2 Process Management and Control and Physical Inventory SAP Implementation
3 WM Part 2 Overview WM Process Management and Control Logistics Execution: Goods Issue (outbound delivery)Goods movement: Stock transfer and transfer postingWM Physical inventory procedures
4 Logistics Execution - Process Overview: Goods issue
5 Goods Issue Process for Outbound Delivery Steps LE: Logistics Execution, IM – Inventory Mangement
6 Goods Issue Process for Outbound Delivery The next step after sales order is to create an Outbound delivery.During creation of outbound delivery, a picking storage location is determined for each item in the outbound delivery. If the storage location has been assigned a warehouse number, the outbound delivery displays the warehouse number.In addition, the system assigns an overall picking status and a stock removal status.
7 Goods Issue Process for Outbound Delivery: Transfer order After outbound delivery, the removal from storage is carried out using transfer order.There is no transfer requirement for creating a transfer order for a delivery.The completion of picking process is reported to the system through confirmation of the transfer order.
8 Goods Issue Process: Good Issue After confirmation of transfer order (TO), the nest step is to post the goods issue for the outbound delivery in inventory management (IM).Goods issue is a goods movement activity in which we issue goods from our inventory system.During goods issue, we need to reference that sales order and retrieve data from the sales order to verify material, quantity, and so on.Effects of Goods:Update physical inventory and stock value.Update inventory G/L account automatically.Update sales order history with the good issue.
10 Goods Movement: Transfer posting and stock transfer Transfer posting: A change in the stock ID (material number) or the stock category of a material (unrestricted, under QA, or blocked). Transfer posting is not necessary to involve an actual (physical) goods movement.Stock transfer: Movement of materials from a particular storage location into another storage location. Stock transfer can take both within the same plant and between two plants. The two plants can be in the same company code or between different company codes. Physical goods movement is involved.
11 Goods Movement: Transfer posting and stock transfer Example of Transfer posting:- Stock to stock (Under QA to unrestricted)- Material to materialExample of Stock transfer:- Storage location to storage location- Plant to plant
12 Transfer Posting/Physical Stock Transfer Only for unrestricted stocks and one FI document is createdOnly for unrestricted stocks and two FI document are created
13 Goods Movement: Transfer posting and Stock Transfer One-Step and Two-Step Procedures:A stock transfer/transfer posting consists of a goods issue from issuing point and a goods receipt at a receiving point.For one-step procedure, a transfer posting or stock transfer can be done with a single posting for all transfer posting or stock transfer.- Advantage of one-step procedure is that only a single transaction is generated.
14 Goods Movement: Transfer posting and stock transfer Two-Step Procedures:For some stock transfers, two-step procedure may be selected and two separate postings will be created.- Advantages for two-step procedure are enable to monitor stock status. Once goods issue has been posted from the issuing point, the stock is regarded as in transfer as the receiving point.- In the case of stock transfers between plants, the two-step procedure must be used if users have operation authorization only for one plant.
16 Goods Movement: Transfer posting and stock transfer: Financial Accounting For a plant-to-plant transfer, both financial accounting and material requirement planning are affected.- A cross-plant stock transfer (in the same company code) leads to a value update in the stock accounts. An accounting document is generated parallel to the material document for the stock transfer. The stock transfer is valued at the valuation price of the material in the issuing point.- in the case of a cross-company-code stock transfer, two accounting documents are created: one for each company code. The offsetting is then made to a company code clearing account.
17 Cross-Plant Stock Transfer In the case of a plant-to-plant stock transfer, the two plants can be belong to the same company code or to different company codes.
18 Plant to Plant: One-Step/Two-Step Procedures In the case of one-step procedure, the goods issue and goods receipt are posted in a single material document. In two-step procedure, valuation always take places at the time of the first step.
19 Goods Movement: Stock Transport Order Stock transport order is similar to a purchase order, but the vendor is replaced by a supply plant.Stock transport order is integrated with MRP. A purchase requisition generated by MRP can be converted into stock transport order.The receipt by stock transport order can be planned at the receiving plant.Can add delivery costs and a forward/carrier in the stock transport orderGoods receipt can be posted directly to consumption.In the case of a goods receipt into the warehouse, you may post the material to stock in quality inspection or blocked stock.The entire process (goods issue and goods receipt) can be monitored via the PO history.
21 Physical Inventory Reasons for physical inventory: - Material requirement planning: for correction of incorrect stock quantities.- Accounting: Determination of material stocks for current assets.
22 Physical InventoryPhysical inventory is carried out on the basis of stock management units, or stock keeping unit (SKU).A stock management unit is a non-divisible part of a stock of materials for which a separate book inventory exists. A stock management unit is uniquely defined by:MaterialPlant storage locationStock typeBatchSpecial stock, such as consignment stockEach stock management unit of a material is counted separately, and the inventory differences are posted per stock management unit.For example, you must record the quantities of unrestricted-use stock, stock in quality inspection, and blocked stock of a material at a storage location of a plant separately in each case.
23 Phases of the Physical Inventory The physical inventory process comprises three phases:1). Creation of physical inventory documents2). Entry of count3). Posting of inventory differenceIn the first phase, you create the physical inventory (PI) documents and print out the documents in order to start the counting process.In the second phase, you enter the count results in the system. System then determines the inventory differences. If some of the results seem doubtful, you can arrange for a recount of the stock management units affected. In this case, further PI documents are generated.3. In the third phase, you post the inventory differences that have been identified. In the process, the stock quantity and stock value are updated and the stock accounts are updated in accounting.
