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SAP - Online Transaction Processing (OLTP) 6/3/2014.

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Presentation on theme: "SAP - Online Transaction Processing (OLTP) 6/3/2014."— Presentation transcript:

1 SAP - Online Transaction Processing (OLTP) 6/3/2014

2 2 Process-Based Enterprise Logic

3 6/3/ Data Flow Logic

4 6/3/ Procurement Process Example In the procurement process, there may be different business partners for different roles in the transaction. These partner roles are defined in vendor master data Vendor Ordering Address Goods Supplier Invoice Presented By Payment Received By

5 6/3/ Goods Receipt Pay Invoice Procurement Process Purchase Requisition Purchase Order Invoice Receipt Internal Demand Customer Vendor

6 6/3/ Material Master Data An advantage of the SAP system is that it maintains one set of data in real time. Material data is used by many functional areas. With non-integrated systems, each system may contain material data, and this data is not always consistent. In the SAP system, the data is consistently correct or incorrect. Material Master data is organized by Views. Depending on the type of material, only certain views need to be used. As the system is configured, additional views can be added as necessary.

7 6/3/ Material Master Views Basic Data 1 Basic Data 2 Classification Sales: Sales Org Data 1 Sales: Sales Org Data 2 Sales: General/Plant Data Foreign Trade: Export Data Sales Text Purchasing MRP 1 MRP 2 MRP 3 MRP 4 Forecasting Work Scheduling General Plant Data/Storage 1 General Plant Data/Storage 2 Warehouse Management 1 Warehouse Management 2 Quality Management Accounting 1 Accounting 2 Costing 1 Costing 2 Basic Data, Classification are not plant-specific Other views are plant-specific

8 6/3/ Material Master Views Plant 1000 NRG-A Bars Base unit: CS Gross wt: 72 lb. NRG-A Bars Lead Time: 2 days Std. Price: Plant 2000 NRG-A Bars Lead Time: 3 days Std. Price: Basic Data View MRP Views Non-plant specific Plant specific

9 6/3/ Purchasing Process Create Purchase Requisition Where analysis/vendor selection occurs Create Purchase Order from Requisition Requisition items can be used to generate multiple purchase orders Create Goods Receipt Create Invoice Receipt Post Outgoing Payment Unfortunately, there is no purchasing document flow (BT: why not? )

10 10 Sales & Credit Management Example Credit Management is a cross-functional activity between SD and FI SD FI CREDITCREDIT Sales People want to sell FI People want to reduce risk Credit is an independent function in the SAP R/3 system

11 11 Credit/Risk Process Credit ManagementSD, FI Cust: Health Express Risk: Medium Credit Limit: $10,000 Ttl. Commit: $6,000 Order: 5923 Order Amount: $5,000 Credit Limit Exceeded Block order to credit rep. (opt.) Blocked document list or (opt.) Review situation Release order Pick, pack & ship order Bill Customer Credit control (blocks) can be applied at order entry, delivery creation or goods issue

12 12 Static vs. Dynamic Checks Receivables Open delivery value Open order Credit Limit Open order Open order Receivables Open delivery value Open order Open order Open order Credit Horizon Static Check Dynamic Check

13 13 Decentralized Credit Management Each company code sets and monitors a credit limit independently Credit Control Area 1 Company Code 1 Sales Org.1 Health Express Limit: $50,000 Credit Control Area 2 Company Code 2 Sales Org.2 Health Express Limit: $100,000

14 14 Centralized Credit Management Transactions with each company code apply to the single credit limit set for the single credit control area Credit Control Area 1 Company Code 1 Sales Org.1 Limit: $150,000 Company Code 2 Sales Org.2 Health Express

15 15 Exchange Rates Receivables for Company Code 2 are converted from Euros to US Dollars when credit is checked Credit Control Area 1 Currency: USD Company Code 1 Currency: USD Sales Org.1 Limit: $150,000 Company Code 2 Currency: EU Sales Org.2 Health Express

16 16 Automatic Credit Control Determine points at which credit check is carried out (order creation, delivery creation or goods issue) Determine type of check Based on: Credit control area Risk category Document (credit group)

17 17 Automatic Credit Control Sales organization Company Code Credit Control Area Customer Risk Category Transaction Type Credit group When Credit is Checked Why Credit is Checked What the system does (warning, error) As of release 4.0, Credit control area can also be Determined via: user exits payer sales area

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