2MaterialCotton and wool are the two main materials that are used in making afghan clothing.cottonwool
3Women’s ClothingThere are four main types of clothing that women in Afghanistan wear.Tomban (pants)Parahaan (overdress)Chador (head covering)Payzaar ( footwear)
4How it’s madeWomen's tomban (pants) are made of approximately two yards of cotton, silk like rayon or acetate fabric. They are usually plain white, with drawstring pants which cover the whole leg. Sometimes the cuff of the pants is decorated with machine or hand-embroidered patterns. The parahan (overdress) is typically made from five yards of cotton, or silk , and plain or satin woven fabrics in bright colors (for young women) and darker colors (for older women), usually one tone or with floral patterns.
5How it’s made continued Neck lines are not all the same but usually are rounded. Occasionally pointed collars are added, as are gathered set-in sleeves with buttoned or fitted cuffs. Dress skirts are gathered at the waist and worn mid-calf length. Chadars are made of similar fabrics, usually rectangular pieces of lightweight cotton or silk. Woven with machine or hand-embroidered edges.
6Chador (Head dress)Tomban (Pants)Parahaan (Overdress)Payzaar (Footwear)The entire ensemble is known as kalaa
7ShoesWomen were only allowed to wear black shoes, never white. Wearing white shoes was forbidden because the Taliban flag was white and they were saying that by wearing white shoes, they step on the flag.
8Clothing for inside the home Women’s clothing for inside the house are usually a long knee length dress with a white, black or matching trouser which is mostly made of cotton and worn in summer.
11How it’s made for the men. Men's tomban and payran feature fewer decorative details and are typically natural colored cotton fabric. Kulla show the most variety in shapes, colors, and embroidered patterns.
12InformationSince the 1920s, Afghanistan's leaders have tried to keep control of human and natural resources, they have struggled with women's rights and independence shown in the way of dress. Afghan dress also reflects other aspects of identity in a variety of inseparable yet interrelated ways: gendered and generational status, religious affiliation, rural and urban differences
13Difference’sDress also differentiates the age and generational status of the wearer. Though all females wear pants, overdress, and head and foot coverings, aesthetic characteristics vary according to age throughout women's lives.
14How it looksMore costly materials and surface design embellishments are added to women's clothing. The decorative focus is on the cuffs of pants, dress’s, and head coverings as females age and gain more status when they become engaged, marry or become mothers. These differences are harder to notice in how men dress. Shirt sleeves, the front of shirts, and hats are embroidered in regional and ethnic patterns by either their betrothed or wife.
15EmbroideryAfghan dress is also notable for its embroidery. Embroidery styles tend to be associated with geographic regions and ethnic groups. a variety of embroidery techniques and the complexity of their execution; the floral and geometric motifs; and the design placement of the embroidery.
16Embroidery ContinuedThree embroidery styles are gold stitched embroidery known for the unique kind of metallic thread and braid used, tashamaar dozi, recognizable by the intricate counted stitch technique; and silk stitched flower embroidery, distinctive because of the rich use of colored threads.
17Rules in Afghanistan about clothing -Requirement that women wear a long veil (Burqa), which covers them from head to toe-Ban on women's wearing brightly colored clothes. In Taliban terms, these are "sexually attracting colors."- Ban on women washing clothes next to rivers or in a public place.-Ban on male tailors taking women's measurements or sewing women's clothes.