2 Tone, Mood, AtmosphereThe tone (voice) of a piece of work can be found in many ways. Without tone, a piece of literature would evoke no emotion, and would likely be an official document, and may seem very dull.In many cases, the tone of a piece of work may change or evolve. Elements of tone include diction, or word choice; the grammatical arrangement of words in a text for effect; imagery, or vivid appeals to the senses; details, facts that are included or omitted.Tone is an element used frequently in poetry to convey feeling and emotion, and set the mood for the work. It is important to note that tone and mood are not the same thing.
3 Tone, Mood, AtmosphereMood is the feeling that a work of literature evokes. Some literature makes you feel sad, others joyful, still others, angry.Unlike tone or atmosphere, the mood of a piece of work does not change as it is the feeling you are left with AFTER you have finished reading.Tone and atmosphere are elements that effect the mood of a piece."Drifting down on swimmers is standard rescue procedure, but the seas are so violent that Buschor keeps getting flung out of reach. There are times when he's thirty feet higher than the men trying to rescue him if the boat's not going to Buschor, Buschor's going to have to go to it. SWIM! They scream over the rail. SWIM! Buschor rips off his gloves and hood and starts swimming for his life."The anxiety that the reader feels while reading the above passage is mood.
4 Tone, Mood, AtmosphereAtmosphere is the emotional attitude in a work. It is most often established by the setting. The setting in a work usually provides the atmosphere. The atmosphere is "an air that the characters breathe, a world in which they move." The setting can be physical surroundings such as furniture, landscape, and climate. All of these props establish the atmosphere.Atmosphere can also be created by diction, dialogue, and description. Often the opening scene in a play or novel establishes an atmosphere appropriate to the theme of the entire work. The opening of Shakespeare's Hamlet creates a brooding atmosphere of unease. Poe's The Fall of the House of Usher establishes an atmosphere of gloom and emotional decay.In many cases, the atmosphere of a piece of work may change or evolve.
5 Tone, Mood, Atmosphere The Lady, or the Tiger? The mood or feeling in this story is passionate, tense and full of suspense. "The Lady and The Tiger" has a chilling and barbaric atmosphere that makes the reader anxious throughout the story. Feelings run very high in this story, dark feelings of hatred, envy, and anguish over lost love dominate the tone of story. When the princess and the courtier are separated and he must choose the correct door, the lady or the tiger, the mood is tense and full of anticipation. A feeling of dread is present in the reader, what if he chooses the wrong door, then he will be ripped to pieces.
6 Point of View Who is the narrator? We should remember that someone is always between the reader and the action of the story , that someone is telling the story from his or her own point of view. This angle of vision, the point of view from which the people, events, and details of a story are viewed, is important to consider.
7 Point of View TYPES of Point of View : A- First Person He is recognizable by use of first person pronoun, generally "I" but sometimes "we"He offers a singularity of perspectiveWhen reading stories in the first person, we need to realize that what the narrator is recounting might not be the objective truth. We should question the trustworthiness of the accounting.B- Third PersonAn outside force without any clear identity tells the story [described elsewhere as like the eye of God]Omniscient: narrator moves freely about in time and space and into characters’ thoughts and feelings . He knows everything about them , interprets and comments on their behavior, and even comments on the significance or meaning of the story.Limited omniscient: Like omniscient, the story is told in third person, but the author tells it from the viewpoint of only one character. The author looks at events through the eyes, mind and emotions of that one character. The writer moves inside and outside the character and knows what that character sees, hears, feels, and thinks. However, nothing is revealed about the other characters except for what his chosen character knows or infers. This point of view is closer to the conditions of real life and may serve to unify the story since all details are seen through the eyes and experience of one person.
8 Point of ViewObjective : narrator refrains from any editorial commentary . He can go anywhere, but can only record what is seen and heard . He tells what happens without stating more than can be inferred from the story's action and dialogue. He never discloses anything about what the characters think or feel, remaining a detached observer.