Presentation on theme: "Valentine Anne Hathaway Havisham"— Presentation transcript:
1 Valentine Anne Hathaway Havisham Comparing and Contrasting Duffy Poems for National 5 / Higher Scottish Text QuestionsValentineAnne HathawayHavisham
2 Comparing and Contrasting Duffy Poems Valentineportrays a pragmatic view of love rather than a romantic view, honestly acknowledging that it can be deep and faithful but also potentially hurtful and not permanent.All three poems deal with different aspects of a common theme of love and relationships.Havishamportrays the bitterness and vengeful hatred of love that has ended sourly.Anne Hathaway portrays the passion of love in a relationship that was happy and fulfilling.
3 Comparing and Contrasting Duffy Poems ‘Valentine’Pragmatic view of love rather than romantic, honestly acknowledging that it can be deep and faithful but potentially hurtful and not permanent.“Not a red rose” Prominence of “Not” as first word in line shows rejection of traditional romantic love symbolised by “red rose”.“It will blind you with tears / like a lover.” Combination of alliteration and simile to emphasise that like chemicals in onions which cause tears, so will lovers make us weep.“Its fierce kiss will stay on your lips /possessive and faithful / as we are / for as long as we are” Metaphor of lingering taste of onion suggesting passion lasting some time and “faithful” exclusive relationship at present but only for so long – not interminably.“Lethal. / Its scent will cling to your fingers, / cling to your knife” Abiding odour of onion clinging to fingers suggests attempt to hold on but “knife” implies wounding and pain of ending relationship, cutting someone out of one’s life.
4 Comparing and Contrasting Duffy Poems ‘Anne Hathaway’Passion of love in happy, fulfilling relationship:“My living laughing love” Alliteration emphasises vivacity, fun and passion of her husband.“The bed we loved in was a spinning world / of forests, castles, torchlight, clifftops, seas” Metaphor - turning Earth and features of setting in Shakespeare’s plays - conveys how actively and imaginatively they made love.“My lover’s words / were shooting stars which fell to earth as kisses / on these lips” Possessive pronoun shows closeness; view of him as lover - far more exciting than just husband. Metaphor describes scintillating scope of words spoken while making love, leading to passionate kissing.“Romance / and drama played by touch, by scent, by taste” References to Shakespeare’s plays suggest passion and excitement of sex; references to senses show sensual, physical pleasure of their relationship.
5 Comparing and Contrasting Duffy Poems ‘Havisham’Bitterness and vengeful hatred of love that has ended sourly:“Beloved sweetheart bastard” Oxymoron to show contrast between former and present feelings about lover who jilted her. Plosive consonants as if spitting out words in bitterness.“ropes on the back of my hands I could strangle with” Metaphor for veins, prominent as she has aged, indicating violent desire to kill former lover.“Puce curses that are sounds not words.” Livid purple colour symbolises intense rage and incomplete sentence suggests incoherency of enraged sounds that fail to become complete words to curse him.“I suddenly bite awake” Her erotic dream ends violently as kissing becomes biting to hurt him instead of to please.“Give me a male corpse for a long slow honeymoon” Persona issues a challenging command. Ultimate revenge would be his death and opportunity to brutalise his body over extended period instead of pleasuring him on honeymoon.
6 Comparing and Contrasting Duffy Poems Common idea in all three poems: passion“spinning world”; “shooting stars”; “Romance / and drama”. (Love and sensual passion in Anne Hathaway)“Prayed for it / so hard”; “Puce curses”; “Love’s/hate”. (Passionate hatred in Havisham)“Fierce kiss”; “possessive”; “Its scent will cling”. (Intense, dangerously possessive passion in Valentine)
7 Comparing and Contrasting Duffy Poems Common idea in all three poems: sex“his touch /a verb dancing in the centre of a noun”; “the bed /a page beneath his writer’s hands”; “by touch, by scent, by taste” (Imaginative, sensual sex in Anne Hathaway)“the lost body over me, / my fluent tongue in its mouth in its ear then down” (Jilted bride’s erotic dreams in Havisham)“the careful undressing of love”; “fierce kiss”(Removal of onion skin compared with undressing a lover and intensity of physical relationship in Valentine)
8 Comparing and Contrasting Duffy Poems Common idea in all three poems: relationships“my widow’s head”; “that next best bed”; “the bed we loved in” (Memories of a happy marriage in Anne Hathaway)“Spinster”; “white veil”; “stabbed at a wedding cake”; “long slow honeymoon” (Bitter feelings about being a jilted bride – an engagement that didn’t work out – in Havisham)“faithful as we are / for as long as we are”; “a wedding-ring / if you like” (Pragmatic view that relationships are finite - eventually partners will stop being faithful – and casual, take-it-or-leave it attitude to marriage in Valentine)
9 Comparing and Contrasting Duffy Poems Common idea in two of three poems: love brings unhappiness.“It will blind you with tears”; “make your reflection / a wobbling photo of grief”; “possessive”; “Lethal” (Lovers make us weep or can become dangerously possessive which destroys love – Valentine)“wished him dead”; “Whole days / in bed cawing Nooooo at the wall”; “Don’t think it’s only the heart that b-b-b-breaks.” (Desire for vengeance and deep depression – Havisham)“Romance / and drama”; “My living laughing love” (CONTRAST with the happiness love brings in Anne Hathaway)
10 Comparing and Contrasting Duffy Poems Common idea in two of three poems: wounding and pain.“fierce kiss”; “Lethal”; “cling to your knife” (Intensity of love can be destructive; “knife” suggests cutting someone out of one’s life, causing hurt and pain – Valentine)“ropes on the back of my hands I could strangle with”; “I suddenly bite awake”; “red balloon bursting…Bang”; “stabbed at a wedding cake”; “male corpse” (Violent words, including vengeful sexual violence – Havisham)“I hold him in the casket of my widow’s head / as he held me upon that next best bed.” (CONTRAST cherished memories of a happy, loving marriage ended only by death of the husband in Anne Hathaway)
11 On the next slide are practise 8 / 10 mark questions. N5 - Write answers for any 2 of them Higher - Write answers for any 3 of themRemember to follow the formula and use bullet points.Can you do it without any notes? Remember, this is what you’re going to have to do in the exam in a few weeks.
12 Practise 8 / 10 mark Questions With close textual reference, discuss in what ways this poem (choose which one) is similar to or different to another poem or poems by Duffy you have studied. You may refer to ideas and/or language in your answer.By referring to this poem (choose which one) and at least one other, discuss Duffy’s unusual use of imagery and/or word choice.By referring to this poem (choose which one) and at least one other, discuss how Duffy’s poetry is striking or unusual or memorable.Using close textual reference, show how the presentation of the main character in this poem (choose which one) is similar or different to the presentation of the main character in another poem or poems by Duffy which you have read.Identify at least one theme from this poem (choose which one). Using close textual reference, show how the theme (or themes) is explored in this poem, and in at least one other poem by Duffy.