Presentation on theme: "CLOSE-UP ON CAREER PLANNING A Key Strategy for Advancing the NLC* Vision Plans provide a structured way for students to gather, analyze, synthesize and."— Presentation transcript:
CLOSE-UP ON CAREER PLANNING A Key Strategy for Advancing the NLC* Vision Plans provide a structured way for students to gather, analyze, synthesize and organize self, educational and occupational information. Norm Gysbers, 2004 ~ presented by: *National Leadership Cadre
N ATIONAL L EADERSHIP C ADRE … Integrated School Counseling Away from Random Acts of Guidance to… Program Delivery individualized planning curriculum
N ATIONAL L EADERSHIP C ADRE Integrated Delivery of Career Planning Develops Student Competencies in the ACADEMIC DOMAIN Standard A: Students will acquire the attitudes, knowledge and skills that contribute to effective learning in school and across the life span. Standard B: Students will complete school with the academic preparation essential to choose from a wide range of substantial postsecondary options, including college. Standard C: Students will understand the relationship of academics to the world of work, and to life at home and in the community. (Most relevant standards in red. See handout for the complete list of competencies.)
N ATIONAL L EADERSHIP C ADRE Integrated Delivery of Career Planning Develops Student Competencies in the CAREER DOMAIN Standard A: Students will acquire the skills to investigate the world of work in relation to knowledge of self and to make informed career decisions. Standard B: Students will employ strategies to achieve future career goals with success and satisfaction. Standard C: Students will understand the relationship between personal qualities, education, training, and the world of work. (Most relevant standards in red. See handout for the complete list of competencies.)
N ATIONAL L EADERSHIP C ADRE Integrated Delivery of Career Planning Develops Student Competencies in the PERSONAL/SOCIAL DOMAIN Standard A: Students will acquire the knowledge, attitudes, and interpersonal skills to help them understand and respect self and others. Standard B: Students will make decisions, set goals and take necessary action to achieve goals. Standard C: Students will understand safety and survival skills. (Most relevant standards in red. See handout for the complete list of competencies.)
N ATIONAL L EADERSHIP C ADRE Career Plan Definition A comprehensive, formalized written plan (that learners use alone and with the help of others) that relates learning to career goals. The plan is based on both formal and informal assessments and should include areas in which a learner needs to increase knowledge and skills in order to reach documented goals. (found at http://www.umass.edu/schoolcounseling/NLC/index.htm)http://www.umass.edu/schoolcounseling/NLC/index.htm
N ATIONAL L EADERSHIP C ADRE Career Plan Definition (cont.) A career plan is designed to facilitate transition from high school to future learning or employment. It can be thought of as both an instrument and a process for monitoring ones career development. Every student, every year, deserves at least 30 minutes of a caring adults time to talk about their future career goals and dreams. ~Richard Lapan, 2005~
N ATIONAL L EADERSHIP C ADRE State Career Planning Models Are Used in the Following NLC States Idaho Massachusetts Missouri Nebraska
N ATIONAL L EADERSHIP C ADRE Idahos Career Plan Models This template can be found at http://www.pte.idaho.gov/guidance/career_clusters.htmhttp://www.pte.idaho.gov/guidance/career_clusters.htm
N ATIONAL L EADERSHIP C ADRE Idahos Snapshot 1.Plans are the means by which students, counselors, teachers and parents maintain an organized understanding of where the student is and what needs to be done to accomplish his/her goals. 2.Sequential, well-structured activities and experiences are coordinated by grade level to support career/life planning. 3.Students are responsible for organizing and planning information. 4.Students interests, talents, achievements and goals must be reviewed with parents and school personnel. 5.Planning is viewed as an integrated process documenting acquisition of student information from a variety of sources (e.g., interest inventories, aptitude tests, computerized career information assessments, achievement test results and grades).
N ATIONAL L EADERSHIP C ADRE This template and the checklist can be found at: http://www.doe.mass.edu/cd/plan/resources http://www.doe.mass.edu/cd/plan/resources The Massachusetts Career Plan Model
N ATIONAL L EADERSHIP C ADRE A Massachusetts Snapshot 1.Career Plans are a Requirement for Students Enrolled in State Approved Career/Vocational and Technical Education (CVTE) Programs: Career guidance shall be provided to each student and shall include assessment of all vocational technical students to determine individual vocational technical and academic aptitude, interest, and learning styles and assistance with the development of a career plan based on the assessments. (603CMR4.03 (4)(d)) In order to qualify as a candidate for the Certificate of Occupational Proficiency […], a student must possess a portfolio containing at a minimum a competency profile […], as well as a career plan […]. (603CMR4.14) 2.Many CVTE high schools use or modify the MA Career Plan Model (found at http://www.doe.mass.edu/cd/resources/default.html)http://www.doe.mass.edu/cd/resources/default.html 3.In 2005 - 2006 an advisory committee was convened to assist the MADOE in establishing criteria for career planning implementation (See slides 23-24).
