of imagery in this stanza? Sensual/sexual imagery. the lost body over me - a sexual act or possibly imagining the consummation of her marriage on her wedding night. fluent tongue in its mouth in its ear – theres more than just kissing here because her tongue is fluent and knows what it is doing. She is describing a sexual fantasy here, a fantasy that because she is trapped in her jilted state must only ever exist in her imagination, never to be real. then down till suddenly bite Down where, bite what? A very violent and disturbing image that shows the level of her hatred. 22

24 Havisham - Carol Ann Duffy The poem in detail to me? Puce curses that are sounds not words. Some nights better, the lost body over me, my fluent tongue in its mouth in its ear then down till suddenly bite awake. Loves Mini Task 10 2.Why puce curses Puce : a dark or brownish purple. I dont think she means puce at all, but has shortened Pusillanimous which means : 1.lacking courage or resolution; cowardly; faint-hearted; timid. 2.proceeding from or indicating a cowardly spirit. and this makes much more sense in the context of a poem where the central character is beset by self-recrimination and self-loathing. In other words she feels she lacks the courage to act, to do something positive. Instead she just wallows in endless self-pity, blaming her fiancée and never herself for her predicament. 23

25 Havisham - Carol Ann Duffy The poem in detail then down till suddenly bite awake. Loves hate behind a white veil; a red balloon bursting Mini Task 11 What do you notice about the move from Stanza 3 to 4? 24

26 Havisham - Carol Ann Duffy The poem in detail then down till suddenly bite awake. Loves hate behind a white veil; a red balloon bursting Mini Task 11 What do you notice about the move from Stanza 3 to 4? Enjambment….but this time it leads to the second oxymoron in the poem Loves …. Hate. The fact that the oxymoron straddles the two stanzas highlights the unstable nature of Havisham's emotions. It also acts as a commentary on the stanza as it moves from the sensual imagery and Love of Stanza 3 to the from the violent and embitterment of the hate in Stanza 4. 25

27 Havisham - Carol Ann Duffy The poem in detail hate behind a white veil; a red balloon bursting in my face. Bang. I stabbed at a wedding cake. Give me a male corpse for a long slow honeymoon. Don't think it's only the heart that b-b-b-breaks. Mini Task 12 1.Select one Key Word from each line and write it down. 2.Explain why you have chosen the words you have selected. 3.Explain what the red balloon might symbolise. 4.What should be behind the white veil? 26

28 Havisham - Carol Ann Duffy hate behind a white veil; a red balloon bursting in my face. Bang. I stabbed at a wedding cake. Give me a male corpse for a long slow honeymoon. Don't think it's only the heart that b-b-b-breaks. Mini Task 12 1.Select one Key Word from each line and write it down. For me these are: bursting : stabbed : corpse : b-b-b-breaks 2.Explain why you have chosen the words you have selected. The first three are violent. She stabs the cake, but in her imagination is stabbing her fiancé, who of course then becomes the corpse in the next line. The last is perhaps what the whole poem has been about. Miss Havisham has not only got a broken heart but a broken soul, mind, life and future prospects and the shattering of the word reflects the shattering of her life. You could have as easily chosen hate : Bang : honeymoon or heart instead of the words above. The choice is yours, the justification is what is important. 27

29 Havisham - Carol Ann Duffy The poem in detail hate behind a white veil; a red balloon bursting in my face. Bang. I stabbed at a wedding cake. Give me a male corpse for a long slow honeymoon. Don't think it's only the heart that b-b-b-breaks. Mini Task 12 3.Explain what the red balloon might symbolise. The red balloon bursting is an odd, if interesting image. Whenever you get the contrast between red and white in a poem with violent imagery, the red usually symbolises blood in some way. As we have the reference to hate before it and stabbed in the next line, I feel the balloon represents her fiancée's blood is as it sprays over her white wedding gown as she stabs him. 4.What should be behind the white veil? It should be a face of love behind the wedding veil, not a face of hate. Vocabulary - Symbolism: The practice of representing things by means of symbols or of attributing symbolic meanings or significance to objects, events, or relationships. 28

30 Havisham - Carol Ann Duffy Form & Structure Mini Task 13 1.How is the poem structured? 2.What form does the poem take? 3.What are the poems Key Features? 4.Look at the whole poem and find one example of: assonance alliteration. Internal rhyme Onomatopoeia 5.On your copy of the poem use arrows to indicate enjambment. 29

31 Havisham - Carol Ann Duffy Form & Structure Mini Task 13 1.How is the poem structured? 4 stanzas of 4 lines. Free verse with syllables per line. 2.What form does the poem take? Monologue. 3.What are the poems Key Features? Visual imagery and sensual imagery. 3.Find one example of assonance alliteration Internal rhyme Onomatopoeia 29

32 Havisham - Carol Ann Duffy Form & Structure Mini Task 13 1.How is the poem structured? 4 stanzas of 4 lines. Free verse with syllables per line. 2.What form does the poem take? Monologue. 3.What are the poems Key Features? Visual imagery and sensual imagery : Enjambment. 4.Find one example of assonance hard - dark : Puce curses : lost body over : long slow honeymoon fluent tongue alliteration Beloved - bastard : me a male : balloon bursting Internal rhyme yellowing, trembling : Spinster – remember : cawing - wall; Onomatopoeia Bang : b-b-b-breaks. 31

33 5.Enjambment Beloved sweetheart bastard. Not a day since then I haven't wished him dead. Prayed for it so hard I've dark green pebbles for eyes, ropes on the back of my hands I could strangle with. Spinster. I stink and remember. Whole days in bed cawing Nooooo at the wall; the dress yellowing, trembling if I open the wardrobe; the slewed mirror, full-length, her, myself, who did this to me? Puce curses that are sounds not words. Some nights better, the lost body over me, my fluent tongue in its mouth in its ear then down till suddenly bite awake. Love's hate behind a white veil; a red balloon bursting in my face. Bang. I stabbed at a wedding cake. Give me a male corpse for a long slow honeymoon. Don't think it's only the heart that b-b-b-breaks. Havisham - Carol Ann Duffy 33

34 Havisham - Carol Ann Duffy Assignment Miss Havisham has been driven mad by her desire for revenge. Lady Macbeth has been driven mad by guilt. Using examples from the play and poem to support your answer, discuss to what extent you agree or disagree with the above statement words by Thursday 27 Feb. There is a very good American site with analysis of the poem. See …and a good article about Miss Havisham in Wikipedia. See: 34


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