25 Physical Inventory Document PI document is created per plant and storage location.For special stocks, PI document may be created per plant, storage location, special stock, and vendor or customer or project.Storage bin or material group may be specified as futher grouping values.When creating a PI document, you can specify a physical inventory number in the document header (this number should not be confused with the number of the PI document). The physical inventory number facilitates selection of the PI documents to be processed during entry of the count data, posting of differences, and in evaluations.The status of an item indicates whether or not the item has been processed, counted, posted, or recounted. You can use the status of a PI document item as a selection criterion in searches for physical inventory documents.
26 Physical Inventory Document - You can make the following changes to a PI document header:1) Change the planned count date2) Set or unset the posting block or freeze book inventory3) Create or change the physical inventory number- In a not-yet-counted item• Change the stock type or change the count unit of measure• Set the deletion indicator- Enter new items (as long as no count has yet been entered)- Delete the document
28 Blocking Goods Movements You can block all goods movements relating to a stock management unit for the purposes of a physical inventory. The system blocks all the stock management units of the relevant PI document by means of the Posting Block indicator in the PI document header.In the Storage Location view of the material master record, the Physical Inventory Block indicator shows the value X (material blocked for movements due to physical inventory).If it is not possible to block the goods movement for organizational reasons, you can freeze the book inventory in the PI document at the time of the count.To do so, you set the Freeze Book Inventory indicator in the PI document. This prevents goods movements from changing the book inventory figure that is relevant to the inventory-taking process.Figure 257
29 Blocking Goods Movements 9/26: GR 100 before posting block. The stock level is 250 after GR 100.9/28: physical account result is 2559/29: stock level = GR 75 = 3259/30: stock level = GR 45 = 370 plus 5 as a difference posted (255 – 25)
31 Physical Inventory Status of an Item For physical inventory count, you must print out the PI document and distribute to the persons responsible for the count.The stock figures can be entered with or without reference to a PI document.When entering the physical inventory count, you can enter a percentage variance of the count quantity from the book inventory, above which the system issues a warning message. When the entered data is saved, the system determines the book inventory in the system. The difference between the count result and this book inventory is the inventory difference.
32 Physical Inventory Status of an Item You can analyze this difference via the list of differences. The list of differences contains the following information on each item:1) Quantity counted2) Book inventory3) Difference quantity4) Difference dollar amountYou can perform the following functions with the list of differences:1) Enter, change, display count2) Post difference3) Display or change document4) Recount document or item
34 Posting of Inventory Differences You can post the inventory differences either via the list of differences or via separate transactions. When an inventory difference is posted, the system creates a material document that corrects the stock figures, and an accounting document recording the necessary account movements.If a document exceeds the document tolerance defined for the user group, a user who is assigned to this physical inventory tolerance group may not post an inventory difference for this document. If the total value of the document lies below the document tolerance, but certain items exceed the maximum amount per item, the user may not post the differences for these items. User can process the other items.Figure 260
36 Combining Physical Inventory Steps Regular three basic phases for PI:1) Create PI document2) Enter count3) Post inventory differenceYou have options of combining individual phases and performing them in a step.1) Enter count without PI document (1 and 2 combined)The system will automatically create a PI document.2) Enter count and post PI difference (combined 2 and 3)The counts are entered for an already existing PI document, and PI differences are immediately posted when these results are saved.3) Enter count without PI and post PI difference (combined 1, 2, and 3)All three phases are carried out in one step. When count results are posted, the system generates PI document and posts the PI difference.
39 Outbound Delivery Status 1: Outbound delivery created OPS: Overall Pick status; WM: Overall WM status; C: Pick status; GM: Total gds mvt status;BS: Billing status; TS: Trns Plan status; POD S: Proof of delivery status
40 Outbound Delivery Status 2: after Transfer order created OPS: Overall Pick status; WM: Overall WM status; C: Pick status; GM: Total gds mvt status;BS: Billing status; TS: Trns Plan status; POD S: Proof of delivery status
41 Goods Issue Process for Outbound Delivery – Transfer order
42 Outbound Delivery Status 3: after Transfer order confirmed OPS: Overall Pick status; WM: Overall WM status; C: Pick status; GM: Total gds mvt status;BS: Billing status; TS: Trns Plan status; POD S: Proof of delivery status
43 Outbound Delivery Status 4: after goods issued OPS: Overall Pick status; WM: Overall WM status; C: Pick status; GM: Total gds mvt status;BS: Billing status; TS: Transportation Plan status; POD S: Proof of delivery status
44 Outbound Delivery Status 4: after Billing OPS: Overall Pick status; WM: Overall WM status; C: Pick status; GM: Total gds mvt status;BS: Billing status; TS: Transportation Plan status; POD S: Proof of delivery status
45 WM Multiple Choice Question Name: ________________________How can you assign organizational levels in SAP Warehouse Management? Please choose the correct answer. (One correct answer)a) O You can assign a plant-storage location and a storage area combination to one warehouse number.b) O You can assign several plant-storage location combinations to one warehouse number.c) O You can assign the plant-storage location combination to several shipping points.d) O You can assign a plant-storage location to multiple warehouse numbers.
46 Exercises: (Due Date 4/3/2015) Case Study 3: Process outbound delivery1. Create sales order2. Display materials inventory3. Create outbound delivery4. Display material inventory5. Pick materials with transfer order6. Run Bin status report7. Confirm transfer order8. Run bin status report9. Display materials inventory value10. Ship material11. Display materials inventoryDisplay materials inventory ValueCreate invoiceReceive payment