N ATIONAL L EADERSHIP C ADRE Missouris Personal Plan of Study (note: under revision) For more info, contact http://missouricareereducation.org/curr/cmd/guidanceplacementG/GLE.html or http://dese.mo.gov/divcareered/career_plan http://missouricareereducation.org/curr/cmd/guidanceplacementG/GLE.htmlhttp://dese.mo.gov/divcareered/career_plan
N ATIONAL L EADERSHIP C ADRE A Missouri Snapshot An individual planning system is in place (including necessary forms and procedures) to assist all students in developing their plans. Planning is initiated no later than grade eight (8) and includes: Assessment activities Advisement activities Identification of long- and short-range educational/career goals including a Personal Plan of Study that is reviewed and revised annually Collaboration with parents/guardians Individual Planning is enhanced through Missouris web-based career/educational planning system, Missouri Connections: www.missouriconnections.orgwww.missouriconnections.org
N ATIONAL L EADERSHIP C ADRE Nebraskas Career Plan Model
N ATIONAL L EADERSHIP C ADRE Nebraskas Snapshot 1.The centerpiece of Nebraskas career education guidance process is the states Personal Learning Plan (PLP), a web-based tool that is downloadable with an ID and password. 2.Students are required to review and revise their plans each year with input from their school counselors and families. 3.Initial plans are developed in 7 th grade and updated on a yearly basis through the high school and the postsecondary years. 4.Parents and school staff work together to assist students in developing their plans and meeting their goals. 5.The PLP process begins with a discussion of each students current learning, earning and living goals per a discussion guide found at www.NebraskaCareerConnections.org.www.NebraskaCareerConnections.org
N ATIONAL L EADERSHIP C ADRE Individual Student Planning in the ASCA Model Individual student planning consists of school counselors coordinating ongoing system activities to: Help individual students establish personal goals and develop future plans; Help all students plan, monitor and manage their learning; Help all students meet competencies in the areas of academic, career and person/social development.
N ATIONAL L EADERSHIP C ADRE from the ASCA Model (cont.) Within this component, students evaluate their educational, occupational and personal goals. School counselors help students make the transition from school to higher education. Activities are delivered on an individual basis or by working with individuals in small groups or advisement groups. Parents/guardians and other school personnel are included in planning activities.
N ATIONAL L EADERSHIP C ADRE Delivery System Component Elementary School % of Time Middle School % of Time High School % of Time Curriculum35-45%25-35%15-25% Responsive Services30-40% 25-35% Individual Planning5-10%15-25%25-35% System Support10-15% Calendars should be used to document: (1) student access and participation levels and (2) the time school counselors spend on delivery. Recommended Time for Individual Planning (based on ASCAs recommended counselor to student ratio 1:250 maximum) Time Management is Critical
N ATIONAL L EADERSHIP C ADRE In several states, career planning is a requirement Idaho Indiana Kentucky Massachusetts Missouri Nebraska New York North Carolina * Based on a 2007 survey of state guidance directors done by CSCOR (still underway)
N ATIONAL L EADERSHIP C ADRE Requirements and Monitoring in Idaho Through the State Board Rules and Regulations …no later than the end of grade 8, all students will develop parent-approved student learning plans for their high school and post-high school options. The learning plan will be developed by students and parents/guardians with advice and recommendation from school personnel. It will be reviewed annually and may be revised at any time. …[Idahos Division of Professional-Technical Education] has worked to put together a vision of the process and the product to meet the heart of the rule: the needs of the student.
N ATIONAL L EADERSHIP C ADRE Requirements and Monitoring in Massachusetts Through the Coordinated Program Review process, districts are monitored for compliance with federal and state education requirements: If they have programs that meet the Perkins Act definition of career & technical education and are of such size, scope and quality to be effective, and receive Perkins allocation funds (directly or indirectly, including Tech Prep). Staff from the CVTE unit, together with any necessary outside consultants, conduct the CVTE portion of the Coordinated Program Review.
N ATIONAL L EADERSHIP C ADRE MAs CVTE Career Plan Monitoring Criteria* There must be evidence that: 1. students annually evaluate their chosen career pathway; 2. students are responsible for developing and managing their career plans; 3. students have opportunities to tailor their CVTE program goals based on all aspects of the industry; 4. students develop their plans with assistance from school counselors and others (e.g., teachers, employers, peer mentors) and special education teachers when applicable; 5. parents/guardians approve students plans and plan updates; 6. students use multiple assessment results in goal setting and planning (e.g., MCAS, Accuplacer, PSAT, competency checklists, career assessments, exploratory program results);
N ATIONAL L EADERSHIP C ADRE 7. students select academic/technical courses based on their career pathway, postsecondary requirements and achievement record; 8. students establish short and long term goals in planning for postsecondary education/training (including registered apprenticeship programs) and future employment; 9. students document and consider their extracurricular accomplishments and life experiences in goal setting and planning; 10. staff assisting students and parents in the interpretation of assessment results are qualified; and 11. students review and update their career plans at least twice a year. *(to be used by MADOE in monitoring CVTE in FY 08 ) MAs Career Plan Criteria (cont.)
N ATIONAL L EADERSHIP C ADRE Requirements and Monitoring in Missouri Monitoring occurs through the Missouri School Improvement Review by which schools report to the Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education compliance. Schools not meeting AYP performance standards are eligible for an onsite review. The Department works with schools as needed to provide any assistance in the implementation of the Individual Planning Process. The Missouri School Improvement Standards and Indicators require that all students have a Personal Plan of Study developed no later than 8 th grade.
N ATIONAL L EADERSHIP C ADRE Requirements and Monitoring in Nebraska Through the State Accreditation Process A Personal Learning Plan for all students grades 7-12 is being proposed as a new Nebraska School Accreditation Rule. Nebraskas new accreditation rules (Rule 10) are currently in negotiation between Commissioner of Education and the Governor. The State Board of Education has already approved them, before sending them to the Governor. Schools will need to assure/provide evidence that they are implementing PLP for all students in order to get accredited by the state.
N ATIONAL L EADERSHIP C ADRE A Final Note on Career Planning The goal is for students plans to become pathways or guides through which students can use the past and present to anticipate and prepare for the future. ~Norm Gysbers, 2004~